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Bell P-39Q Airacobra

     
Název:
Name:
Bell P-39Q-5-BE Airacobra
Originální název:
Original Name:
Bell P-39Q-5-BE Airacobra
Kategorie:
Category:
stíhací letoun
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1943-DD.MM.194R Bell Aircraft Corp., Buffalo, New York
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1943-DD.MM.194R
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
4905 všech subverzí
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
DD.MM.RRRR
Osádka:
Crew:
1
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
pevný
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
2561 kg
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
3447 kg
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
3765 kg
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
10.36 m
Délka:
Length:
9.19 m
Výška:
Height:
3.78 m
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
19.79 m2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
pístový
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
1
Typ:
Type:
Allison V-1710-85 o vzletovém výkonu 895 kW
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
?
662 l přídavná nádrž
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
605.1 km/h v 4572 m
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
? km/h v ? m
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
8.5 min do 6096 m
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
10668 m
Dolet:
Range:
844.9 2) km
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
1730 3) km
Výzbroj:
Armament:
1x pevný 37 mm kanón Oldsmobile M4 (T9) v ose vrtule s 30 náboji
4x pevný 12,7mm kulomet Browning M2


226kg bomba
Uživatelské státy:
User States:




Poznámka:
Note:
1) 531 km/h v 1524 m, 575 km/h v 3048 m
2) max. dolet bez přídané nádrže
3) s přídavnou nádrží
Zdroje:
Sources:
Pelletier, A. J.: Bell Aircraft Since 1935, Putnam, London 1992. ISBN 1-55750-056-8
Bartoszewski, Piotr: Samolot myśliwski P-39 Airacobra, TBiU Nr.85, Warszawa 1983
McDowell, Ernest: P-39 Airacobra in Action, Aircraft No.43. Squadron/Signal Publications, Carrollton 1980. ISBN 0-89747-102-4
Dorr, Robert F., Scutts, Jerry C.: Bell P-39 Airacobra. Crowood Press Ltd., Marlborough 2000. ISBN 1-86126-348-1
Juszczak, Artur, Pęczkowski, Robert: Bell P-39 Airacobra. Mushroom Model Publications, Sandomierz 2003. ISBN 83-916327-9-2
https://home.att.net/~jbaugher1/p39_15.html
https://www.aerofiles.com/_bell.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-39_Airacobra
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#4665Version : 0
MOD
The P-39Q was the latest version of the Airacobra and also the most numerous. From the previous versions, the Q differed in armament - 7.62 mm machine guns in the wings, used on previous types, were removed and replaced by two half-gun Brownings in holsters under the wing. These machine guns each had 300 rounds. American pilots were satisfied with this change, because the original weapons were ineffective, the Russians, who got most of the machines, but mostly removed the holsters. All machines were powered by the same engine, Allison V-1710-85 (E19) as the previous version - P-39N.


The individual production units again differed from each other in various equipment, from fuel tanks to armor. P-39Q-1-BE had a 329 liter tank, as P-39N -5, but at the same time they got back the original armor according to the variant P-39N-1. The P-39Q-5-BE (Model 26Q-5) returned to the light armor of the N-5 and 421 liter tank. These machines also received an A-1 bomb sight before delivery to the front units. For the P-39Q-10-BE series (Model 26Q-10), the tank capacity increased to 455 l and the weight of the armor decreased slightly. The propeller was automatically adjusted to the gas, the oil system was additionally insulated against the cold and the engine was mounted on rubber silent blocks. The first P-39Q-10-BE were handed over in July 1943, a total of 705 pieces were built, but another 995 with assigned numbers 42-21251 to 22245 was completed as P-63E-1 Kingcobra.


