Curtiss Hawk III

     
Název:
Name:
Curtiss Hawk III Curtiss Hawk III
Originální název:
Original Name:
Curtiss Hawk III
Kategorie:
Category:
stíhací-bombardovací letoun fighter-bomber aeroplane
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1935-DD.MM.193R Curtiss-Wright Corp., Buffalo
DD.MM.1938-DD.MM.194R Royal Siamese Aeronautical Service Workshops, Bang Sue /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1935-DD.MM.194R
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
138 Curtiss
50 Bang Sue
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
DD.MM.RRRR
Osádka:
Crew:
1
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání CTOL - conventional take-off and landing
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
dvouplošník biplane
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické conventional
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
zatahovací retractable
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola wheels
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
1457 kg 3213 lb
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
1958 kg 4317 lb
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
2107 kg 4645 lb
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
9.60 m 31 ft 6 in
Délka:
Length:
7.14 m 23 ft 5 in
Výška:
Height:
2.98 m 9 ft 9 ½ in
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
24.34 m2 262 ft2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2 ? lb/ft2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
pístový piston
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
1
Typ:
Type:
Wright R-1820-F53 o výkonu 556 kW
třílistá stavitelná vrtule Hamilton Standard
Wright R-1820-F53, power 745 hp
three-blade Hamilton Standard variable-pitch propeller
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
418 l
189 l přídavná nádrž
92 Imp gal / 110 US gal
41.6 Imp gal / 50 US gal drop tank
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
386 km/h v 3505 m 240 mph in 11500 ft
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
328 km/h v 3505 m 204 mph in 11500 ft
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
10.2 m/s 2000 ft/min
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
2.4 min do 1524 m 2.4 min to 5000 ft
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
7864 m 25800 ft
Dolet:
Range:
925 km 575 mi
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
1271 km 790 mi
Výzbroj:
Armament:
2x 7,62mm kulomet Browning


1x 227 kg bomba nebo
4x 51kg bomba
2x .30 Browning machine gun


1x 500 lb bomb or
4x 112 lb bomb
Uživatelské státy:
User States:






Poznámka:
Note:
- -
Zdroje:
Sources:
The tail of a saga - the last of the Hawk biplanes. Air Enthusiast, 1972/10.
Bowers, P. M. Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947, Putnam Aeronautical Books, London 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.
Bowers, Peter. Curtiss Nawy Hawks in Action, In Action No.1156. Squadron/Signal Publications, Carrollton 1995. ISBN 0-89747-342-6.
Padin, Jorge Núnez, ed. Curtiss Hawk, Fuerza Aerea Argentina No.5. Bahía Blanca 1999.
http://www.aerofiles.com/_curt.html
www.aeroflight.co.uk
http://www.aviastar.org/air/usa/curtiss_hawk3.php
http://crimso.msk.ru/Site/Crafts/Craft20163.htm

Curtiss Hawk III - Siamský Hawk III vystavený v muzeu thajského královského letectva na letišti Don Muang.

Siamský Hawk III vystavený v muzeu thajského královského letectva na letišti Don Muang.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Curtiss-Hawk-III-t127610#431418 Version : 0
While the career BF2C-1 at the US Navy can hardly be called an exorbitant amount, its export variant, the Hawk III, have done a lot better. From the BF2C is to distinguish a few, in addition to the removal of a retaining hook and other naval equipment had the equipment of the cockpit adapted according to the wishes of the customers and was equipped with a more powerful engine R-1820-F53 with tree adjustable propeller. The design remained the same, with the metal frames of the fuselage and tail, remained the same armament of two machine guns and the possibility of podvěsit bomb under the fuselage or light bombs under the wings. The only fundamental difference accounted for the wing, which retained the wooden skeleton and was basically the same, what was used the previous variant F11C-2, respectively, the export Hawk II. The vibration generated in the metal skeleton of the wings BF2C-1 has never failed to solve and are the main reason of early termination of their career.

