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Pařížské dělo

Paris Gun

21-cm Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz / Paris-Geschütz

     
Title:
Name:
21cm long-range cannon of the Parisian woman
Original title:
Original Name:
21-cm Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz
Category:
Category:
long-range cannon
Manufacturer:
Producer:
Friedrich Krupp AG, Essen /
Period of production:
Production Period:
DD.MM.1917-DD.MM.1918
Constructed pieces:3
Number of Produced:
3
a Prototype made:
Prototype Built:
DD.MM.1917
Operation:
Crew:
80
Technical data:
Technical Data:
 
Fighting weight:
Combat Weight:
~256000 kg
Shipping weight:
Manoeuvre Weight:
... kg
Caliber:
Calibre:
211 up to 238 mm
barrel Length:
Barrel Length:
37140 mm (d/176)
Overall length:
Overall Length:
... mm
Total width:
Overall Width:
... mm
Overall height:
Overall Height:
... mm
Elevation:
Elevation:
-0 / +55 °
Reading:
Traverse:
123° or (or) 360°
Shipping speed :
Manoeuvre Speed:
... km/h
Used ammunition:
Ammo Used:
104 to 106 kg
Feats:
Performance:
 
Maximum range:
Maximum Range: (m/mi)
120 to 130
Rate of fire:
Rate of Fire: (rounds/min/rpm)
~20 rounds/day 0
Muzzle velocity:
Muzzle Velocity: (m/s/ft/s)
1645
User states:
User States:
Note:
Note:
the Weapon was also known as Paris-Geschütz.
During the shooting occurs postunému enlarging the caliber, it is consistent with the gradual zooming-caliber ammunition. Chief designer professor Fritz Rausenberger
Source:
Sources:
Henry Watts. Miller: The Paris Gun - The wait wait wait wait wait of Paris by the German Long Range Guns and the Great German Offensive of 1918, Jonathan Cape, Harrison Smith, New York 1930, ISBN no,
Major J. Maitland-Addison: The Long Range Guns, in The Field Artillery Journal, Vol. VIII., Well.3, July-September 1918, page 321-341, ISSN no,
Colonel Henry W. Miller: Secrets of the Mystery Gun that Shelled Paris, in Modern Mechanics and Inventions, September 1930, page 44-50, 180, 182, ISSN no.



Brief history
Design office Krupp munitions works led by Ing. Dr. Fritz Rausenbergerem in 1916 proposed a long-range cannon capable of firing at a distance of over a hundred kilometers. To the construction of the weapons available were used parts of already built weapons. On the bottom lafetu železníčního guns 38-cm-SK L/45 (Max, nicknamed Langer Max) the top lafetu equipped with a 28 m-long rifled barrel, which was extended about 6 m nedrážkovaný attachment. Some sources indicate that there were three lengths of extensions and serve to influence the range. To prevent the provisu mainly, it was used a special suspension support. Yet after a shot causing the vibration of the barrel, which lasted several minutes. Life mainly was 60 to 65 shots and then followed retubace and enlargement of the caliber of 211 mm, 224 mm and then to 238 mm. To shooting used projectiles were předdrážkované, so that they fit into the grooves of the barrel, and their caliber always match the gapping loopholes in the bore of the barrel. During the shot under the charcoal 55° projectile has soared into the stratosphere, konkretně to 40 up to 42,3 km and then the arc after about 3 minutes of flight, landed on target 120 to 130 km. In the preparation of the shooting took počtáři into account all the surrounding influences, including the rotation of the globe. To test gunshot occurred 20.11.1917 in Altenwalde-Cuxhavenu (53°48'00.00"N 08°39'00.00"E) in the North sea and there was a shooting along the Východofríských islands.


In Paris was the first recorded impact of the shot 21.03.2018 at 07:18 pm. The shooting continued until 08.08.1918, when the guns were disassembled and taken away to Germany.


Note
Though this weapon is included between the railway artillery, the railroad served only to transport the pre-built firing position. Documented is the use of two guns and a third weapon with claims that it was destroyed by the blast 25.03.1918 which killed 17 people. Shooting in Paris was conducted from a pre-prepared firing position. At least three position has been built up with a circular firing range and the remaining two (three ?) had fire slice of 123°.


The germans during the retreat they took the cannon into the realm and by a sort of allied commission of inquiry it was crushed and also destroyed the manufacturing documentation. Thanks to the found journals of professor Fritz Rausenbergera, some researchers now argue that in the interwar period Kruppovi the staff hid at least one auxiliary barrel, which disguised as a chimney. In the thirties this barrel was allegedly used in the manufacture of dalekonosného guns 21cm To.12(E).


Resources
cuxpedia.de
https://html2.free.fr/canons/canparis.htm
lvisingr.czweb.org
https://warspot.ru/634-parizhskaya-pushka-chast-i
https://warspot.ru/686-parizhskaya-pushka-chast-ii
https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Paris_Gun
https://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/parisgun.htm
https://www.fl18.de/forum/thread/3603/
www.landships.info
www.landships.info
www.militaryfactory.com
cs.wikipedia.org
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris-Gesch%C3%BCtz
web.archive.org.
Pařížské dělo - Bokorys Pařížanky převzat ze serveru Aerei Militari Forum.

Bokorys Pařížanky převzat ze serveru Aerei Militari Forum.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Parizske-delo-t8513#578733Version : 0
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Note
Links to resources are listed above or in the accompanying text..
Pařížské dělo - Oproti jiným zdrojům, jsou uvedené rozměry odlišné. Vyobrazení převzato z knihy: Paris Kanonen - The Paris Guns ..., ISBN 9783813203042

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Pařížské dělo - Nákres znázorňující přechod mezi úseky drážkované a hladké hlavně, ISBN 9783813203042

Nákres znázorňující přechod mezi úseky drážkované a hladké hlavně, ISBN 9783813203042
Pařížské dělo - Nákres přechodu ... ISBN 9783813203042

Nákres přechodu ... ISBN 9783813203042
Pařížské dělo - Nákres střel převzatý z časopisu Modern Mechanics and Inventions, July 1930, strana 48.

Nákres střel převzatý z časopisu Modern Mechanics and Inventions, July 1930, strana 48.
Pařížské dělo - Rozměry střeliva. Vyobrazení převzato z Super Guns – Most formidable guns the modern world has seen, RDECOM 2014, ISBN neuvedeno, strana 21.

Rozměry střeliva. Vyobrazení převzato z Super Guns – Most formidable guns the modern world has seen, RDECOM 2014, ISBN neuvedeno, strana 21.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Parizske-delo-t8513#578808Version : 0
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This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

tady je taková malá fotka toho drobečka.
Pařížské dělo -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/Parizske-delo-t8513#34449Version : 0

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

.
Pařížské dělo - Pařížské dělo, pravděpodobně rok 1917, střelnice Altenwalde, Dolní Sasko

Pařížské dělo, pravděpodobně rok 1917, střelnice Altenwalde, Dolní Sasko
Pařížské dělo - Montáž Pařížského děla, přibližně 1918

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URL : https://www.valka.cz/Parizske-delo-t8513#681700Version : 0
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