The P-39Q-15-BE (Model 26Q-15) differed from the previous ones by minor modifications to the equipment, which were to improve the resistance of the machine gun mount, reinforcement of some other components and relocation of the battery solenoid. In this form, 1000 pieces were created and were delivered from August 1943. Series Q-20 (Model 26Q-20) more or less coincided, only for some machines were released cases with machine guns under the wings. P-39Q-21-BE received a four-bladed propeller Aeroproducts, P-39Q-25-BE (Model 26Q-25) also had a reinforced construction of the tail and horizontal surfaces. All 700 Q-25s were delivered to the Soviet Union and therefore did not have machine guns under the wings. However, because the four-bladed propeller worsened the overall longitudinal stability, the P-39Q-30-BE returned the original, three-bladed propeller.


As with the versions D and N there are now subversions for ground support and reconnaissance - P-39Q-2-BE were five Q-1s, modified with the usual set of photographic equipment. 148 Q-5 machines were modified to P-39Q-6-BE, again by installing cameras in the fuselage behind the wings. The same was out of eight Q-10s, now designated Q-11s. On July 25, 1944, production was terminated by the 9558th machine.


The P-39Q pair was modified to two-seater advanced training aircraft, designated RP-39Q and after 1944 TP-39Q. The second cockpit was placed in front, in places where the cannon was originally located. This new space had only basic equipment and served as an instructor who could talk to the student through the intercom. Under the fuselage, two-seater machines got a new keel area. The first was modified from the P-39Q-5 42-20024 and first left the hangar on September 16, 1943, under the designation TP-39Q-5. Another 12 machines (44-3879, 3885, 3886, 3887, 3889, 3895, 3897, 3905, 3906, 3908, 3917 and 3918) originated from P-39Q-20 as RP-39Q-22, the keel surface had a slightly different shape than TP-39Q-5.


The first P-39Qs were handed over to the army in July 1943, the last in August 1944. Most of them ended up in Russian hands, the few that remained with the US Air Force served for example at 332. fighter group, which deployed 75 P-39Q since February 1944 in Italy. After two months, however, they were replaced by P-47 and P-39 definitely left the armament of American troops.



Source:
Pelletier, A. J .: Bell Aircraft Since 1935, Putnam, London 1992.ISBN 1-55750-056-8
Bartoszewski, Piotr: Thought Samolot P-39 Airacobra, TBiU Nr.85, Warsaw 1983
McDowell, Ernest: P-39 Airacobra in Action, Aircraft No.43. Squadron/Signal Publications, Carrollton 1980. ISBN 0-89747-102-4
Dorr, Robert F., Scutts, Jerry C .: Bell P-39 Airacobra. Crowood Press Ltd., Marlborough 2000. ISBN 1-86126-348-1
Juszczak, Artur, Pęczkowski, Robert: Bell P-39 Airacobra. Mushroom Model Publications, Sandomierz 2003. ISBN 83-916327-9-2
https://home.att.net/~jbaugher1/p39_15.html
https://www.aerofiles.com/_bell.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-39_Airacobra
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#305000Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q-15-BE Airacobra 42-8747, 16. GIAP, summer 1944, machine of G. A. Reckalovov.
Instead of a tactical number, the aircraft carries the pilot's initials (RGA), the stars on the bow symbolize Rečkalov's victory at that time.

Bell P-39 Airacobra Side view by Basil Zolotov
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Source : https://basilzolotov.com

Source : https://basilzolotov.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#369958Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q-25 Airacobra “White 55 ″ 44-32488, 16. GIAP, Stefanesti Airport 1944. Pilot G. Golubyev.

Bell P-39 Airacobra Side view by Basil Zolotov
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Source : https://basilzolotov.com

Source : https://basilzolotov.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#369950Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q-15 Airacobra “White 21″ 44-2498, Command Squadron 72. GIAP, personal machine regiment commander P. F. Zavaruchin. The red propeller cone and the white lined stripe on the fuselage were the identifying features of the 72nd GIAP.

