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Challenger 2

Challenger 2

     
Název:
Name:
Challenger 2
Originální název:
Original Name:
Challenger 2
Kategorie:
Category:
hlavní bojový tank
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.1993-DD.MM.RRRR Vickers Defence Systems Ltd., Leeds
DD.MM.1993-DD.MM.RRRR Vickers Defence Systems Ltd., Newcastle Upon Tyne
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1993-DD.02.2002
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
424
(259 - Leeds)
(165 - Newcastle Upon Tyne)
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
XX.08.1990 (Vehicle Registration Number :
06SP87
06SP88
06SP89
06SP90
06SP91
06SP92
06SP93
06SP94
06SP95)
Osádka:
Crew:
4
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
 
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
65000 kg
Délka s kanónem dopředu:
Length with Gun Forward:
11506 mm
Délka korby:
Hull Length:
8325 mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
3505 mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
2489 mm
Světlá výška:
Ground Clearance:
502 mm
Šířka pásu:
Track Width:
650 mm
Měrný tlak:
Ground Pressure:
0,09 MPa
Pancéřování:
Armour:
?
Pohon:
Propulsion:
 
Typ:
Type:
Perkins Engines CV-12 TCA Condor V12
Výkon:
Power:
894,8 kW při 2 300 ot/min
Převodové ústrojí:
Transmission:
David Brown Engineering TN54, 6 stupňů vpřed, 2 stupně vzad
Výkony:
Performance:
 
Rychlost na silnici:
Road Speed:
56 km/h
Rychlost v terénu:
Cross-country Speed:
40 km/h
Jízdní dosah po silnici:
Cruising Range on Road:
450 km
Jízdní dosah v terénu:
Cross-country Cruising Range:
250 km
Překonávání překážek:
Obstacles Crossing:
 
Svah:
Gradient:
27 °
Boční náklon:
Side Slope:
? °
Překročivost:
Trench Crossing:
2,34 m
Výstupnost:
Vertical Obstacle:
0,89 m
Brodivost:
Fording Depth:
1,07 m
Výzbroj:
Armament:
 
Hlavní:
Main:
120mm L30A1
(kapacita 50 nábojů ve vozidle)
Vedlejší:
Secondary:
7,62mm kulomet L94A1
7,62mm protiletadlový kulomet L37A2
(zásoba nábojů 4000 ks)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
- 386 ks
- 38 ks
Poznámka:
Note:
Tank oficiálně převzat do služby v britské armádě 16. 05. 1994

Poslední tank byl dodán 17. 04. 2002 k 1st Royal Tank Regiment

Celková hodnota kontraktů na výrobu tohoto tanku byla 2,3 miliardy liber

Tento tank dostalo celkem 6 tankových pluků Royal Armoured Corps:

Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
Royal Dragoon Guards
Queens Royal Hussars
Kings Royal Hussars
1st Royal Tank Regiment
2nd Royal Tank Regiment

38 modifikovaných tanků bylo dodáno do Ománu, kde jimi byla vyzbrojena jednotka Royal Oman 1st Main Battle Tank Regiment, dislokovaná v Shaffě.
Zdroje:
Sources:
Jane's Armour and Artillery 1995-1996, ISBN : 0710612605
Jane's Armour and Artillery 2005-2006, ISBN : 071062686X
https://www.valka.cz/topic/postview/176750/
https://www.mafva.net

Challenger 2 - A Queens Royal Lancers Challenger 2 tank, attached to the 1st Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (1 RRF) Battlegroup, demonstrates its ability to the worlds media, at Camp Coyote, Kuwait.

A Queens Royal Lancers Challenger 2 tank, attached to the 1st Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (1 RRF) Battlegroup, demonstrates its ability to the world's media, at Camp Coyote, Kuwait.

