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Novotný, Antonín

Novotny, Antonin

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Novotný
Jméno:
Given Name:
Antonín
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Antonín Novotný
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
-
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
10.12.1904 Praha /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
28.01.1975 Praha /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- prezident ČSSR
- předseda vlády
- první tajemník ÚV KSČ
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.hrad.cz
cs.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Novotny-Antonin-t15981#430992Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Novotný
Jméno:
Given Name:
Antonín
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Antonín Novotný
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

DD.MM.1947

Pamětní odznak druhého národního odboje
The Commemorative medal of the Second National Revolt
-

DD.MM.1947

Válečný kříž 1939
War Cross 1939
-

DD.MM.1949

Řád 25. února I. stupeň
1st Class
-

10.12.1954

Řád budování socialistické vlasti
Order of Building of Socialist Homeland
číslo matriky 5

07.05.1955

Řád Klementa Gottwalda - za budování socialistické vlasti
Order of Klement Gottwald - for Building of Socialist Homeland
číslo matriky 10

DD.MM.1959

Řád nezávislosti - velkokříž
Order of Independence - Grandcross
Nishan al-Istikal
-

DD.MM.1959

Řád královny ze Sáby - velkokříž
Order of the Queen of Sheba - Grandcross
-
-

DD.MM.1960

Řád Kambodže - velkokříž
Order of Cambodia - Grandcross
គ្រឿងឥស្សរិយយសព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា - มหาเสรีวัฒน์
-

DD.MM.1961

Řád hvězdy republiky Indonésie - 1. třída
Order of Star of Republic of Indonesia - 1st Class
Bintang Republik Indonesia - Adipurna
-

10.12.1964

Zlatá hvězda Hrdiny socialistické práce
Golden Star of Hero of Socialist Labor
číslo matriky 21

DD.MM.1964

Řád jugoslávské hvězdy s šerpou - 1. třída
Order of Yugoslav Star with Sash
Orden jugoslovenske zvezde s lentom
-

DD.MM.1965

Pamětní medaile k 20. výročí osvobození Československa
Commemorative Medal of 20th Anniversary of Liberation of Czechoslovakia
-

DD.MM.1966

Řád Nilu 1953 - řetěz
Order of Nile - Collar
وسام النيل
-

DD.MM.1967

Řád Pahlavi - 1. třída
Order of Pahlavi - 1st Class
Nishan-i-Pahlavi
-

DD.MM.1969

Řád polského znovuzrození 1. třída
Order of Polonia Restituta 1st Class
Order Odrodzenia Polski I Klasa
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.hrad.cz
www.prazskyhradarchiv.cz
cs.wikipedia.org
pl.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Novotny-Antonin-t15981#637131Version : 0
MOD

Antonín Novotný



(1904-1975)

Communist politician, Czechoslovak president



Antonín Novotný was born on December 10, 1904 in Letňany, Prague, his father was a mason. After the First World War, he trained as a mechanical locksmith and in the years 1918-35 he worked in several companies. In 1910 he married Božena Fridrichová, a worker at the Julius Meinl plant in Vysočany.

In 1921 he joined the newly founded Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, in which he then held various party functions within the Prague party organization. In 1935 he was sent by the Communist Party to the Congress of the Comintern in Moscow. In the years 1937-38, as a representative of the Communist Party of the Communist Party in Hodonín, he became the first paid communist apparatus. After the party was banned, he returned to his original job as a worker at the Včela plant in Prague-Vysočany, and at the same time participated in the illegal work of the Communist Party. He was later arrested by the Nazis and imprisoned in the Mathausen concentration camp in 1941-45.

After the end of the Second World War, Novotný rejoined the Communist Party's party apparatus. a significant share in the February coup in 1948 and the subsequent strengthening of the Communist Party. At the beginning of the 50's, the purges inside the party and the break-up of the "conspiracy center Rudolf Slánský", executed in 1952 on the orders of Klement Gottwald, his rapid journey to the top of power begins - in September 1951 he was elected to the newly created organizational secretariat and in December of the same year he became a member of the political secretariat and presidency of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.

In September 1953, his power was further strengthened when he was elected the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. In 1957, after death, Novotny managed to obtain Antonín Zápotocký thanks to the recommendation of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's presidential office (he was originally to be elected president Viliam Široký), thus combining the highest party function with the highest state office. His cult had to be cultivated in the country.

In 1960, he signed a new "socialist" constitution approved by the Prague Parliament, according to which the country had achieved socialism and was to begin preparing for the transition to a classless communist society. Article 4 of this constitution enshrines the leading role of the Communist Party in society in the state and Marxism-Leninism as a state ideology. The Constitution abolished the Slovak Board of Commissioners, thus achieving the highest possible restriction of the Slovak authorities.

Novotný made no secret of his bad relationship with the Slovaks, for example by saying that he did not consider Bratislava to be the capital of Slovakia and by an insensitive attitude towards officials from Slovakia (who eventually contributed to Novotný's fall by strongly supporting his removal). During his visits to Slovakia, he felt insecure and was afraid that someone would poison him or assassinate him. In September 1967, when he came to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the grammar school in Martin, he changed his program and place of residence several times, and during his visit to Matica slovenská, he scolded its employees for being nationalists and left.

After signing the constitution, Novotný gave amnesty to many prisoners in labor camps and people convicted in political trials in the mid-1950s, including the later president Gustav Husak.

In the mid-1960s, a reformist movement emerged within the Communist Party, consisting mostly of a young generation of party members, demanding so-called socialism with a human face. The leader of this movement is Alexander Dubček, who eventually replaced Novotný as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and thus became the first Slovak in the highest position in the side.

The new leadership has created room for change and launched a reform agenda, gaining people's trust.In March 1968, a major campaign was launched to remove the last Stalinist President Novotny. Under pressure from the public and the current reform, he finally resigned at the end of March, with the Prime Minister taking over the presidency Jozef Lenárt until parliament elected a new president - Ludvík Svoboda. In May 1968, Novotný was even removed from all party and executive positions and suspended from the Communist Party. However, they returned it to him after the arrival of the Soviet occupiers in 1971 by a secret resolution of the Communist Party, but he can no longer return to politics.

Antonín Novotný, the president who got his party into a revival process - the so-called Prague Spring, died on January 28, 1975.

Almost no one came to his funeral at the Na Malvazinkách cemetery in Malvazinky, which was under the supervision of the secret service. There is no inscription on Novotný's tombstone.

www.hrad.cz
cs.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Novotny-Antonin-t15981#59441Version : 0
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Zajímavé je, že Antonín Novotný v době svého věznění v KT Mauthausen údajně zastával funkci kápa.


Edit Janko Paliga - v skutočnosti šlo o Antonína Zápotockého - www.valka.cz.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Novotny-Antonin-t15981#97040Version : 0