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Jacquet, Fernand Maxmillien Leon

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Jacquet
Jméno:
Given Name:
Fernand Maxmillien Leon
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Fernand Maxmillian Léon Jacquet
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
kapitán
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
02.11.1888 Petite-Chapelle /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
12.10.1947 Beaumont
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
Velitel 1. stíhací skupiny belgického letectva
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
První belgické stíhací eso se 7 sestřely.
Jediné eso na letounech typu Farman.
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
www.theaerodrome.com
URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Jacquet-Fernand-Maxmillien-Leon-t207197#602002Verze : 1
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Jacquet-Fernand-Maxmillien-Leon-t207197#602002Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Jacquet
Jméno:
Given Name:
Fernand Maxmillien Leon
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Fernand Maxmillian Léon Jacquet
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:
Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
www.theaerodrome.com
URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Jacquet-Fernand-Maxmillien-Leon-t207197#641880Verze : 0
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Jacquet-Fernand-Maxmillien-Leon-t207197#641880Version : 0
MOD
He was born 2. November 1888 in Petite-Chapelle, in the province of Namur wealthy parents, who owned large plots of land.

In October 1907 he joined to study at the Military academy. After successfully graduating, he was as a lieutenant of infantry enlisted for 4. a regular regiment in Bruges on 25. June, 1910. At that time, however, interested in flying gadgetry.

Aviation it attracted so much that he signed up for airborne training. 25. February 1913 pilot's decree no. 68 and was subsequently reassigned to the military air force.


Lieutenant Fernand Jacquet in his machine Farman-Jero HF.20 N°2 during manoeuvres in 1913
image Source: commons.wikimedia.org

Over Europe at that time under a cloud. After the austro-Hungarian attack on Serbia in early July 1914 enters the war Russia. Russia again declares war on Germany. Germany is clear, however, that it would lead to war with France. The German generals are of course anticipated and now relies on the so-called Schlieffen plan offensive against France, while of course counting with the passage of the German troops to neutral Belgium (for this neutrality by the way once Germany guarantee).

Need all the action to perform with the greatest semblance of legality. Germany sent the belgian government a declaration stating that France is preparing a foray into the Belgium and German troops are ready against it on the belgian territory to intervene.

It is of course fiction, and the belgian government is clear – the answer is the mobilization of the belgian armed forces 31. 7. Germany launches an attack on Belgium 3. August.

When Germany violated belgian neutrality and invading Belgium, served just the lieutenant Jacquet at the Escadrille Demanet (I). Squadron under the command of Lt. Demaneta bázovala in Liège and operated 4 aircraft Henri Farman F. 23bis.

After the outbreak of the war the unit was assigned to 3. artillery division of general Gérard-Mathieu Lemana and was placed in the village Ans, near Liège. Squadron takes off for its first combat flights of the second day after the start of hostilities.

Among the participants airmen missing Jacquet, however, due to the failure of his mission terminated prematurely emergency landing in Maibelle about 30 minutes later. Already 6. August Jacquet for the first time in the air met with German counterpart – it was Rumpler Taub – over the Huy. About five days later he was hit by enemy anti-aircraft fire, so he had to make an emergency landing in Oostkerke.

The belgian command quickly determines the value of aerial reconnaissance. Air scouts report all the movements of German units blížích to the fortress of Namur. Jacquet tirelessly again and again takes off.

The losses multiply and the belgian air force had in the meantime lost 6 of their initially 16 Farmanů, especially because of accidents, but there is also growing cases of attacks by aircraft of your own troops. Pawns in the types of aircraft familiar with, because it came on the 6th. August, a regulation of the paint on the wing of the aircraft of the belgian cockade...

Growing losses have forced the belgian command deal with France for the supply of new aircraft. By the end of August took over the belgian air force 6 new aircraft type Henri Farman HF. 20 and one piece HF. 21. Negotiations on the supply of other machines continue.


The rapid advance of the German invaders and the fall of Liège made the belgian forces to retreat. Squadron moved to the airport to Wilrijk, south of Antwerp.

