Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

Stíhací esa 1936-1953

Fighter aces 1936-1953

Stíhacie esá 1936-1953

Истребительные асы 1936-1953

Classification and award of air victories in the Soviet fighter aircraft and their financial evaluation



A special system of shooting records has been introduced in the Soviet fighter air force since the first armed conflicts. Thus, there were two basic categories of shootings: "in person" ( лично) or "in a group" ( in a group). The more precise term "in pairs" ( in a couple) or "in swarm" ( called) has also been used. However, the preferences for categorizing downed aircraft in these categories also changed significantly during the fighting. In the conflicts and wars of the late 1930s (the Sino-Japanese conflict, the fighting on the Chalchyn Gol river), there was a balanced relationship between the two types of victories.

However, after the invasion of the Soviet Union, the number of successful air battles fell sharply for the Soviets. Therefore, due to the increase of the "fighting spirit" were often attributed to all, respectively. almost all, shot down as so-called group to all the pilots who took part in the fight. As the combat experience of Soviet pilots later grew, who also received modern aircraft, the "consideration of priorities" also changed from about the summer of 1943, and personal shooting was preferred. This was certainly influenced by the newly introduced rules for awarding state awards and financial rewards, which also largely depended on the number of aircraft shot down on their own.

During the Korean War, almost all enemy aircraft shot down were recorded on pilots' accounts as personal shootings.

Let's take another look, typical of the turning point of 1943. This year, September 30 Regulation, signed by the Air Force Commander , Marshal A.A. Novikov, on "honoring and rewarding Red Army Air Force, Long-Range Air Force, Air Defense Fighter Air Force and Naval Air Force for combat activities and material protection." In addition to the rules for the recognition/confirmation of shootings, the regulation also contained the conditions for the award of state awards. This year, there were already a number of pilots in the Soviet fighter aircraft, who had ten or more group shootings, but only two or three personal/single/shot down enemy aircraft. As a result, they did not meet the conditions for the award of awards in the sense of emotion. Regulation. In several higher places (army or corps commanders) a quick and effective solution was found - in some air regiments, a recalculation of part of the group shootings into personal ones was performed. An example is the Commander's Combat Report 515 section. IAP Guards Major G.N. Gromov: "By order of the commander of the 7th Air Force, Major General Sokolov, the planes shot down by Major G.N. Gromov in the group will be recalculated aliquots to personal ". Out of 6 personal and 17 group shootings, a total of 12 personally shot down aircraft were produced after recalculation.

In many cases, they did not stay in the staffs by recalculations and proceeded even more easily. The personal shootings missing for the award were simply supplemented by group shootings achieved in previous battles.

And only one peculiarity or peculiarity. This was the recognition of the so-called probably shot down enemy aircraft ([a:aaaaaa] предположительно сбитые самолеты противника) in Northern Air Force. It is possible that this was due to the influence of two British squadrons, which for some time started to protect the northern naval routes from the same airports as their Soviet counterparts, and which had a system of probable shots in place. Of course, even here, the probable shootings were regularly changed to personal ones.

The above-mentioned Regulation of 30.09.1943 also set the exact conditions for the recognition of shooting, or the destruction of enemy technology on the ground:

'Shooting down aircraft in air combat, as well as its destruction on the ground, as well as causing damage to the enemy shall be counted if one of the following conditions is met:
(a) in the presence of written confirmation from ground troops, ships, partisan groups or intelligence agencies;
(b) in the presence of a written confirmation from the local population, verified by the local authorities;
(c) in the presence of photographs confirming the shooting of the aircraft or causing other damage to the enemy;
(d) in the presence of confirmation from visual announcements as well as other guidance and warning systems;
(e) in the presence of written confirmation from two or more aircraft crews participating in the group or crew sent to determine the success of the bombing in conditions of inability to obtain another type of confirmation;
f) personal report of a self-hunting fighter or torpedo bomber after confirmation by the commander of his air regiment

The Regulation also "tightened" the conditions for awarding state awards for shootings. Until then, the conditions set out in the People's Defense Commissioner's order [url=/topic/view/15039] J.V. Stalin
of June 17, 1942, according to which for 5 shot down enemy bombers, the pilot was nominated for the highest state award - Title Hero of the Soviet Union. The fighters needed to shoot down once as many to get the Golden Star Hero. Regarding the aforementioned tightening of conditions for honors, the 1943 Marshal's Order Novikova set the system as follows:

"... Pilots of combat aircraft will be nominated for state awards:
a) For personally destroyed enemy aircraft in air combat or. at airports:
to the first honor - for 3 personally shot down bombers (reconnaissance aircraft) or 4 personally shot down aircraft of another type, or 6 aircraft destroyed on the ground;
for other honors - for each additional 4 personally shot down bombers (reconnaissance aircraft) or 5 personally shot down aircraft of other types or 6 aircraft destroyed on the ground;
to the highest honor - the title Hero of the Soviet Union - for 10 personally shot down bombers (reconnaissance aircraft) or 15 personally shot down aircraft of other types;
to a higher honor - the title of two-time Hero of the Soviet Union - for 30 personally shot down aircraft of all types;
to the highest award - the title of three-time Hero of the Soviet Union - for 50 personally shot down aircraft of all types. "

It also amended the proposal for the awarding of honors and monetary rewards for successful combat flights, for the provision of fighter cover for ground objects and the escort of fighter aircraft, as follows:

"... For combat flights accompanied by fighters, bombers, mine-torpedo aircraft, reconnaissance and observation aircraft, as well as for combat flights to cover combat formations of ground troops in the field of combat, naval bases, communications and other objects:
to the first honor - for 30 successful combat flights;
to other honors - for every additional 30 successful combat flights.
For combat flights during battle attacks and reconnaissance of enemy units:
to the first honor - for 20 successful combat flights; to other honors - for every additional 30 successful combat flights.
... members of crews of all types of air force ... for the following combat actions, regardless of the proposed award, the following financial rewards will be paid:
For 30 successful combat flights - 2,000 rubles;
For 50 successful combat flights - 3,000 rubles;
For 80 successful combat flights - 4,000 rubles;
For 120 successful combat flights - 5,000 rubles.

For financial evaluation of shootings, see also this article.

In the list below, in alphabetical order, only pilots with certified five and more individual victories are listed, which is internationally recognized number of shots to mark "ace".

The list is not exhaustive and is continuously updated.

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (уза-пресс, 2014)
https://www.airaces.ru/
www.maximonline.ru
rg.ru
www.rbc.ru

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#560128Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]And[/heading]

work in progress/in progress




meno number of zostrelov note
Abakumov, Boris Sergeyevich5 + 0
Abdrašitov, Šamiľ Manusypovič18 + 0
Abzianidze, Mikhail Ambakovič9 + 3
Abišev, Chusin Imamalievič6 + 6
Abramišvili, Mirian Josifovič6 + 1 ďalšie 3 lietadlá zostrelil ako pilot bitevného Il-2
Abramašvili, Nikolai Georgiyevich8 + 1
Abramov, Vladimir Nikitovič5 + 2
Abramov, Vladimir Fedorovich7 + 13
Abramov, Nikifor Semyonovich9 + 0
Abramov, Pyotr Petrovich5 + 25
Abramov, Timofej Gavrilovič10 + 1
Avdejev, Alexander Fedorovich5 + 0
Avdejev, Mikhail Vassilyevich12 + 6
Avekov, Ivan Avdejevič10 + 6one airplane destroyed taranom
Averjanov, Alexandr Alexandrovich5 + 0
Avetisjan, Suren Armenakovič6 + 0
Aganin, Viktor Matvejevič5 + 0
Aganičev, Nikolai Petrovich5 + 0
Agafonov, Pyotr Vassilyevich6 + 1
Agejev, Pyotr Grigorievič5 + 2one airplane destroyed taranom
Agurejev, Alexandr Ivanovich6 + 4
Adonkin, Vasily Semyonovich17 + 8one of the separate zostrel is pravdepodobný
Azarov, Evgeny Alexandrovich13 + 7one airplane destroyed taranom
Azarov, Ivan Petrovich5 + 3
Azarov, Sergei Semyonovich7 + 7
Azin, Pyotr Ilyich5 + 0
Akimov, Alexander Ivanovich6 + 02 in the second svetovej vojne, 4 vo vojne in Kórei
Akinin, Gavriil Dmitrievich7 + 5
Akulkin, Nikolai Fedorovich6 + 0
Akulov, Boris Trofimovič5 + 5
Alejnikov, Pyotr Nikitovič5 + 6
Alexandrov, Vasily Alexandrovich5 + 1
Alexandrov, Nikolai Alexandrovich7 + 2
Alexandrovich, Yakov Alexandrovich5 + 3 one airplane destroyed taranom
Alexandrov, Viktor Ilyich 21 + 3
Alexeev, Boris Mikhailovich8 + 0
Alexeev, Valentin Petrovich6 + 3
Alexeev, Viktor Pavlovich12 + 0
Alexeev, Dmitry Alexandrovich6 + 10
Alexeev, Ivan Nikolaevich5 + 0
Alexeev, Konstantin Stepanovich15 + 7
Alexeev, Nikolai Mikhailovich14 + 3


