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Adači, Hatazó

Hatazo Adachi


Given Name:
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
安達二十三 / あだち・はたぞう
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
17.06.1890 ?, prefektura Išikawa /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
10.09.1947 Rabaul /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
velitel: 18. armády
náčelník štábu: Severočínskej oblastnej armády
velitel: 37. divízie
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
Související články:
Related Articles:


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Given Name:
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
安達二十三 / あだち・はたぞう
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.12.1908-28.05.1910 vojenská akadémia
01.12.1919-29.11.1922 armádne vojnové kolégium
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
26.12.1910 podporučík
01.08.1934 plukovník
01.03.1938 generálmajor
01.08.1940 generálporučík
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
01.08.1935-01.12.1936 Velitel : 10. sekce (přeprava) 3. kanceláře Kanceláře Imperiálního armádního generálního štábu
09.11.1942-DD.08.1945 Velitel : 18. armáda

Ručně vyplněné položky:
DD.MM.1922-DD.MM.RRRR pridelený k 1. divízii Imperiálnej gardy
01.06.1934-01.08.1935 pridelenený k Kwantungskej armáde, železničné velenie
01.08.1935-DD.MM.1936 náčelník 6. sekcie (Transport), 3. kancelárie, Generálneho štábu
DD.MM.1936-01.12.1936 náčelník 8. sekcie (Transport), 3. kancelárie, Generálneho štábu
01.12.1936-01.03.1938 velitel 12. pešieho pluku
01.03.1938-11.11.1938 pridelený k veleniu Kwantungskej armády
11.11.1938-01.08.1940 velitel 26. brigády
01.08.1940-15.10.1941 velitel 37. divízie
06.11.1941-09.11.1942 náčelník štábu, Severočínskej oblastnej armády


Velkostuha řádu Vycházejícího slunce
1st Class, Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
勲一等旭日大綬章 / くんいっとう きょくじつだいじゅしょう


Řád Zlatého luňáka 3. třídy
Order of Golden Kite 3rd Class
功三級金鵄勲章 / こうさんきゅうきんしくんしょう

1942-1945 velitel okupovanej Novej Guinei

Adači, Hatazó - Adachi odovzdáva svoj meč, ktorá preberá gen. mjr. Horace Robertson za prítomnosti mjr. Douglas Burrows MBE, stojaci v strede

Adachi odovzdáva svoj meč, ktorá preberá gen. mjr. Horace Robertson za prítomnosti mjr. Douglas Burrows MBE, stojaci v strede
Adači, Hatazó - meč ktorý odovzdal ako symbol kapitulácie

meč ktorý odovzdal ako symbol kapitulácie
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Lieutenant General Adachi Hatazo

Graduates from the Army War College in 1922 and serves with the 1st Division of the Imperial Guard. Adachi cleverly in 1930 avoids involvement with either of the political factions of the Japanese Army. He serves in various staff positions and in 1933 is assigned to be in charge of security for the South Manchurian Railway.

In 1934 he becomes a colonel and is given command of the 12th Infantry Regiment. During the Shanghai Incident, he commands his unit from the front line and personally leads it courageously into battle. In September he is wounded by a rifle shell which marks his right leg for life.

In 1938 he is commissioned into the 26th Infantry Brigade and is appointed Major General. He gains respect and reputation among the soldiers as he always shares their living conditions and is open to any open discussion with the officers and staff.

In August 1940, he becomes Major General and commands the 37th Division in the Battle of Southern Shanxi. In 1940 he becomes Chief of Staff of the North China Area Army and leads the Scorched Earth Campaign against Chinese forces in 1941 to 1942.

Pacific Campaign

On November 9, 1942, he places the 18th Army under his command in Rabaul and on the coast of New Guinea. While moving from Rabaul to Lae, the transport is attacked during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea and all the ships are sunk. The 51st Division that is transported suffers heavy losses. Adachi himself is aboard one of the ships along with his staff.

Adachi's forces are successively shelled after the Solomon Islands campaign and the Allied landings at Aitape and Hollandia. The troops begin to suffer from malaria, food shortages and a lack of ammunition. The troops try to be self-sufficient by planting and growing food. When ammunition rations begin to run low many of his subordinates begin to carry out banzai attacks rather than surrender. At surrender the army numbers only 13,000 men. Adachi surrenders to the Australian6th Aivision at Cape Wom, near Wewak, New Guinea.

At the end of the war, Adachi is arrested by Australian forces and charged with war crimes such as mistreatment and summary execution of prisoners of war. Although he did not personally commit any of these acts, he is blamed for knowing about this as a commanding officer and failing to prevent his subordinate soldiers from doing so. He pleads guilty and is sentenced to life imprisonment on 12.7.1947. On 10.9.1947 he commits suicide in Rabaul prison.
Adači, Hatazó - na ceste k oficálnej kapitulácii

na ceste k oficálnej kapitulácii
Adači, Hatazó - roku 1947 v zajateckom tábore

roku 1947 v zajateckom tábore
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