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BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32)

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32)

     
Název:
Name:
USS Wyoming
Originální název:
Original Name:
USS Wyoming
Kategorie:
Category:
bitevní loď
Třída:
Class:
Wyoming
Kódové označení:
Pennant Number:
BB-32
Loděnice:
Builder:
William Cramp & Sons Ship & Engine Building Company, Philadelphia
Založení kýlu:
Laid Down:
09.02.1910
Spuštění na vodu:
Launched:
25.05.1911
Uvedení do služby:
Commissioned:
25.09.1912
Vyřazení ze služby:
Decommissioned:
01.08.1947 (Prodána a sešrotována 1947 / Sold to scrap and broken up 1947)
Velitel:
Commander:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR ?, ? ( )
Jednotka:
Unit:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR ?
Posádka:
Crew:
1063
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Standardní výtlak:
Standard Displacement:
26000 t
Plný výtlak:
Full Load Displacement:
27680 t
Délka:
Length:
171.3 m
Šířka:
Beam:
28.42 m
Ponor:
Draught:
9.02 m
Pancéřování:
Armour:
boky: 127-279 mm
čelo věže: 305 mm
barbeta: 279 mm
velitelská věž: 292 mm
paluba: 38-64 mm
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
12x kotel Babcock & Wilcox
4x parní turbína Parsons
Výkon:
Power:
20879.6 kW při ot/min
Šrouby:
Propellers:
4
Zásoba paliva:
Fuel Load:
2693 t
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost:
Speed:
38 km/h
Dosah:
Range:
14816 km při rychlosti 18.5 km/h
Výzbroj a vybavení:
Armament and Equipment:
 
Výzbroj:
Armament:
12× 305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (6x II)
21× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (21x I)
533 mm torpédomet Mark 15


Rok 1916
12× 305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (6x II)
21× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (21x I)
4× 76 mm L/52 kanon Mark 10 (4x I)
533 mm torpédomet Mark 15


Rok 1918
12× 305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (6x II)
21× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (21x I)
8× 76 mm L/52 kanon Mark 10 (8x I)
533 mm torpédomet Mark 15


Duben 1919
12× 305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (6x II)
16× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (16x I)
8× 76 mm L/52 kanon Mark 10 (8x I)
533 mm torpédomet Mark 15


Listopad 1926
12× 305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (6x II)
16× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (16x I)
8× 76 mm L/52 kanon Mark 10 (8x I)


Rok 1931
305 mm L/50 kanon Mark 7 (3x II)
16× 127 mm L/51 kanon Mark 7 (16x I)
8× 76 mm L/52 kanon Mark 10 (8x I)


Rok 1944
127 mm L/38 kanon Mark 12 (4x II)
127 mm L/38 kanon Mark 12 (2x I)
127 mm L/25 kanon Mark 10 (4x I)
4x 76 mm L/50 kanon Mark 17/20/21 (4x I)
40 mm L/56 kanon Mark 1/2 na lafetě Mark 2/4 (1x IV)
40 mm L/56 kanon Mark 1/2 (4x II)
40 mm L/56 kanon Mark 1/2 (2x I)
20 mm L/70 kanon Mark 4 (4x II)
2× Mk 17 rocket launchers (2x I)
Vybavení:
Equipment:
1927-1931

1x letecký katapult
Nesená letadla:
Aircraft Carried:
3x?
Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Wyoming_(BB-32)
https://www.hazegray.org/danfs/battlesh/bb32.htm
www.history.navy.mil
URL : https://www.valka.cz/BB-USS-Wyoming-BB-32-t50976#195091Version : 0
MOD
The keel of the battleship USS Wyoming, the third ship of this name in the navy of the united states, was founded 9. February 1910 at the shipyard William Cramp & Sons in Philadelphia. The boat was running on water 25. may 1911, and christened by miss Dorothy Eunice Knight, the daughter of the former president of the Supreme court of the state of Wyoming Jesse Knight. The service was listed in the Philadelphia Navy Yard 25. September, 1912, on the bridge, then stood captain Frederick L. Chapin. Then moved to the United States Navy Yard, New York city, where she waited another three months of finishing work. 30.12.1912 joined to the rest of the flot in Hampton Roads and became the flagship of the rear admiral Charles J. Badger, commander of the Atlantic flot. Ship 6. January 1913 she left Hampton Roads and sailed towards the Caribbean, where she visited the Panama canal, which was nearing its completion, and graduated exercises near Cuba. To berth're at chesapeake bay the ship returned 4.3.1913.

