Saveľjev, Anatolij Nikolajevič

Savel'yev, Anatoliy Nikolayevich
Анатолий Николаевич Савельев
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Saveľjev Savel'yev
Jméno:
Given Name:
Anatolij Nikolajevič Anatoliy Nikolayevich
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Анатолий Николаевич Савельев
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
plukovník Colonel
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
- -
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
- -
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
25.04.1946 Moskva /
25.04.1946 Moscow /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
20.12.1997 Moskva
20.12.1997 Moscow
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- zástupca náčelníka protiteroristickej skupiny Alfa - Deputy Chief of the Alpha Counter-Terrorism Group
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
- nositeľ titulu Hrdina Ruskej federácie - Hero of the Russian federation
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
https://alphagroup.ru/group-a/third-tost/25
ru.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Saveljev-Anatolij-Nikolajevic-t48539#620335 Version : 0
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Saveľjev Savel'yev
Jméno:
Given Name:
Anatolij Nikolajevič Anatoliy Nikolayevich
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Анатолий Николаевич Савельев
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
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Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR
DD.MM.RRRR
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vyznamenání:
Awards:
Poznámka:
Note:
- -
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://alphagroup.ru/group-a/third-tost/25
ru.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Saveljev-Anatolij-Nikolajevic-t48539#620336 Version : 0
Colonel of the Federal Security Service Anatoly Nikolayevich Savelev
(Colonel of the Federal Security Service Anatoly Nikolayevich Savelev)





* 25.04.1946, Moscow (Moscow)

+ 20.12.1997, Moscow - killed in anti-terrorist action



- deputy chief of the anti-terrorist group Alfa (Альфа), Hero of the Russian Federation



The situation where a police negotiator offers himself to a kidnapper in exchange for a hostage has been artistically handled in several films. Most of them end with a happy ending - the negotiator walks away with minor injuries to the flashing of police beacons, and the kidnapper is taken away from the scene in an ambulance, at best. Unfortunately, Colonel Anatoly Savelyev of the Federal Security Service, who offered his life to the kidnapper for the life of a Swedish diplomat, was not so lucky.


Anatoly Nikolayevich Savelyev was born into a Russian working-class family. In 1965 he graduated from the Moscow Aviation School (Mосковский авиационный техникум) and got a job at the Scientific Research Institute of Computing. In 1971, on the recommendation of the Komsomol (the only youth organisation in the USSR), he joined the State Security Service, and a year later, in 1972, he had already completed his studies at the 401st Special School of the KGB (Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti - Committee of State Security). He begins his professional career as a junior intelligence officer (mладший разведчик) of the 7th Administration of the KGB of the USSR (7-го Управление КГБ СССР). Given his proven abilities, it was no surprise that after the establishment of the KGB special unit - Detachment "A" - he became one of its first members.

Let's stop for a moment at Squad "A", later rechristened Alfa by journalists. This special team was established on July 29, 1974 on the initiative of then KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov and the head of the KGB's Seventh Administration, General Alexei Bezčastny (Алексей Бесчастной). Its full designation was Detachment "A" of the ODP service of the 7th Administration of the KGB of the USSR (Gruppa "A" службы ОДП 7-го Управление КГБ СССР), and until 1985 this super-secret unit fell under the direct subordination of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the leadership of the KGB. The main task of the Alphas was to combat terrorism and other extremist acts associated with hostage-taking, hijacking of vehicles or seizure of objects of state interest, either on the territory of the USSR or beyond its borders. Initially, the "A" detachment consisted of less than forty members; by the date of the collapse of the Soviet Union, there were already around 500 of them.

But let us return to Anatoly Savelyev. He starts out as a private intelligence officer in Alpha and works his way up to deputy commander in 23 years of service in its ranks. While serving in Alpha, he graduated from the mathematics and physics faculty of the Pedagogical College and the F.E. Dzerzhinsky KGB College. He takes part in many dangerous actions. He receives his combat baptism in December 1979 in the Afghan capital Kabul, where he participates in the seizure of the headquarters of the Afghan Air Force Command. This was not his only action in Afghanistan, he completes others with his unit in 1984 and 1985.

In 1995-96, he is deployed with his unit in a hostage liberation operation in the city of Budyonnovsk (Bуденновск) and later in the village of Pervomaisky (Pервомайский). You can read some details about the fighting in this village in the post about A.M.Zaripov.

No longer a young man, he managed to disarm a terrorist who had hijacked a aircraft at Moscow's Sheremetyevo-1 (Sheremetyevo-1) airport on 10 December 1997 as a negotiator himself.valka.cz/topic/view/44881/" style="color:#993;" target="_blank">Il-62 with 142 passengers on board and threatened to blow it up.

There is no doubt that Anatoly Savelyev would have been awarded a high state decoration for this brave act. However, not even two weeks had passed and Savelev was once again in action. Little does he know that it will be the last in his life.

It is Friday, December 19, 1997


8.02 p.m. - Alpha headquarters receives initial information from the chief of staff of the Office for Combating Terrorism (Deпартамент по борьбе с с teroristзмом) that in the parking lot of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Sweden in Moscow, on Mosfilmovskaya Street, no. 60 at 18.50, the embassy's commercial counsellor Jan-Olof Nyström and his wife were detained in their Volvo 340 car by an unknown perpetrator. The wife was released by the kidnapper for the purpose of handing over his demand - 3 million US dollars and the provision of a plane for departure in an unspecified direction. The hijacker is aged 28-30 and introduced himself as Andrej. He was later identified as Sergei Kobyakov.