China


The largest customer for the Hawk III has become china's central government in the Nanjing, which used a few dozen prior to the export version. The first of two demonstrators posted on the demonstration flights to China arrived in march 1936 to the Shanghai, the second in may of the same into the Guangzhou, and both of them were celebrating the success. For the cantonese air force was ordered a sample piece and twenty-nine machines, which were to be assembled in the workshops canton air force in the Example-zhou, which for this task is taken over by the us export the company Inter-Continent Aviation Corp. The other thirty machines ordered and the nanjing government. Parts started to arrive in June 1936, when already but cantonese the order took over (along with the entire kantonským air force, after the cantonese army disintegrated), the central nanjing government, and with the other machines objednanými directly Nankingem was eventually taken 102 Hawků. The last parts were from the US shipped in June of 1938, and in addition to the parts of a machine from the cantonese of the order was most made up in the factory CAMCO (Central Aircraft Manufacturing Co.), which also belonged under the Inter-Continent Aviation Corp. Originally located in hangzhou, later was due to the japanese raids moved to the Chan-kchou and at the beginning of the year 1939 found their last habitat in the Loiwingu on the border with Burma.

In the autumn of 1936 were the Hawk III in the arsenal of three air regiments, at least tabulkově accounted for the equipment 7. and 21. up to 25. squadron. Part of a machine but, in fact, were even older Hawk II and the unit only had a rearm. When in the summer of 1937 broke out after the events on the bridge to Marco Polo the second war with Japan, the Hawk III was the main Čankajškovým a fighter type. 7. squadron was at this time placed in the Sin-siangu, 21. in Š'-jia-čuangu, 22. in Ta-mingu, 23, and 24. in Chi-nanu and the new 29. in Guangzhou. 14. August the chinese Hawk III were among the aircraft útočícími on the japanese flagship Izumo, moored in Shanghai. A few bombs but hit the hotel Cathay and another building in the international district on the opposite side of the river Yangtze, where they were killed over a hundred civilians. On the same day the Japanese tried to hit the shuttle air academy u hangzhou. Here at that time was only a few Hawků III manned the instructors, shortly after the airport received a warning of the approaching bombers here, but the landing of the machine 21. and 23. squadron 4. aviation regiment under the leadership of colonel Kao No'-changs. Those beset add fuel and take off just in time to contest the upcoming G3M1 Kanoja Kokutai. Bombers flying at low altitude caused only a little damage, and then were attacked by Kaem and the other pilots. Kao from twenty metres attacked one of the G3M1 and with a burning wing him sent down to the earth near the town of Pan-shan. Then you met the other machine, prolétající between the Fujian-čchiao, where was the airport, and the river of Qian-tang dynasty, and who afterwards, struck in the same way, but was hit by defensive fire and he had to return to the airport. Meanwhile, the joint forces had shot down another bomber commander 23. squadron If Guizhou-tan and his wingmani.

Meanwhile, strengthen the line of defenders and 22. squadron, who is involved in the persecution of the returning bombers and lieutenant Chengdu Xiao-yu one machine is attacked, but had run out of ammo before he managed to achieve greater damage. It was the same bomber, which přetím damaged the Gao, and that crash-landed at the airport of Matsuyama in Taipei. The second raid at the same time was heading to the airport Kuang-te northeast from the Fujian-čchiao, three G3M have been damaged by the defenders. Hawk is no victory did not refer to the two machines but claimed anti-aircraft artillery. The chinese have lost two of the Hawk III, which during the persecution there was a fuel and had to crash land, with no 2105, crashed into a tree and the pilot died. In the evening of the same day also the Chinese people under the leadership of Claire Chennaulta to take retaliatory strike on japanese positions in Shanghai, but not only that mistakenly attacked and on the british cruiser HMS Cumberland, which fortunately netrefili, but again accidentally hit mainly the international district přecpanou refugees.

