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Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr.

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Zumwalt
Jméno:
Given Name:
Elmo Russell Jr.
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Elmo Russell Jr. Zumwalt
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
admirál
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
- Doktor práv, Villanova universita
- Doktor humanitních věd, Mezinárodní univerzita Spojených států
- Doktor veřejných služeb, Centrální Michiganská univerzita
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
žádný
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
29.11.1920 San Francisco
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
02.01.2000 Durham
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
XX.07.1965-XX.07.1966 velitel 7.flotily křižníků a torpédoborců USA
30.09.1968-15.05.1970 velitel námořnictva USA ve Vietnamu, námořní poradní skupina, Vietnam
01.07.1970-29.06.1974 Velitel Námořních operací
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:
Zdroje:
Sources:
Wikipedie "Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr." - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elmo_R._Zumwalt,_Jr.
Naval History and Heritage "Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr., USN" - https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-1.htm
Naval History and Heritage "Admiral Elmo R. ("Bud") Zumwalt, Jr., USN (1920-2000)" - www.history.navy.mil
In Honor of Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. - https://www.ussbrewton.com/zumwalt2.htm
Elmo R. Zumwalt 3d, 42, Is Dead; Father Ordered Agent Orange Use, Associated Press (August 14, 1988) - query.nytimes.com
His Medals Questioned, Top Admiral Kills Himself - New York Times. - query.nytimes.com
Jeremy Michael Boorda, Admiral, United States Navy - https://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/borda.htm
www.armada.mil.co
www.quirinale.it
James G. Zumwalt - https://www.jgzumwalt.com/index.php/tradition/144
Fotografii pořídil v srpnu 1970 PHC W. Mason, oficiální fotograf US vojenského námořnictva a je z kolekce Naval History and Heritage Command / Portrait photograph taken in August 1970 by PHC W. Mason, Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.
ATM číslo 10/2009, str.48-53, článek Ivana Zajaca: Zatoulané dítě admirála Zumwalta
URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Zumwalt-Elmo-Russell-Jr-t87577#324832Verze : 1
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Zumwalt-Elmo-Russell-Jr-t87577#324832Version : 0
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Zumwalt
Jméno:
Given Name:
Elmo Russell Jr.
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Elmo Russell Jr. Zumwalt
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
DD.08.1945-08.12.1945 Velitel lodi : Ataka

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Čestné legie 3. třída
Order of Legion of Honour 3rd Class
Ordre de la Légion d'Honneur Commandeur
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Oranžsko - nassavský - velkoůstojník
Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer
Orde van Oranje-Nassau - Grootofficier
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Královský řád Jiřího I. velkokříž (1. třída)
Royal Order of George I. Grandcross (1st Class)
Βασιλικόν Τάγμα Γεωργίου Α'
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Leopolda 3. třída
Order of Leopold 3rd Class
Ordre de Leopold Commandeur
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za zásluhy o Italskou republiku - Rytíř velkokříže
Order of Merit for Italian Republic - Knight Grand Cross
Ordine al merito della Repubblica italiana - Cavaliere di Gran Croce
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za námořní zásluhy - velkokříž
Order of Naval Merit - Grandcross
Ordem do Merito Naval
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád jižního kříže - velkokříž
Order of the Southern Cross - Grandcross
Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Záslužný řád Spolkové republiky Německo - rytíř komandér
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany - Knight Commander
Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland - Großoffizier
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Chuong My - 1. třída
Chuong My Medal - 1st Class
Chương Mỹ Bội Tinh Việt Nam
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Kříž Za statečnost republiky Vietnam - s palmovou ratolestí
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross - with Palm
Anh-Dung Boi-Tinh
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile Za kampaň repuliky Vietnam
Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
Chiến Dịch Bội Tinh
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Národní řád Vietnamu - komandér
National Order of Vietnam - Commander
Bảo quốc Huan chương
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Námořní řád za výnikající službu - I. třídy
Navy Distinguished Service Order 1st Class
Hai Huan chương
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád meče - komander velokříze
Commander Grand Cross of the Order of Sword
Svärdsorden Kommendör med stora korset
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád května - velkokříž
Order of May - Grand Cross
Gran Cruz del Orden de Mayo
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za námořní zásluhy - 1. třída
Order of Naval Merit - 1st Class
Orden al Mérito Naval
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Sv. Olafa velkokříž (1. třída)
Order of St. Olaf Grandcross (1st Class)
Sanct Olavs Orden
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu v Korejské válce
Korean War Service Medal
6.25사변종군기장
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Prezidentská citace Korejské republiky
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
대한민국 대통령 부대 표창; 大韓民國大統領 部隊表彰;
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za vojenské zásluhy - 3. třída, Chungmu
Order of Military Merit - 3rd Class Chungmu
충무무공훈장 / 忠武武功勳章
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Za zásluhy o národní bezpečnost - 1. třída Tong-il
Order of National Security Merit - 1st Calss Tong-il Medal
통일장
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za osvobození Filipin
Philippine Liberation Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Filipínská prezidentská citace
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda Jalasena - 1. třída
Jalasena Star - 1st Class
Bintang Jalasena
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za námořní zásluhy - velkokříž
Order of Naval Merit - Grandcross
Orden del Mérito Naval
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za námořní zásluhy admirála Padilla - velkokříž
Order of Naval Merit Admiral Padilla - Grandcross
Orden del Mérito Naval "Almirante Padilla"
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za zásluhy Duarteho, Sáncheza a Mella - velkokříž se stříbrnou hvězdou
Order of Merit of Duarte, Sánchez and Mella - Grandcross with Silver Star
Orden al Mérito de Duarte, Sánchez y Mella
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád za zásluhy - velkokříž
Order of Merit - Grand Cross
Gran Cruz del Orden del Mérito
-

