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Meklin (Kravcova), Natalja Fjodorovna

Meklin (Kravtsova), Natal'ya Fyodorovna

Наталья Фёдоровна Меклин (Кравцова)

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Meklin (Kravcova)
Jméno:
Given Name:
Natalja Fjodorovna
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Наталья Фёдоровна Меклин (Кравцова)
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
major
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
08.09.1922 Lubny /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
05.06.2005 Moskva
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- veliteľka roja 588. nočného ľahkého bombardovacieho leteckého pluku
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
- nositeľka titulu Hrdina Sovietskeho zväzu
- spisovateľka
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
ru.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650765Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Meklin (Kravcova)
Jméno:
Given Name:
Natalja Fjodorovna
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Наталья Фёдоровна Меклин (Кравцова)
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.1948-DD.MM.1953 vojenský institut zahraničních jazyků
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.1955 major
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

01.01.1941-DD.MM.RRRR vstup do Červenej armády
DD.09.1957-DD.MM.RRRR v zálohe
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

11.01.1942

Řád rudé hvězdy
Order of the Red Star
Opден Красная Звезда
-

27.04.1943

Řád vlastenecké války 2. stupně /1942-1943/
Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd Class /1942-1943/
Орден Отечественной войны 2-й степени
-

14.04.1944

Řád rudého praporu /1943-1991/
Order of the Red Banner /1943-1991/
Орден Красного Знамени
-

23.09.1944

Medaile Za obranu Kavkazu
Medal For Defence of Caucasus
Медаль За оборону Кавказа
-

14.12.1944

Řád rudého praporu /1943-1991/
Order of the Red Banner /1943-1991/
Орден Красного Знамени
-

23.02.1945

Titul Hrdiny Sovětského svazu a medaile Zlaté hvězdy
Title Hero of the Soviet Union and Gold Star Medal
Звание Героя Советского Союза и медаль "Золотая Звезда"
č. 4855

23.02.1945

Leninův řád /1943-1991/
Order of Lenin /1943-1991/
Орден Ленина
udeľovaný s titulom Hrdina Sovietskeho zväzu

09.05.1945

Medaile Za vítězství nad Německem ve Velké Vlastenecké válce 1941-1945
Medal for Victory over Germany in Great Patriotic War 1941-1945
Медаль За победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.
-

09.06.1945

Medaile Za osvobození Varšavy
Medal for Liberation of Warsaw
Медаль За освобождение Варшавы
-

15.06.1945

Řád rudého praporu /1943-1991/
Order of the Red Banner /1943-1991/
Орден Красного Знамени
-

22.02.1948

Jubilejní medaile 30 let sovětské armády a námořnictva
Jubilee Medal for 30 Years of Soviet Army and Navy
Юбилейная медаль 30 лет Советской Армии и Флота
-

19.11.1951

Medaile za bojové zásluhy /1943-1991/
Medal for Combat Merit /1943-1991/
Медаль За боевые заслуги
- za výsluhu 10 rokov v armáde

18.12.1957

Jubilejní medaile 40 let Ozbrojených sil SSSR
Jubilee Medal for 40 Years of Armed Forces of USSR
Юбилейная медаль 40 лет Вооруженных Сил СССР
-

07.05.1965

Jubilejní medaile 20. výročí vítězství ve Velké vlastenecké válce 1941-1945
Jubilee Medal for 20th Anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War
Юбилейная медаль Двадцать лет победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.
-

26.12.1967

Jubilejní medaile 50 let ozbrojených sil SSSR
Jubilee Medal for 50 Years of Armed Forces of USSR
Юбилейная медаль 50 лет Вооруженных Сил СССР
-

DD.MM.1970

Jubilejní medaile Za hrdinnou práci (Za vojenské hrdinství). Na oslavu 100. výročí narození V. I. Lenina
Jubilee Medal for Heroic Labor (for Military Valor). In Commemoration of 100th Birthday of V. I. Lenin
Юбилейная медаль За доблестный труд (За воинскую доблесть). В ознаменование 100-летия со дня рождения Владимира Ильича Ленина
-

25.05.1975

Jubilejní medaile 30. výročí vítězství ve Velké vlastenecké válce 1941-1945
Jubilee Medal for 30th Anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War
Юбилейная медаль Тридцать лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941—1945 гг.
-

28.01.1978

Jubilejní medaile 60 let ozbrojených sil SSSR
Jubilee Medal 60 Years of Armed Forces of USSR
Юбилейная медаль 60 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР
-