A day later, took off to help mix Hawků II, Boeing 218 and the Fiat CR.32, fighting against the tactical fighters attacking Shanghai, the thirteen Hawků III of 21. and 22. squadron. If the Guizhou-tan get together with three other pilots claimed one of the bombers, the other zdílel Tan Won and the Yuan Qin-han, and the Qingcheng Xiao-yu, Pa Qing qingcheng and Wu Ting-the teachings of sestřelii each one. Hawk the last of them was indeed damaged and had to crash land. Liang Tianjin-chengdu reportedly shot down two G3M and left behind not even Huang Kuang-han, the commander of the 22. the squadron, which shot down one japanese bomber in the half way between the Nankingem and Li-shui. Meanwhile, with the Hawk 25. the squadron attempted unsuccessfully to attack the ships on the river Huang-pu, but due to bad weather had to land. Deputy commander Teng Ming-te, so at least the shot down bomber Type 96, which attacked their shuttle.

16. August the commander of the 24. squadron Liu Čuej-kang on his Hawk 2401 northeast of Shanghai shot down a reconnaissance E8N, a day later, he scored on the account of a japanese bomber. He was also successful 20., when in the same area of the downed fighter A4N1 and over the river Yang-c' next E8N. The following day, one fighter scored and lieutenant Le I-jintao of 22. squadron. 22. August, but the situation for the first time began to reverse the disadvantage of the chinese Hawků. Captain Wang Tien-siang, commanding in the absence of the Kao No'-changs 4. stíhacímu regiment, led 18 Hawků to ůtoku on japanese ground position close to Shanghai. But they were observed four A2N1 from the carrier Rjúdžó under the leadership of second lieutenant Tadaši Kaneka. When a surprise attack from the rear, they managed to shoot down six Hawků, just three of them scored Jošio Fukui and two Kaneko. While according to the japanese reports the attackers reportedly suffer a single hit, according to the chinese report captain Wang shot down two of the attackers, than he crashed and died in the wreckage of the aircraft.

Hawk III in another big air fight a day later when the Japanese attacked the mixed group of 19 chinese fighters under the command of captain Huang Kuang-han. While the Japanese, they forced the emergency landing of two chinese Boeing 281, the captain of the Liu Čuej-kang scored south-east from Shanghai, one of the A4N1. Already at noon, there was another clash, five Hawků 21. the squadron under the leadership of Li Guizhou-tana, flying again to shoot on the ground targets, utkalo with approximately nine Japanese. If was early wounded and his plane crashed near suzhou east of Shanghai. Lieutenant Yuan Qin-han scored a victory, while trying to cover Liho, then was hit and wounded in the face. Jüanovo the plane went into a paddy field in Japanese-occupied territory, him but managed to get it out. Japanese soldiers was considered dead, therefore let him lie next to the machine, but when he left, Yuan took advantage of their ability of the former to a race the runners and managed to get to more than a mile distant to the chinese lines.

Even at the very end of the month, managed to chinese Hawkům a few kills. 26. August Lu Ž'-čung of 23. the squadron claimed two of the Japanese, 27. he shot down one of the G3M2. 31. August then was sent to eight Hawků III 29. separate fighter squadrons against nine G3M2 Kanoja Kokutai travelling to Guangzhou. Bombers were dostiženy above the town of Tung-kuan, and one of them managed to ignite. Already a few days later, but started the situation to change significantly - the Japanese deployed the new jednoplošné fighters A5M, and the Hawk, still the best and most numerous fighter type in the chinese arsenal, they have lost the last remnant of its superiority. 4. September there was the first encounter with these machines, when the two A5M1 from the carrier Kaga above the lake of Taiwan-chu attacked nine Hawků 23. the squadron and three of them have been sent to the country.