After artillery training off the coast of Virginia went through the ship other modifications and repairs in dry dock the United States Navy Yard, New York city from 18.4.1913-7.5.1913. Subsequently joined to the rest of the flot in maneuvers off the coast of Block Island, which took place from 7. 24. may 1913. During the manoeuvres, there were problems in the engine room, so the ship had again to repair to the Newport from 9. 19. may 1913. From 28. 31. may 1913 he then participated in the New York celebration and unveiling ceremony of the monument to the ship Maine, which was destroyed in the port of Havana Cuba 15. of February 1898. 4. June 1913 sailed to the Annapolis, where boarded cadets from the Naval Academy for a summer training cruise, off the coast of New England lasted up to 24. August, when the cadets once again landed in the Annapolis. USS Wyoming then continued in the artillery and pt training in Hampton Roads until the autumn. In New York, docked for further repairs 16.9.-2.10.1913 and then went full steam in the framework of the tests on the south to Norfolk, to continue in the exercises at the bays of Virginia, than went 25.10.1913 across the ocean to Europe.

The ship visited the ports of Valletta in Malta, Naples in Italy and Villefranche in France. The left 30. November, 1913, and back to the New York to the regular repair docked 15. December 1913. 6. January 1914 then set sail the direction of Hampton Roads, where after three days of disposing of the coal in the preparations for the regular annual exercises in the Caribbean.

The exercise was carried out in the bays of Guantanamo and Guacanayabo in Cuba from 26. January 15. march, 1914, from there, the ship took course to the north to Cape Henry in the Virginia and further into Tangier Sound on the further training of the gunners. 4. April 1914 he released into New York where in the the United States Navy Yard, New York city she underwent further editing from 4. April to 9. may 1914. Then the ship picked up a group of seafarers on transport, and 13. may be issued for the journey from Hampton Roads to mexican waters. Into port Veracruz arrived 18. may 1914, barely a month after american troops and naval officer of this port seized during the intervention in the context of the Mexican revolution. The ship remained in the Veracruz in the autumnand than out to the coast Virginia on exercise and 6. October 1914 he returned to the United States Navy Yard, New York city to make repairs and adjustments, which lasted until 17. January 1915.

From New York is released toward the Hampton Roads and 21. January 1915 then on to Cuba, where she joined flotě on regular maneuvers. The maneuvers lasted until April 1915, then to the USS Wyoming returned to the coast of the United states and continued in training, than to fall again, heading to New York, where reaching 20. December 1915.

6. January 1916 left dry dock and sailed to the Caribbean. 16. January reached the port of Culebra in the puerto Rico, 27. January then followed Port-au-Prince Haiti. 28. January 1916 landed in the Guantanamo Bay Cuba, to participate in maneuvers trvajích to 10. April, 1916, after which she headed to the New York. Additional repair and modification lasted from 16. April 26. June, 1916, was followed by maneuvers off the coast of Virginia after the rest of the year.

9. January 1917 she left New York towards the Caribbean on a regular exercise, which lasted until mid-march 1917 and 6. April 1917, when the United states declaration of war on imperial Germany entered the First world war was at Yorktown in Virginia.

For the next seven months, the ship participated in the training of sailors for other ships of the us navy. 13. November 1917 rear admiral Hugh Rodman as the commander of Battleship Division 9 put up his flag on the battleship New York and 25. November 1917 the entire division, consisting of the battleships USS New York, the USS Wyoming, USS Delaware and , USS Florida set sail the direction of the United Kingdom. Into Scapa Flow on the Orkenejích don't drown ships 7. December 1917. Ships retained by the american designation of "Battleship Division 9", but at the same time have become part of the british 6th Battle Squadron. To 6. February 1918 during the joint training of american and british ships and sailors.

6. February 1918, the then u. s. s. Wyoming, accompanied by other ships of the 6th Battle Squadron and the 8 british destroyers sailed as an escort for convoys to Stavanger in Norway. Some ships, including Wyoming, reported a German submarine, attacking with torpedoes, but this information proved incorrect. Convoy after two days, sailed to Stavanger and the next two days took the battleships to return to Scapa Flow. The next month, then Wyoming remained in the role of guardian of coastal waters and shipping routes against the ever-current threat of the German navy.

30. June 1918 the 6th Battle Squadron participated in the cover zaminovávací operations in the North sea, the operation lasted until 2. July 1918. During this operation there has been a report of German submarines and Wyoming even opened fire on expected enemy. When returning ships joined the convoy HZ40 on his way from Norway.

The USS Wyoming returned to the Firth of Forth, where the ship visited the king of George In.

14. October ship, USS New York hit on the German submarine and sank her. Collision but it damaged the screws and Rodman so he had to move his flag on the USS Wyoming, while the USS New York was docked for repair.