OSN / UNO DD.MM.RRRR

Korejská medaile OSN
United Nations Service Medal for Korea
United Nations Service Medal for Korea (UNKM)
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Záslužná legie důstojník (3.třída)
Legion of Merit Officer (3rd Class)
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Pochvalná medaile námořnictva a námořní pěchoty
Navy & Marine Corps Commendation Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Námořní medaile za vynikající službu
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile vítězství (2. světová válka)
World War II Victory Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu ve Vietnamu
Vietnam Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Bronzová hvězda
Bronze Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za americké tažení
American Campaign Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za asijsko pacifické tažení
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu v národní bezpečnosti
National Defense Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu v Koreji
Korean Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Navy Unit Commendation
Navy Unit Commendation
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu v Číně
China Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Námořní medaile za okupační službu
Navy Occupation Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Medaile za službu v amerických obranných silách
American Defense Service Medal
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Velkostuha řádu Vycházejícího slunce
1st Class, Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
勲一等旭日大綬章 / くんいっとう きょくじつだいじゅしょう
-

MM.DD.RRRR

Prezidentská medaile svobody
Presidential Medal of Freedom
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
Wikipedie "Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr." - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elmo_R._Zumwalt,_Jr.
Naval History and Heritage "Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr., USN" - https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-1.htm
Naval History and Heritage "Admiral Elmo R. ("Bud") Zumwalt, Jr., USN (1920-2000)" - www.history.navy.mil
In Honor of Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. - https://www.ussbrewton.com/zumwalt2.htm
Elmo R. Zumwalt 3d, 42, Is Dead; Father Ordered Agent Orange Use, Associated Press (August 14, 1988) - query.nytimes.com
His Medals Questioned, Top Admiral Kills Himself - New York Times. - query.nytimes.com
Jeremy Michael Boorda, Admiral, United States Navy - https://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/borda.htm
www.armada.mil.co
www.quirinale.it
James G. Zumwalt - https://www.jgzumwalt.com/index.php/tradition/144
Fotografii pořídil v srpnu 1970 PHC W. Mason, oficiální fotograf US vojenského námořnictva a je z kolekce Naval History and Heritage Command / Portrait photograph taken in August 1970 by PHC W. Mason, Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.
ATM číslo 10/2009, str.48-53, článek Ivana Zajaca: Zatoulané dítě admirála Zumwalta
URL CZ: https://www.valka.cz/Zumwalt-Elmo-Russell-Jr-t87577#653385Verze : 0
URL EN: https://www.armedconflicts.com/Zumwalt-Elmo-Russell-Jr-t87577#653385Version : 0
MOD

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr., Admiral - Biography




Introduction



Admiral Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr. (* November 29, 1920/+ January 2, 2000) was an officer in the United States Navy.

