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Avia S-199

     
Název:
Name:
Avia S-199
Originální název:
Original Name:
Avia S-199
Kategorie:
Category:
stíhací letoun
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1947-DD.MM.1951 Automobilové závody, n.p., závod 2 Avia, Čakovice /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1947-DD.MM.1951
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
450
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
25.04.1947
Osádka:
Crew:
1
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
 
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL - konvenční vzlet a přistání
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
zatahovací
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
2600 kg
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
3500 kg
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
? kg
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
9,92 m
Délka:
Length:
9,10 m
Výška:
Height:
2,59 m
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
16,20 m2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
171 kg/m2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Kategorie:
Category:
pístový
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
1
Typ:
Type:
M-211 (Jumo 211 F)
- invertní vidlicový
- počet válců: 12
- maximální výkon: 993 kW (1350 PS)
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
?
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
590 km/h v ? m
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
400 km/h v ? m
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
11 m/s
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
? min do ? m
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
9500 m
Dolet:
Range:
850 km
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
? km
Výzbroj:
Armament:
2x 13mm kulomet MG 131 v přídi, každý ? nábojů
2x 20mm kanón MG 151/20 pod křídlem, ? nábojů
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
-
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#16588Version : 0
Avia S-199 and CS-199

After the war, the Czechoslovak Air Force had in its arsenal - in addition to German prey technology - a mixture of Soviet and British types. With the growing influence of the USSR, it increasingly focused on Soviet types. However, Soviet machines were typical war constructions - wooden machines, built with a view to the short life of a war machine. The Peace Service could not need this consumer approach. In the fighter air force, it was necessary to replace the obsolete Lavočky La-7 all-metal structures. The British Spitfires were already politically difficult to pass, so the involvement of the domestic air force was considered. industry.

Air races in the Protectorate were included in the arms production of the German Third Reich. After the end of the Second World War, a large number of German fighter kites remained on our territory Messerschmitt Bf 109 versions G and K, as well as the supply of engines Daimler-Benz DB 605 . It was therefore decided to assemble these machines and use them for the newly built Czechoslovak Air Force. Because the main supplier of the reconstructed "stodevítek" was the Avia factory, the resulting machines were included in the Czechoslovak. aviation as Avia S-99.

The main warehouse of loot technology, where practically the entire supply of DB engines was located, was the building of the former sugar factory in Krásný Březno, today one of the districts of Ústí n. L. When this building burned down coincidences until the sabotage of the German pyrotechnics who worked here as prisoners of war) a problem arose where to take a new engine for the Stodeves. In the end, it was decided to adapt the Bf 109 dragon for the engine Jumo 211 (Czechoslovak designation M-211) including propellers, used for bombers Heinkel He 111. Their supplies were sufficient. Work on the modification began in Avia in the fall of 1946. The first modified Stodevítka with the new designation S-199 took off on April 25, 1947 and from February 1948 the military administration began to take over serial aircraft from Avia and Aero, which was also involved in production due to its urgency.

The planes did not have the best characteristics, they behaved very stubbornly, especially at takeoff, hence the nickname Mule. On the one hand, the original chassis with a very small track, which was not very strong, and on the other hand, the new engine unit, which was heavier than the original, was to blame. The engine and propeller were left unchanged. The fact that the Jumo engine had the opposite sense of rotation than the DB engine was just one of many reconstruction problems. The very massive propeller with wide blades had considerable inertia and high torque, which led to the fact that the machine tended to "run" from the direction at the start. According to witnesses, it was not uncommon for the newcomer to start in a direction up to 90 ° different from the direction in which he started. This is one of the reasons why there was a need for a two-seater training machine. And because such a version existed ( Bf 109 G-12) and "two-seater" fuselages were available, using them, as well as rebuilding several fuselage single-seater aircraft, a two-seater training version, called [ url=/viewtopic.php/t/86133/title/Avia-CS-199] CS-199[/url].

The wide propeller blades brought - in addition to the weight - another problem: the synchronization of the fuselage weapons. It was very demanding on the exact work of the armourers to "hit" the speed of the propeller, whose wide blades left a much smaller firing range than the original propeller blades. Several battles have been documented in the fighting in Israel, when the pilot shot his own propeller.

In the years 1947-1951, 450 single-seater S-199 and 82 two-seater CS-199. Avie S-199 became standard Czechoslovak fighters. air force until the first half of the fifties. The last of them served in 1957. About thirty machines served in the Air Force. In 1948, 24 pieces of S-199 were exported to Israel, where they served with the combat name Sachin (knife) at 101. squadron.