At that time, the belgian ground forces retreated to the walled turf to Antverpám. German troops 20. 8. came to Brussels and was closing in on Namur, the last fortress defending the passage to France along the river Maasy. The belgian army, no matter how small, fight hard and doggedly. Namur on yourself tied 6 German divisions and 500 guns; these forces the Germans severely lacked in the battles of Charleroi and Mons.

The belgians, however, not only prevents, to seek also to the successful sortie, who made 24. August force of 6 divisions against the rearguard of the German right wing; this was to relieve pressure on the british and the French the left wing of the fighting at Mons. The following day the attack was interrupted and the belgian army withdrew to the coast. The germans began to besiege Antwerp, left here, however, only the locking force, while the main clusters of their divisions still went into the heart of France. The belgians, in an effort to help his French allies, have launched a new swipe 9. September 1914, in the key day of the battle of the Marne. The germans, fearing that the Belgians nepřeťali their supply lines, they decided to launch a general attack on Antwerp and started here concentrate forces.

In connection with this Jacquetovi managed to get an important information, which contributed to the solution of the defense of Antwerp, because my colleague Jules Jaumottem uncovered the location of a pair of 420mm heavy moždířů Big Bertha, which were to crush the fortifications in Antwerp.

At that time, have suffered the belgian air force significant losses on the aircraft; however, this time the fault not of the military operations, but because of strong gale that swept across the belgian airport and damaged the parked aircraft.

It leads between the belgian pilots to forced breaks in the operational years. Jacquet it bears particularly hard and when she's not jetting (either due to weather or lack of! machines), often goes into the first lines in the car armed with a machine gun Lewis who waited on his friend Joseph-Philippe-Francois de Riquet, prince de Caraman-Chimay.

From 27. September launching the Germans attack on Antwerp. The following day in Antwerp, landing units of the british marine corps, to help with defence, while the two british infantry division landed at Ostend and Zeebrugge, to attacked the German obléhatele from the outside. Unfortunately for the Belgians, this help comes too late – the predominance of the Germans is too big and the belgian government 3. October 1914 decided on the evacuation of Antwerp. The retreat began to take place in the night from 8. to 9. October. The belgian troops to withdraw and take position along the river Yser.


In mid-October here, then, the Germans launched a new offensive, which was part of an extensive obkličovacího maneuver, which the German division wanted to outflank the allied left wing. The belgians desperately defended until the end of October, however, felt that no longer the pressure of the German superior force they cannot resist. Therefore they decided to flood the territory north of the river Yser, and by the German attack to stop. The germans now concentrated the main offensive effort to the south, where the town of Ypres resisted the British. You frantically reflect the attack behind the attack. Their forces are weak and so the commander of the 1. the british expeditionary force, general Sir Douglas Haig very deftly shifting their units from one of the exposed section to the other.

The british finally in mid-November to definitively prove against the German superior forces to defend your station and the first battle of Ypres ends. Now both sides need to relax and wait out the winter. Air operations due to poor weather stagnate.

1. squadron, meanwhile, 12. October 1914 had moved to the French city of Saint-Pol-sur-Mer, near Dunkirk, later, however, she moved to Sint-Idesbald, near Koksijde, to be closer to the front.

During the month of October 1914, the crew in the composition of the lieutenant Fernand Jacquet and lieutenant Fernand Petit are taking almost a day a successful reconnaissance missions over the ongoing German offensive on the front at the Yser; they identify, inter alia, concentration of troops and combat engineer units with the means to overcome the flow of the river.

Furthermore, the Jacquet invents other ways, as the Germans constantly worry about. He hates the German occupiers and no matter what jim wants to do any harm. In addition to performing the tasks on their exploration years, Jacquet, therefore, asked for permission to carry out the moreover, the so-called "special missions“.

It primarily involved a trip deep behind the front line and bombing the German ground units. While the average pilot Farmanu was quite satisfied with it when received information or photos and returned home safely, Jacquet regularly cruised over the German territory in the hope that here to disrupt enemy operations.

Until the end of November 1914 the crew of the Jacquet / Petit performed several flights a day, while mapping the spilling of the water in the flooded in the area and further specify the location of the batteries of the German heavy artillery in the area.