Although the american and German battleships met in battle at sea, 10 days after the conclusion of the truce, 21. November 1918 USS New York, the USS Wyoming, USS Texas and the USS Arkansas join the british Grand Fleet (a total of 370 ships !!!), which escorted the German ships into internment in Scapa Flow.

12. December 1918 the USS Wyoming as the flagship of the rear admiral William Sims, the new commander of Battleship Division 9, left Great Britain and went to France. At the port of Brest to meet with the USS George Washington, on whose board he traveled the president Woodrow Wilson at the peace talks in Paris. After two days, the USS Wyoming returned to the Uk and then sailed back to the US. New York arrived 25. December of 1918, where it also caught the arrival of the year of 1919. 18. January 1919 became flagship of Battleship Division 7, and rear admiral of Robert Edward Coontze.

2. February 1919 she left the ship New York and went on winter maneuvers on Cuba, in order to subsequently again returned to the New York, 14. April 1919. The next, but re-released to the sea, to attend as a patrol and weather station together with a number of other ships action napříc the Atlantic - boats assist a group of aeroplanes, Curtiss NC in the first crossing of the Atlantic. 31. may 1919 the ship returned to Hampton Roads. Later aboard sailors on training voyages're at chesapeake bay and along Virginia. 1. July 1919 went into dry dock in the Norfolk Navy Yard, where it has undergone modifications prior to his service in the Pacific. Her secondary battery was reduced to 16 127mm guns. After the completion of the works has become the flagship of Battleship Division 6 Pacific flot. The morning of the 19th. July 1919 USS Wyoming along with the other ships Pacific flot left the East coast, led by the battleship USS New Mexico. During July 1919 sailed through the Panama canal, and 6. August 1919 amounted to San Diego in California.

About three days later the ship moved to San Pedro in the California, from where it operated most of the autumn. Followed by repair in Puget Sound Navy Yard in Bremertonu, the state Washington, from 15. September 1919 to 19. April 1920. USS Wyoming then returned to the base in San Pedro 4. may, 1920, to continue the exercise along the coast of southern California. 17. July 1920 received the designation BB-32. 30. August 1920 sailed on the Hawaii, where in September 1920 she participated in other exercises. 3. October came back to the San Diego, during the tests included a visit to the north until the Seattle. 5. January 1921 then the ship left the San Francisco towards the central american and south american waters, where she had a visit to the port of Valparaíso in the Chile, where she also 8. February 1921 he visited chilean president Arturo Alessandri Palma. The ship then sail through the Panama canal back to the north and 18. march 1921 docked in Puget Sound Navy Yard to make repairs, which lasted until the summer.

2. August 1921 at Balboa in the Canal zone aboard rear admiral Rodman and commission, travelling from Peru to New York. The ship drifted into New York 19. August, 1921, and re-joined the Atlantic flotě as the flagship of the commander of the Atlantic flot admiral Hilary P. Jones.

The following three and a half years, the USS Wyoming operated mainly in the Atlantic along the eastern borders of the United states, participated in the exercise from New England after the bay of Virginia, in the winter in the waters of the Caribbean near Cuba. During that time she was the flagship of the vice admiral John D. Mcdonald's, Newton's And. McCullyho and Josiah With. Mckean. Gradually also went through a number of other corrections and adjustments in the the United States Navy Yard, New York city and in the summer of 1924 in the context of training the cadets visited the ports of Torbay, in England, Rotterdam in Holland, Gibraltar and Azores.

26. January 1925 left the USS Wyoming New York to take part in exercises in Cuba and 14. February sailed through the Panama canal to join the exercise off the coast of California. From there continued on to Hawaii, where it operated since the second half of April 1925 to the beginning of June, 1925. After a short visit in the San Diego 18. 22. June, 1925, the ship again sailed through the Panama canal on the way back to the New York, where she arrived 17. July, 1925, to continue operations along the East coast. After the end of the exercise in Cuba and Haiti she waited on the docks the United States Navy Yard, New York city, 23. November 1925 - 26. January 1926. After this period the board reported as the executive officer and future velkoadmirál, at that time the frigate captain William F. Halsey, Jr. that my service on the Wyoming ended the 4. January 1927.

USS Wyoming then went back to the routine of winter maneuvers in the Caribbean and training voyages over the summer. At the end of August sailed to the Philadelphia, where she was an extensive modernization. The old coal boilers were replaced with new ones on the fuel oil, were added new anti-torpedo protection. The works were completed 2. November 1927, the ship sailed to Cuba and the Virgin islands. Philadelphia returned 7. December 1927 and since two days later on her zavlála flag of vice admiral Ashley Robertson, commander of the Scouting Fleet.

