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Marobud came from a noble markomanského of the genus. And so, in accordance with contemporary practice, he spent his childhood as a hostage in Rome. Here he received the appropriate education and picked up roman culture. The exact date of his return to his tribe is unknown, however it was sometime before the year 9 bc. c. Marobud after coming back he became their king. Markomané then dwelt in middle Germany, but in the years bc. c. left because of the pressure of the roman legions. For their new headquarters have chosen the Czech basin. Settled in central Bohemia, Poohří, eastern and southern Bohemia. At least in part, had to meet with the Celts and some time to live with them, for there was a takeover of geographical names.
Marobud promote trade with the neighbouring roman provinces. Of the raised funds to build a large army, with which he then conquered a number of surrounding tribes, including the Moravia established Kvádů. At the time of the greatest expansion was Markomanům subordinated territory up to the lower Elbe and lower Vistula. It was therefore a rather extensive empire, which has raised concerns in the roman empire, although Marobud tried for a neutral policy towards its southern neighbour. The romans year 6. n. l. carried out preventive military výravu, which consisted of two large streams. One directed from the Carnunta (and led him later emperor Tiberius) and the second from Mogontiaca. Therefore, from the area of today's Vienna and Mainz. The expedition will probably neared a successful end, but in Pannonia uprising broke out, which necessitated the deployment units that have not yet participated in the expedition against Marobudovi. He now had a great opportunity to counterattack, but he decided to continue his peace policy, and with the Romans concluded a treaty, which secured him the peace of mind.
It has paid off and Rome, as Marobud in the year of the 9 refused to join the rebellion, which led cheruský Arminius. Even so, but suffered the Romans heavy losses. On the contrary Arminiova power grew. He also gradually conquering tribes that do not yet respect the Marobudovu too. Even in Marobudově surroundings of multiplied voices, which demanded better relations with Arminiem and fight against the Romans. Marobud but held their line. In the year 17 there has been a military conflict with Arminiem and in the following year he was Marobud overthrown Katvaldou. He resorted then to the roman exile and the rest of his life he spent in detention in the Ravenna.
Sources: Droberjar, Eduard: the Story of Marobudovi and his empire, the Publishing house Set Out and the Roman Míšek, Prague, 2000 Foolish, Marie - Frolík, Jan - Profantová Nadya: the Great history of the Czech lands., Paseka, Praha - Litomyšl, 1999.
Tažení Tiberia a Saturnina proti Marobudovi v roce 6 n. l.
Cristiano64, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org
Rozsah Marobudovy říše
Dobiáš, Josef. Dějiny československého území před vystoupením Slovanů. Praha, Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, 1964.
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