For his performances he was Jacquet 27. November 1914 awarded the Knight's cross the Leopold code. In the citation for the award of honours standing: "In cold blood, initiative and commendable bravery he has shown in the course of numerous difficult and dangerous reconnaissance flights over enemy lines. "

It is a great honor, but Jacquet increasingly also desires defeating the enemy and in the air. For example, 26. February of 1915, he attacked a group of pilots crash over La Panne. 29. march followed by another Aviatik across the river Yser over enemy territory and two days later attacked another. However, in none of these cases did not reach the victory. When with him most often flew as an observer and shooter former member of the 5. regiment of lancířů lieutenant Louis Marie Omer August Robin. Soon they became very close friends.

However, your first kill Jacquat gained with another scorer, which he was lieutenant, Henri de Vindevoghel. Vindevoghel was a former artillery officer, who asked for a transfer to the air force only 15. December 1914. The squadron also performs the function of the armourer.

17. April 1915 to fill in for Robin, and together with Jacquetem set off on his Farmanu HF.20 powered the Renault engine with a power of 80 horses and vyzbrojeném machine gun Lewis located on the right side of the nacelle.

At a height of 2000 meters spotted by the belgian crew of a two-seater Albatross flying on a parallel course. Jacquet began to the enemy approaching, but the fire first started by the Germans. From a distance of 100 meters he started the German observer, firing of the carbine. At a distance of 75 metres from the Aviatiku is Jacquet concerned about the inaction of his bishop, who quietly is preparing a weapon; Jacquet loses his temper and sharply admonishing. Vindevoghel in return, screaming, to even more approached. Jacquet gives full throttle and closing to the Germans up to thirty meters. Vindevoghel finally opens fire: just one short burst of seven shots, after which began the German machine to fall sharply to the ground.

It was probably a plane from the condition FFA 40, who reported the loss of the pilot Offstv. Wilhelm Wohlmachera and observer Hptm. Bogislava von Hayden. Wohlmacher was fire hit, but despite the injury brought his machine to a successful emergency landing, but then his injuries succumbed, while his observer von Hayden was captured. It was the first confirmed air victory of the belgian air force and as was then the custom, victory was granted to the two airmen to the successful crew.

Jacquet is excited and constantly "chasing" the German machine through the sky in an attempt to get another kill. 29. April, for example, chased the enemy aircraft over the Cortemarckem, unfortunately unsuccessfully. At that time begins Jacquet wear on the prows of their machines conspicuous marking consisting of variously stylized skulls. Opportunities to air combat is now more than ever, because 22. April 1915 the Germans launched another offensive, which later was given the designation 2. the battle of Ypres.

Jacquet wants to no matter what live up to the reputation of the air pirate. 20. June attacked an unspecified German aircraft, which was last seen in an uncontrolled fall, but shoot him, he was not recognized. At the end of July (appear with data 26. and 28. 7.) attacked a reconnaissance Aviatik and forced it to land on the German side of the queue. Victory is his, therefore, was not recognized.

After the termination of the 2. the battle of Ypres at the end of may 1915, the land operations on the belgian section of the front to stagnate. Belgian aviators therefore carry out a constant carousel of reconnaissance and bombing flights. Meanwhile, Jacquet trying to get another one, but in the end had to wait more than a year for their next victory confirmed.

In the meantime, however, continues in the performance of the tasks of aerial reconnaissance. His services are so valuable, that it is quoted in the daily order of 3. division for:

"Evidence of courage and energy which is served every day, while actively engaged in the management of the artillery of the division, despite the very adverse weather conditions and heavy anti-aircraft fire of the enemy artillery directed against him."

It seems that happiness is not possible, try to infinity. 13. October 1915 Jacquet barely coming through the line 120 hits in his Farmanu with kuckajícím the engine and the difficulty he endures to the field for emergency landing. After the impact (this is a more concise expression than "touchdown"), the machine completely collapses, airmen, however, escaped without serious injury.