As the nineteenth, he was appointed to the position [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/64953/] Commander of Naval Operations[/URL], which is the highest commander in the US Navy, and was the youngest officer in this capacity throughout the existence of the US Navy.

When he was in this position, he played a very important role in US military naval history, especially during the Vietnam War.

He was a war veteran who was honored many times and had a major impact on changing attitudes towards ordinary sailors. He sought to improve the lives of soldiers and also worked to address relationship issues related to racial and gender issues.

After leaving the US Army after 32 years of naval career, he unsuccessfully ran for the US Senate.



Part 1: Time of youth, time of education



Zumwalt was born in San Francisco, California. His parents, father Elmo Russell Zumwalt and mother Francis Zumwalt M.D., were village doctors. Francis was the daughter of a couple of French-speaking Canadian doctors from a small town in the state of Vermont. She was orphaned at an early age, her parents died during a smallpox epidemic. She was adopted by a family that moved to Los Angeles, where she then grew up. Adoptive parents supported her intention to follow in the footsteps of their deceased parents and also become a doctor.

In his youth, Zumwalt was an Eagle Scout (similar to our Scout) and received the Eagle Scouts of Merit from the American Scout Organization. He then graduated from Tulare Union High School in Tulare, California, where he was selected to give a final farewell speech.

He also graduated from Rutherford Preparatory School in Long Beach, California.

& gt; & gt; & gt; Eagle Scout & lt; & lt; & lt; en.wikipedia.org


Part 2: The Road to the Navy



Originally, Elmo Russell had Zumwald Jr. intention to become a doctor, as were his parents. Despite this intention, he was admitted in 1939 to the United States Naval Academy (USNA) in Annapolis, Maryland.

As a naval cadet of the academy, he became president of the Trident Society, vice president of the Quarterback Society and twice won the "June Weekly Public Rhetoric" competition (1940 - 1941). Zumwalt took part in live debates with colleagues and was the company commander (1941) and the regiment commander (captain of the 3rd degree).

He graduated with honors and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant on June 19, 1942. He also received an Honorable Mention from the Texas Technical University.



Part 3: II. world war



Zumwalt became a member of the destroyer crew [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/20451/] USS Phelps (DD-360)[/URL]. In August 1943, the USS Phelps was transferred to the Pacific Training Command.

In January 1944, Zumwalt was transferred to a destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/65700/] USS Robinson (DD-562)[/URL] . During his service on this ship, Zumwalt was awarded the [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/175429/] Bronze Star with the emblem of bravery[/URL] for "... heroic analytical work in the combat information center ... "in the fight with Japanese battleships October 25, 1944 in [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/newdesign/v900/clanek_12932.html] Battle of the Gulf of Leyte[/URL]. Among other things, the reasoning literally wrote: "During the torpedo attack on enemy battleships, Lieutenant Zumwalt provided the information necessary for a successful attack ...".

After the end of his participation in II. World War II In August 1945, Zumwalt continued to serve in the US Navy.

After the cessation of military operations in August 1945, he commanded (as an excellent officer of the crew of the USS Robinson) the Japanese river gunboat [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/87624/] HIMJS "Ataka"[/URL] with a displacement of 1,133 t, which was until 1933 in the formation of the 3rd US Fleet. It was the first time Zumwalt had been given command. During the operation of this ship, which ended on December 8, 1945, the Americans captured the ship Ataka, disarmed the Japanese crew and participated in the restoration of order. The ship was moving along the Wangpoo River towards Shanghai. There is also Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. he met his future wife Mouza Coutelais-du-Roche, whose father was a Frenchman and a Russian mother (it is possible that Zumwald was subconsciously drawn in the French direction in connection with his own parents, who were French-speaking Canadians). In Shanghai, the two young people were married and returned to the United States as married.



