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Krakov

Kraków

     
Název:
Name:
Krakov
Originální název:
Original Name:
Kraków
Další názvy:
Other Names:
Krakau
Cracow
Nižší územní celek:
Lower Administrative Area:
Malopolské vojvodství
GPS souřadnice:
GPS Coordinates:
50°03'41.00"N 19°56'18.00"E
Místní části:
Local Municipalities:
Stare Miasto
Grzegórzki
Prądnik Czerwony
Prądnik Biały
Krowodrza
Bronowice
Zwierzyniec
Dębniki
Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki
Swoszowice
Podgórze Duchackie
Bieżanów-Prokocim
Podgórze
Czyżyny
Mistrzejowice
Bieńczyce
Wzgórza Krzesławickie
Nowa Huta
První písemná zmínka:
First Written Reference:
966
Vojenské objekty:
Military Objects:
Památky:
Historical Sights, Places of Interest:
Královský hrad Wawel (Zamek Królewski na Wawelu)
Wawelská katedrála (Katedra na Wawelu)
Dračí jáma (Smocza Jama)
Mariánský kostel (Kościół Mariacki)
kostel sv. Vojtěcha (kościół św. Wojciecha)
tržnice Sukiennice (Sukiennice w Krakowie)
Radniční věž (Wieża ratuszowa w Krakowie)
pomník Adama Mickiewicze (Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza)
Ulica Grodzka
Barbakan
kostel svatého Ondřeje a klášter sester Klarisek (kościół św. Andrzeja i klasztor ss. Klarysek)
Synagoga Stara
Synagoga Izaaka
Synagoga Kupa
Synagoga a hřbitov Remuh
Synagoga Tempel
Synagoga Wysoka
Synagoga Wolfa Bociana (Poppera) z roku 1620
Kostel a klášter Dominikánů (Kościół i klasztor Dominikanów)
Kostel sv. Františka a klášter Františkánů (kościół i klasztor Franciszkanów)
Mariánský kostel (kościół Mariacki), ze Středověké městské opevnění
Kostel sv. Kateřiny (Kościół św. Katarzyny)
Kostel Božího těla (Kościół Bożego Ciała)
Kostel sv. Marka (Kościół św. Marka)
Kostel sv. Kříže (Kościół św. Krzyża)
Kostel sv. Jiljí (Kościół św. Idziego)
Kostel sv. Barbory (Kościół św. Barbary)
Collegium Maius
Floriánská brána (Brama Floriańska)
Zigmuntuva kaple na Wawelu (kaplica Zygmuntowska na Wawelu)
Vila Decjusza (willa Decjusza w Woli Justowskiej)
prałatówka kościoła Mariackiego
Kostel Misionářů (kościół Misjonarzy na Stradomiu)
Kostel Bernardýnů (kościół Bernardynów na Stradomiu)
Kostel sv. Petra a Pavla (kościół św. Piotra i Pawła)
Kostel sv. Martina (kościół św. Marcina)
Kostel sv. Mikuláše (kościół św. Mikołaja)
Kostel Proměny Páně (kościół Przemienienia Pańskiego (oo. Pijarów))
Kostel sv. Floriána (Kościół św. Floriana)
Kostel Karmelitánský (kościół Karmelitów na Piasku)
Kostel sv. Anny (Kościół św. Anny)
Kostel Zvěstování panny Marie (kapucínský) (Kościół Zwiastowania NP Marii, oo. Kapucynów)
Kostel a klášter Pavlínů na Skalce (kościół i klasztor Paulinów, na Skałce)
* domy Teodora Talovského (kamienice Teodora Talowskiego)
Dom Kapituły
Kostel Matky Boží Sněžné sester Dominikánek (Kościół MB Śnieżnej, ss. Dominikanek)
Kostel Srdce Ježíšova, jezuitský (Kościół Serca Jezusowego, oo. Jezuitów)
Kostel sv. Jana (Kościół św. Jana, ss. Prezentek)
Kostel sv. Josefa (Kościół św. Józefa, ss. Bernardynek)
Kostel sv. Kazimíra (Kościół św. Kazimierza, oo. Reformatów)
Kostel sv. Norberta (Kościół św. Norberta, ss. Norbertanek)
Arcibiskupský palác (Pałac Arcybiskupi)
Hrob neznámého vojína (Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza)
Pomník Grunwaldu (Pomnik Grunwaldzki)
Muzea:
Museums:
Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie
Muzeum Historyczne Miasta Krakowa
Muzea Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Botaniczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Ogrodzie Botanicznym
- Muzeum Geologiczne Instytutu Nauk Geologicznych Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Farmacji Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Katedry Anatomii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego Collegium Maius
- Muzeum Zoologiczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Muzea Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej
- Muzeum Geologiczne WGGiOS AGH
- Muzeum Historii Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej
Muzea Kościelne
- Muzeum Archidiecezjalne
- Muzeum Historyczno - Misyjne Zgromadzenia Muzeum i Archiwum Marii Angeli Truszkowskiej w Krakowie
Muzeum Katedralne im. Jana Pawła II na Wawelu
Muzea Polskiej Akademii Nauk
- Muzeum Geologiczne Instytutu Nauk Geologicznych PAN
- Muzeum Przyrodnicze Instytutu Systematyki i Ewolucji Zwierząt PAN
Centrum Sztuki i Techniki Japońskiej "Manggha"
Muzeum Etnograficzne im. Seweryna Udzieli o oddział Dom Esterki
Muzeum Archeologiczne
Muzeum Armii Krajowej im. Generała Emila Fieldorfa Nila
Muzeum Czynu Niepodległościowego - Dom im. Józefa Piłsudskiego
Muzeum Czynu Zbrojnego
Muzeum Galicja
Muzeum Historii Fotografii
Muzeum Inżynierii Miejskiej
Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego
Regionalne Muzeum Młodej Polski "Rydlówka" - Muzeum Rodziny Rydlów i PTTK
Muzeum Odona Bujwida
Muzeum Teatru Starego
Muzeum Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Muzeum Ubezpieczeń
Muzeum Witrażu
Ośrodek Dokumentacji Sztuki Tadeusza Kantora - CRICOTEKA
Dworek Jana Matejki w Krzesławicach
Muzeum Żup Krakowskich w Wieliczce
Zamek Żupny w Wieliczce
Osobnosti:
Personalities:
Dislokované jednotky:
Garrisoned Units:
01.01.1883-DD.07.1914
1. sbor
I Corps
DD.MM.1912-DD.MM.1914
Pěší pluk č. 1
1st Infantry Regiment
DD.08.1914-DD.MM.1918
Vojenské velitelství Krakov
Military Command in Cracovia
DD.MM.1914-DD.08.1914
23. pěší brigáda
23rd Infantry Brigade
DD.MM.1914-DD.08.1914
46. zeměbranecká pěší divize
46th Landwehr Infantry Division
DD.MM.1914-DD.MM.RRRR
Division těžkých houfnic č. 1
Heavy Howitzer Division No. 1
25.03.1939-04.09.1939
Armáda "Krakov"
Kraków Army
24.04.1939-08.05.1939
21. ženijní prapor
21st Engeneer Battalion
08.05.1939-DD.05.1939
21. ženijní prapor
21st Engeneer Battalion
24.08.1939-DD.08.1939
21. motorizovaná protiletadlová dělostřelecká baterie typ A
21st Motorized Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battery Type A
24.08.1939-25.08.1939
21. těžký dělostřelecký oddíl (velitelství)