Under the right conditions should but the Hawk III is still a chance. In the morning, 7. September three A5M1 under the leadership of lieutenant Čikamasy Igarašiho was accompanied by a six-flight of bombers Type 96 from the aircraft carrier Kaga. over the areas of Tai Hue were captured three of the Hawk by lieutenant Lu Ž'-čungem. His colleagues are first of all managed to hit two of the bombers, then for the next hour and a half zapletly into a fight with the japanese fighters before they managed to break away and return to Nanjing. Lu was a shot, but managed to reach the airport and land. According to the japanese report was, however, the chinese fighters, seven, and five of them were shot down by... 19. September there was a much bigger battle, with much worse consequences for the Chinese. 12 A5M led by lieutenant Šičitaro Jamašitou of 13. kokutai formed the escort 17 bombers Tecudžiro Wady. There was also three fighters from Kagy and 16 reconnaissance seaplanes. Against them were sent to over twenty fighters - probably 8 Hawků III of the 4. fighter regiment, 8 Hawků III of 5. fighter regiment, 5 Boeing 281 and two CR.32 of 3. fighter regiment. Japanese pilots getting 12 victories and three probable, one tank was lost and its pilot was forced to jump out. Destroyed were also three bombers and one seaplane. On the chinese side, however, the victory was only a single pilot, according to chinese reports were lost eleven aircraft. Killed both pilots on Fiatech, including the commander of the 8. squadron. Liu Chi-chunga, shot down were also two of the five Boeings.

The following morning took off on the Nanking 32 bombers. Against them were sent to nine Hawků III and two Boeing 281. While the japanese bombers nedostihli, they found but another formation of six bombers, accompanied by three fighters. Liu Čuej-kang, the leading chinese group, damaging one of the bombers, and then shot down a reconnaissance E8N. Several of the chinese machine was damaged and no shot down, the Japanese but reported was four. 21. September conducted by aircraft from the ships officers and petty officers and Rjúdžó despite the bad weather a raid on Canton. Against 12 střemhlavým tactical fighters Type 94, three torpédovým tactical fighters and 15 stíhačům Type 90 under the guidance of Kozona taken off seven Hawků. The chinese defy the odds for about half an hour, shot down two Hawk and, later, two chinese reconnaissance aircraft, but the Japanese at the same time, have exhausted a large part of its stocks of fuel and five of the fighters failed to return to the Members. On the same day in the afternoon, the Japanese sent over Guangzhou the remaining 16 dive bombers D1A1, accompanied by a 9-line A2N. Against them vystartovalo all five of the remaining Hawků III under the leadership of lieutenant Shenzhen Šun-nana. Two odlétly to scout around for the enemy at the mouth of the Pearl river near the city of Chu-men, while the rest of the patrol over the Canton, where they also met with the enemy. The result was another victory for the Japanese.

26. September is the master of 24. the squadron Lo Jing-teovi made a escapade, when in their Hawk surprised the lieutenant Šičiró Jamašitu of 13. kokutai, flying a reconnaissance mission. A5M, which Jamašita crash-landed, was the first more or less the whole machine precisely this type, which fell All into the hands and eventually was sent to Russia. 27. September three G3M of the Kanoja Kokutai attacked the railway line Chan-kchou - Guangzhou. Three Hawk III of the 29. the squadron trapped the bombers over the city Le yu, where he managed one of the fighters pierce the tank of the machine of lieutenant Jošidy, then the machine was further damaged by Artem Chin, the head of the group Hawků II. G3M managed to reach above the sea, where it crashed near the Shan-tchou.