Part 4: Command functions



Another ship he served on was a destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/32677/] USS Soufley (DD-465)[/URL][/b:aaaaaa ], in March 1946 he was transferred to the destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/65878/] USS Zellars (DD-777)[/URL] as a senior officer and navigator.

In January 1948, he was sent to the reserve officer training corps at the University of North Carolina at Chappel Hill, where he served until June 1950.

In the same month he was appointed commander of the escort destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/66318/] USS Tills (DE-748)[/URL] which had backup status. This destroyer was built at the Charleston shipyards and was put into service on November 21, 1950.

Zumvalt commanded the USS Tills (DE-748) until March 1951, when he was transferred to the battleship [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/21899/] USS Wisconsin (BB- 64)[/URL] as a navigator.

"For merits in the service as a navigator on the USS Wisconsin during combat operations against enemy North Korea and the Chinese Communist Forces on the Korean battlefield from November 23, 1951 to March 30, 1952 ..." the commander of the 7th Fleet gave a commendation letter with a ribbon and combat " IN". The commendation also states: "His navigational ability and tireless diligence in ensuring the safe navigation of the ship allowed the commanding officer to pay more attention to planning and operational firing. Adverse conditions and lack of visibility. He made a significant contribution to the planning of combat operations (...) and directed the voyage of Wisconsin in the closest possible vicinity of the shore in positions that ensured the maximum effect of its own fire ... "

He left the USS Wisconsin in June 1952 and enrolled at the Naval War Academy in Newport, Rhode Island.

He completed a one-year study in June 1953 and immediately reported to the Main Section of the Coastal and Naval Base, Office of Naval Human Resources, US Navy, Washington. He was also a recruiting officer and an officer in the medical care program for elderly officers and non-commissioned officers. He completed this work in July 1955.

After finishing work in the Office of Naval Personnel in July 1955, he took command of the destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/87598/] USS Arnold J. Isbell (DD-869)[/URL], with which he participated in actions in two deployments of the 7th US Fleet. In this capacity he was awarded a letter of commendation by the commander of the cruisers and destroyers of the US Pacific Fleet for the victory of his ship in the competition for the best ship and for the prizes it received - combat performance, technical maintenance, artillery, submarine combat and operability.

In July 1957, he returned to the Office of Naval Personnel, where he continued to perform military service.

In December 1957 he was transferred to the office of Assistant Secretary for the Navy (personnel and reserve forces), and served as Special Assistant for Naval Personnel until November 1958, then as Special Assistant and Naval Adjutant until August 1959.

In December 1959, Elmo Russell took over Zumwalt Jr. command of the first American missile frigate [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/77500/] USS Dewey (DLG-14)[/URL], built at Bath Iron Works Shipyards, Maine. This ship was put into service on December 7, 1959 and Zumwalt commanded it until June 1961.

During his command, the ship won a prize in the competition for the best ship in technical maintenance, supplies and armaments and was second in combat efficiency.

In June 1961, Zumwalt was transferred to Washington to study at the National War Academy. He studied here for one year between 1961-1962.

After graduating in June 1962, he was assigned to the office of Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs in Washington, D.C., where he first served as officer in charge of France, Spain and Portugal and then as director of arms control and contingency planning for Cuba.

From December 1963 to July 21, 1965, he was executive assistant and senior aide to Paul H. Nitz, secretary of the Navy.

He was awarded the Meritorious Legion for the excellent performance of duties in the offices of the Ministry of Defense and the Secretary for the Navy.



Part 5: Fleet 7, Maritime Analysis and Vietnam



Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. he was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral on July 1, 1965, and at the same time as his award for his work in the US Navy, he was assigned to command the 7th Fleet of Cruisers and Destroyers.

"For exceptionally meritorious work ..." in this position he was awarded the Golden Star for the second [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/175432/] Meritorious Legion[/URL].

