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Pčela-1T

Pchela-1T

Пчела-1Т

Yakovlev Pcela-1T
( Яковлев Пчела-1Т)


- unmanned reconnaissance vehicle


In the 60s and 80s of the last century, the then Soviet Union was a leader in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles (in Russian, the term беспилотный летательный аппарат - БПЛА[/i] is used to describe them. After all, only the most widespread unmanned jet vehicles Tu-143 (VR-3 Rejs) were produced in the years 1976 to 1989, 950 pieces, which is still an unsurpassed number in this category. After the fall of the Iron Curtain, the situation changed radically, mainly due to lack of funds, but also the lack of a concept. At the time of writing, the Russian military has introduced and used the only unmanned system for military purposes - Machine-P ( Строй-П), and this year (2006) should appear its upgraded version of Machine-PD ( Строй-ПД).

The Machine P complex ( Строй-П) consists of:
- 10 unmanned aerial vehicles Pčela-1T ( Пчела-1Т),
- ground center of remote control, which together with the discharge device is located on the armored personnel carriers BTR- D ( BTR-D),
- a technology vehicle based on the KAMAZ truck ( КАМАЗ),
- a transport-charging car on a GAZ-66 chassis ( ГАЗ-66).

Although work on the development of an unmanned aerial vehicle began in the design office named AS Yakovlev ( А.С.Яковлев) as early as 1980, the Stroj-P complex with the unmanned aerial vehicle Pčela-1T was completed only in 1990 and accepted into the armament of the Russian army in 1997.

Pčela-1T the need to transport different types of military vehicles. The fuselage and wings of the aircraft are made of fiberglass, which at low weight ensures sufficient strength of the structure. The propulsion is provided by a two-stroke twin-cylinder P-032 ( П-032) with a power of 32 hp. The TV camera is equipped with a telephoto lens that changes the focal length according to the system operator's instructions. All data, resp. views are available in real time.

In addition to reconnaissance tasks, the Pčela-1T can also fulfill the tasks of a training target, where television technology is replaced by a device that can increase its dimensions in both the optical and radar bands. In this case, it imitates air targets of the type of light aircraft reaching a speed of 120-180 km/h flying at altitudes from 100 to 2500 meters. If necessary, it can also act as a jammer with the appropriate equipment, while it can effectively jam FM stations up to a distance of 10-20 km.

The machine starts with two solid-fuel rocket engines from a ramp located on the crawler chassis of a combat airborne vehicle ( боевой машины десанта). The flight itself takes place either according to the programmed data or by direct control by the operator. The landing is realized by opening the parachute and the only condition for its success is a flat impact area, which does not need to be modified in any way in advance. In the event of damage, the damaged part can be replaced immediately thanks to the modular design.

Combat operations of Russian troops in the North Caucasus have shown that from the existing unmanned aerial vehicles, which are in the armament of the army, respectively. at various stages of testing, the Bee is most suitable for real combat conditions. With her help, Russian troops obtained information that would not have been possible in any other way. This knowledge, used, for example, in conducting artillery raids on the concentration of enemy units, helped save the lives of hundreds of their own soldiers.


TTD:
margin (m): 3.30
length (m): 2.80
height (m): 1.12
weight (kg): 138
engine type: P-032
Engine power: 32 HP (23.8 kW)
cruising speed (km/h): 120-160
radius (km): 60
max. survey duration: 2 hrs.
access (m): 3000
minimum flight altitude (m): 100


Sources:
Kommersant newspaper of 16.8.2005 (ГАЗЕТА КОММЕРСАНТЪ № 151/№ 3235 /, 16.08.2005), own notes
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Pcela-1T-t41417#160947Version : 0
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Pčela-1T - v pozadí je viditeľný hermetický kontajner, v ktorom je Pčela-1T skladovaná a prepravovaná

v pozadí je viditeľný hermetický kontajner, v ktorom je Pčela-1T skladovaná a prepravovaná
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Pcela-1T-t41417#161069Version : 0
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dva detaily
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Pcela-1T-t41417#164704Version : 0
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