Although in CAMCO were still kompletovány more and more of the Hawk III, some perhaps even local, not just american parts, it was time to start with them in exchange for a more powerful type. As the first has 28. squadron, which at the beginning of October 1937 came the first of the british , the Norwegian aviation museum. The other yet they fought with what they had. 6. October is in the area of Nanjing met the three bombers and three accompanying fighter with two groups of chinese Hawků, which, although outnumbered 12 to 5, again not against the A5M chance. Lost were at least two Hawk, Japanese as usually claimed more. Remarkably your "wave" has reached Tošijuki Sueda of the 13. kokutai, which, in spite of the stuck machine guns, followed the path of the target as long as the chinese machine. into the country. At least a little balanced badly hit clash the following day, when over the city Example-kuan met the 12 Japanese with 8 Hawk. One Hawk II and one Hawk III ended in flames, the two machines had to crash land, but the Chinese have claimed two victories. By then, it was of zdecimovaného 3. and 5. the regiment formed a provisional group, covering all the rest of the pilots and the machines, staff 4. the regiment was posted to the soviet border, where he had to take over the new I-15bis and I-16. The rest of the chinese Hawk has had to resort to surprising the blows of the bombers and avoiding the fight, with accompanying fighters.

After a two-month stay in the hospital in October in Nanjing returned the colonel Kao No'-chang, who became the commander of the chinese fighter. To a little improve the chances for survival, let the Hawk III to lighten up by removing everything not strictly necessary, bomb pylons, the cover of the fuel tanks, and landing lights. Also chose between the zdemoralizovanými the pilots of the three most experienced, who with him had try chance. The opportunity arose 12. October, when she came alert before the two průzkumnými seaplanes Type 95. one of the chinese pilots was a bit too eager and into one of the float of the machines crashed, he managed to but crash-land. Japanese aircraft so much happiness not. The second Type of 95, shot through his body attempted to land on the surface of the Jang-c', Hawk on him, but attacked until nepotopil. Later the Japanese attacked Nanking with nine G3M escorted by eleven A5M from the 13. kokutai under the guidance of korvetního captain Nakana. Colonel Kao against them led a group of six Hawků III, two Boeing 281 and the Fiat CR.32.

While jednoplošným Boeingům, not surprisingly, has led, perhaps also due to the fact that he is Japanese knitted with its own, the Hawk should be working harder. Kao tried to recruit fighters, to give others the opportunity to attack the bombers, the A5M but were able to deflect most of the attacks and also shoot down one of the Hawků 24. squadron. In return managed to shoot down one of the japanese fighters the captain of the Liu Čuej-kangovi, one of the three most experienced chinese pilot. Indeed, the first of these three, Gao, also idle and managed to drop A5M commander šótai Torakumy, employed by the persecution of another of the Chinese. But then he had to himself before the three Japanese, who had him hung, he is but a maneuver on as long as the two of them neoddělili, perhaps due to a lack of fuel, and the third, with the pilot apparently mortally wounded, crashed not long after. This very damaged A5M also ended up on the trials in the USSR.

14. of October, with the number of flight capable of Hawků decreased again. Shot down was one machine 7. squadron and one machine from 8. squadron, both pilots were killed. The same day against the japanese tactical fighters over the Nankingem taken off six Hawků, but they were zastiženy nine A5M. The chinese, with orders to avoid combat with fighters, they admittedly tried to escape, the two Hawk 24. the squadron but they were still shot down. In the afternoon of the same day took off a mixture of eighteen aircraft, comprising in addition to the three Hawků i Martina 139W, Douglasy O-2MC or Northropy Gamma, that challenged the shanghai airport and warehouses. Shortly thereafter it was attacked and their airports, for the japanese bombers here, but left too objectives and the damages were small. A day later of three Hawků III from 24. and 28. squadron, returning from an attack on the bridge near the Kuo-sien, returned only one, the others were shot down. 28. fighter pilots so I was left with the only flight-capable Hawk and was then přezbrojena on the , the Norwegian aviation museum.

