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Hill, Stanley James Ledger

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Hill
Jméno:
Given Name:
Stanley James Ledger
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Stanley James Ledger Hill
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
brigádní generál
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
14.03.1911 Bath, Somerset
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
16.03.2006 Chichester
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- velitel 9. (východních a domácích grófstiev) parašutistického praporu
- velitel 3. parašutistickej brigády
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
generals.dk
en.wikipedia.org
www.pegasusarchive.org

Hill, Stanley James Ledger - James Hill (uplne vpravo) v Bulford Camp,  Salisbury Plain, 4.12.1943, s kpt. R.A. MacDonald, kpt. Peter Griffin, a mjr. J.A Nicklin.
https://www.pegasusarchive.org/normandy/james_hill.htm

James Hill (uplne vpravo) v Bulford Camp, Salisbury Plain, 4.12.1943, s kpt. R.A. MacDonald, kpt. Peter Griffin, a mjr. J.A Nicklin.
www.pegasusarchive.org

URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504412Verze : 0
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504412Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Hill
Jméno:
Given Name:
Stanley James Ledger
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Stanley James Ledger Hill
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Marlborough College
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Královská vojenská akadémia, Sandhurst
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR podporučík
DD.MM.RRRR porčík
DD.01.1940 kapitán
DD.MM.1940 major
02.12.1943 War Substantive podplukovník
02.12.1943 dočastný brigádní generál
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR dôstojnícky výcvikový zbor, Marlborough College
DD.MM.1931-DD.MM.1936 Královskí strelci
DD.MM.1936-DD.MM.1939 doplnková rezerva
DD.MM.1939-DD.MM.RRRR velitel 2. praporu Královskích strelcov
15.08.1941-DD.MM.1942 zástupca velitela 1. parašutistického praporu
DD.MM.1942-DD.MM.1942 velitel 1. praporu Parašutistického pluku
DD.MM.1942-DD.MM.1943 velitel 9. praporu Parašutistického pluku
25.04.1943-04.05.1943 poverený velitel 3. parašutistickej brigády
02.06.1943-20.12.1944 velitel 3. parašutistickej brigády
30.12.1944-02.07.1945 velitel 3. parašutistickej brigády
30.07.1945-DD.MM.1945 velitel 1. parašutistickej brigády
DD.05.1945-DD.MM.RRRR vojenský guvernér Kodane
DD.MM.1947-DD.MM.1948 velitel 4. parašutistickej brigády (TA)
DD.MM.1952-DD.MM.RRRR výslužba
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

11.07.1940

Vojenský kříž
Military Cross
-

11.02.1943

Řád Za vynikající službu
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
-

29.03.1945

Řád Za vynikající službu
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
bar

DD.05.1945

Kříž svobody Krále Haakona VII
King Haakon VII Freedom Cross
Haakon VIIs Frihetskors
-

24.01.1946

Řád Za vynikající službu
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
2nd bar

23.07.1948

Stříbrná hvězda
Silver Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Čestné legie 4. třída
Order of Legion of Honour 4th Class
Ordre de la Légion d'Honneur Officier
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda 1939-1945
1939–45 Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Za obranu
Defence Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečná medaile 1939-1945
War Medal 1939-1945
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda za Francii a Německo
France and Germany Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Africká hvězda
Africa Star
-

Poznámka:
Note:
osobné al. plukovné číslo: 52648
Zdroje:
Sources:
generals.dk
en.wikipedia.org
www.pegasusarchive.org
https://en.ww2awards.com/person/42959

URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504432Verze : 0
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504432Version : 0
MOD
He was born on March 14, 1911 in the city of Bath and as a young man attended Marlborough College, where he was also the head of the Officer's Training Corps of the local school. He then studied Royal Military College in Sandhurst ; where he is awarded the Sword of Honor for his studies.

In 1931 he joined the army and was assigned to the Royal Physics Regiment ( Royal Fusiliers ). In 1936 he was transferred to a supplementary reserve and spent 3 years working on a family business with transport ships.

In September 1939, he was again called this time to the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Physics Regiment, and he commanded this for several months. Together with the unit, he takes part in the fighting in France, where he then commands a platoon for some time? Which is deployed on the Maginot Line. In January 1941 he became captain. When the Battle of France begins in May 1940, he is assigned to Lord Gort's headquarters and during this time plans to evacuate Brussels, evacuate from La Panne beach, and leave France aboard the last vessel leaving Dunkirk. He earned MC for his performance in the campaign.

After returning to England, he is appointed major and plans to evacuate British citizens from Dublin in case the enemy lands here.