Bell P-39 Airacobra Side view by Basil Zolotov
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Source : https://basilzolotov.com

Source : https://basilzolotov.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#369961Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q-15-LO Airacobra "White 93" 44-2844, personal machine of Lieutenant Dimitri A. Kalinin, 2nd Air Force, 7th Fighter Corps, 20th Fighter Division, 508.IAP, 1st Ukrainian Front He flew from Turbia Airport in Poland in August 1944. The machine is camouflaged with the standard USAAF Olive Drab paint with Neutral Gray bottoms.

Bell P-39 Airacobra Side view by Basil Zolotov
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Source : https://basilzolotov.com

Source : https://basilzolotov.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#369967Version : 0
MOD
P-39Q from the armament of the 4th Stormo of the Italian Allied Air Force (Co-Belligerent) in 1945.
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#403098Version : 0
MOD
..
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Aircobra patřící 10. skupině (10° Gruppo) Italského spojeneckého letectva (Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force). Italské Airacobry byly používány zejména v roli bitevníků, když od konce léta 1944 útočily na německé autokolony. Zobrazený stroj koncem roku 1944 operoval z letiště Galatina u Lecce. Letoun nese  kamufláž sestávající z tmavé zelené na horních a bočních plochách světle šedé na spodních plochách. Marking na přídi je pozůstatkem z doby služby u USAAF.

Aircobra patřící 10. skupině (10° Gruppo) Italského spojeneckého letectva (Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force). Italské Airacobry byly používány zejména v roli bitevníků, když od konce léta 1944 útočily na německé autokolony. Zobrazený stroj koncem roku 1944 operoval z letiště Galatina u Lecce. Letoun nese kamufláž sestávající z tmavé zelené na horních a bočních plochách světle šedé na spodních plochách. Marking na přídi je pozůstatkem z doby služby u USAAF.
Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#411500Version : 0
MOD
..
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - Bell P-39Q  Airacobra s/n 42-19547 Texas Ed, 46th Fighter Squadron, 21st Fighter Group,  7th Army Air Force, atol Canton, léto 1943. Pilot tohoto stroje Capt. Felix P. Scott později (v lednu 1944) na tomto letounu docílil nočního sestřelu bombardéru Nell. To už však stroj nesl pozměněný marking. V létě 1943 Airacobry této jendotky nosily nátěr Coral Sand (korálová písková) na horních a bočních plochách a barvou Sky Blue (nebeská modř) na spodních plochách. V průběhu léta 1943 také došlo ke změně kruhových výsostných znaků na typ s křidélky. U tohoto letounu však nebyl opraven znak na spodní ploše křídla, takže po celou dobu služby letounu zůstal zespodu znak staršího typu.

Bell P-39Q Airacobra s/n 42-19547 "Texas Ed", 46th Fighter Squadron, 21st Fighter Group, 7th Army Air Force, atol Canton, léto 1943. Pilot tohoto stroje Capt. Felix P. Scott později (v lednu 1944) na tomto letounu docílil nočního sestřelu bombardéru Nell. To už však stroj nesl pozměněný marking. V létě 1943 Airacobry této jendotky nosily nátěr Coral Sand (korálová písková) na horních a bočních plochách a barvou Sky Blue (nebeská modř) na spodních plochách. V průběhu léta 1943 také došlo ke změně kruhových výsostných znaků na typ s "křidélky". U tohoto letounu však nebyl opraven znak na spodní ploše křídla, takže po celou dobu služby letounu zůstal zespodu znak staršího typu.
Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#464397Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q Airacobra (42-19595) of the armaments 362nd Fighter Squadron, which in 1943 operated from bases in the California..
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Published with authors permit

Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#530714Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39Q-1 Airacobra ("Sad Sack", 42-19510), which in 1944 has served with the 72nd Fighter Squadron from the assembly 21st Fighter Group on the Makin atoll in the Pacific. The pilot of the aircraft was captain James van Nada..
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#530728Version : 0
MOD
Bell P-39 probably the version of Q pri poľnej the hours, a single western front, snímok undated..
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#537065Version : 0
MOD
Airacobra was known to have a tendency to fall into an almost flat corkscrew during the so-called drag, which in less experienced pilots usually ended in fatal accidents. Therefore, in the Soviet Union from 16.10.-19.10.1943 tests were carried out on models P-39Q-10 (Art. No. 42-20561) for the behavior of the aircraft when falling into a corkscrew and for possible solutions to this undesirable phenomenon.