In addition to the aircraft the Chinese are coming in also about the pilots. Captain Liu Čuej-kang flew the 26. October together with three other Hawk III from Nanjing to the Taiwan-the yuan in the province of Shan-si to take over the command of the above 28. fighter fleet. For the Luo-jangem of the aircraft in the clouds divided, and then there is the ending twilight. Only one machine was able to return to Luo-yang. The two machines havarovaly, pilots but managed in time to jump out. Liu, an ace with seven wiped on the Hawk, but was killed upon impact into the towers. About eight days later in a duel over Nankingem killed Le I-jintao, deputy commander of the 21. fighter squadron. And 9. November thinned chinese series even more. Fifteen japanese bombers accompanied by eight fighters invaded the capital city of the province of Jiang-Nan-yu. against them first vystartovaly four Hawk III 26. and 8. the squadron of the Wu-chanu, and managed to shoot down one A5M, but at the cost of the three chinese Hawků. The fight will probably involve the other chinese machines, according to japanese reports, about twenty Curtissů and Polikarpovů. Shot down 12 of them, the other 12 should be destroyed on the earth, and all this without losing more of the japanese machines.

At the beginning of 1938 the chinese air force had only a few letuschopných Hawků, which were mostly concentrated in one regiment, while other units complete overkill on the I-15bis and I-16 type 5. Between April and June 1938 arrived to the factory CAMCO (at the time located in Chan-kchou) the last consignment of 30 Hawků III of the U.S. but it has already been gradually lifted to the battlefield of the tasks and to the point protection on the edge of the range of japanese bombers. In July was the entire 4. aviation regiment, whose 23. the squadron was a large part of the survivors Hawků, moved to sichuan province. Seven Hawků should still aviation academy, at that time already přestěhovaná to Kunming-mingu. Here and in other flight schools Hawk reached the age, and the two are mentioned in the pilot school in Chengdu even in October 1942..
Curtiss Hawk III -


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Siam


Air components Siam, which also belonged to the users Curtissů Hawk II, order 24 Hawků III at the beginning of the year 1935. The first dozen was sent in August, the other followed suit at the end of the year, and purchased was also a license. Siam had just completed a production plant in Bang Sue, and here, in 1937, and ordered a series of 25 machines. But because the Hawk was a much more complicated structure than anything else here yet to be built (mostly multipurpose Vought In.93 Corsair, and repair of older types), the production itself is sold all only in the autumn of 1938, and only at the end of the year 1939 was taken the first flight capable machine. That time, he was commissioned a second 25pcs series. Due to this it was the Hawk III, the most numerous type in thai (as Siam named since 1939) the arsenal for the entire period of world war.

In 1940, the thai government attempted to take advantage of the problems in the neighbouring Indochina. It was under the control of vichy France, was but tísněna the british blockade, the sino-japanese war on the northern border and stupňujícími with the japanese requirements and indigenous povstáními. Thailand has sought to obtain the originally of thai territory, which were annexed to the French colony in 1904 and 1907. Already in September 1940 began to thai provocation, including raids on the French position, and even the city of Battambang, Phnom Penh, Sisophon, and Vientiane, while the French air force, the numerically much weaker and corresponds to the nightly attacks on the base thai. In those clashes, Hawk have demonstrated their ability to dive bombing. 21. November has also seen the first fight between aircraft, both of the combatants. Early in the morning five fighter Moranů bombardment of targets in the thai province of Nakhon Phanom, against them were sent two of the Hawk III and one Corsair. The result was one sestřelený French machine. War was declared in January 1941, and ended in the same month, a cease-fire conveyed the Japanese. Thailand before and after the declaration of war claimed five kills in the loss of three of their own.

8. December of the same year with the Japanese, negotiating with the thai government about the possibility of passage through thai territory, they decided the passage of the force the force. From the airport Aranyaprathet against the approaching Japanese took off three Hawk, but against the japanese Ki 27 not a chance. All three were shot down and pilots were killed. Thailand, since the end of the year 1940 still more of a japanese influence, has now become their puppet, and the japanese types were also modernized the thai fleet, albeit Curtissy still accounted for the largest type. The previously planned replacement Hawků North Americany NA-68 also in October 1940 the announcement of the u.s. embargo. Even in April 1945 had the Thais in the arsenal of the 42 Hawků, Of which 26 fully serviceable, and definitely have been scrapped until 1949. Thailand is the only one still surviving Hawk III, is exhibited in the Museum of the Thai royal air force airport Don Muang in Bangkok.