Author Website : https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Challenger_2

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#328482Version : 0
MOD
General characteristics:
The Challenger 2 is produktom british zbrojárskeho industry and specifically the company Alvis Vickers Ltd. predtým Vickers Defence Systems (VDS). Bol ponúknutý ako replacement sa dosluhujúce the tanks of the british army Chieftain and Challenger 1 . Along with Challengerom sa tender konania attended rôzne zbrojárske company so your výrobkami ako francúzský Leclerc, the German Leopard 2 and american M1A2 Abrams. Challenger II sa became víťazom súťaže and the british army ordered celkovo 408 pcs of prescribed machines that are zaradené to celkovo šiestim obrneným plukom , in ktorých each regiment has štyri prápory after 58 tankoch . Daddy van's was closed in 2002. Tank is a classic konštrukcie (trojmiestna veža so strelcom and veliteľom on the right and nabíjačom on ľavej side of the pri pohľade zo from the bottom and vodičom in the prednej part of the hull). Bol konštruovaný to posádke poskytol optimal prostredie pre vedenie fighting activities. Hull and veža tank are made with panciera Chobham second generácie, ktorý sa characterized by sa great odolnosťou (about the resilience of this panciera sa presvedčili crew of 7.obrnenenej brigade vyzbrojenej týmito tankami during the battle of Basra in marci 2003 when Iracké armed forces couldn't účinne pôsobiť against crime tankom and strata 1 Challenger in bojoch of Basra bola spôsobená paľbou rfect person from another Challenger). Drive a tank zaisťuje 12 valcový diesel engine CV12 TCA12 brand of Perkins Engines with výkonom 1200 konských forces. Transmission is automatic type TN54 with 6 stupňami ahead. The Tank has 6 párov pojazdových kolies with hydro-pneumatic zavesením and stretching kolesom at the front and the prop in the back. The engine along with the prevodovkou is controlled systémom (Digital Power Pack Management System) connected to the main riadiaci computer. Odmer tower and námer cannon zaisťujú electric motors. The Tank is equipped with an automatic protipožiarnym systémom, filtroventiláciou on defense before the WMD and klimatizáciou.

Armament:
The Tank is armed with a high-pressure kanónom caliber of 120 mm under the designation of L30 from the company BAE Systems. The barrel has a chromed grooved bore, tepelnú izoláciu and ejector spalín after výstrele. Námer cannon sa varies in the range of from -10° to + 20°, odmer tower is 360°. The cannon is stabilized in two planes. Common vezená supply streliva is 50 kusov. Used sa delená munícia little druhov. Podkaliberné shot of the type APFSDS (with jadrom of tungsten or ochudobneného uránu). Strelas type of HESH, which obsahujú trieštivo-trhavú filling and dymové strelivo. Armament doplňujú 2 guľomety in the caliber of 7.62 mm, one L8A2 is umiestnený koaxiálne with kanónom, the second protilietadlový GPMG L37A2 is controlled nabíjačom and is umiestnený over prielezom strelca tank. Protilietadlový guľomet he can even nahradený well automatic granátometom caliber 40 mm. On čelnej side of the turret are umiestené 2 sets of vrhačov dymových pomegranate r type L8 each for 5pcs .

