Hatšepsut

Hatshepsut

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Královna Hatšepsovet - regentka

- vládla v letech 1473 - 1458 př. n. l.

Hatšepsut, někdy též Hatšepsovet, byla královna 18. dynastie, která vládla v letech 1479–1458 př.Kr. ve starověkému Egyptu. V titulatuře a na vyobrazeních tato panovnice vždy vystupovala jako muž – faraon.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hatsepsut-t26673#95586 Version : 0
Hatshepsovet was the daughter of Thutmose I and his wife Ahmose. After her father's death in 1492 BC, she married her brother Thutmose II and thus became queen. She and her husband had two children, Nefrure and Meritre. Since the pharaoh had no male offspring with her, (he only had a son with one of Harem's wives - Thutmose III., but he was not of age) after the death of Thutmose II, she was given the title of 'king', as it was not envisaged that a woman would ascend to the throne. She also allowed herself to be addressed in the masculine and depicted with a regal 'usiris' beard. Nevertheless, the circumstances of her ascension to the throne are not fully elucidated. She became queen of the 18th dynasty. Her reign was quite peaceful, except for a small campaign to secure Egypt's southern borders in Nubia.
She devoted herself mainly to the building and development of the country. In addition to rebuilding cities destroyed after the occupation of the Asiatic Hyksos, she also focused on development in mining and irrigation. On the walls of the temple of Dér el-Bahri there is evidence of several trade journeys to the land of Punt (probably in East Africa, possibly on the Red Sea coast), from where she imported incense, perfumes, and various exotic objects and fabrics. She also built the capital Waset and the temple of Karnak to the god Amon, where she erected two obelisks. She became famous for the palace of the architect Senenmut at Dér el-Bahri (pictured), which includes a chapel to the goddess Hathor. She also built the temple of the goddess Pachet at Beni Hassan, and the remains of the Temple of Hathor have been found at Wadi Halfepri.
After her death, Thutmose III took the reigns and sought revenge on her, destroying and defacing most of her statues and everything she had contributed. He also erased her from the royal charters, erasing her names from the cartouches. Nevertheless, some works and documents have survived and so we have quite a bit of information about this Egyptian queen.
Her tomb in the Valley of the Kings was discovered by the archaeologist Th. M. Davis.
Source:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hat%C5%A1epsut
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatshepsut

Hatšepsut - Chrám Hatšepsut v Deir el-Bahari
Ian Lloyd, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=906510

Chrám Hatšepsut v Deir el-Bahari
Ian Lloyd, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org

Hatšepsut - Kaple Hatšepsut v Karnaku
Olaf Tausch, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18664315

Kaple Hatšepsut v Karnaku
Olaf Tausch, CC BY 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org

Hatšepsut - Busta Hatšepsut
E.3, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75277080

Busta Hatšepsut
E.3, CC BY-SA 4.0, commons.wikimedia.org

Hatšepsut - Hatšepsovet

Hatšepsovet
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Hatsepsut-t26673#155884 Version : 0
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