This event is even mentioned in the next quote, this time is quoted even in the daily order of the commander of the army of 28. October 1915:

"the Aviator exceptional values revered by all, both for the amount of reconnaissance flights, so for his extreme bravery during his missions and air battles, when it often returns with your apparatus by serious interventions, in particular 13. October, 1915, when his plane was knocked down by enemy machine guns.“

His ceaseless desire for aerial combat it early next year, logically brought between similarly-minded flyers. 14. February, 1916 arose at the airport Coxyde 1. fighter squadron of the belgian air force (1ére Escadrille de Chasse). Squadron, organisationally arising from the original 1. the squadron, commanded by Capt. Arsène Demanet and there were concentrated the best belgian pilots. Her armament consisted of predominantly a lightweight fighter Nieuport. Jacquet insisted, however, that it will continue to fly on Farmanech, because he was heavily short-sighted and gave therefore prefer flying with the shooter. The prosecution is then still in its infancy and two-seat configuration yet not seem like much of a handicap, under certain circumstances, it may be on the contrary an advantage. The future it had in Jacquetově case to fully demonstrate the...

War or no war, the airmen are just people and leaves time for personal life. 10. may 1916 to Fernand Jacquet married 27-year-old miss Eugénii Wiliquetovou. A few, however, remained childless.

Given the circumstances, was the honeymoon without a doubt short. Jacquet is once again in the air and sniff out the prey. 20. may 1916 finally there comes that desired success. During the morning patrol that day with lieutenant Robin as an observer encountered a German seaplane at a height of almost 3000 meters and unsuccessfully to chase.

Later that day, in the evening patrol encountered a formation of ten enemy seaplanes, which is surrounded from all sides. This time it should be a real fight for life. Jacquet began to wildly maneuver and he was trying to escape. At one time in a strong tilt dodged the attack of one of the German five, when Robin the moment he gained an advantageous position to fire. His dose hit one of the attacking aircraft, which is breaking away from the fight and then shot his second. He was apparently hit by a worse, because it crashed to the earth near the town of Nieuport. This was the second Jacquetův endorsed by the victory and the first victory of the belgian new fighter units.

The spring of 1916 brought a considerable increase in air activity over last year. Aircraft abound, and although the belgian section of the queue wasn't of course so exposed as the other, i fight in the air still escalating.

Jacquet don't miss a single opportunity to air the match. At the end of may, specifically 26. and 27. 5. and then about a month later, 22. June, attacked Jacquet enemy reconnaissance aircraft and claim their victories, never once, however, he wasn't the victory be recognised.

Already from the day later after the last nepotvrzeném victory, however, the tandem Jacquet-Robin attacked a formation of 4 two-seater LVG, accompanied by three fighter Fokker. Followed by a furious fight, during which Robin was burning on all sides, while the Jacquet sharply maneuvered to the Germans to obstruct aiming. The belgian crew eventually happily escaped, although their Farman was full of holes after the missiles. Robin on the contrary, after the return claimed one Fokker as probably shot down, because the last time saw him in an uncontrolled fall. Ground observers in the front lines this time, however, testify that the Fokker crashed, and crashed, so the crew was granted a kill. It was about a third overall Jacquetův success.


Lieutenant Fernand Jacquet and Louis Robin posing in front of the machine Farman F. 40. Jacquet was partial to significant "lebkové" symbols on the prows of his machines
image Source: commons.wikimedia.org

For his achievements he was again quoted in the daily order of the commander of the army of 27. 6. 2016:

"the Pilot officer of exceptional merit is used continuously from the beginning of the campaign provádějíce quantities of often hazardous reconnaissance flights with boldness, which constantly demonstrates. Even if does not fly the specific fighter plane, never hesitate to search for and attack enemy flying gadgetry. 20. may attacked gradually all the units of the squadron of five German planes. Thanks to its brilliant pilot skills enabled his observer to shoot down one of these planes."

Busy was even 30. June. Credits Jacquet-Robin kicked off at 13:15 taking over Houthulstským through the woods attacked a pair of German LVG. Both the Germans they managed to fight back for their own lines.

After returning at 15:00 refuel and ammunition, and about half an hour later again took off. In the air join Farmanu F.40 from the French escadrille MF 36, who piloted the Sgt. Barthes, a function of the shooter performed the mechanic Baudoin. The French just fought with one Aviatikem, which the Belgians had driven the German side of the trenches. The French, meanwhile, attacked a pair of LVG and together with the Belgians they one managed to shoot. Victory went to the account of the belgian crew.