In August 1966 he was appointed Director of the Naval Operations Systems Analytical Group in Washington and "... for his extraordinary work ... as Director of the Systems Analysis Department of the Office of the Commander of the Naval Operations for August 1966 to August 1968. naval analysis was awarded the [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/175432/] Medal of Merit[/URL] In the attached commendation letter, the award was justified as follows:
" Rear Admiral Zumwalt of the Naval Operations Command in charge of the Systems Analysis Division quickly developed the department into a highly efficient and responsive organization. Under his command, the department contributed to creating a better understanding of requirements, problems and solutions within the Navy. in important areas where they have had a strong influence on the development of combat capabilities of current and future US naval forces, demonstrating exceptional foresight, integrity, tact, and diplomacy as a personal agent of the Naval Operations Commander not only in the National Defense Department but also in congressional documents Among the most important analyzes completed under his direct control were the activities of the naval escort fleet in the fight against submarines, as well as analyzes of tactical aviation activities, ground-to-ground missiles and the "War at Sea" study. under reorganized by Rear Admiral Zumwald's leadership. The methodologies he established clearly and precisely defined the scope, objectives, manner, and conduct of the completed studies that led to the improvement of the U.S. Navy.[/I:aaaaaa] "

In September 1968, he took over as commander of the US Naval Forces in Vietnam and became head of a group of US military advisers and aides in Vietnam.

October 1, 1968 was Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. promoted to the rank of Vice Admiral.

In this rank he became a naval military adviser to the general [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/87723/] Creighton Williams Abrams Jr.[/URL], commander of all US military forces in Vietnam in 1968 - 1972 (from 1972 to 1974 he was Chief of Staff of the US Army. He always proudly reported to General Creight Abrams and said about to him that he was the most caring officer of all he had ever known.

In Vietnam, the Zumwalt did not command bundles of "deep-sea" ships (such as the 7th Fleet), but a fleet of speedboats patrolling the shores, patrolling the bays and rivers of Vietnam.

Among the commanders of speedboats were, among others, his son Elmo Russek Zumwalt III. and future Senator John Forbes Kerry.

Zumwalt always had the protection of the people under his command in the first place from Viet Cong forces. Members of the Viet Cong hid in the Vietnamese jungles and set various traps for the Americans and the soldiers of the South Vietnamese army.

Defoliants are used to destroy the leaves of vegetation in the jungle (and not only in the jungle, simply defoliation in general), under the cover of which the members of the Viet Cong, was developed in the USA at that time and a completely new chemical called "[ URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL] ".

At that time, no one, not even Vice Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr., had any idea what side effects this chemical had on the human body. Dow Chemical Company, Monsanto Company and Valero Energy Corporation (Diamond Shamrock), which produced the chemical, have done their best to convince users and make sure that their product is completely safe for the people who handle it.

Vice Admiral Zumwalt wanted to use "[URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL]" to protect his son and, of course, all other American soldiers from "... clear and real threat ... "in the form of the Viet Cong and therefore issued an order to use it. However, he inadvertently exposed everyone to another no less serious danger, both in the form of cancer for those who came into personal contact with this substance, and in the form of degenerative defects in their offspring. Unfortunately, only the future has shown that "[URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL]" is a highly carcinogenic substance that is negative for genetics. However, at a time when these negative effects were unknown, Zumwalt decided quickly, unequivocally, and to the best of his knowledge and belief, to protect his people.

Elmo Russell Zumwalt III died as a result of "[URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL]". in 1988 at the age of 42 and his son (Vice Admiral's grandson) was born with birth defects.

Elmo Russell Zumwalt III. in 1968 he said: "[also:aaaaaa] I am a lawyer and I do not know if I have reason to judge that he is" [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL] "According to the latest scientific research, it is the cause of all my health problems - problems with the nervous system and skin cancer. But I am convinced of that.[/I:aaaaaa]"

The US Navy was commanded in Vietnam by Vice Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. until 15 May 1970.



Part 6: Naval Operations Commander



President of the USA [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/15042/] Richard M. Nixon[/URL] On April 14, 1970, he nominated Vice Admiral Zumwalt as a candidate for the post of [URL = https: // www. valka.cz/topic/view/64953/]Velitel Navitime Operations[/URL]. For this reason, on May 15, 1970, he was removed from the post of commander of the US Naval Forces in Vietnam. On this occasion, he was awarded the second Gold Star for the [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/175432/] Medal of Merit[/URL] for his excellent work in this position.