Subsequently, he volunteered for the Parachute Regiment and performed parachute training, and when the 1st Battalion was formed, he is the deputy commander of this unit.

Later in the same year he became commander of the 1st Battalion, with which he performs a parachute in Souk El Arba, deep behind enemy lines in Tunisia. The task of the unit was to secure the plain so that it could be landed and then occupy the village of Beja, which was a transport hub about 70 km northeast. The occupation was successful and when the Germans found out that the city was occupied by the British, they started bombing.

Subsequently, mixed German-Italian forces were stationed in the Gue area, Hill decided to carry out a night attack, but a grenade explosion in one of the engineers caused the moment of surprise to be lost and also caused losses.

2 companies carried out an immediate attack while Hill, together with a small group, approached 3 light tanks, pushed the barrel of the pistol into the observation window at the first tank and fired the entire magazine inside the tank. The Italian tank crew immediately surrendered and in the second tank did the same with the same result.

However, he was not successful with 3 tanks manned by the Germans, as the crew immediately responded with small arms fire and grenades, while Hill was hit by 3 bullets in the chest.

He was immediately evacuated to Bejakde and the operation was immediately carried out under the leadership of Cpt. Robba from the 16th Parachute Field Ambulance ( 16th Parachute Field Ambulance ) and his life was saved.

For this bold and great event, Hill was decorated with his first DSO, as I received the French award Légion d'Honneur .
After returning to England in December, he changed the 10th Battalion of the Essex Regiment to the 9th Parachute Battalion.

In April of the following year, he took command of the 3rd Parachute Brigade, consisting of the 8th and 9th Battalions and the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion. Together with this unit, he participates in the landings in Normandy.

The unit under his command has the task of destroying the battery in Merville and destroying the bridge over the river Dives to prevent the inflow enemy reinforcements from the east. However, the action started badly, as many markers for airborne zones were lost, many aircraft were hit al. had a technical problem. Holl lands near the river Dives, near Cabourg about 5km from the landing zone and it took him some time to get san and designated place. The whole zone was interwoven with irrigation canals in which many of his men fell in with their equipment.

Several of the 9 men were close by.parachute battalion bombed by the Allied air force, with 17 men killed. Holl himself was wounded, but after the morphine was reported to the commander of the division fulfillment of the target and that the battery Merville was occupied after heavy fighting and the brigade fulfilled its role.

Hill was immediately underwent surgery and refuses to evacuate and locates his staff at Le Mesnil. Under his command, 3 weak parachute battalions hold the strategic point of Chateau St Côme on the outskirts of Troarn and repel the attacks of the German 346. division .

June 10, 1944, his command is subordinate to the 5th Battalion Black Watch, this will happen two days after the 9th Battalion urgently requests reinforcements.

The 12th Parachute Battalion occupies Bréville, which was defended 346. division and was its starting point for attacks on the coast. Hill village also defended the heavy loss and for its defensive victory is awarded a bar to DSO .

The 3rd Parachute Battalion returns to England in September, but after 3 months is again fighting at the river Meuse.

In March 1945, he commanded the Hill Brigade as part of Operation Varsity, which was to ensure the crossing of the Rhine and subsequently pursue the enemy towards the Baltic.

During this period, Hill is injured again 3 times and is awarded the second bar for DSO as well as Silver Star .

In May, he is appointed as military governor Copenhagen and is granted King Haakon VII's Cross of Freedom. He commands the 1st Parachute Brigade for retiring in July as Brigadier .

Subsequently, he became involved in the formation of the Association of Parachute Regiment and in 1947 participated in the creation and subsequently commanded the 4th Parachute Brigade (Territorial Army) ( 4th Parachute Brigade (TA) ).

He commands this until next year. After that he held various management positions in the civil sector among others in 1972-1979 he was the director of Lloyds Bank.

He spent his last years in Chichester.



www.pegasusarchive.org
https://en.ww2awards.com/person/42959
www.telegraph.co.uk

Hill, Stanley James Ledger - s príslušníkmi 1. Kanadského parašutistického praporu v Carter Barracks, Bulford, 3.12.1943

s príslušníkmi 1. Kanadského parašutistického praporu v Carter Barracks, Bulford, 3.12.1943
Hill, Stanley James Ledger - vlavo gen. mjr.  Matthew B. Ridgway vpravo Brig. James Hill

vlavo gen. mjr. Matthew B. Ridgway vpravo Brig. James Hill
URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504562Verze : 6
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Hill-Stanley-James-Ledger-t168062#504562Version : 0
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