21st Medium Artillery Battalion (Command)
24.08.1939-05.09.1939
Velitelství skupiny železničního vojska č. 51
51st Railway Military Group Command
DD.08.1939-26.08.1939
21. motorizovaná protiletadlová dělostřelecká baterie typ A
21st Motorized Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battery Type A
31.08.1939-01.09.1939
36. pěší divize (záložní)
36th Infantry Division (Reserve)
04.09.1939-04.09.1939
23. pěší divize
23rd Infantry Division
05.09.1939-05.09.1939
23. pěší divize
23rd Infantry Division
05.09.1939-05.09.1939
Operační skupina "Jagmin"
Jagmin Operational Group
09.09.1939-11.09.1939
3. letka Těžké stíhací eskadry 2
3rd Squadron of the 2nd Heavy Fighter Wing
09.09.1939-13.09.1939
I. skupina Stíhací eskadry 77
1st Group of the 77th Fighter Wing
10.03.1940-01.06.1940
358. pěší divize
358th Infantry Division
DD.MM.1940-31.03.1941
Doplňovací bombardovací skupina 3
3rd Replacement Bomber Group
11.07.1941-19.01.1942
Náhradní brigáda 201
201st Replacement Brigade
DD.MM.1941-07.07.1943
Hlavní polní velitelství Krakov
High Field Command Krakow
DD.01.1942-DD.02.1942
Doplňovací skupina Stíhací eskadry 51
Replacement Group of the 51st Fighter Wing
DD.05.1942-DD.05.1942
6. letka (armádní) Průzkumné skupiny 41
6th Squadron (Army) of the 41st Reconnaissance Group
15.07.1942-22.09.1944
Vojenský okruh Generalgouvernement
Military District of General-Government
01.11.1942-DD.11.1942
7. letka Bombardovací eskadry 6
7th Squadron of the 6th Bomber Wing
01.11.1942-DD.11.1942
8. letka Bombardovací eskadry 6
8th Squadron of the 6th Bomber Wing
01.11.1942-DD.11.1942
9. letka Bombardovací eskadry 6
9th Squadron of the 6th Bomber Wing
01.11.1942-DD.11.1942
III. skupina Bombardovací eskadry 6
3rd Group of the 6th Bomber Wing
01.11.1942-DD.11.1942
Štáb III.skupiny Bombardovací eskadry 6
Staff of the 3rd Group of 6th Bomber Wing
DD.01.1943-DD.04.1943
Štáb Bombardovací skupiny ke zvláštnímu použití 300
Staff of the 300th Special Purpose Bomber Group
01.04.1943-21.02.1944
Letecká župa VIII
8th Air Region
07.07.1943-14.10.1944
Hlavní polní velitelství 226
226th High Field Command
29.07.1944-DD.12.1944
2. letka Skupiny blízkého průzkumu 2
2nd Squadron of the 2nd Short-Range Reconnaissance Group
29.07.1944-23.11.1944
Stíhací eskadra 52
52nd Fighter Wing
30.07.1944-DD.12.1944
Skupina blízkého průzkumu 2
2nd Short-Range Reconnaissance Group
31.07.1944-DD.08.1944
7. letka Bitevní eskadry 10
7th Squadron of the 10th Ground Attack Wing
31.07.1944-DD.08.1944
8. letka Bitevní eskadry 10
8th Squadron of the 10th Ground Attack Wing
31.07.1944-DD.08.1944
9. letka Bitevní eskadry 10
9th Squadron of the 10th Ground Attack Wing
31.07.1944-DD.08.1944
III. skupina Bitevní eskadry 10
3rd Group of the 10th Ground Attack Wing
31.07.1944-DD.08.1944
Štáb III. skupiny Bitevní eskadry 10
Staff of the 3rd Group of the 10th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
1. letka Bitevní eskadry 77
1st Squadron of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
1. letka Skupiny blízkého průzkumu 2
1st Squadron of the 2nd Short-Range Reconnaissance Group
DD.08.1944-14.09.1944
10. (protitanková) letka Bitevní eskadry 77
10th (Anti-Tank) Squadron of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
2. letka Bitevní eskadry 77
2nd Squadron of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
3. letka Bitevní eskadry 77
3rd Squadron of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
Bitevní eskadra 77
77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
I. skupina Bitevní eskadry 77
1st Group of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
Štáb Bitevní eskadry 77
Staff of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
DD.08.1944-DD.12.1944
Štáb I. skupiny Bitevní eskadry 77
Staff of the 1st Group of the 77th Ground Attack Wing
07.09.1944-DD.01.1945
VIII. letecký sbor
VIII Air Corps
DD.10.1944-DD.12.1944
5. letka Noční stíhací eskadry 5
5th Squadron of the 5th Night Fighter Wing
17.02.1945-DD.MM.RRRR
637. bitevní letecký pluk
637th Assault Aviation Regiment
27.06.1945-DD.MM.1945
52. armáda
52nd Army
05.11.1945-01.03.1949
Vojenský okruh V
5th Military District
01.01.2009-DD.MM.RRRR
3. pátrací a záchranná skupina
3rd Search and Rescue Group
DD.MM.2011-DD.MM.RRRR
6. logistický prapor
6th Logistic Battalion
DD.MM.2015-DD.MM.RRRR
Centrum vyjímečnosti NATO pro oblast kontrarozvědky
NATO Counter-Intelligence Centre of Excellence
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.08.1914
12. pěší divize
12th Infantry Division
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
16. výsadkový prapor
16th Airborne Battalion
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
2. brigáda pevnostního dělostřelectva
2nd Fortress Artillery Brigade
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
6. velitelský prapor
6th Headquarters Battalion
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
6. výsadková brigáda
6th Airborne Brigade
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.08.1914
7. jezdecká divize
7th Cavalry Division
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Pluk pevnostního dělostřelectva č. 2
Fortress Artillery Regiment No 2
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.1914
Pluk polních houfnic č. 1
1st Field Howitzer Regiment
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Velitelství zvláštních sil
Special Forces Command
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Zeměbranecký pěší pluk „Krakov“ č. 16
Landwehr Infantry Regiment „ Krakau “ No. 16
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Zákopnický prapor č. 1
Sapper Battalion No. 1
Průmyslové podniky:
Industry:
Vlajka:
Banner:
Znak:
Coat of Arms:
Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krakov
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraków
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krakow
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#514462Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.