Sometimes it is possible to find the information that the heavily wounded pilot of the downed machine from Caste 2 was Oblt. Franz Walz, the future holder of the order of Pour le Merite. However, Walzova unit was at the beginning of July transferred to the sommský stretch of the front, where she fought against the British. It seems therefore very unlikely.

The belgians apparently shot down the machine belonging to the Marine Feld Flieger Abteilung 2, wherein the crew of the pilot Vizeflugmeister Arnold Dohmen and Leutnant der Reserve Albert Siebert was killed. This version also supports the fact that German airmen were buried in Vladslo, which lies from the Houthulst (then reported the location of the kill) in less than 10 km.

Jacquet continues unabated. 28. July with Robin attacked and drove the German LVG from the belgian lines at Langemarcku, then attacked with steel arrows on a German balloon and the afternoon ended in-depth attack on the German aerodrome at Ghistelles.

In the summer of 1916 also credits Jacquet – Robin gets a new machine. This is a plane type Farman – Nélis. Lieutenant Georges Nélis, who served in the belgian unit for the maintenance and repair of aviation equipment, during the year 1916 together with an engineer Demontym worked to improve the inferior performance of existing Farmanů F.40. They created together a total of six different prototypes, designated as GN 1 to GN 6. Adjustments include the experiments with the shape of the nacelles, and wings, deployment of the chillers, using different types of fuel units, etc.

Jacquet and Robin participated in the testing of the first machines with the designation of GN 1 and probably just on it on 8. September 1916 undecided compete with the German machine above Bixschoote. Shortly after this duel, however, were seriously hit by anti-aircraft artillery and had to make an emergency landing on their own side of the trenches, the machine was, however, the crash destroyed.

The crew, however, quickly got to testing the prototype of GN 2, which from the end of September into the beginning of next year carry out a series of sorties.

In December 1916 also Jacquet was promoted - was appointed captain and took command of le Escadrille de Chasse. Unfortunately, however, it happened in very unfortunate circumstances. Current commander captain Demanet got into an argument with Jacquetovým observer Robin, during which he lost control and on one of the Bros. impudence answered a slap, after which, according to witnesses, 23-year-old Robin "sat on my ass". Robin filed an official complaint and Capt. Demanet, an experienced commander, and a pre-war pilot, holder of the belgian aviation decree no 60 of 1912, he was relieved of command and reassigned to his original weapon, the artillery. The whole story could be declared a farce, if it weren't for the tragic end. Just one day before the end of the war, 10. 11. 1918, Capitaine Demanet fell on the position of your battery in Landuyt fatally hit by shrapnel artillery shell...

It is, however, far distant future. The belgian observation squadrons (and thus the Jacquet flying the two-seater types) in the winter of 1916/1917 mainly address the question of rearmament. Outdated Farmany, it is possible to declare everything, just not for the aircraft suitable for air combat. The belgians finally manage to negotiate the supply of the british two-seater machines Sopwith 1 ½ Strutter.

Jacquet and Robin however more 1. February, 1917, took off on my GN 2, while during his second patrol that day, stumbled upon a brown two-seater Rumpler at a height of 4000 meters and at 15:15 hrs they sent him to the ground near Lombardszijde. It was the fifth confirmed victory Fernand Jacquet, which thus became the first belgian ace of the. Sometimes it is possible to encounter the claim that the Jacquet that day, flew on a new Strutter, but this is not possible, because the first eight machines of this type taken over by the belgian air force in march 1917.

As far as I know, it was Jacquet the only allied ace, that this statute won on the machines Farman. Yet surely love this type abandoned in favor of more modern Strutterů. As I have already mentioned, Belgium first took 8 machines, which, in the course of the following weeks complemented the other 30 machines built under license in France.

Jacquet is the new type quickly brainwashed and at that time he had already such a reputation that he was chosen for a special mission. The belgian army at that time was changing its operational doctrine. The end of the year 1916 completed the overkill on modern weaponry as infantry as artillery, and now are going to reorient themselves with a purely defensive strategy, on the strategy of "active front policy", including artillery raids and local attacks on enemy positions with the aim of to worry about, destroying the fortifications and recruit the prisoners.

