RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V

Ural-4320 Zvezda-V
Урал-4320 Звезда-В
Ural-4320 Zvězda-V Ural-4320 Zvezda-V
Originální název:
Original Name:
Урал-4320 Звезда-В
improvizovaný KOT Improvised wheeled APC
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR NPO STiS MV RF, Dmitrov-7, Moskevská oblast,
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
Počet míst k sezení:
Troop Seating Capacity:
2-3 + 16 osob / troops
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Pohotovostní hmotnost:
Curb Weight:
? kg ? lb
Užitečné zatížení:
3375 kg 7441 lb
Celková hmotnost:
Gross Vehicle Weight:
13800 kg 30424 lb
Přípojná hmotnost:
Gross Trailer Weight:
? kg ? lb
Celková hmotnost s přívěsem/návěsem:
Gross Combination Weight:
? kg ? lb
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
7660 mm 25 ft 1 ½ in
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
2500 mm 8 ft 2 ⅜ in
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
3270 mm 10 ft 8 ¾ in
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
400 mm 1 ft 3 ¾ in
3525 mm - 1400 mm 138 ¾ in - 55 ⅛ in
2000 mm
78 ¾ in
Brzdová soustava:
Braking System:
bubnové brzdy drum brakes
Elektrický systém:
Electrical System:
24 V 24 V
390/95R20 147J mod. O-65
JaMZ-238M2 (ЯМЗ-238М2) YaMZ-238M2
JaMZ-236U (ЯМЗ-236У) YaMZ-236U
suchá, dvoukotoučová, mechanické ovládání dry, dual plate, mechanical control
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
287 + 60 l 63.13 + 13.2 Imp gal
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
85 km/h 53 mph
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
? km/h ? mph
Spotřeba paliva:
Fuel Consumption:
35 l/100 km 8.07 mi/Imp gal
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
1080 km 671 mi
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
? km ? mi
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
Nájezdový úhel přední/zadní:
Angle of Approach/Departure:
38 ° / 29 °
27 ° 60 %
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
18 ° 40 %
Trench Crossing:
0,7 m 28 in
Vertical Obstacle:
0,8 m 31 in
Fording Depth:
1,5 m 59 in
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
НПО СТиС=Научно-производственное объединение "Специальная техника и связь", Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации (Vědecké a výrobní sdružení speciálních zařízení a komunikace Ministerstva vnitra Ruské federace, NPO STiS MV RF).
Podvozek Ural-4320-31 s přídavným pancéřováním.
Další známé označení: Ural-4320-ČZ (Урал-4320-ЧЗ) s vojenskou přezdívkou: Pokémon (Покемон).
Další varianty pneumatik: 14.00-20, nebo 12.00R20.
NPO STiS=Research and Production Association "Special Equipment and Communications" Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Chassis Ural-4320-31s with additional armour.
Other known designation: Ural-4320-ChZ with military nickname: Pokemon.
Other tire variants: 14.00-20, or 12.00R20.
П. П. Сергеев: Грузовики Урал, част 2, серия: Военные машины, выпуск: КОЛБТиМ, Киров 2004, ISBN nemá

RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V -

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Brief history

Numerous armed conflicts outside and inside the USSR and subsequently the RF, were accompanied by large-scale reprisals by insurgent and guerrilla groups. For example, over 15,000 vehicles were lost during the war in Afghanistan. Tanks and armoured personnel carriers accompanying trucks in columns did not provide sufficient protection.

Therefore, modified trucks began to be used as an additional means of fire protection. Anything at hand was used for armouring: sheet metal, discarded parts from armoured vehicles, fallen tree trunks, sandbags, rails, etc.

Mostly Ural-4320 vehicles were rebuilt in this way, because it was a vehicle with a powerful power unit, higher load capacity and higher ground clearance. These Afghan improvisations also proved beneficial during the Second Chechen War, so the RF automakers resorted to small-scale production for several types of trucks.

The experience proved successful, and later they began to produce armoured truck units that were no longer crafted by craftsmen but in factories. The emergence of armour protection for heavy vehicles of the RF Ministry of Internal Affairs troops is linked to the Second Chechen War. At that time, the need arose for additional armouring of trucks intended for transporting troops in the rear and near-front areas. The Federal Ministry of Internal Affairs commissioned these conversions to its specialized factory NPO STiS of the RF Ministry of Internal Affairs - known as Dmitrov-7.

Between 2000 and 2010, Dimitrov produced over 500 conversions of serial Ural-4320 vehicles. The vehicles were equipped with additional armouring of hoods and cabs, and instead of conventional glazing, toughened glass with gunports was used. A superstructure with armoured walls was placed on the hull. The superstructure could accommodate 16 soldiers with equipment and armament. The side walls reportedly provided sixth degree protection according to GOST 50963-96. Along the perimeter of the superstructure were several large portholes with bulletproof glass above the gunports. In the early versions, the roof was made of plywood, parts of which could be hinged to allow ventilation or firing. On later conversions, the roof was metal with a vent fitted. Entry and exit was possible through a door at the stern.

If necessary, the armoured superstructure could be dismantled and could then be used separately as a control station. The official name was: Ural-4320 Zvezda-V, but the soldiers renamed it "Pokémon".

Later, the Dmitrov plant developed several improved versions, based on the Ural-4320 and Ural-5557 chassis. In recent years, these have not been detachable armoured superstructures, but a total rebuild of the rear hull, which is similar in design to a lightly armoured armoured personnel carrier. Whether these vehicles made it into series production is unclear, but prototypes were shown at the Moscow exhibitions Interpolitech (Interполитех) and Armija (Армия) under several names, for example:
Federal KDZ,
Federal Kub,
Federal M,
Federal type 90 (other designations 42590 and 425901),
Federal type 91 (other designations 42591 and 425911),
Federal type 93.

Pokjemon XXI vjeka, in M-Chobbi 2021, No.11, pp.20-21, ISSN 0236-0558

RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V - Zvězda-V s plachtovým překrytem obrněné nástavby. Pravděpodobně Kazaň v dubnu 2011.

Zvězda-V s plachtovým překrytem obrněné nástavby. Pravděpodobně Kazaň v dubnu 2011.
RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V - Pozdější verze Zvězdy-V kdesi v Sýrii.

Pozdější verze Zvězdy-V kdesi v Sýrii.
RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V -

RUS - Ural-4320 Zvězda-V - Spartánsky vybavený vnitřek pancéřové nástavby.

Spartánsky vybavený vnitřek pancéřové nástavby.
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