Turecko


One Hawk III was in April 1935 purchased and tested, also the third of the major users of the previous export options, Turkey. Although as the page tayyareci.com talking about the subsequent licensed production of 40 pieces, this is probably a confusion with the previous Hawkem II. The only known Turkish Hawk III after the completion of the tests probably ranked in the services alongside the other Hawků for one of the two Turkish squadrons by these machines armed with..
Curtiss Hawk III - Současná podoba jediného dochovaného Hawku, Muzeum thajského královského letectva, Don Muang.

Současná podoba jediného dochovaného Hawku, Muzeum thajského královského letectva, Don Muang.
Curtiss Hawk III -


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Argentina


During the economic crisis 30. years and the decline in domestic military procurement is Curtiss trying to find new outlets but also in South America. His Hawks II and Falcons celebrated quite a success, but here also deterred some potential bidders the financial crisis. For this reason, from the purchase of the Hawk II has subsided Argentina, otřebující rejuvenate your fighter force, skládjící mostly of Dewoitin D.21 and D.25. After what was a new variant, the Hawk III, Curtiss to Argentina sent a demonstrator NR14703, which here was tested against other candidates, Fiat CR-30 and Dewoitinám D.371 and D.500. Curtiss won and in August 1935 made it as an interim solution decided to order a small series, until not chosen a definite fighter type.

10 aircraft Curtiss Hawk III arrived on board the ship, the SS American Legion the Buenos Aires 10. may 1936. 9. July was officially introduced by crossing the six machines under the guidance of Major E. Sustraity over a major city. In July 1936 were the series also added the eleventh machine, demonstrator NR14703, which was stored at the airport Morón. User Hawk has become 1. fighter group at the base of El Palomar. Curtissovy biplanes were, as an intermediate type in addition to a variety of experimental tasks designed mainly for training pilots, not yet accustomed to the old Dewoitiny. Similarly, a purely experimental machine became the twelfth argentine Hawk, demonstrator of Hawk IV, purchased in December 1936 and differing mainly pln covered cabin.

In 1939 there were Hawks passed 3. squadron 2.fighter aviation regiment, which was located at the base of the Paraná and should be receiving in the meantime a selected main fighter type, Curtissu H75O. In the province of Entre Ríos Hawks remained until 1942, when they returned to El Palomaru, and because they were already considered obsolete, were soon after transferred to the driving section 2. regiment. 2. Six survivors of the machines (matriculation C-1 to C-5 and C-8) has received the emergence of the argentine air force and the end of world war ii and in 1946 was transferred to the 3. battle of the regiment at the base of the plumerillo to. 11. September 1947 were then finally taken out and used as training aids in the Vocational school in Córdoba.

[source]Source:
The tail of a saga - tle last of the Hawk biplanes. Air Enthusiast, 1973/10.
Bowers, Peter. Curtiss Navy Hawks in Action, In Action Well.1156. Squadron/Signal Publications, Carrollton, Texas, 1995. ISBN 0-89747-342-6.
Andersson, Lennart. A History of Chinese Aviation - Encyclopedia of Aircraft and Aviation in China until 1949. AHS of ROC, Taipei 2008. ISBN 978-957-28533-3-7.
Padin, Jorge Núnez, ed. Curtiss Hawk, Fuerza Aerea Argentina Well.5. Bahía Blanca 1999.
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/hawk_iii.htm
surfcity.kund.dalnet.se
surfcity.kund.dalnet.se
https://www.valka.cz/clanek_11169.html
http://ww2db.com/event/today/8/22/
http://blog.nationmultimedia.com/print.php?id=1611
www.militaryhistoryonline.com
http://stonebooks.com/history/siam.shtml
http://stonebooks.com/history/vichyvssiam.shtml
http://www.xhgmw.org/archive-49990.shtml
thaiaviation.com
www.sas1946.com].
Curtiss Hawk III -


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