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Vyhnis, Jaroslav

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Vyhnis
Jméno:
Given Name:
Jaroslav
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Jaroslav Vyhnis
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
plukovník v. v.
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
12.03.1919 Plzeň-Bory /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
02.12.2005 Praha
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
-
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
www.valka.cz
www.facebook.com
Foto: Twitter Prof. Mark Radford RN
www.vuapraha.cz
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Vyhnis-Jaroslav-t12130#625739Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Vyhnis
Jméno:
Given Name:
Jaroslav
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Jaroslav Vyhnis
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Vyšší hospodářská škola, Klatovy /
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
01.10.1945 podporučík
DD.MM.1965 major v. z.
DD.MM.1990 plukovník v. v.
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

01.09.1937-DD.MM.1938 66. letka
DD.MM.1938-DD.MM.1939 43. letka
DD.MM.1940-DD.MM.1941 1. dělostřelecký oddíl, Leamington Spa
DD.08.1942-DD.11.1942 116. peruť RAF
DD.10.1944-DD.04.1942 2. peruť RAF
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda 1939-1945
1939–45 Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečná medaile 1939-1945
War Medal 1939-1945
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DD.MM.RRRR

Evropská hvězda leteckých osádek
Air Crew Europe Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Záslužný kříž ministra obrany České republiky III. stupně
Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic 3rd Grade
III. st.? / 3rd class?

DD.MM.RRRR

Kříž za chrabrost
Cross of Valour
Krzyż Walecznych
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečný kříž 1939
War Cross 1939
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Za chrabrost před nepřítelem
Medal "For Gallantry"
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za zásluhy I. stupeň
Medal for Merit 1st Class
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Pamětní medaile československé armády v zahraničí
Commemorative Medal of Czechoslovak Army Abroad

se štítkem VB

DD.MM.RRRR

Pamětní medaile k 20. výročí osvobození Československa
Commemorative Medal of 20th Anniversary of Liberation of Czechoslovakia
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DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za zásluhy o ČSLA - 2. stupeň
Medal of Merit for Czechoslovak People´s Army - 2nd Class
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za obranu
Defence Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za účast ve válce roku 1939
The Medal for the 1939 War
Medal Za udział w wojnie obronnej 1939
-

Poznámka:
Note:
Kmenové číslo RAF - 788109

V článku Medvecký, Matej: Na prahu totality - československá rozviedka po komunistickom prevrate (Pamäť národa č. 03/2013), sa spomína meno Jaroslav Vyhnis ako spolupracovník Vysunutého agentúrneho strediska v Plzni v roku 1948. Úrad VAS bol v marci 1949 zrušený.
Zdroje:
Sources:
www.obecdysina.cz
www.vuapraha.cz
www.upn.gov.sk
Foto:
Prof. Mark Radford RN - twitter.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Vyhnis-Jaroslav-t12130#625740Version : 0
MOD
When my friend Honza Horal asked me why I hadn't written anything about my war experiences yet, I replied: "He didn't write and it's hard to write. Others have already taken care of that. I don't like to remember the war ... "
Another of the men who helped create the famous history of our air force was a native of Pilsen Jaroslav Vyhnis. However, his destinies are not so well known, as he did not fight in the ranks of any of the famous Czechoslovak squadrons. After many hardships, he even stood in front of the execution squad, served as a driver for a long time, finally got into flying and was assigned to a British unit. However, he was probably the first Czechoslovak to intervene in the fighting against the German Luftwaffe. The colonel agreed with my proposal, so on Wednesday, April 14, 2004, I went to see him at the Duo Hotel in Prague ...

I must first start talking about Jaroslav Vyhnis with a brief mention of his father. He served as a professional soldier - a gážist. After graduating from the military music school, he served in several garrison bands of the Armed Forces, and for some time even in garrison music in Osijek, Croatia. After the establishment of an independent Czechoslovakia, he joined the newly formed Czechoslovakia. army. In less than two years, he was promoted to the rank of officer and appointed commander of crew music in Milovice nad Labem.

The son Jaroslav was born in Pilsen on Bory on March 12, 1919 as the youngest of three children. He was indeed a typical military child. He was born in the barracks, his baptisms were arranged by a military chaplain. A year later, the whole family moved to Milovice with their father. She remained here until 1926, when she suffered a heart attack. After recovery, he was released from active duty and the whole family moved again, this time to Švihov in the Klatovy region, where an enterprising and determined mother, constantly bursting with energy, bought a small pub. However, Little Jaroslav still managed to go to the first class of the primary school in Milovice, which, as he himself recalls, stood opposite the building of today's Municipal Office.

