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LVTP-5

LVTP-5

Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Personnel, Mark 5

     
Název:
Name:
LVTP-5
Originální název:
Original Name:
Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Personnel, Mark 5
Kategorie:
Category:
obrněný transportér
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR BorgWarner Inc. (Ingersoll Products Division), Kalamazoo
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR St. Louis Car Co., St. Louis
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Food Machinery & Chemical Corp., Riverside
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corp., ?
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Pacific Car & Foundry Co., ?
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1952-DD.MM.1957
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
1124:
- BorgWarner Inc.: 239
- St. Louis Car Co.: 425
- Food Machinery & Chemical Corp.: 313
- Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corp.: 91
- Pacific Car & Foundry Co.: 56
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
DD.08.1951
Osádka:
Crew:
3 (velitel, řidič, pomocník řidiče / commander, driver, assistant driver)
Přepravní kapacita:
Seating Capacity:
34 osob/troops
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
39816 kg
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
9042 mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
3569 mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
3061 mm
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
279 mm
Pancéřování:
Armour:
válcovaná homogenní ocel, 6,4 - 15,9 mm
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
Continental LV-1790-1
- zážehový, vidlicový, čtyřtaktní
- počet válců: 12
- maximální točivý moment: 2183 Nm při 2200 ot/min
Výkon:
Power:
604 kW při 2800 ot/min
Převodové ústrojí:
Transmission:
Allison CD-850-4A (Allison CD-850-4B)
- automatická
- počet stupňů: 2+1
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
48 km/h
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
? km/h
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
3061) km
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
? km
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
 
Svah:
Gradient:
32 °
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
27 °
Překročivost:
Trench Crossing:
3.66 m
Výstupnost:
Vertical Obstacle:
0.91 m
Brodivost:
Fording Depth:
-2) m
Výzbroj:
Armament:
1x 7,62mm kulomet M1919A4 (250 nábojů)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:



Poznámka:
Note:
1) silnice, 92 km ve vodě
2) vozidlo je obojživelné;
- maximální rychlost plavby vpřed: 6 km/h
Zdroje:
Sources:
Jane's Armour and Artillery 1985-86
https://afvdb.50megs.com/usa/lvtp5.html
www.valka.cz
URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#661973Version : 0
MOD

LVTP-5




The amphibious assault vehicle was developed to US Marine Corps requirements beginning in 1950 by BorgWarner (or its Ingersoll Products Division) as a replacement for the Amtrac generation of tracked assault vehicles. The first prototype was completed in August 1951. In total, five companies were involved in the production of 1,124 transports. In 1974 they were decommissioned due to the introduction of the new model LVTP-7 (or AAVP-7A1).

The vehicle carried a crew of three - a commander, driver and machine gunner. The crew sat above the swarm compartment, which was designed to carry up to 34 fully armed soldiers. The engine-gear compartment was located in the rear of the vehicle. The swarm used an engine-driven ramp to enter and exit the transporter. The ramp is located on the front side of the hull. In an emergency, hatches in the hull ceiling could also be used. Through this space, cargo could be placed in the vehicle.


The transporter is fully amphibious, movement in the water is provided by tracks. The drive train consists of nine small running wheels on each side, with the tension wheel in the front, the drive wheel in the rear and tension pulleys.


During the Vietnam War, the 1st Marine Division and 3rd Marine Division deployed the 1st and 3rd Battalions of Amphibious Tractors, which were armed with LVTP-5 series vehicles. The nature of the fighting in Vietnam was unsuitable for traditional landing operations, although several such attacks occurred during the fighting. The LVTP-5s were very bulky, and on land, the M-113 transports with greater maneuverability were preferred for transporting infantry. In addition, they were not designed for extended ground operations, as their chassis suspension suffered from excessive wear and tear on rough terrain. Likewise, the drivetrain was difficult to operate and replacing a worn engine or transmission took all day.


The biggest problem was the location of the fuel tanks in the floor: in Vietnam, landmines were a constant danger to armoured vehicles, so much so that soldiers often preferred to ride on the roof rather than inside. Detonating a mine under an LVTP-5 often ignited the gas tanks, with fatal consequences in the swarm area. As a result, the use of LVTP-5s was limited or command only gave them assignments in suitable terrain, such as patrolling the coast and riverbanks, coastal operations, and supplying cargo from rear areas or transporting cargo from ships to shore. Although LVTP-5 base transports saw only limited combat service in Vietnam, LVTH-6s were frequently used for indirect fire support.


After the end of U.S. participation in the Vietnam War, the LVTP-5 series vehicles were retired from the U.S. Marine Corps armament and some were exported to U.S. allies in Asia and South America.



User
Supply
Number of units
Note
Chile197330 ?LVTP-5A1 version
Taiwan1974-1976717 ?LVTP-5A1 version, including derivative vehicles
Philippines197717 ?LVTP-5A1 version, including LTPH-6



Version


LVTP-5 (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Personnel) - an amphibious landing vehicle, basic design.
LVTP-5A1 - Amphibious Landing Vehicle, upgraded with a "snorkel" and minor modifications to improve seakeeping and handling.
LVTH-6 (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Howitzer) - fire support vehicle armed with 105mm howitzer, 210 units produced.
LVTC-5 (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Command) - mobile command post.
LVTR-1 - (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Recovery) recovery vehicle, 65 units produced.
LVTE-1 - (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Engineer) - engineer vehicle with a surveillance plow for "plowing out mines" and a rocket explosive demining device carried on the hull ceiling, 41 units produced.
LVTAA-X1 (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Anti Aircraft) - anti-aircraft version fitted with turret assembly from M42 Duster, prototype only.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#122253Version : 0
Vehicle LVT-H6 in an interesting "urban" camouflage from the Marines of the Philippine Armed Forces. Clear inspiration of camouflage, used on vehicles of the British Berlin Brigade BAOR.
LVTP-5 -


LVTP-5 -


LVTP-5 -


LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#150120Version : 0
A Philippine Marine Corps LVTH6 vehicle on the streets of the capital city of Manila.
In addition to the use of "urban" camouflage, a highly stylized anchor is spray painted on the folding ramp - the emblem of the "Marines", which uses links of tracks welded on the ramp. Or was it just the other way around, that the crew directly counted on the "anchor" on the nose when preparing the vehicle and welding the belt links?
LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#150228Version : 0
A Taiwan Armed Forces LVTE1 vehicle with a surveillance plough and a tractor-type charge thrower for remote mine clearance.
LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#150229Version : 0
LVTR1 vehicles with a crane, a strong tubular strut could/would be placed inside the hull to prevent the hull ceiling above the loading ramp from collapsing when the crane is loaded with a suspended load.
The first (black and white) image was most likely taken from the turret of the LVTP5 "combat" amtrac.
LVTP-5 -


LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#150233Version : 0
In addition to the engineering and rescue variant, the LVTAAX anti-aircraft variant with a tower from the M-42 Duster anti-aircraft vehicle was also designed, but the development did not exceed the prototype stage. When used against ground targets, this could be a very effective means.
For modellers - it should not be such a complicated reconstruction…
LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#150236Version : 0
The LVTP-5A1 transports infantry of the 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines across the Cua Viet River to attack North Vietnamese military positions, 1968.


Photos:
US Marine Corps

LVTP-5 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/LVTP-5-t33601#661975Version : 0
MOD