Název:
Name:
Kraków
Další názvy:
Other Names:
Krakov
Vojvodství:
Voivodeship:
Malopolské vojvodství (Województwo małopolskie)
Okres:
Region:
Krakov
GPS souřadnice:
GPS Coordinates:
N 50°3’41.682"
E 19°56’41.426"
Ukaž na mapě:
Show on the map:
klik
Status: město
Místní části:
Local Municipalities:
Stare Miasto, Grzegórzki, Prądnik Czerwony, Prądnik Biały, Krowodrza, Bronowice (Bronowice Małe), Zwierzyniec, Dębniki, Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki, Swoszowice, Podgórze Duchackie, Bieżanów-Prokocim, Podgórze, Czyżyny, Mistrzejowice, Bieńczyce, Wzgórza Krzesławickie, Nowa Huta
První písemná zmínka:
First Written Reference:
966
Počet obyvatel:
Number of Inhabitants:
r. 1939: 259 000 obyvatel
r. 1945: 298 500 obyvatel
r. 2008: 756 441 obyvatel
Vojenské objekty:
Military Objects:
-
Památky :
Historical Sights, Places of Interest:
Královský hrad Wawel (Zamek Królewski na Wawelu)
Wawelská katedrála (Katedra na Wawelu)
Dračí jáma (Smocza Jama)
Mariánský kostel (Kościół Mariacki)
kostel sv. Vojtěcha (kościół św. Wojciecha)
tržnice Sukiennice (Sukiennice w Krakowie)
Radniční věž (Wieża ratuszowa w Krakowie)
pomník Adama Mickiewicze (Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza)
Ulica Grodzka
Barbakan
kostel svatého Ondřeje a klášter sester Klarisek (kościół św. Andrzeja i klasztor ss. Klarysek)
Synagoga Stara
Synagoga Izaaka
Synagoga Kupa
Synagoga a hřbitov Remuh
Synagoga Tempel
Synagoga Wysoka
Synagoga Wolfa Bociana (Poppera) z roku 1620
Kostel a klášter Dominikánů (Kościół i klasztor Dominikanów)
Kostel sv. Františka a klášter Františkánů (kościół i klasztor Franciszkanów)
Mariánský kostel (kościół Mariacki), ze Středověké městské opevnění
Kostel sv. Kateřiny (Kościół św. Katarzyny)
Kostel Božího těla (Kościół Bożego Ciała)
Kostel sv. Marka (Kościół św. Marka)
Kostel sv. Kříže (Kościół św. Krzyża)
Kostel sv. Jiljí (Kościół św. Idziego)
Kostel sv. Barbory (Kościół św. Barbary)
Collegium Maius
Floriánská brána (Brama Floriańska)
Zigmuntuva kaple na Wawelu (kaplica Zygmuntowska na Wawelu)
Vila Decjusza (willa Decjusza w Woli Justowskiej)
prałatówka kościoła Mariackiego
Kostel Misionářů (kościół Misjonarzy na Stradomiu)
Kostel Bernardýnů (kościół Bernardynów na Stradomiu)
Kostel sv. Petra a Pavla (kościół św. Piotra i Pawła)
Kostel sv. Martina (kościół św. Marcina)
Kostel sv. Mikuláše (kościół św. Mikołaja)
Kostel Proměny Páně (kościół Przemienienia Pańskiego (oo. Pijarów))
Kostel sv. Floriána (Kościół św. Floriana)
Kostel Karmelitánský (kościół Karmelitów na Piasku)
Kostel sv. Anny (Kościół św. Anny)
Kostel Zvěstování panny Marie (kapucínský) (Kościół Zwiastowania NP Marii, oo. Kapucynów)
Kostel a klášter Pavlínů na Skalce (kościół i klasztor Paulinów, na Skałce)
* domy Teodora Talovského (kamienice Teodora Talowskiego)
Dom Kapituły
Kostel Matky Boží Sněžné sester Dominikánek (Kościół MB Śnieżnej, ss. Dominikanek)
Kostel Srdce Ježíšova, jezuitský (Kościół Serca Jezusowego, oo. Jezuitów)
Kostel sv. Jana (Kościół św. Jana, ss. Prezentek)
Kostel sv. Josefa (Kościół św. Józefa, ss. Bernardynek)
Kostel sv. Kazimíra (Kościół św. Kazimierza, oo. Reformatów)
Kostel sv. Norberta (Kościół św. Norberta, ss. Norbertanek)
Arcibiskupský palác (Pałac Arcybiskupi)
Hrob neznámého vojína (Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza)
Pomník Grunwaldu (Pomnik Grunwaldzki)
Muzea:
Museums:
Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie
Muzeum Historyczne Miasta Krakowa
Muzea Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Botaniczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Ogrodzie Botanicznym
- Muzeum Geologiczne Instytutu Nauk Geologicznych Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Farmacji Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Katedry Anatomii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
- Muzeum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego Collegium Maius
- Muzeum Zoologiczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Muzea Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej
- Muzeum Geologiczne WGGiOS AGH
- Muzeum Historii Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej
Muzea Kościelne
- Muzeum Archidiecezjalne
- Muzeum Historyczno - Misyjne Zgromadzenia Muzeum i Archiwum Marii Angeli Truszkowskiej w Krakowie
Muzeum Katedralne im. Jana Pawła II na Wawelu
Muzea Polskiej Akademii Nauk
- Muzeum Geologiczne Instytutu Nauk Geologicznych PAN
- Muzeum Przyrodnicze Instytutu Systematyki i Ewolucji Zwierząt PAN
Centrum Sztuki i Techniki Japońskiej "Manggha"
Muzeum Etnograficzne im. Seweryna Udzieli o oddział Dom Esterki
Muzeum Archeologiczne
Muzeum Armii Krajowej im. Generała Emila Fieldorfa Nila
Muzeum Czynu Niepodległościowego - Dom im. Józefa Piłsudskiego
Muzeum Czynu Zbrojnego
Muzeum Galicja
Muzeum Historii Fotografii
Muzeum Inżynierii Miejskiej
Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego
Regionalne Muzeum Młodej Polski "Rydlówka" - Muzeum Rodziny Rydlów i PTTK
Muzeum Odona Bujwida
Muzeum Teatru Starego
Muzeum Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Muzeum Ubezpieczeń
Muzeum Witrażu
Ośrodek Dokumentacji Sztuki Tadeusza Kantora - CRICOTEKA
Dworek Jana Matejki w Krzesławicach
Muzeum Żup Krakowskich w Wieliczce
Zamek Żupny w Wieliczce
Osobnosti:
Personalities:
Rodáci / Native :
04.09.1890 - Michał Żymierski
Obyvatelé / Settled Incomers:
-
Literatura:
Bibliography:
-
Poznámky:
Notes:
30.4. 1939 zde byla ustanovena československá vojenská skupina v Polsku
Vlajka:
Banner:

Znak:
Coat of Arms:

Průmysl:
Industry:
-



Zdroje:
pl.wikipedia.org
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krakov
vlastní návštěva edit MART.in
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#305741Version : 0

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Hrob neznámého vojína
Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza


Tento symbolický hrob se nachází na náměstí Jana Matejky (Plac Jana Matejki) před pomníkem Grunwaldu.
Tento hrob byl reakcí na odhalení Hrobu neznámého vojína ve Varšavě. V Krakově takto vznikla iniciativa redakce "Krakovského posla" (Goniec Krakowski) pro shromáždění finančních prostředků pro stavbu pomníku.
Tito však byli předstiženi a v noci z 13. na 14. června 1925 přijel ke Grunwaldskému pomníku nakladní vůz, který zde složil připravený pomník s nápisem "Neznámému polskému vojínu padlému za vlast 1914-1920" (Nieznanemu żołnierzowi polskiemu poległemu za Ojczyznę 1914-1920). Ten kdo pomník věnoval, chtěl zřejmě zůstat v anonymitě, ale zřejmě to byl vydavatel "Ilustrovaného denního kurýra" (Ilustrowany Kurierz Codzienny) Marian Dąbrowski.


V 60. letech byly na vysokých kovových tyčích umístěny urny se zemí z míst, kde Poláci bojovali během 2. světové války.


Při rekonstrukci Grunwaldského pomníku byla tato konstrukce rozebrána a urny v roce 1976 vráceny zpět do prostoru pod pomníkem vyrobeného z černého mramoru, podle návrhu profesora Wiktora Zina. Je zdoben kovovým hořákem, který je zapalován při ceremoniálech konaných u pomníku.
Na pomníku jsou jména bitev, kterých se zúčastnili polští vojáci v 2. světové válce:
Warszawa
Kutno
Westerplatte
Kock
Tobruk
Monte Cassino
Berlin
Studzianki
Lenino
Kołobrzeg
Odra
Nysa


Zdroj:
pl.wikipedia.org
osobní návštěva
Krakov - vlastní foto

vlastní foto
Krakov - vlastní foto

vlastní foto
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#310187Version : 0
MOD
st. mary's church (Kościół Mariacki)

Known also as the basilica, after the cathedral in Krakow, the most significant shrine in Krakow. Located at 50°03'42" n and 19°56'21" v. d., in the northeast corner of the town square Glównego (Main Square), pl. Mariacki 5.
Initially here was to become a wooden church on its place then had to give to establish a romanesque church of the bishop of krakow, Iwo Odrowąż in the years 1221-1222. Which was nearly 30 years before the talent Krakovu the rights of the city, therefore, even if the city has a regular ground plan belongs to the Mariácký the church along with the church of st. Adalbert and "výlevkovitému" endings street Grodskej, to matters that disrupt the otherwise normal floor plan of a medieval city.
Probably in connection with the tatarským mileage year 1288, occurred in the following years, sometimes to the end of the 13. century to a major reconstruction of the church in the gothic style. In other periods gradually grew and changed.

Sources:
https://www.mariacki.com/index.php/pl/
www.krakow4u.pl
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518602Version : 0
the Church of st. Adalbert (kościół św. Wojciech)

Located at 50°03'39,2" n. 19°56'15,9" v d., Rynek Główny 2. Most likely this is the oldest krakow church. Supposedly here had become a wooden church, which was to be exposed to the memory of the sermon is st. Adalbert at this point. Archaeological research has uncovered the remnants of a brick church from the turn of the 10. and 11. century. The current church was exposed after the middle of the 11. or early 12. century in the romanesque style. 1453 here preached Jan Kapistran. In the early 17th. century, the church was barokizován.

Sources:
https://www.kosciolwojciecha.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518605Version : 0
st. Andrew's church (kościół św. Andrzeja)

The church is located on the street Grodzkej 56, 50°03'23,8"s. w. 19°56'17,8"v. d.
Fundátor the Palatine Sieciech, gave to build a church dedicated to st. Andrew in the years 1079-1098 in the romanesque style. In 1241 the church as the only building to have survived the tartar raid. However, when another attack of the year 1260 was damaged. From the year 1320 belongs to the order of st. Clare (poor clares convent). Although the church has suffered from several fires, rebuilt was up to baroque. The baroque style is at first glance manifests itself in fact just on both towers, but the interior was remodeled radically.

Sources:
www.klariski.pl
cs.wikipedia.org
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518606Version : 0
the Church of st. Peter and Paul (kościół św. Piotr i Pawła)

Located on the street Gródzkej 52a, 50°03'25"n 19°56'20"v. d., next to the church of st Andrew's.
This is the first baroque building built in Krakow, her fundátoři were the Jesuits. The construction of the church began in 1597.

Sources:
https://www.apostolowie.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518608Version : 0
the Church of st. Joseph (Kościół św. Józef, ss. Bernardynek)

The diocesan church of st. Joseph is located in Cracow - Podgórze, J street. Zamoyskiego 2, 50°02'36,0"s. w. 19°56'59,7"v. d.
This is the young building built in neo-gothic style on the basis of the project Jana Sas-Zubrzyckiego in the years 1905-1909, in the urban area it is the largest church, a smaller bell tower is located outside the very building of the church.

Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org
https://jozef.diecezja.pl/beta/.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518614Version : 0
the Church of st. Michael the Archangel and st Stanislaus Bishop and martyr and the monastery of Pavlínů on the Rock (kościół św. Michała Archanioła i św. Stanisława Bishop and Męczennika i klasztor Paulinów, on Skałce)

The church is located near Krakow in the street Skałecznej 15, 50°02'54"n 19°56'16"v. d. It's called Skałką or the church On the Skałce.
According to the reports here had become a pagan shrine, in its place was built the romanesque church of st. Michael the Archangel, in 14. century here Kazimerz III. Big build a gothic church. 25. march 1471, the king gave the church available Paulinům. Put here a new church in the 70's. years 15. century, built by Jan Długosz, who was buried the year 1480. 1655 was a church with a monastery besieged by the Swedes. In the years 1733-1751 there was a major baroque reconstruction.