Over the next ten years, the Vyhnis moved a total of five times. First back to Milovice, when his father, for whom his crew music was everything, managed to convince the medical commission that he was able to start active duty again. After nine months, however, he collapsed in the service again and a final ortel - a disability pension - was imposed on him. Another move has begun. The mother again took office and proposed to buy the Šárka Hotel in Rozdělov near Kladno. Another "station" was Horomyslice, the father was given the position of director of the ironworks, which was associated with the use of a three-room apartment and a decent salary. As a director, his father did very well, his organizational skills and military sense of order were fully demonstrated. After two years, he became the owner of the foundry in Blovice, which meant another move. However, the competition was too high, so after some time the father gave up working with iron. The family returned to Švihov and regained their former pub ...

The great love of young Jaroslav was the engines and devices, after graduating from the Pilsen middle class, he was aiming for a mechanical engineering degree. However, his father had a different opinion and so Jaroslav became a student at the College of Economics in Klatovy. Instead of botany and zoology, however, he was more interested in airplanes at the nearby Štěpanovice Airport, where he later became a member of the aeroclub. Jaroslav Masaryk was saved from a total "explosion" at the Klatovy "manure plant" by the Air Force, which announced the action "1000 pilots to the republic". The youngest of the Vyhnis family became a military pilot. By the way, his stay in the territory of Milovice is also related to this, as he underwent walking training there, at the nearby airport Boží dar then pilot training. The republic was occupied as a pilot - fighter in the rank of corporal, at the 43rd Squadron of the 4th Fighter Air Regiment in Prague-Kbely ...

After the occupation of the republic, he decided, like many others, to go abroad.With several friends, he went via Ostrava to Poland, where as one of our few pilots he became a member of the Polish Air Force (one of the others was, for example, Josef František, who is considered the best allied fighters of the Battle of Britain ...). The task of the Czechoslovaks was to train Polish pilots, but the Polish air fleet was very outdated and unreliable. The Polish mechanic subsequently explained to the incomprehensible Czech aviator that this kitchen aid was used to release the jammed ammunition in a machine gun. After all, Vyhnis had convinced himself of the unreliability of Polish armaments in a few days.

On September 1, 1939, German troops launched an attack on Poland. During the bomber raid on the airport in Deblin, Jaroslav Vyhnis took off on an obsolete Polish fighter PZL P.7 to try to prevent the Germans from attacking the airport. However, the attack failed. He fired the first rounds of his machine guns at a great distance and so the enemy bomber missed. However, during the repeated attack, no machine guns were fired. They both got stuck and not even the aforementioned meat mallet helped. However, Jaroslav Vyhnis, with this attack, probably became the first Czechoslovak pilot to intervene in the fight in World War II ...



Events continued to take a turn for the worse. The disorganized Polish army retreated to the northeast, constantly attacked by both the German and Russian air forces. Jaroslav and several other pilots reached Ukraine, where they served for some time as bodyguards of the police commander in the town of Manevichi, before moving on, to the regional center in Sarny. Here they met a certain Colonel Jugashvili, allegedly Stalin's son. And this meeting could have been fatal for our men. The Russian colonel had our soldiers arrested and taken to the courtyard, where they were placed against a wall. The thought occurred to them that their young lives would be ended in a few seconds by an execution squad, probably made up of some Azerbaijani or Kyrgyz nomads. The fateful command "Fire!" however, he still did not come. After a while, our "convicted" pilots were taken back to the colonel. Instead of apologizing and explaining, however, they received only remarks: "Well done, ... pilots - good guys ..."

The anabasis of Jaroslav Vyhnis and several other pilots continued. Gradually, they got into a group of Czechoslovaks, traveling from one internment camp to another. Although the population, including a large number of Volhynian Czechs, was relatively friendly to our refugees, they could only dream of moving to France, where the Czechoslovak foreign army was already being formed at that time. Eventually, however, he and others arrived by ship via Odessa, Istanbul, Port Said, Suez, Aden, Mumbai, Mombasa, Durban, Cape Town and Takoradi to the English port of Liverpool. It was written on October 27, 1940 ...

The English shores, peace, balance and organization, all this gave our refugees new hope. But Jaroslav Vyhnis did not rejoice for very long. As he himself says, he was always very "hrr" and "what he meant, he had on his tongue". However, this came to mind when he overlooked the dark corridor in the quarters and therefore did not greet the pair of British officers. When they stopped him and called him to reprimand him, he answered them in nice Czech and not exactly flatteringly. Unfortunately, one of the English was the deputy commander and staff interpreter. And so this offense brought Jaroslav a transfer to the Czechoslovak. ground unit to Leamington for "insulting a Royal Air Force officer" ...