The belgian king Albert. decided to personally take part in a reconnaissance flight over the front line, to get the idea about the situation and Jacquet so 18. march 1917 became the first belgian pilot, who had the honor, to perform a mission with a ruler in place of the observer. Accompanied by a five fighter Nieuportů, which Jacquet has allocated from its 1. fighter squadrons.

King Albert I. he was known for his interest in aviation and the events on the queue. Such flights later graduated from the whole series and became the only head of state of all the powers 1. world war I, which he personally took part in combat operations.

Back to the Fernanda Jacquetovi. Unfortunately, for the year 1917 are the information about it quite scanty. The end of the year 1917 Jacquetův seer Robin alone left to write the pilot school and Jacquetovi now do observer lieutenant Marcel de Crombrugghe de Looringhe.

In December 1917, he was Jacquet promoted to the rank of Capitaine-commandant (the highest rank in the hodnostním corps of junior officers of the belgian army, a sort of intermediate between captain and major).

At that time, also occurs to the next reorganization. Three fighter squadrons were in February 1918 merged into the fighter group, with king Albert I. personally planted, to the commander of this group was appointed Capt. Jacquet. This first higher belgian fighter unit, therefore, bears the label "Groupe de Chasse Jacquet" (fighter group Jacquet). In march gives this unit the official designation of 1. fighter group. Consists of three squadrons, of 9., 10. and 11. squadron. While the 10. squadron uses a Spad, 9. and 11. squadron is armed with the Hanrioty HD. 1, while the armament of 11. the squadron complement even the british Sopwith Camely. Group bázuje at the airport of De Moeren.

Jacquet, of course, continue to fly the two-seater Strutter. With maintenance and spare parts is no problem, because from the same airport operating also 2. and 3. squadron both armed with just Struttery. Jacquet in that time, advocated the adoption of the new two-seater machines for a reconnaissance squadron. He tried to get a british type Bristol F.2B Fighter, but unsuccessfully.

Finally, the belgian air force from march 1918 began to receive the type of SPAD XI. It is interesting that the machine, which was the French rejected as a machine with weak performances, the Belgians embraced with enthusiasm. This creates an interesting parallel with the belgian military Hanrioty.

Belgian pilots on two-seater thats actually pretty boring particularly appreciated the high speed. At a height of 3500 were supposedly just as fast as the Hanrioty, which they sometimes provide escorts, and were faster than the british Sopwith Camely. The belgian crew is considered more than equivalent to the German fighters. A certain feature that a pair of machines of this type has been permanently set aside for the king, who for them hung out from time to time over the front.


King Albert I. for machine gun Lewis prepares for take-off in the machine FALLOUT XI. For the management of the sitting pilot lieutenant Crombez. The king of these flights he completed the whole series
image Source: https://wwi.hut2.ru/avia/SpadSXI/SpadSXI.htm

Jacquet is on machines of this type fought out their last battles. First, in June after a fight with Fokkerem Dr observe your opponent in an uncontrolled fall, but the recognition of the kill wasn't enough.

Alone, on the contrary 3. October suffered minor injuries, he refused, however, hospitalization and nálsedujícího of the day was already in the air again. Coincidentally, just that day, 4. October, 1918, his SPAD attacked the German dvousedadlovkou type Rumpler, that his gunner lieutenant de Crombrugghe managed to destroy, so this victory was officially recognized as his first kill. For Jacquet it already was the sixth success, which was also mentioned in another military quote of the day 13. October 1918:

"Very passionate and very skilled pilot officer: attacked 4. October, 1918, during a mission over enemy lines, maneuvered calmly and in cold blood, to his observers allowed the downed enemy plane (6. victory).“

The last victory a pair of Jacquet / de Crombrugghe over the next Rumplerem C then get 6. November, just 5 days before the end of the war.

His battle account is then stopped on the following values: during the war, he graduated from 344 sorties, during which he took part in 126 aerial combats. Shot down 7 enemy aircraft and a further 9 victories, he was not recognised.