07.09.1982

Řád znaku cti /1943-1988/
Order of the Badge of Honour /1943-1988/
Орден "Знак Почёта"
-

11.03.1985

Řád vlastenecké války 1. stupně /1985-1991/
Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class /1985-1991/
Орден Отечественной войны 1-й степени
-

12.04.1985

Jubilejní medaile 40. výročí vítězství ve Velké vlastenecké válce 1941-1945
Jubilee Medal for 40th Anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War
Юбилейная медаль Сорок лет победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.
-

DD.MM.1988

Jubilejní medaile 70 let ozbrojených sil SSSR
Jubilee Medal for 70 Years of Armed Forces of USSR
Юбилейная медаль 70 лет Вооруженных Сил СССР
-

07.07.1993

Jubilejní medaile "50 let vítězství ve Velké vlastenecké válce v letech 1941-1945"
Jubilee Medal "50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
Юбилейная медаль «50 лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941–1945 гг.»
-

DD.MM.1995

Medaile Žukova
Medal of Zhukov
Медаль Жукова
-

DD.MM.2005

Pamětní medaile Ruské federace k 60. výročí vítězství ve Velké vlastenecké válce 1941 – 1945.
Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
Юбилейная медаль «60 лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.»
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Veterán práce
Medal for Veteran of Labor
Медаль Ветеран труда
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
ru.wikipedia.org
pamyat-naroda.ru
www.warheroes.ru
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650761Version : 0
MOD

Natalja Fyodorovna Meklin



Natalia Fyodorovna Meklin was born on September 8, 1922 in the Ukrainian city of Lubny. Simultaneously with the completion of a ten-year primary school in Kiev in 1940, she also successfully completed a flight course at the Kiev Aeroclub this year. She was a skilled athlete and won several awards at national rifle and pistol competitions. Her love of flying led her to study at the Aviation Institute in Moscow, from which, however, she managed to complete only one school year until the Hitler invaded the country.

She joined the Red Army in October 1941 and initially served as chief of troops of one of the squadrons 587. bomber air regiment. Because she wanted to fly, she enrolled in a course for stormtroopers (navigators), which she successfully completed in February 1942 at the aviation school in the town of Engel. In the same month, she was assigned as a navigator to the emerging night bomber air regiment, which was later assigned the serial number 588. In this women's air regiment, which was for exemplary heroism of his member in February 1943 renamed to 46. Guards Night Bomber Air Regiment, went through various functions - pilot, senior pilot to the swarm commander.

During the war, she completed a total of 960 combat flights on light bombers of the type Polikarpov Po-2. After completing 840 years, she was nominated for the highest state award - The title of Hero of the Soviet Union, which was awarded to 23.02.1945 and had a serial number of 4855.

After the war, she continued to serve in the army for several more months, from where she was released to the reserve at her own request in October 1945. After her release, she enrolled in the Faculty of Philology at Moscow State University, from which she graduated only two years. In October 1947 he re-joined the army, where after a while he continued to study foreign languages and in 1953 he successfully graduated from the Military Institute of Foreign Languages. She uses the acquired knowledge in her work as an older clerk - translator at the 6th Administration of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. There was a shift in her personal life in January 1956, when at the age of thirty-three she married Yuri Fyodorovich Kravcova.

From September 1957, Major Kravcova was in reserve and worked as a control editor of the Military Publishing House (1960-1961), later a translator in the Office of Foreign Military Literature of this publishing house.

She is the author of several books, and since 1972 has been a member of the Writers' Union. She herself especially loved works of classical literature such as the Saga of the Forsyt family by John Galsworthy or War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy. Among the actors, she liked Jean Gabin and Sophia Loren.

She lived in Moscow and died on June 5, 2005.

ru.wikipedia.org
https://mikhael-mark.livejournal.com/849875.html

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650763Version : 0
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Natalia Meklin on the far right, next to her stands the first female cosmonaut Valentina Tereškova .

timeallnews.ru

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650766Version : 0
MOD
This Po-2LNB was piloted by Natálie F. Meklinová , who ended the war with the rank of guard lieutenant with 980 combat flights. The pilot received the Gold Star of the hero of the USSR , in 1957 she went to the reserve as a guard major, then she devoted herself to journalism in Moscow. She worked on the displayed aircraft at 46. GNBAP in the liberation of Sevastopol.
 -


Published with authors permit



Linked from : https://www.valka.cz/topic/postview/389113
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650764Version : 0
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Natalia Kravcova in a post-war picture with her son.

own collection

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Meklin-Kravcova-Natalja-Fjodorovna-t235435#650849Version : 0
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