System Riadenia Paľby:
The armament is controlled by the integrated CFP, one riadiacou unit is shooting a computer from the canadian company CDC (Computing Devices Company). Computer využíva admission any idea as gis system, GPS, TOGS II, meteorological senzorov and senzorov zisťujúcich basic characteristics of cannon and munície. Except the checks and najdôležitejšie konštrukčné group of tank like for example the engine or FUEL level. The Tank is equipped with an integrated navigačným systémom and informačným systémom prehľadu about bojisku VBMS (Vickers Battle Management System (BMS), who allows veliteľovi tank získať prehľad about pozícii of his tank, some machines units and pozícii nepriateľa and his jednotiek. Veliteľ has to dispozícii fully stabilized panoramic termovízny zameriavač company Pilkington Optronics, who allows him to vyhľadávať ciele independently of the strelcovi. It is equipped with a laser diaľkomerom type Nd:Yag. Error merania vzdialeností is +/- 5 m. Strelcovi tank allows pozorovať bojisko stabilized termovízny zameriavač zahrňujúcim laser diaľkomer type Nd:Yag the range of 200 to 10 000 m Strelec he's even featured záložným zameriavačom L30 of the company Nanoquest spriahnutého with kanónom. To maske a cannon is umiestnená thermal imager TOGS II, from the company Pilkington Optronics, equipped senzorom TICM 2. The image of zo zväčšením 4x or 11.5 x is that prenášaný on the monitors strelca and veliteľa. After objavení cieľa and his're fixed to zameriavača shooting the computer in cooperation with a laser diaľkomerom film vežu with vyrátanými parametrami pre streľbu and with predvolenou muníciou on cieľ. In the case that the shooter just strieľa on one cieľ, he can veliteľ pomocou stabilized panoramic zameriavača VS 580-10 francúzskej company SFIM Industries, vyhľadať cieľ independently of the strelcovi. Under firemných údajov is then able to theoretically break up to 8 cieľov for 40 seconds. Kvalitný system riadenia paľby allows zasiahnuť an armor cielena vzdialenosť 3500 metrov pri probability of intervention 85%.
The wire is pre ride of the night featured pasívnym noktovízorom PDP (Passive Driving Periscope – pasívny periscope vodiča), who allows him to jazdiť in nočných podmienkach rovnakou rýchlosťou ako cez day without použitia svetiel. It is possible must use noktovizný or termovízny device.

One with the possible drawbacks of this tank against potencionálnemu opponent - T-80 is shorter dostrel Challenger and opomenutie vývoja PTRS pre this tank.

sources:
www.armedforces.co.uk
www.army-technology.com
www.fas.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#160040Version : 0
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Ománský Challenger 2
Challenger 2 - (Images Courtesy of BAE Systems)

(Images Courtesy of BAE Systems)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#259506Version : 0
MOD

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Tanky Challenger 2 z výzbroje 7. obrněné brigády ze sestavy 1. obrněné divize při bojích v oblasti Basry, operace Telic, jaro 2003.
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 - (©Crown Copyright)

(©Crown Copyright)
Challenger 2 - (©Crown Copyright)

(©Crown Copyright)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#82173Version : 0
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(©Radek Havelka)
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#83922Version : 0
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Chalenger II na Bahna 2006
Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#171687Version : 0
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Challenger II focen v Iraku. Ma namontovany nejaky typ buldozeroveho, nebo zahlubovaciho zarizeni. Nebyl jsem bohuzel schopen poridit detailnejsi fotografii Sad Zajimave jsou i platy pridavneho pancire na bocnici a bocich veze. Opet jsem detailnejsi fotku nemohl poridit. Muj predpoklad je, ze je to nejaky typ aktivniho pancire proti kumulativnim hlavicim RPG


Zdroj - archiv autora ( Al Shaibah 2006 )
Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#195102Version : 0

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Challenger 2 (06 SP 91), Bovington Tank Museum, 2005.
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#310414Version : 0
MOD

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Challenger 2 (06 SP 91), Bovington Tank Museum, 2004 a 2008.












URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#380614Version : 0
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Tanks Challenger 2 at exercise Black Eagle in Poland, 16.10.2014.
Challenger 2 - © Crown copyright

© Crown copyright
Published with authors permit

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#544490Version : 0
MOD
Tanks Challenger 2 firing on exercise Prairie Storm in Canada

Source:
www.defenceimagery.mod.uk
www.defenceimagery.mod.uk.
Challenger 2 - © Crown copyright

© Crown copyright
Challenger 2 - © Crown copyright

© Crown copyright
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#544536Version : 0
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source:
https://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/dt22aa tank/Recent
www.reddit.com
.
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#549666Version : 0
MOD
www.militaryimages.net
.
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#598348Version : 0
MOD
Challenger 2 DTT (Driver Training Tank)
training vehicle

Source
https://www.flickr.com/
https://ukdefenceforum.net/.
Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


Challenger 2 -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Challenger-2-t73127#598434Version : 0
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