Sources:
https://www.skalka.paulini.pl/
https://www.skalka.paulini.pl/page,2.html
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518615Version : 0
Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Kościół Najświętszego Serca Pana Jezusa)

Located w of Cracow, in Dzielnicy II, on Wesołej at ul. Kopernika 26., 50°03'43"n 19°56'55"v. d.
This is a young church from the years 1909-1912. Built in the style of modernism, but are used here elements of romanesque, gothic and baroque style. The architect was Franciszek Mączyński.

Sources:
https://www.sercejezusa.katolicki.eu/
pl.wikipedia.org
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518616Version : 0
the Church of st Nicholas (Kościół św. Mikołaja)

The baroque church of st. Nicholas is located on the estate Wesoła, ul. Kopernika 9, 50°03'39,0"s. w. 19°56'49,9"v. d.
Already in the 11. or half 12. century there was built a romanesque church. 14. or 15. century, the church was dismantled and the resulting building material was used for the construction of the gothic church of that time are preserved relics of the walls of the presbytéria. The year 1655 was plundered and subsequently burned by the Swedes. In the years 1677-1684 here was built a baroque church.

Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
pl.wikipedia.org
https://www.mikolaj.diecezja.pl/.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518617Version : 0
the Church of the holy Cross (Kościół św. Krzyża)

The gothic church of st. Cross is located on the krakow Old Town, pl. Św Spirit 2, 50°03'48,1"s. w. 19°56'35,2"v d., near the theatre, Juliusza Slowackiego.
According to tradition here was to be the first wooden church to be built at the instigation of the bishop Pełka at the end of the 12. century. The year 1244 here the bishop Jan Prandota settled order of monks, who by him had the hospital. Brick church arose at the beginning of the 14. century, perhaps around the year 1300. The next additions were carried out around the year 1420. The year 1528 the church burned but already the year 1533 was already fixed.

Sources:
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Krzyza-7.html
https://www.krzyzkrakow.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518618Version : 0
the Church of st. Benedict (Kościół św. Benedykta)

This smallest of the romanesque-gothic church dedicated to st. Benedict's, located on the site earlier rotunda, which originated sometime around the year 1000. Standing on Wzgórzu Lasoty in 235 m asl, 50°02'36"n 19°57'25"v. d. Nearby is Fort Benedykt.
Its emergence is attributed to Benediktýnům of Tynca, but the first time in writing mentioned in 1254.

Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518619Version : 0
Church (basilica) to God's body (Kościół / Bazylika Bożego Ciała w Krakowie)

This church (basilica) is located near the city hall in the city of Krakow - Kazimierz, ul. Bożego Ciała 26, 50°02'58,9" n. 19°56'40,3" v. d.
Fundátorem the original wooden church of the year 1340, he was alone Kazimir the Great. The year 1385, started with the construction of the stone church was built, being built up to the year 1405. However, the shield of the facade was drawn up around the year 1500, and the bell tower in the years 1566-1582.

Sources:
https://www.bozecialo.net/
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-Bozego-Ciala-3.html
pl.wikipedia.org
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518949Version : 0
the Church of st Giles (Kościół św. Idziego)

The church of st Giles is located practically under the Wawel castle, the street Grodzska 67, 50°03'18,53"s. w. 19°56'of 17.33"v. d.
According to rumors, there was supposed to be exposed at the end 11. century church, but archaeological excavations have not found any previous construction, some researchers then tend to that conclusion originally a church dedicated to st Giles could be the church of st Andrew's. Alone the church is gothic, built in the 1. half of the 14. century.

Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org
https://www.krakow.dominikanie.pl/
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Idziego-31.html.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518955Version : 0
the Church of st. Trinity (Kościół św. Trójcy)

Church or also basilica of st. Trinity, located in Krakow's Old Town, ul. Stolarska 12, at 50°03'33,44"s. w. 19°56'21,89"v. d.
This is the church of the Dominicans, who came to Krakow from Bologna in 1222. The construction of the current church together with the monastery began after the year 1241. By the mid-19th. the century stood in front of the church tower - the bell tower, that ceased to exist after the fire of 1850.

Sources:
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Trojcy-4.html
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518956Version : 0
Church Přenejsvětší Trinity (Kościół Trójcy Przenajświętszej)

Located in Krakow - Kazimierzi, ul. Krakowska 48.
This is a monastic church, which was built in the years 1739-1758.


Sources:
bonifratrzy.pl
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#518990Version : 0
the Church of st. John Kanteho (Kościół Św. Jan Kantego)

The church of st. John Kanteho, is located in Krakow - Bronovicích, estate st andrews, ul. Jabłonkowska 18 to 50°04'47,5"n. 19°53'21,3"v. d.
This is a modern church completed and consecrated in 1984.

Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
https://www.jankanty.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519105Version : 0
the Church of st. Mark the Evangelist (Kościół św. Marka Ewangelisty)

The church of st. Mark the Evangelist is located near the Main square, ul. św. Mark 10, at ul. Sławkowskiej at 50°03'52,2"n. 19°56'16,0"v. d.
The originally gothic church has a baroque interiors. With the construction started after the year 1263. A total of four large fires in the years 1494, 1528, 1589, and 1724 hit in the history of the church, while he was every time restored.

Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
https://www.swietymarek.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519107Version : 0
the Church of st Florian (Kościół św. Florian)

Located in the square Jana Matejki.
The initial romanesque church was built in the years 1185-1216, but the ordained should be in the year 1226. However, suffered under the Tatar raids. Later there arose the church of the gothic, but even that had a grim fate, whatever it was a few fires or devastating raids of the Swedes in the years 1655 and 1656. In the years 1657-1684 then the church was fundamentally rebuilt in baroque style.


Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
https://www.swflorian.net/
cs.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519111Version : 0
the Church of st. Augusta, and st. John the Baptist (Kościół św. Augustyna and św. Jana Chrzciciela)

The church of st. Augusta, and st. John the Baptist is located in Krakow - Krakow, ul. Kościuszki 88 at 50°03'08,1"n. 19°54'53,4"v. d.
It belongs to the monastery of the Sisters of Norbertánek, while adjacent to their monastery, while, after the wawel cathedral it is the second largest unit in Krakow. Originated in 12. century, but already under the Tatar raids was destroyed. He was exposed to practically a new church with the monastery around the middle of the 13. century, but even that was soon destroyed or severely damaged other tartar raids. The church further was burnt down several times and even for military events, especially in the 16. century. In the years 1596-1626 he has already received practically its present appearance, participated in the Jan Trewano and John Petrini. The Swedish troops damaged the church and monastery only slightly. In the years 1527, 1736 and 1813 was the site of the monastery and the church of the flooded Vistula.

Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org
https://www.parafiasalwator.pl/
www.krakow4u.pl
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519120Version : 0
Sukenice (Sukiennice)

Located on the central part of the Market square Glównego 3 at 50°03'42"n 19°56'14"v. d.
The historic building sukenic (dealing here with substances), comes out of previous buildings here still standing, the first sukenice to be built after the year 1257. Before the year 1358 gave new sukenice built by the king Kazimierz III. Wielki. In the year 1555 there was a fire, subsequently acceded to the renovation, when it was already a renaissance building re-opened in 1559, other minor adjustments were made the year 1601. The last significant adjustments took place in the 19th. century. During the occupation of Poland, the building sukenic got the bill in the value of 50 zl. Today in the sukenicích they sell mostly souvenirs, there are 2 museums, one of which is underground below the sukenicemi and the square, where are presented the finding of the situation, reconstruction of handicraft shops and more significant found material.

Sources:
https://www.krakow4u.pl/krakow_sukiennice.html
www.muzeum.krakow.pl
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukiennice_w_Krakowie.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519124Version : 0
Hill September: the army museum (Kopiec Kościuszki)

Generally located in the area Fortu Nr. 2 Kościuszko, who is the younger of the hill. Located on the top of the św. Bronislawy, generally in the part called Next to the 50°03'of 17.72"n. 19°53'36,09"v. d. This is the third of now four krakovských hills mounds. Hill Wanda and Krakusa, belong to the period around 500 bc. n. l., whereas the hill Kościuszky was built in the years 1820-1823, with has a height of 34.1 m. This is a tribute to the Tadeuszovi Kościuszkovi. The fourth and last mound of 1. half of the 20. the century was then built as a tribute to Pilsudskému. In general, these artificially created hills behind the great tower. Also, though this is not a typical dominants, so in the field they excel.


Sources:
https://www.kopieckosciuszki.pl/
pl.wikipedia.org
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519942Version : 0
Hill Pilsudski (Kopiec Piłsudskiego)

Began to be constructed in 1934, while he had to be a monument to the struggle for independence, but after the death of Pilsudski, it was decided that will be named in his honor. But it's called also, e.g., burial mound burial mounds. It was completed in 1937. 1941 decided general gubernator Hans Frank about the balancing of the hill, but it never happened. The communist government tried to hill to squeeze out with the awareness of the population and even gave remove the cross legions of the hill tank, which it damaged. In the 80's. years began with the restoration of the hill in the nineties and the year 2010 was a hill several times damaged during the floods erozemy. Located on the gable Sowińca, close to the krakow Zoo on 50°03'36"n 19°50'50"v. d.

Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519943Version : 0
Hill Krakusa (Kopiec Krakusa)

Hill Krakusa is located on the highest raising of lime mountain Krzemionek – top Lasoty (271 m) at 50°02'17"n 19°57'30"v. d. Height – 16 m, diameter at the base of 57 m, a top diameter of 8 m - plaský top, volume 19 of 100 m3. Has been studied archaeologically, and it can be approximately classified into the turn 5. and 6. century bc. n. l. In 19. century was included in Fortu Nr. 33 "Artur". Traditionally is held here annually "shop Rekawki".

Sources:
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kopiec_Krakusa.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519944Version : 0
West (Barbakan))

It belongs to the oldest (medieval) yet preserved sections of the urban fortifications of Kraków. Located on the north side. This is a late-gothic defensive building. That allowed access to the city from Kleparze and fought also until today preserved Floriánskou gate (the preserve with a stretch of the ramparts and two věžemy), otherwise most of the medieval fortifications (walls, towers and gate) has been preserved only considerably been preserved in fragments, as in 19. century there was as elsewhere to their demolition. To build a occurred in the years 1498-1499 during the reign of king John I. Olbracht, and is of brick construction of brick on a circular ground plan (except for the direction to the gate) with a diameter of 24.4 m, and has 7 turrets. In the time after closing the gates of the city here could save the buyers and the travellers, who didn't arrive in time.

Sources:
https://www.mhk.pl/oddzialy/barbakan
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbakán_(Krakow)
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbakan_w_Krakowie.
Krakov - Plán 1. patra barbakánu
Zdroj:
https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm

Plán 1. patra barbakánu Zdroj: https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm
Příloha je viditelná až po registraci/přihlášení

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519945Version : 0
Floriánská gate (Brama Floriańska/ Brama św. Floriana)

Ufortyfikování Krakow started probably sometime around or after the year 1285, however, it seems that the very Floriánská gate was exposed to in the century 14. (stone part), and in 15. the century was then built part of brick bricks. At the end of the 15. century, was in front of the gate for its better defence built by the west, which had the task to cover the gate and the access to it.

Sources:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floriánská_brána
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519946Version : 0
City fortifications (Starówky) - (Ufortyfikowanie miejske (Starówky))

Should be noted that the oldest, i.e. the medieval fortifications of Krakow, it is necessary to separate from the other boroughs. And that's because they need to Kazimerz, which today is only one part of Krakow, was previously a separate. Indeed, like so many of today's Prague.
Therefore, there will be a speech about the city's fortification, whether defunct or preserved, of the city of Krakow or also "Starówky". It should be noted that even in addition, there were other fortified settlements, to name the Wawel castle, which is directly adjoined to the fortifications of the city.
In general the present day we retain only small sections of the walls, mostly either below ground (above-ground relics are probably rather just reconstruction - the field definition), or in the walls of some houses. The best preserved part is located at barbakan and Floriánské gate, where are maintained also 3 towers - Stolarzy, Cieśli and Pasamoników, furthermore, to a certain extent, preserve the gate Rzeźnicza. But this is only a fraction of the original fortifications. Before the demolition of the city fortifications, in the years 1810-1814, which ordered the emperor Francis I. It was up to 11 gates, or possibly goals (for walking) and 40 towers. Of course in earlier times there was less of it. What towers are concerned, about the care of individual guilds, and according to them they even called. It is currently preserved part of the fortifications accessible as a museum, while pobořené of today are marked in the park, which circles the historic core, and it is based on the original area of the ditch and generally surfaces before the městskýmy hradbamy.