Here he served as a tractor driver for the artillery unit until mid-June 1941. All the time, however, he still tried to correct his mistake and get back to the Air Force. He finally succeeded, 11.June 1941 he was transferred to Air Base in Cosford, later in Hullavington. After retraining in British technology, he was assigned to 116. British Squadron in Heston. It was a special unit of the RAF main command designed to transport people to enemy-occupied territory and back, calibrate radars and their cooperation with anti-aircraft artillery (during which he often flew unarmed aircraft along the enemy coast ...), patrolling submarines and the like. At the 116th Squadron, he met, among other things, the king's brother, the Duke of Kent. Unfortunately, this was not the last meeting, the king's brother died in a plane crash, and Jaroslav Vyhnis was one of eight men who carried his coffin at the funeral. He himself once again had one afternoon in early September 1942, when he crashed with his Spitfire while landing from night flying training. He suffered injuries, from which he was treated for several weeks at Oxford Hospital. He could not even attend the baptism of his first-born son, who was born to his British wife ...

After recovery, he was transferred to the Czechoslovak depot in St. Athanu, where he worked from November 1942 to early August 1943, then worked for about a month at SFTS Cranwel as an instructor, for the next few weeks he flew with radio telegraph adepts in the 4th. Radio School in Madley. He then served in the 2nd DF (Delivery Flight), a unit designed to transport aircraft from factories, repair shops and maintenance workshops to combat units, and in the spring of 1945 as an instructor in an OTU (Operation Training Unit) in the North East of England. After returning to his homeland at the end of August 1945, he joined the School for Flying Teachers in Olomouc. However, the situation was slowly deteriorating. And not only in aviation life, but also in family life. There was no place for our pilots in the army in our army. At his own request, Jaroslav Vyhnis left the Air Force at the end of 1946, working as a military officer of the ONV in Planá near Mariánské Lázně, for a total of 17 months. Family disputes led to divorce, now the ex-wife moved back to the UK in the spring of 1948. After Victory February, he was released from ONV in Planá and got a job as an expedient at the Klatovy textile factory. He advanced to the position of head of the textile warehouse in Domažlice, but after 1951 he was "promoted" to a worker in a coal mine in Zbůch. Due to a war injury to his spine, the doctor advised him to change jobs, so he started working in Klatovy as a ČSAD driver, and later as a truck driver in Jednota. He remarried in the spring of 1956 and after a few months began working with his wife in the hospitality industry. He continued as an operator in a hotel in Sušice, later as the head of a hotel in the Kašperské Mountains and a caravan park in Anín. He was quite successful in this job, so he slowly began to forget the ingratitude that had fallen on the "westerns". In 1980, he was alone again, his second wife dying of cancer. He continued his work in various hotels in Šumava, then as a recreational clerk at a travel agency that arranged recreational stays in Bulgaria. In February 1988 he married for the third time ...

After 1989, he was rehabilitated and promoted to colonel in reserve. He currently works at Prosek in Prague as an employee of the Duo Hotel as a deputy head of a local department. Despite great heart problems, which he bravely overcame with the help of doctors, despite his advanced age, which unfortunately cannot be got rid of, only Colonel Jaroslav Vyhnis is still full of energy and zest for life. Although he calls himself an "old ass", he also attends various commemorative events and meetings, meetings with friends and aviation fans. All that remains is to wish him much strength and good health. And happy landings ...

After all, it won't let me stop for a moment and add a good story that the colonel told me while sitting over a glass of the famous Pilsen mineral water in the Sport-center of the Duo Hotel ...


After the fight, Mr. Vyhnis received a letter from Sister Jarmila informing him of his parents' poor health.He therefore decided to apply for permission to travel to Czechoslovakia so that he could deliver medication for his parents, especially a complete novelty, a kind of penicillin in tablets. However, the only available connection flew only to Paris. The pilot of this aircraft was an American who, when he saw Jaroslav Vyhnis in a Czechoslovak uniform, immediately stood at attention and cut out a prescription greeting. All the passengers had to travel from the hall to the plane on foot, only a few senior American officers, and it was our pilot who was given the privilege of removal. He wondered in vain what this strange behavior of American soldiers was supposed to mean. Not surprisingly, the Americans continued to treat him very respectfully, and in Paris he even received an apology that no direct flight to Czechoslovakia would take place in the coming days. In return, however, the Americans provided him with accommodation in a luxurious hotel, with the promise of transport by air to Munich the next day, where a car will be ready to take Jaroslav Vyhnis to Pilsen.

He absolutely did not understand the unexpected attention and respect of Americans. He did not receive an explanation of this problem until the next day on his way to Pilsen. The American sergeant, the driver who drove him, asked our pilot for three days off. When Mr. Vyhnis asked incomprehensibly why he should give the American soldier a holiday, the sergeant replied, "You are a general, you have just as many stars as the commander of all troops in Europe, General Eisenhover ..."

Suddenly everything was clear. The Americans explained the rank insignia on the shoulder straps of our pilot according to their rules! At that time, Jaroslav Vyhnis allegedly kept his real rank silent and generously wrote to the American sergeant about a week's vacation ...
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Vyhnis-Jaroslav-t12130#39259Version : 0