The next three years operated on the USS Wyoming in the framework of the Scouting Fleet from the ports in Norfolk, New York and Boston, training cruises for the Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps (NROTC) from the universities of Yale, Harvard, Georgia Tech and Northwestern. Tasks introduced from the gulf of Mexico after New Scotland, from the Caribbean islands of the Azores. During the cruise in November 1928, the ship rescued eight sailors from the sunken ship SS Vestris and off is 16. November 1928 in Norfolk.

19. September 1930 was the USS Wyoming reassigned to the Battleship Division 2 and became flagship of rear admiral Wat T. Cluveriuse, in this role remained to the 4th. November 1930, when it was withdrawn from first-line and became the flagship of the Training Squadron and rear admiral Harley H. Christy. After undertaken a number of training cruises to the gulf of Mexico and visited the New Orleans.

After returning to the Philadelphia Navy Yard 1. January 1931 was preparing for demilitarization and modification of the training ship in accordance with the London treaty of 1930 on the limitation and reduction of naval armaments. During this process, the ship came about his protitorpédovou defense, side armor, cannon, gun turrets and engine room 3 of the 6 gun turrets. In may 1931 she was back in service and 21. may 1931 was uvolěna of the services flagship of the Scouting Force (this role has assumed a new heavy cruiser Augusta - CA-31) and Training squadron (this role took over the battleship USS Arkansas - BB-33). In Annapolis took the cadets on a training cruise to Europe, which began 5. June 1931. Along the way the ship rescued the motionless submarine O-12 Nautilus under the command of the famous british polar explorer Sir Hubert Wilkins, and dragged her to Queenstown, Northern Ireland. During their trip they stopped in ports in Copenhagen, Denmark, Greenock in Scotland, Cadiz in Spain and Gibraltar. To Hampton Roads came back 13. August 1931, and during the voyage received a new designation - AG-17, which should reflect her new status as a training ship.

The ship then spent the next 4 years training with crossings to different destinations, from Europe to the gulf of Mexico. 18. January 1935 took 2. battalion 4. the regiment of the marine corps from Norfolk island to puerto Rico on the exercise of an amphibious landing (and in almost all other years, these exercises involved also in the framework of the Command flotových forces of the marine corps (Fleet Marine Force)). 5. January 1937, the ship left Norfolk and the Panama canal is released into the Pacific to take part in more amphibious and artillery exercises near the island of San Clemente. 18. February of 1937, during exercise, exploded 127mm grenade just at the moment when he charged into the cannon. The blast killed 6 marines and wounded 11 more. The ship is immediately released into the San Pedro and the injured marines handed over to the care of the hospital ship Relief (AH-1).

After the completion of exercises off the coast of California the ship 3. march 1937 said goodbye with the harbor in the Los Angeles and set sail back to the East coast. Norfolk has reached 23. in march 1937, where she served from 15. April to 3. June 1937 as the flagship of rear admiral Wilson Brown, commander of the Training Squadron. 4. June is then released again to Europe - visited Kiel in Germany 21. June 1937, where she visited the officer from the ship Admiral Graf Spee. Cadets visited Berlin before the ship 29. June released on the cruise back, through the Torbay in England, and Funchal in Madeira. In Norfolk again docked 3. August 1937. 16. October 1937 started another maintenance in the Norfolk Navy Yard and ended with 14. January 1938.

Up to the year 1941, the ship continued its training voyages which departed from ports in Norfolk, New York and Boston, traveling to Europe (in 1938 visited the Le Havre in France, Copenhagen in Denmark, Portsmouth in England). After the outbreak of war in Europe in September 1939, the ship was assigned to the ambush in the Atlantic, along with the battleships USS New York, the USS Arkansas, USS Texas and the carrier USS Ranger.

2. January 1941 to become the flagship of the rear admiral Randall Jacobs, commander, Training, Patrol Force, and in a training role remained until the autumn.

In November 1941, the USS Wyoming became the ships for the training of gunnery and the news of the japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 7. December 1941 it caught on Platt's Bank in the gulf of Maine.

After the entry of the USA into the Second world war the ship continued in the regular exercises in the framework of the Operational Training Command, United States Atlantic Fleet. From 5. February 1942 was the next exercise in the shootings're at chesapeake bay and the boat has been so well known, that it has received the nickname of the Chesapeake Raider. Thousands of sailors here have undergone training in anti-aircraft defense weapons from .50 caliber (12.7 mm) after a 5-inch (127mm). The navy briefly considered to return Wyoming to the configuration of battleships, but in the end this plan did not take place.

