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Jakovlev Jak-60

Yakovlev Yak-60

Яковлев Як-60

Jakovlev Jak-60
Originální název:
Original Name:
Яковлев Як-60
transportní vrtulník
DD.MM.195R-DD.MM.195R Moskevský letecký závod č. 115, Moskva /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
Uspořádání rotorů:
Rotor Configuration:
tandemové rotory
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Hmotnost prázdného vrtulníku:
Empty Weight:
55000 kg
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
? kg
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
100000 kg
Délka s otáčejícími se rotory:
Length with Rotors Turning:
67,50 m
Délka trupu:
Fuselage Length:
44,51 m
Šířka trupu:
Fuselage Width:
? m
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
11,60 m
Průměr hlavního rotoru:
Main Rotor Diameter:
38,00 m
Průměr vyrovnávacího rotoru:
Tail Rotor Diameter:
- m
Plocha disku hlavního rotoru:
Main Rotor Disc Area:
2268,23 m2
Plocha disku vyrovnávacího rotoru:
Tail Rotor Disc Area:
- m2
Počet motorů:
Number of engines:
Solovjov D-25VF o výkonu 4781 kW/6500 k
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
? km/h v ? m
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
? km/h v ? m
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s
Statický dostup:
Static Ceiling:
? m
Dynamický dostup:
Dynamic Ceiling:
? m
? km
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
? km
Přepravní kapacita:
Transport Capacity:
228 výsadkářů
176 raněných s 8 zdravotníky

42000 kg nákladu
Výzbroj a vybavení:
Armament and Equipment:
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
- někdy uváděno označení Jak-32
Gunston, Bill; Gordon, Yefim. Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. Putnam Aeronautical Books, London 1997. ISBN 0-85177-872-0.
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Yakovlev yak-60[/heading:aaaaaa]
The project of heavy military transport helicopter Yakovlev yak-60 (Яковлев Як-60).

The origins of the OKB of Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev (А. С. Яковлев) fall into the second half of the 20th. years, when around him formed a small group of enthusiasts, who built their first light plane AIR-1. Date zalétání this machine - 12. may 1927 - is considered to be the date of the KB, although the regulation of the governmental authorities about her oficielním creation has a later date. In accordance with their ideas about the folk aviation Yakovlev focuses on light sport and training aircraft. For 2. world war belongs to the creators light fighter aircraft and light bombers. Jakovlevova OKB also handle even the advent of jet propulsion, even if it was ultimately from a leadership position pushed out of the OKB MiG Mikojana and Gureviče. Throughout the existence of the OKB Yakovlev here was created more than 200 various types and modifications of flying machines, among which were more than 100 mass-produced machines. Aircraft of this KB was in production continuously from 1932, and for more than 70 years, the number of manufactured aircraft has exceeded the number of 70 000. And when in the postwar period comes interested in helicopters, as the (old)new form of flying apparatuses, Jakovlevova OKB must not miss it.

Already the end of the war - from 1944 - to the attention of his OKB turning even to this somewhat exotic flying apparatus.
Yakovlev into his team earned a capable "vrtulníkáře" Sergei Arsentěviče Bemova (Сергей Арсентевич А. Бемов), and Igor Alexandrovich erlich on (Игорь Александрович Эрлих). The first serious design of his OKB to become a machine, called originally, the EG - Type W (Экспериментальный Геликоптер - ЭГ - изделие Ш). This machine coaxial concept, i.e. with counter-rotating propellers on a common axis and without compensating the tail propeller will be after a long development - 1945 - 1948 fly, but mass production does not pass. In the interest of the OKB indeed finds himself in her next project - a chopper -100 that their concept of a main bearing of the propeller and balancing the tail propeller will be the leadership of the VVS and the government - namely J. In. Stalin - seem less exotic. In addition, it will be very similar to the successful design of the Sikorski H-5, which successfully served in the u.s. army. On the design of both types will have the main merit of especially With. And. Bemov. The machine will also successfully fly, But even he into mass production will not go. There it overtakes its "competitor", the helicopter Mil Mi-1.

Only when the third construction, a helicopter Yakovlev yak-24, nicknamed the "Flying boxcar", work Even. And. Erlich on, will be equipped with the serial production and a number of modifications.

The success of the type As-24 will bring the designers to the idea to build a machine even more powerful, created according to this scheme. Thus, the project of heavy military transport helicopter Yak-60, which, as far as the load capacity, could compete with many military transport aircraft.

The new helicopter received the designation As-60, and had become souputníkem the largest helicopter in the world, which was designed at the same time in the KB Miles (it's about the helicopter -12). The takeoff weight of the Yak-60 should be around 100 tons. The rotors were taken from a helicopter -6, each of them was powered by two engines D-25VF. In conformity with the project the helicopter was able to lift cargo weighing up to 42 tons. Such a capacity allows you to use the helicopter for external cargo pod to transport even a tank, for example, the T-64. However, unlike Milo helicopter, How-60 forever remained only a project, that to heaven raised. It was manufactured only a certain amount of mockups of this helicopter.

Work on the project As-60 conducted the Leningrad branch of OKB-115 in the enterprise MAP no 272, under the immediate leadership of chief designer Igor Alexandrovich erlich on. In his design were taken into account the experience of the development and operation of the predecessor - -24. The project of a new heavy helicopter with the rotors in a row, equipped with 4 engines, they began to develop on the basis of the resolution of the Council of ministers of the USSR from February 1958. The helicopter should use the right 4 strong plynoturbínové engines D-25VF, giving the following 6497 PCS each. The external dimensions of the gigantic helicopter from the OKB Yakovlev was the following: length of 44.6 m, width - 8,6 m, the above - 11,6 m.

Such dimensions and load capacity at the level of 40 tons opened before the helicopter great opportunities both in the air force, in the civilian sector. 50. and 60. are in the USSR in the sign of big "constructions of socialism" and the modern heavy equipment would could well apply. Indication of this gigantic helicopter was the air movement, bulk and material costs: tanks, self-propelled guns, armored cars, ballistic missiles, ground-based RLS, bridge beams, pontoon blocks, drilling towers, poles for transmission of electrical energy, river ships, ammunition and other weaponry, and other assorted very heavy cost of the economic determination of.

In addition to the space of the cargo cabin could How-60 transport cargo on the external cargo pod. The helicopter could take on board to 228 soldiers-paratroopers in full combative equipment or 176 wounded, accompanied by 8 health workers. However, work on the helicopter left the design stage And the technical project. This was due mainly to diversion of OKB-115 from the helicopter of the issue, and also closing its Leningrad branch with the subsequent removal of factory no. 272. However, similar to the giant when the USSR was still created. It's a helicopter -12 KB Mila (sometimes it is called the Mi-12, although such a designation never officially). On the -12 were used the same engines D-25VF. Milo's -12 first flew in 1968 and the machine to date remains the largest helicopter with the largest capacity in the world. Even milo's fig remained a single structure of the soviet economy with its use, despite strident propaganda, failed to consult.

Sources: - mock As 60 and As-24 - T-34 in the pod As-60 dvojpohled on the As-60 -3d - the pod tryskýče - distribution of the load
Jakovlev Jak-60 -

Jakovlev Jak-60 -

Jakovlev Jak-60 -

Jakovlev Jak-60 -

Jakovlev Jak-60 -

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Even the idea of transportation options Jake-60.
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