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List of author's articles

  • Alexander Hess

    📕7.694 🕔15.12.2006

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 1.

    📕22.792 🕔23.12.2006

    Austria-Hungary and the Czech political scene until the summer of 1914

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 1.

    📕20.426 🕔11.01.2007

    completion of Chapter 1

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 2.

    📕28.061 🕔23.12.2006

    part 2. Czech domestic politics during the Great War

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 3.

    📕18.022 🕔23.12.2006

    part 3. Political actions of compatriots and exile until the spring of 1917

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 4.

    📕16.899 🕔23.12.2006

    Part 4

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  • Chapters from the history of the Czechoslovak military (1914 - 1992) 4.

    📕11.961 🕔11.01.2007

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  • Clash of titans

    📕56.679 🕔14.06.2007

    The sixty-fifth anniversary of the outbreak of the Soviet-German war provides an opportunity to recall some moments and ambiguities in the preparation and launch of hostilities. In this case, we will try to generalize certain data concerning tank units and their armament on both sides of the war. Although this topic has been studied in great detail in Russian literature for the last 15 years, we have preserved very outdated information in this field, at best from the early 1990s, at worst even the ideological floppy of Soviet propaganda.

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  • Czechoslovak Air Force in the Sudetenland crisis - general consideration

    📕10.671 🕔24.09.2018

    The Air Force was one of the six main weapons of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces, and in almost 20 years of its existence it has created a fairly exclusive position, recognizable at first glance by the color of military uniforms, a different side weapon and lavish professional badges. The specific position of the weapon was also given a special way of management, when the entire department of the Ministry of National Defense was set aside for them during the peace period. From 1934, the Air Force switched to a three-tier system of command at the level of a ministerial department - provincial headquarters - a military body, in 1936, the artillery of defense against aircraft was also incorporated into this structure.

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  • Flying Fortress Division (45th Gomel Long-Range Aviation Division)

    📕19.387 🕔04.09.2006

    The first part deals with the history of heavy bombers in the USSR and their combat deployment during World War II.

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  • General and Marshal of the Three Armies

    📕34.190 🕔22.04.2007

    The article is devoted to the life of the Austro-Hungarian field marshal Eduard the free lord von Böhm-Ermolli.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968

    📕4.146 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 1. Introduction

    📕5.787 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 2. Theoretical foundations of the Soviet military

    📕5.227 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 3rd Soviet Army in the 1960s

    📕7.257 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 4. Organization of the Warsaw Pact

    📕6.190 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 5. Soviet interests and geopolitics

    📕4.868 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 6. Conclusion

    📕3.808 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • Geopolitical aspects of Soviet aggression against Czechoslovakia in August 1968 - 7. Information sources

    📕3.572 🕔10.04.2018

    The dissertation focuses on the general context of the aggressive action of the five armies of the Warsaw Pact Organization towards Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Unlike historiographies of generally favored ideological contradictions, it seeks explanation of the whole event in the basic aspects of promoting the superpower interests of the Soviet Union, especially in the military-strategic field. However, the problem with processing is the lack of primary information sources, which are still subject to the strictest secrecy. In contrast, information is available, including theoretical analyzes of doctrinal issues in the professional press. Above all, however, it is possible to use information on the practical implementation of organizational and conceptual guidelines, which were based on doctrinal and strategic concepts. Due to the close interconnectedness of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact Organization, the basic outlines of Soviet strategic concepts can also be observed from their application in Czechoslovak conditions. Given the apparent continuity of Soviet foreign and military policy from the 1930s to the 1980s, geopolitical aspects of active Soviet involvement on the international stage could be defined. The Soviet political and military leadership, regardless of the ideological rejection of the terms "geopolitics" or "life interests," was in principle guided by them. The work thus shows the significant interconnectedness of Soviet superpower ambitions, especially with the European, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern space.

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  • German Armed Forces and its higher command in the fall of 1938

    📕34.835 🕔31.08.2008

    The state of the German command and army during the " Czech crisis " in the autumn of 1938.

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  • Heavy cannon vz.35 caliber 10.5 cm

    📕2.788 🕔20.06.2020

    A weapon of the Škoda system with a horizontal wedge breech, manufactured by the Joint-Stock Company, formerly the Škoda Plant in Pilsen, since December 1935 for both domestic users and exports.

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  • Heavy mortar vz.18 caliber 14 cm

    📕2.482 🕔13.12.2019

    Weapon system Škoda, produced in 1918 by Škoda works, a joint stock company in Pilsen.

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  • Ján Ambruš

    📕7.621 🕔15.12.2006

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  • Modern reconnaissance body of the armed forces

    📕17.607 🕔23.04.2007

    The article discusses the creation of reconnaissance units of the fast divisions of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces, the so-called motorized reconnaissance units, in the second half of the 1930s.

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  • Punch at dawn

    📕27.466 🕔30.09.2008

    Dear colleagues. Competition for the 70th anniversary of the mobilization of Czechoslovakia. the army was terminated. Due to the fact that only Jiří Fidler applied with his contribution, he won the whole competition. Here is his very interesting and I believe that the discussion-provoking article is also related to the genre of so-called alternative history.

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  • The battle of the Czechs with the Czechs

    📕29.303 🕔04.07.2007

    In the famous battle of Zborov in 1917, the Czechs were on both sides of the trenches ...

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  • The beauty of European faleristics

    📕12.516 🕔05.02.2009

    Information on the newly opened exhibition The Beauty of European Faleristics, commemorating the honors of all 27 member states of the European Union.

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  • The Czechoslovak Republic and its armed forces in 1938

    📕8.362 🕔24.09.2018

    The Czechoslovak Republic had the character of a parliamentary democracy with the president as the head of state, strictly separated by legislative, executive and judicial powers. Its state form was given by the constitution of 1920, basic matters in the military field were codified by the Armed Forces Act of 1920 and its amendments.

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  • When two do the same ...

    📕13.139 🕔16.04.2012

    Czech historians and the general public seldom have the opportunity to examine published professional publications in the most effective way, by simply comparing several books on the same topic. At the end of last year, however, this possibility arose, even in the area of military history of the 20th century, ie in the area where we still have a large deficit of processed topics. First, the book Crosses and Stars by Dunkirk by Jiří Plachý was published at the end of the summer , which was followed on the pre-Christmas book market by the book Dunkirk 1944–1945 by the author duo Zdenko Maršálek - Petr Hofman. In both cases, these are professional publications with an overview of information sources, an extensive note-taking apparatus and an index.

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