12. January to 3. April 1944 had the USS Wyoming in Norfolk the last major edit - the rest of her gun turrets with 305mm guns were dismantled and replaced by the towers for a pair of 127mm guns. The ship came even later radars for fire control and 10. April 1944 he again engaged in the training-'re at chesapeake bay. Only in November 1944, there passed through anti-aircraft training 133 officers and 1329 sailors. Was fired 3033 shells of caliber of 127 mm, 849ks caliber 76 mm, 10076ks caliber 40 mm, 32231ks caliber 20 mm and 66270ks caliber 7.7 mm. The ship is so boasted the greater amount of fired ammunition than any other ship, Atlantic flot.

30. June 1945 the USS Wyoming left Chesapeake bay and sailed to Norfolk for further adjustments. 13. July 1945 drifted into the Gulf of Casco, to become part of the Composite Task Force 69. Its task was to improve the tactics of the battle against the japanese suicide planes. The unit was 31. August 1945 was renamed the Operational Development Force, United States Fleet.

After the end of the second world war, the ship continued its testing of new systems for fire control. In the summer of 1946 in the context of the last crew of the USS Wyoming on her board, found himself and the future president Jimmy Carter.

11. July 1947 the ship was last docked in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, where it was 1. August 1947 taken out of service. Her crew has been moved to USS Mississippi (formerly BB-41, this time later AG-128). Followed by the sale and scrapping.


Sources: www.history.navy.mil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Wyoming_(BB-32).
BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - Guvernér Wyomingu Joseph Maull Carey (1845-1924) s chotí a Dorothy Eunice Knightovou, dcerou bývalého předsedy Nejvyššího soudu státu Wyoming Jesse Knighta, na křtu USS Wyoming 25.5.1911.
Governor of Wyoming Joseph Maull Carey (1845-1924), with his wife and Dorothy Eunice Knight, the daughter of former Chief Justice Jesse Knight of the Wyoming Supreme Court, during the launch of the USS Wyoming, May 25, 1911. 
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2010 and similar Bain negative: LC-B2-2202-9)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004009239/

Guvernér Wyomingu Joseph Maull Carey (1845-1924) s chotí a Dorothy Eunice Knightovou, dcerou bývalého předsedy Nejvyššího soudu státu Wyoming Jesse Knighta, na křtu USS Wyoming 25.5.1911.
Governor of Wyoming Joseph Maull Carey (1845-1924), with his wife and Dorothy Eunice Knight, the daughter of former Chief Justice Jesse Knight of the Wyoming Supreme Court, during the launch of the USS Wyoming, May 25, 1911.
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2010 and similar Bain negative: LC-B2-2202-9)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004009239/

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - Slečna Dorothy Eunice Knight na křtu USS Wyoming 25.5.1911.
Miss Dorothy Eunice Knight at the launch of the USS Wyoming, May 25, 1911. 
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004009240/

Slečna Dorothy Eunice Knight na křtu USS Wyoming 25.5.1911.
Miss Dorothy Eunice Knight at the launch of the USS Wyoming, May 25, 1911.
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004009240/

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - USS Wyoming mezi lety 1912 a 1915
USS Wyoming between 1912 and 1915
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2005011646/

USS Wyoming mezi lety 1912 a 1915
USS Wyoming between 1912 and 1915
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2005011646/

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - USS Wyoming proplouvá pod Brooklynským mostem v New Yorku, 1912
USS Wyoming about to sail under the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City, 1912
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2008, and Library staff)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004011041/

USS Wyoming proplouvá pod Brooklynským mostem v New Yorku, 1912
USS Wyoming about to sail under the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City, 1912
(Source: Flickr Commons project, 2008, and Library staff)
https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ggb2004011041/

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - Bitevní lodě Battleship Division 9 u Rosyth, Skotsko, 1918
U.S. Battleship Division Nine steaming in to Rosyth, Scotland, 1918.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Battleship_Division_Nine_WWI.jpg

Bitevní lodě Battleship Division 9 u Rosyth, Skotsko, 1918
U.S. Battleship Division Nine steaming in to Rosyth, Scotland, 1918.
en.wikipedia.org

BB - USS Wyoming (BB-32) - USS Wyoming proplouvá Panamským průplavem, 1919
USS Wyoming transiting the Panama Canal, 1919
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:USS_Wyoming_in_the_Panama_Canal,_1919.jpg

USS Wyoming proplouvá Panamským průplavem, 1919
USS Wyoming transiting the Panama Canal, 1919
en.wikipedia.org

URL : https://www.valka.cz/BB-USS-Wyoming-BB-32-t50976#556445Version : 0
MOD