The designation of the aircraft was according to the then code, ie S = fighter, CS = training fighter, B = bomber.

Note:
VLM Kbely owns 2 copies of the machine, single-seat fighter S-199 and two-seat training CS-199. This is probably one, if not the only surviving complete machine of this type in the world.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#160848Version : 0

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

.
Avia S-199 - Tato Avia S-199 sloužila počátkem 50. let u 3. stíhacího pluku na letišti v Brně-Tuřanech. Stroj nese typické zbarvení strojů tohoto typu - na všech plochách je nastříkán světlou zřejmě šedozelenou  barvou. O odstínu se dodnes vedou spory, zdá se pravděpodobné, že se spotřebovávaly barvy po Luftwaffe a nejčastěji se proto udává RLM 02, popř. její směs s nějakou tmavší zelenou, dále světlá zelená RLM 83, popř. žlutozelená RLM 99.

Tato Avia S-199 sloužila počátkem 50. let u 3. stíhacího pluku na letišti v Brně-Tuřanech. Stroj nese typické zbarvení strojů tohoto typu - na všech plochách je nastříkán světlou zřejmě šedozelenou barvou. O odstínu se dodnes vedou spory, zdá se pravděpodobné, že se spotřebovávaly barvy po Luftwaffe a nejčastěji se proto udává RLM 02, popř. její směs s nějakou tmavší zelenou, dále světlá zelená RLM 83, popř. žlutozelená RLM 99.
Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#428502Version : 0
MOD
Zo life on military letiskách začiatkom päťdesiatych years ....
Avia S-199 - Výstroj stíhacieho pilota ...

Výstroj stíhacieho pilota ...
Avia S-199 - Zahrievanie motorov S-199 ...

Zahrievanie motorov S-199 ...
Avia S-199 - Tesne pred štartom ...

Tesne pred štartom ...
Avia S-199 - Pred štartom...

Pred štartom...
Avia S-199 - Leteckí mechanici v práci...

Leteckí mechanici v práci...
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#252951Version : 0
S-199 in the hands of the air mechanikov začiatkom 50. years.

Source : Czechoslovak army 1952 no 11.
Avia S-199 - Doplňovanie paliva.

Doplňovanie paliva.
Avia S-199 - Leteckí mechanici pri výmene motoru.

Leteckí mechanici pri výmene motoru.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#370251Version : 0
Avia S-199 (D-120) of the armaments 101. squadron are preparing to further combat take-off during 1. the arab-israeli war. Aircraft your the last war years he graduated from the probably 22. December 1948, when David Cohen was accompanied by the plane AT-6 Texan to bombardovacímu raid on Khan Junes..
Avia S-199 - (IDF/AF)

(IDF/AF)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#465353Version : 0
MOD
Avia S-199 (D-112 / D-120, serial number 782358), the Museum of the israeli air force, Air base Chatzor. The aircraft is the only preserved specimen of this type in Israel. This Avie originally wore the marking machine, the D-112. Finally it was reconstructed into the form of the aeroplane D-120 from the assembly 101. squadron, with whom he had Modi Allon in the early evening of the 3. June 1948 to shoot down two C-47 of the arms 3. squadron of the royal egyptian air force (the israeli fighter, however, has achieved these victories with the most likely on the aircraft (D-107)..
Avia S-199 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#19909Version : 0
Avia S-199 (UF-25, serial number 178), Military aviation museum, Prague-Kbely, October 2011. This is a reconstruction created from several remnants of the aircraft S-199 (production number 178 carries the hull). A substantial part of the airframe were recovered from a scrap metal yard in Olomouc in 1969. The overhaul of the issued aircraft have completed Air repair Trenčín in April 1985. The aircraft is now in the coloring of the machine, which in the fifties had served in the the Aviation school in Prostějov..
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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#465365Version : 0
MOD
Avia S-199 (UF-25, serial number 178), Military aviation museum, Prague-Kbely, 2009..
Avia S-199 -


Avia S-199 -


Avia S-199 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#318840Version : 0
MOD
Avia S-199 (UF-25, serial number 178), Military aviation museum, Prague-Kbely. The details of the engine compartment..
Avia S-199 -


Avia S-199 -


Avia S-199 -


Avia S-199 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#19911Version : 0
Diskuse

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Avia-S-199-t6996#685560Version : 0
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