The oldest fortifications of Krakow, before he got city rights, was a wood-loamy, possibly wood-aluminium-stone fortifications, which certainly had more stages (about repair). This was in some way connected with the Wawel castle. However, even after the gift to the city of urban rights (1257), as not immediately to the construction of stone walls, towers and gates. Indeed, the city fortifications is far from a cheap affair.
In 1285, prince Leszek Czarny, has chosen to launch opevňovacích work (though it is possible that in the meantime there were older fortifications, or was built a makeshift). 14. century so we have 17 towers and 7 gates. Already at that time, the fortification consists of two hradbamy. Inside the stony-brick wall reached the height of 7 meters, with a width of 2.5 meters. The tower then reached a height of around 10 meters. Outside the wall, then found the trench and in a remoteness of about 9 yards from the inner fortifications was located outside the fortifications with a height of 2 meters, while this trapping the first brunt of the attack.

Gates:


Gateway Rzeźnicza (Porta Carnificum), 1288
Gateway Boomerang (Porta Castrensis), 1298
Gate, Floriańska (Porta With. Floriani), 1307
Gateway Wiślna (Porta Vistula or Porta Vistulea), 1310
Gateway Sławkowska (Porta Slavkoviensis or Porta Clakoufika), 1311
Gateway Mikołajska (Porta With. Nikolai), 1312 – fill in Rzeźniczą
Gateway Szewska (Porta Sutorum), 1313
Gateway Nowa (Nova Porta)
Gateway Poboczna (Porta Lateranea)
Furta Żydowska, later Furta at st. Anna (Portula Judeorum or Porta Sacararinia)
Furta Biskupia (Porta Episcopi)

Towers:

Preserved:
Tower Pasamoników (Szmuklerzy)
Tower Cieśli (Ciesielska)
Tower Stolarzy (Powroźnicza, Stolarska)
Tower branná Floriańska

Extinct:
Tower branná Grodzka
Tower branná Mikołajska
Tower branná Wiślna
Tower branná Nowa z Wieżą Rzeźniczą
Tower Karczmarzy I ("Kęsza")
Tower Karczmarzy II (Jastrzębia; Strażnica II)
Tower Szewska And (Opustoszała)
Tower Szewska II
Tower Prochowa And
Tower Prochowa II
Tower Rzeźników (Kupiecka, Prochowa III)
Tower Grzebieniarzy
Tower Przekupników (Sadelników even Słoniniarzy)
Tower Barchanników
Tower Czapników
Tower Kurdybaników
Tower Piekarska
Tower Kowali
Tower Siodlarzy
Tower Pierścienników
Tower Bednarzy
Tower Murarzy even Kamieniarzy
Tower Rymarzy
Tower Iglarzy
Tower Solarzy
Tower Cyrulików
Tower Miechowników
Tower Kaletników (Farbiarzy)
Tower Blacharzy
Tower Rusznikarzy
Tower Nożowników
Tower Czerwonych Garbarzy
Tower Garncarzy
Tower Paśników
Tower Introligatorów (Stelmachów)
Tower Łaziebników (Krupników even Śledziarzy)
Tower Ceklarzy
Tower Katowska
Tower Mieczników (Mydlarzy)

Sources:
https://www.wawel.net/wojsko_miasto-mapa-baszt.htm
pl.wikipedia.org
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baszty_Krakowskie
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#519990Version : 0
city Hall of Krakow (Ratusz Kazimierz)

Of privileges (talent urban rights) the king Of Wielkego some přikrakovským settlements (riding) the year 1335, was founded the city bearing his name - Kazimierz. The initial town hall building was wooden and stood next to the slaughterhouse and shit. Up to the year 1414 was započnuto with the construction of the brick buildings of the town hall. In the renaissance style, rebuilt in the years 1528 and after 1557, and then in the years 1619-1620. After the fire of 1623, there have been repairs and přistavění the next floor. When the turn 18. and 19. century loses Kazimierz municipal law, and is subsequently absorbed into the city of Krakow, begins building to decay and even is intended to dismantle the building material. Fortunately, from the year 1829 is used as a school. In the years 1875-76, the building is rebuilt, demolished extension and is complemented by a new wing in the historical renaissance style. Today is the seat of the Ethnographic museum, which is housed here since 1947.


Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520001Version : 0
Theatre Juliusza Slowackiego (Teatr im. Juliusza Slowackiego)

Built in the years 1891-1893 at the zbouraného in 1892 the church of the Holy Ghost. The building is in the style of eclectic with a predominance of neo-baroque. It was the first electrified building in Krakow.

Sources:
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teatry_Krakowa
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520005Version : 0
Monument Grundwaldský (Pomnik Grunwaldzki)

This memorial originated in 1910 as a reminder to the 500. anniversary of the victorious battle under the Grundwaldem. Fundac Ignacego Jana Paderewskiego, drawn up according to the project Antoniego Wiwulskiego and Franciszka Black. From November 1939 to 1940, was systematically destroyed by the Germans, who metal material probably into. After 2. world war I occurred to the plans for the restoration of the monument. Taking his place was given to the few stones, which have been preserved with like a commemorative sign. The year 1976 was based on the photos and preserved a small model, which is located in the museum of the city of Krakow, a monument to znovuvybudován according to the project of Mariana Koniecznego. Before the monument is located the tomb of the unknown soldier.


Sources:
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520008Version : 0
the Church of st. Barbara (Kościół św. Barbara)

A small church of st. Barbara is located next to the church Mariáckého, Mały Rynek 9 at 50°03'40,8"n. 19°56'23,5"v. d.
Issued in the years 1338-1402, probably fulfils the function of the cemetery of the church, indeed, is buried here and the first translator of the Bible into the language of the Polish - Jakub Wujek.

Sources:
https://www.swbarbara.jezuici.pl/
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Barbary-30.html
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520012Version : 0
the Church of st. John the Baptist and st. John the Evangelist (Kościół św. Jana Chrzciciela and św. Jana Ewangelisty)

Located on the street św. Jan 7, at 50°03'47,3"s. w. 19°56'20,2"v. d.
According to the traditional administration based in 12. century Piotr Włastem, however, the first written mention we have through out the year 1308. In 17. century it was fundamentally rebuilt in baroque style.

Sources:
www.prezentki.opoka.net.pl
www.krakow4u.pl
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520013Version : 0
the Church of st. Francis of Assisi (Kościół św. Franciszka from Asyżu)

The church stands on the street Franciszkańskiej 2, at 50°03'33,2"s. w. 19°56'10,0"v. d.
The church belongs to the adjacent convent of the Franciscans. Based prince Boleslavem In. Bashful, who here found his last resting place. The start of construction 1237, the termination probably 1269. Then here was buried the blessed Salomea - by the way, the sister of Boleslaw Shy, but work on the church further kontinuovaly. 15. February 1385 here was baptized the Lithuanian grand duke and future Polish king Vladislav II. Jagello.

Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
cs.wikipedia.org
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520014Version : 0
Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Mary the Virgin (Kościół Niepokalanego Poczęcia Najświętszej Mary the Virgin)

The church is located on the street Rakowicka 18, on 50°04'06,55"s. w. 19°57'08,33"v. d.
The building of the monastery and church was built in two stages and in the years 1907-1910 according to the project Tadeusza Stryjeńskiego and 1929-1932 according to the project Franciszka Mączyńskiego.

Sources:
www.krakow4u.pl
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520015Version : 0
the Church of st Martin (Kościół św. Marcin)

Evangelical church in the street Grodzkiej 58, at 50°03'21,3"n. 19°56'18,5"v. d.
Originally, there stood the romanesque předlokační church from the 12. century on its place was then built in the years 1637-40 early baroque church, according to the project Giovanniego Trevana.


Sources:
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Marcina-25.html
pl.wikipedia.org.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#520016Version : 0
Historical depictions.
Krakov - Vlevo je vyobrazený Kazimierz, vpravo samotný Krakov, v popředí Kleparz a v pozadí hrad Wawel
Zdroj:
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=653741504752008&set=gm.740122306083682&type=1&theater

Vlevo je vyobrazený Kazimierz, vpravo samotný Krakov, v popředí Kleparz a v pozadí hrad Wawel
Zdroj:
www.facebook.com

Krakov - Edigius van der Rye, mědirytina 30.5 x 54.5 cm, Krakov od jihu před rokem 1600, vypublikována v Civitates Orbis Terrarum Brauna a Hogenberga, č. VI, Kolín 1617
Zdroj:
https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm

Edigius van der Rye, mědirytina 30.5 x 54.5 cm, Krakov od jihu před rokem 1600, vypublikována v Civitates Orbis Terrarum Brauna a Hogenberga, č. VI, Kolín 1617 Zdroj: https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm
Příloha je viditelná až po registraci/přihlášení

Krakov - Erik Dahlberg, mědirytina 30 x 56 cm, obléhání Krakova švédy roku 1655, dílo Samuela Puffendorfa De Rebus a Carolo Gustavo Suecie Rege..., Norymberg 1696
Zdroj:
https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm

Erik Dahlberg, mědirytina 30 x 56 cm, obléhání Krakova švédy roku 1655, dílo Samuela Puffendorfa De Rebus a Carolo Gustavo Suecie Rege..., Norymberg 1696 Zdroj: https://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje41/text15p.htm
Příloha je viditelná až po registraci/přihlášení

URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#526301Version : 0
the Church of st. Vincent à Paulo (Kościół św. Wincentego á Paulo)

Built in the ' 70s 19. century according to the plans of Philip Pokutyńskiego.

Source:
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#529885Version : 0
the Church of st. Joseph (Kościół św. Józefa)

The church of st. Joseph was exposed to in the years 1694-1703 for nurses bernardýnky. Earlier here stood the palace of the Tęczyńskich. 1703 church ordained a bishop Kazimierz Łubieński. During the fire of 1850, the church partially burned down, but its interior has remained preserved. This is a baroque, jednonavovou building with kolébkovitým zaklenutím the ceiling. When the north side is a chapel, which leads to the wooden pozdněbarokní portal. Polichromní the decoration of the church dates from the beginning of the 20th. century, is the work of John Bukowskiego. The main altar, the altar side and ambona comes from the end of the 17th. century.

Source:
https://www.krakow4u.pl/kosciol-sw--Jozefa-35.html.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#529888Version : 0
(Kościół Przemienienia Pańskiego)

The church of the Przemienienia Pańskiego, Pijaristů - is pozdněbarokní shrines that had been exposed to in the years 1714-1727 according to the project Kaspra Bażanki. Pijaristé they came up in Krakow in 1654.

Interior impressive decoration takes up two floors, its author is Francis Ekstein. Furthermore, there is the paintings of painters of the 18. century - Szymon Czechowicza and Paul Radwańskiego.

The facade is the work of Franciszka Placidiego and originated in the years 1759-1765, is bezvěžová on three floors. On the stone balustrádě of the facade stands a marble bust of a priest Stanisława Konarskiego, which was both významým reformer of the Polish education and he was also the co-author of the constitution of the 3. may (bust here was placed in 1893). Finally, in the right inner wall located his walled up heart.

Source:
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#529970Version : 0
the Church of st. Thomas the Apostle (Kościół św. Tomasza Apostoła)

The church of st. Thomas the Apostle is a baroque shrine to a mainframe type, with barrel vaults and lunettes. The device comes mainly from the 17th. to 19. century. Formerly stood here the house, with his conversion to christ church began in 1618. Karmelitání because they weren't happy with your current church. The shrine stopped using the year 1787 and was given to the need for nurses "duchačkám", who worked in the hospital of st. Spirit about a hundred meters further. In the 60's. years of the 20th. century was the church and the monastery is under renovation.

Source:
www.krakow4u.pl.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#530049Version : 0
Church of st. Stephen's basilica (Kościół św. Szczepana)

Parafiální the church of st. Stephen was built in the years 1933-1938 in the style of the interwar modernism, according to the project Zdzisława Mączeńskiego. This is a three-nave sanctuary with a dome over the main new, which is on the 8 pillars. On the decoration involved several artists. Stained glass designed Józef Januszewski (absida), John Bukowski and Józef Pankowski (the side of the ship). The main altar is again the project Franciszka Mączyńského. This should be the author of the altar in the right boat. This altar is made in the style of an older časněbarokního the altar Matki Bożej Pocieszenia (about 1629), situated in the left side of the ship. It should also be the author of the statues of the evangelists on the amboně. Polychrome decoration of the walls and ceilings by Franciszek Walczowski. Outside of the above-mentioned altar, was from the middle of a demolition of the church of st. Stephen, who was on the set Szczepańskim transferred mannerist painting Matki Bożej Pocieszenia, which originates probably from the end of the 16. or the beginning of the 17th. century. The author of the image is not known. There was relocated and the gothic baptismal font from the year 1425, it is one of the oldest baptismal fonts in Krakow. In the end it is the reliquary of st. Ursula from 15. the century and st. Stephen's hospital from 16. century.

Source:
www.krakow4u.pl.
Krakov - Foto vlastní

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Krakov - Foto vlastní

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Krakov - Foto vlastní

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#553047Version : 0
a Small square (Maly Rynek).
Krakov - Foto vlastní

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Krakov - Foto vlastní

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#598290Version : 0
the Main square (Rynek Glówny).
Krakov - Foto vlastní

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Krakov - Foto vlastní

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#598291Version : 0
Square Jana Matejki (Plac Jana Matejki).
Krakov - Foto vlastní

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Krakov - Foto vlastní

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#598293Version : 0
Dominican square (Plac Dominikański).
Krakov - Foto vlastní

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Krakov-t83311#598294Version : 0