For his performances he was six times quoted in the daily orders of the belgian army and, once in command of the French army. He was appointed a knight the Leopold code, furthermore, he was awarded the belgian War cross, Medal of Victory and Commemorative medal for the war 1914-1918. He also received numerous foreign decorations. The French, it appointed a knight of the legion of honor and dekorovali it to your War cross. He was also the bearer of the Russian the order of Sv. Anna and the first Belgian, who received the british Distinguished Flying Cross.

King Albert I. it asked to be the personal hand of his daughter princess Marie White Belgian, which, however, Jacquet, who at such a social function felt, refused.

In 1920 he left Jacquet from the army. A year later, together with his old friend Robin started a flight school SEGA in Gosselies, with the company at the same time trying to develop and produce the aircraft. For us it is definitely interesting, that produced in the licence 5 pieces czechoslovakian fighter aircraft Avia BH 21. Even on these machines then there was training in Jacquetově school training of the future belgian fighter pilots, whose initial teaching of the ministry of defence entrusts just Jacquetově school.

When the Germans in 1940, again invaded Belgium, Jacquet became actively involved in the resistance movement. In cooperation with allied secret services organized network, whose task was to save, hide and help to return to England to the allied airmen to escape the over Belgium; the network has helped approximately 160 airmen.
In 1942, however, he was arrested and imprisoned in the fortress of Huy until the end of the war. With broken health he returned to his home in Leval-Chaudeville, where he died 12. October 1947 at the age of 58 years. He was buried at the local cemetery. Speech over the coffin uttered his old comrade-in-arms of Louis Robin.

Table kills F. Jacquet:
Ord. no.DateOwn letounProtivníkVýsledekMístoPoznámka
117.4.1915Farmana two-seater Aviatikdestroyed, burnedBeerstthe First victory of the belgian air force; shooter lieutenant Henri de Vindevoghel
nepotvrzeno20.6.1915Farmanneidentifikována disorderly fall of the-gunner lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed26.7.1915Farmana two-seater Aviatikforced to landWestendegunner lieutenant Louis Robin
220.5.1916FarmanhydroplánzničenNieuwpoortshooter lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed26.5.1916Farmana two-seater Aviatika disorderly fall of theTourhoutshooter lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed27.5.1916Farmana two-seater Aviatikforced to landKoekelaregunner lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed22.6.1916Farmantwo-seater LVG destroyedStadengunner lieutenant Louis Robin
323.6.1916FarmanFokkerzničenKoekelareshooter lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed30.6.1916Farmana two-seater Aviatikforced to landHandzameshooter lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed8.7.1916Farmantwo-seater LVG destroyedMiddelkerkegunner lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed30.7.1916Farmantwo-seater LVG destroyedHouthulstgunner lieutenant Louis Robin
430.7.1916Farmantwo-seater LVG destroyedHouthulstgunner lieutenant Louis Robin
51.2.1917Farmantwo-seater Rumpler destroyedLombardsijdegunner lieutenant Louis Robin
unconfirmed5.6.1918FALLOUT WITH.XIFokker Dr. Ia disorderly fall of theHouthulstgunner lieutenant Marcel de Crombrugghe
64.10.1918FALLOUT WITH.XItwo-seater Rumplerforced to landGitsgunner lieutenant Marcel de Crombrugghe
76.11.1918FALLOUT WITH.XItwo-seater machineforced to landGhentgunner lieutenant Marcel de Crombrugghe


Source:

Jon Guttman: Pusher Aces of World Ear 1, Osprey Publishing, Oxford 2009, ISBN 978 1 84603 417 6

Gary C.... Warne: of the Sovereign in the sky - Belgium's King Albert 1 over the war front warnepieces.blogspot.cz

Alphonse Dumoulin, Georges Lecomte: Fernand Jacquet, https://www.vieillestiges.be/fr/articles

www.belgian-wings.be

https://www.sambrerouge14-18.be/beaumont/

https://wwi.hut2.ru/avia/SpadSXI/SpadSXI.htm

encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net

aces.safarikovi.org

encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net
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