Chief Test Pilot of the 3rd Department of the Red Army Air Research Institute Major Vladimir Jefremovich Golofastov and other test pilots proved during the tests that the American machine is possible, at a sufficient height, always safely come out of the corkscrew. It was essential not to panic when the plane fell into the corkscrew and not to try to remove it right at the beginning by pushing the lever, with the pedals in the neutral position. It was necessary to leave the aircraft until it made six to seven corkscrews and then slowly push the control lever and pedal in the direction of the corkscrew. At the same time, the results of the experiments showed that it is necessary to pay attention to the thorough balancing of the aircraft before takeoff, which could to some extent also contribute to a lower chance of the machine falling into the corkscrew.

At the same time, the so-called anti-drill device, developed by the Aviation Research Institute, was also tested as part of the tests. It was a parachute with an area of 3m 2 placed on a tubular structure mounted under the tail surface of the aircraft and controlled from the cockpit. According to the test pilot Major Golofastov, who tested the modified machine for an hour of flight time, it was an effective device, as the opening of the parachute was able to give the aircraft enough torque to taking the aircraft out of the corkscrew. Despite the favorable evaluation, this device remained only in the prototype and was not mounted on serial aircraft.

Later, tests were also carried out on the P-39Q-21/25, which was a version with a four-bladed propeller by Aeroproducts. In this case, the shape of the structure holding the parachute was slightly changed, which was placed even closer to the fuselage and was a bit shorter than the previous modification. It is not known that this device has been installed in series on this production series.

Act after resolutions of summer traces on the trunk of the import aircraft Aerokobra P-39Q-10 with dvigatelj Allison V-1710-85, with undercover pajemjotami, caliber 12.7 mm, NII VVS KA, 1943
Bondarenko, N. A .: Test pilot, Our Army, Prague 1978
Kotelnikov, V .: Realii lend-liza, monthly Aviacija i Kosmonavtika, roč. 1996, No. 2, pp. 38-45
https://coollib.com/b/260697/read#t15
https://www.t akredit.ru/base/2012/12/golofastov-v-e/

Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


Bell P-39Q Airacobra - P-39Q-10 s protivývrtkovým padákom

P-39Q-10 s protivývrtkovým padákom
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - P-39Q-21/25 s protivývrtkovým padákom

P-39Q-21/25 s protivývrtkovým padákom
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#517185Version : 0
MOD
The Bell P-39Q-20-BE (serial number 44-3569, listed as 43569 on the SOP) was to serve with the 71st Fighter Group, and was lost on September 2, 1944, New Georgia.
Bell P-39Q Airacobra - (USAF)

(USAF)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#31399Version : 0
MOD
A view of the P-39Q cockpit
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#65178Version : 0
SOP construction
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#179672Version : 0
Center of the GTC - this part went through the fuselage - I apologize that there will be no overall view of the GTC, but the photo failed.
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#179678Version : 0
Construction of the GTC - here its right part - when viewed from above.
Bell P-39Q Airacobra -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#179683Version : 0
The aircraft that was in the Polish Air Force was not for school purposes, it was a personal aircraft of General Fyodor Polynin, commander of the Polish Air Force on the Eastern Front (commanded in 1944 - 47). As far as I know, it was the only Airacobra in the Polish Air Force, and the remains are probably from it.

https://wp.scn.ru/en/ww2/f/297/29/0/1
book "Bell P-39 Airacobra" by Mushroom model publicatons, published in 2003, by Artur Juszczak and Robert Peczkowski, ISBN 83-916327-9.2
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Bell-P-39Q-Airacobra-t1081#250935Version : 0