20.10 p.m. - On the instructions of the Director of the Federal Security Service, a combat alert is issued for Section "A"


20.20 p.m.. - The 2nd Alfa Detachment goes to the scene

20.40 hrs - The detachment arrives at the scene, where by that time the deputy chief of Alfa and experienced negotiator Anatoly Savelyev is already present. On the instructions of the unit chief, the snipers, whose situation is considerably complicated, take the initial positions. For the vehicle with the kidnapper and hostage is parked in the embassy courtyard with its headlights on and its back turned to the wall, with the kidnapper sitting in the back seat. The perpetrator is carrying a mobile phone provided by embassy staff and on first contact was found to be armed with a F-1 defensive grenade and a Makarov pistol.


20.50 hrs. - Colonel Savelyev makes contact with the terrorist and introduces himself as a Foreign Ministry official

23.00 hrs - Savelyev manages to convince the kidnapper to exchange the Swedish diplomat for another person and offers himself as a replacement


23.10 hrs - A hostage swap for Savelyev takes place; Jan-Olof Nyström is immediately taken for treatment due to the stress he has endured. After the exchange, the terrorist forces Savelyev to sit in the driver's seat, fastens his seat belt and then ties a noose around his neck to the headrest of the vehicle. At that time, Savelyev's colleagues are working intensively on plans to neutralize the perpetrator either in the embassy courtyard or on the way to the airport, or at the airport itself. All versions are consulted with the Swedish ambassador.


24.00 p.m. - The perpetrator becomes nervous and uses his mobile phone to demand immediate compliance with his demands under the threat of killing the hostage. He is informed that due to the late hour of the night it is difficult to secure the amount demanded, but at the same time he is promised that his demands will be met. The perpetrator calms down a little and shows his willingness to wait.

Saturday, 20 December 1997


00.10 hrs - The vehicle moves unexpectedly towards the embassy gate



00.13 hrs - Savelyev, handcuffed with a rope, exits the vehicle and stands at its left front door for about four minutes.


00.17 p.m. - The vehicle backs up to its original location


00.19 p.m. - The offender puts a noose around Savelyev's neck, prompting a scuffle between the two that lasts less than three minutes. Shortly afterwards, Savelyev signals to a colleague maintaining contact with the vehicle that he is having heart problems. Given the escalating aggression of the terrorist and the deteriorating health of the negotiator, it is decided to deal with the situation violently at the scene. The snipers are ordered to fire if the hostage breaks away. At the same time, the sniper's shot was intended as a signal for action by the task force.

00.30 hrs - At the perpetrator's request, a bottle of cognac is brought to his vehicle, which was also intended to reduce his aggression. That this decision was correct is indicated by the offender's consent for Savelyev to receive medical attention.


00.38 hrs. - A doctor from the 26th Ambulance Station arrives at the vehicle and notes that Savelyev is having a heart attack. He gives him an injection.


00.50 hrs. - The perpetrator, due to the hostage's poor health, demands to exchange him for a member of the FSB (Federal Security Service) and a journalist.

01.04 a.m. - The operation command staff decides to run the operation and evacuate Savelyev. While giving first aid to the negotiator, a sniper in position 1 shoots at the perpetrator and hits him with the first shot. The perpetrator falls. A shocked paramedic runs in front of the vehicle and at the same time an Alpha Strike Squad approaches. However, the perpetrator has a tough root, lifts himself up and fires three pistol shots at the approaching occupants. The commandos first take out the fleeing medic and return fire. At the same time, a sniper from Position 2 fires at the perpetrator.

The result is a dead perpetrator, but Savelyev, who was hit by a deflected projectile, is also wounded. Despite being immediately taken to the city's Hospital No. 64 and subsequent surgery, with doctors fighting for his life, Anatoly Nikolayevich Savelev loses his last battle. He dies in the early morning hours of December 20, 1997.

He is buried in Moscow's Nikolai-Archangelsk Cemetery.

By Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1368, Colonel Anatoly Nikolayevich Savelyev was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation in memoriam for his heroism displayed during the combat operation.

In addition to this decoration, A.N. Savelyev was twice awarded the Red Star Order, the Order of Military Merit and other medals during his lifetime. He was also awarded a personal weapon with dedication

For those interested in footage of the event described, I recommend the attached video. Due to the relatively low resolution, the Alpha action looks dilettantish at first glance. However, it is important to note that the officers went on the offensive after the sniper fired a shot, after which the perpetrator, standing by the car, falls to the ground and is thus apparently severely injured. The unfortunate thing for Saveliev is that the perpetrator falls from the car on the side on which the paramedic was just giving Saveliev first aid. Therefore, when the perpetrator gets up and shoots at the arriving members of the SWAT team, they shoot precisely in the direction of Saveliev. After the fight, everyone is a general and therefore I will not allow myself to criticize the task force. I pay particular attention to the flashes of reflected projectiles in the area of the front door of the vehicle, where the negotiator is lying.

On the other hand, according to the statement of the then commander of Alpha, Alexander Gusev (Александр Гусев), the cause of Savelyev's death was not gunshot wounds but the heart failure that preceded them. Doctors also commented on the same, stating that the patient was brought to the hospital in a state of clinical death caused by heart failure. They assessed the gunshot wounds as non-life-threatening.

But despite everything, A.N. Savelyev's heroism is unparalleled. Who among you would voluntarily get in the car next to a man holding a grenade in one hand and a pistol in the other, clearly determined to do anything. I certainly wouldn't. Yet there were people like A.N.S. Avleyev living among us. Honor his memory!


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