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Chrastina, Břetislav

Chrastina, Bretislav

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Chrastina
Jméno:
Given Name:
Břetislav
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Břetislav Chrastina
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
major
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
25.05.1901 Hodonín /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
11.06.1971 Kylešovice /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- veliteľ skupiny Spelter
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.lib.cas.cz/parasut/chrastina.htm
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Chrastina-Bretislav-t56005#709488Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Chrastina
Jméno:
Given Name:
Břetislav
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Břetislav Chrastina
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.1941 kapitán
DD.MM.1945 štábny kapitán
DD.MM.1946 major
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

DD.MM.1920-DD.MM.RRRR vstup do Československej armády
15.07.1945-DD.MM.RRRR v zálohe
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

DD.MM.1940

Válečný kříž
Cross of War
Croix de Guerre
-

DD.MM.1940

Válečný kříž 1939
War Cross 1939
-

DD.MM.1944

Pamětní medaile československé armády v zahraničí
Commemorative Medal of Czechoslovak Army Abroad

se štítky F - VB / with clasps F - VB

DD.MM.1945

Válečný kříž 1939
War Cross 1939
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.lib.cas.cz/parasut/chrastina.htm
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Chrastina-Bretislav-t56005#709490Version : 0
MOD
Major of infantry in memoriam in reserve Chrastina Břetislav



Born: 25.5.1901 - Hodonín
Death:11.6.1971 - Vítkov



Group Leader Spelter



Břetislav Chrastina was born on 25 May 1901 in Hodonin. His father was a printer, he had 4 siblings. When Břetislav was young, the family moved to Valašské Meziříčí, where he attended the municipal school and then the gymnasium.


In 1918 he volunteered to take part in the defence of southern Slovakia during the Hungarian invasion. In 1920 he entered the Military Academy in Hranice, from which he graduated after two years with the rank of infantry lieutenant. After graduating from the military academy, he was transferred to Košice, to Infantry Regiment 32 "Gardský".


In 1924 he enrolled at the Cheb aviation apprenticeship and thus began his career in aviation. He served with TG Masaryk's Aviation Regiment 1 in Prague, where he held the position of squadron commander. He served in Prague until the beginning of 1930, when he left the army at his own request on 1 January. In civilian life he was engaged in business and law, for a time working in a law office. During the mobilization he was drafted into the army and served with Squadron 85 in Hradec Králové. Soon he again asked for his discharge from the army and until 17.6.1939, when he crossed to Poland, he practiced law and managed the family farm.


On 17 June 1939 he crossed the border with Poland with a group of airmen. At the end of June he embarked on the Castelholm for France, arriving there the first week of September. He applied for service in the air force, but was not accepted due to not meeting the physical requirements (medical condition). He was therefore assigned to the ground troops, to the 5th Company 1st Czechoslovak Infantry Regiment, with which he was deployed in combat, for which he received the French decoration Croix de Guerre and the Czechoslovak War Cross 1939.


In July 1940 he was transported to Britain on the Rod el Farag. In Britain he was attached to the 2nd Company (later transferred to the 3rd Company) of the 1st Infantry Regiment and was promoted to Captain in 1941. From mid-1942 onwards he underwent several specialised courses and sabotage training. A year later, on 12 July 1943, he was appointed commander of SPELTER Airborne. The objective of the operation was intelligence and organizational and coordination tasks with the local resistance. In April 1944, members of Operation SPELTER were sent to Italy, where they underwent further courses. On the night of 4 May 1944, the group was dropped in Trebic district, near the village of Kramolin. During the movement of the group, Chrastina became separated from the group (allegedly due to the loss of his equipment).


Chrastina subsequently made his way to Slovakia, where, with the help of local resistance groups, he contacted officers of the Slovak Army who were sympathetic to the resistance. After the outbreak of the SNP, he joined the partisans. He took part in fighting in the ranks of the 2nd Czechoslovak Independent Paratroop Brigade. After the suppression of the uprising, he continued to fight alongside the partisans. From February 1945 he fought in the ranks of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the USSR.


On 15 July 1945, he left the army at his own request and devoted himself to legal work until retirement age. In 1950 he was imprisoned for two years.


He died on 11 June 1971 in Vitkov, buried in a civilian ceremony without military honors.



Decorations awarded:
Croix de Guerre (1940)
2x Czechoslovak War Cross 1939 (1940, 1945)
Czechoslovak Military Commemorative Medal with Plate F-VB (1944)


Sources:
Vojenské osobnosti čs. odboja; Prague 2005; ISBN 80-7278-233-9
http://www.lib.cas.cz/parasut/chrastina.htm

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Chrastina-Bretislav-t56005#204370Version : 0