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#560118Version : 0
MOD

B






explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585286Version : 0
MOD

C






photo name number of shots note






explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group


Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604417Version : 0
MOD

No






explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584975Version : 0
MOD

D








explanations: 5 + 0=5 shots alone; 5 + 2=5 shots alone + 2 in a group


Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584978Version : 0
MOD

E






photo name number of shots note






explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group


Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604418Version : 0
MOD

F





photo name number of shots note
Fadejev, Vadim Ivanovič 17 + 3
Fedotov, Andrej Andrejevic 19 + 2
Figichev, Valentin Alexeyevich 15 + 2
Filipchenko, Fyodor Vasilievich 6 + 4
Fyodorov, Ivan Jevgrafovic 13 + 1 2 + 0 in Spain and 11 + 1 in World War II



explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585081Version : 0
MOD

G






photo name number of shots note
Gejbo, Josif Ivanovic 5 + 2 1 + 1 in battles on Chalchyn Gole, 2 + 0 in war with Finland and 2 + 1 in World War II
Glinka, Boris Borisovič 27 + 2
Glinka, Dmitrij Borisovič 50 + 0
Golubev, Vasily Fyodorovich 17 + 15
Golubov, Anatolij Jemeľjanovičič 7 + 0
Gorev, Nikolaj Dmitrijevic 8 + 0
Gricevec, Sergej Ivanovič 10 + 30
Grinchenko, Anton Gavrilovic 10 + 30
Gridnev, Alexandr Vasiljevic 5 + 4
Gulajev, Nikolaj Dmitrijevič 55 + 5 the fourth most successful Soviet fighter pilot




explanations: 5 + 0=5 shots alone; 5 + 2=5 shots alone + 2 in a group


Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585071Version : 0
MOD

CH






photo name number of shots note

Chotelev, Iosif Sidorovich 7 + 0 2 in Spain and 5 in World War II
Cholodov, Ivan Michajlovič 16 + 6



explanations: 5 + 0=5 shots alone; 5 + 2=5 shots alone + 2 in a group


Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604419Version : 0
MOD

I






explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604420Version : 0
MOD

J





photo name number of shots note
Jerjomin, Boris Nikolayevich 8 + 15
Jevstignejev, Kirill Alexejevič 52 + 3


explanations: 5 + 0 = 5 shots alone; 5 + 2 = 5 shots alone + 2 in a group

Bykov, MJ: Vse asy Stalina 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю .: Все асы Сталина 1936–1953 (Яуза-пресс, 2014)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604421Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]To[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Karpov, Alexandr Dmitrievich5 + 1
Kostylev, Georgy Dmitrievich7 + 29
Kožedub Ivan Nikitovič64 + 0 najúspěšnejší sovietsky fighter 2. svetovej war
Kravčenko, Grigory Pantělejevič6 + 92 + 4 in the Sino Japanese vojne and 4 + 5 on the khalkhin gol Gole
Koss Alexander Filippovič7 + 2





vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584782Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]L[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note




vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Bykov, M.J.: Vse asy Stalin 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014,ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014)
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604422Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]M[/heading]




vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584781Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]N[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Najdenko Mikhail Makarovič7 + 14



vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585073Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]O[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Oniskevič, Grigory Demjanovič15 + 0



vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585082Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]P[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Pozdňjakov, Jakov Mironovič7 + 1


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584984Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]R[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Rjazanov Alexei Konstantinovich31 + 12


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#599001Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis], [/heading]




photo meno number of zostrelov note
Serenko Alexander Vasilyevich6 + 4
Sibirin, Semyon Alexeyevich16 + 2
Smoljakov, Plato Jefimovič6 + 5



vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group


Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584972Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]W[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Ševcov Pyotr Fedorovich8 + 2


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585070Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]T[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Turov Alexander Grigorievič6 + 4


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#585080Version : 0
MOD

For[/headline:aaaaaa]



photo meno number of zostrelov note




vysvetlivky: 5 + 0 = 5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2 = 5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Bykov, M.J.: Vse asy Stalin 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014,ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014)
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604416Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]In[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Vlasov, Viktor Vassilyevich7 + 2



vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#597526Version : 0
MOD
[nadpis]Of[/heading]



photo meno number of zostrelov note
Zalesskij, Ivan Pavlovich6 + 0data zostreloch are referred to len in the draft on udelenie vyznamenania, other sources of ich nepotvrdzujú
Zacharov, Georgy Nefjodovič10 + 0


vysvetlivky: 5 + 0=5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2=5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014, ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#584970Version : 0
MOD

T[/heading:aaaaaa]



photo meno number of zostrelov note




vysvetlivky: 5 + 0 = 5 zostrelov independently; 5 + 2 = 5 zostrelov to + 2 in the group

Bykov, M.J.: Vse asy Stalin 1936-1953 gg., Jauza-Press, 2014,ISBN 978-5-9955-0712-3 (Быков, М. Ю.: Все асы Сталина 1936-1953 гг., Яуза-пресс, 2014)
.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Stihaci-esa-1936-1953-t194516#604423Version : 0
MOD