July 1, 1970 took office [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/64953/] Commander of Naval Operations[/URL] and on the same day was i promoted to the rank of [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/41002/] Admiral[/URL]. Immediately after taking office, as its first decision of a fundamental nature, a set of measures to combat discrimination on racial and sexual grounds. These measures were consistently applied in all components of the US Navy and were known as "Z-grams" among sailors. The measures also included orders to wear a beard, long hair and shaved head. The installation of beer dispensers was allowed in the barracks.
Not all of Zumwalt's orders and measures were positively received by the older sailors.In particular, measures against discrimination against women and people of color were fundamentally rejected by those who benefited from it until the arrival of Zumwald.

Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt launched a plan called "High-Low" (= High-Low), which consisted in the purchase and use of a large number of military ships from II. World War II, both in the construction of cheap ships. Using the "High-Low" plan, which was implemented despite the resistance of the Admiral [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/36552/] Hyman G. Rickover[/URL] and other high-ranking officers, Zumwalt managed to strike a balance between buying very expensive nuclear-powered ships and cheap ships for naval patrols, which were needed in large quantities. As the future "father of the US nuclear fleet," Rickover preferred to buy several large ships over the purchase of ordinary ships.

During Zumvalt's command of the Naval Operations, four new classes of ships were introduced into the Navy's arsenal, three of which fully reflected the "High-Low" plan:
- missile fast attack patrol boat class [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/41533/] Pegasus[/URL] - it was planned to produce more than 100 ships of this class, but only six were produced.
- missile reconnaissance frigate class [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/54554/] Oliver Hazzard Perry[/URL] - except the USA, they were produced in Australia (as Adelaide class), Spain (as Santa class Maria) and in Taiwan (as Cheng Kung Avenue). It was the most popular class of ships since the II. World War II to introduce into the arsenal of Arleigh Burk class destroyers.
- class destroyer [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/77806/] Arleigh Burke[/URL].
- SCS (Sea Control Ship) - this project was suspended after the departure of Elmo R. Zumwald in 1974 and has not yet been completed. Spain took over some elements and ideas and designed its light aircraft carrier "Príncipe de Asturias".

From the position [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/64953/] The Commander of Naval Operations[/URL] was released on June 29, 1974, ended his active service on July 1, 1974 and left for reserve.



Part 7: In civilian life



In 1976, Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. ran as a Democratic candidate for the state of Virginia to the US Senate. He failed in this area and was therefore not elected.

In his life, Zumwalt once again had contact with the Naval Operations Command, albeit indirectly and very sadly.

On May 16, 1996, Admiral [URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/87749/] Jeremy M. Boord[/URL] committed suicide (shot himself) at the time due to the controversy of Colonel David. Hackworth, published in News Week, whether he rightly uses the combat "V" for service in Vietnam for his Navy Commendation Medal and Navy Achievement Medal.

Retired Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. , as his then superior in Vietnam, publicly stated unequivocally that Boorda has the full right to use combat "V" for his service in Vietnam. Unfortunately, this statement of Zumwald did not reach Boord in time, he could not withstand the psychological onslaught and pulled the trigger ...


Part 8: Family



At his old age, but practically from the end of active service in 1974, Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. settled in Arlington, Virginia.

He and his wife Mouza Coutelais du Roche (born in Harbin, Manchuria, now the People's Republic of China, father was French, mother of Russia) had four children together, two sons and two daughters.

The first son was named Elmo Russell Zumwalt III. and died in 1988 at the age of 42 of cancer when he came into contact with a defoliant during his service in Vietnam "[URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL]" .
The second son is named James Gregory Zumwalt.
The daughters are named Ann F. Zumwalt-Coppola and Mouza C. Zumwalt-Weathers.

In the early 1980s, at the time of the eldest son's serious illness, Elmo Russell Zumwalt lobbied very intensively in the US Congress to establish a National Bone Marrow Donor Registry to help people in need of bone marrow and whose families did not have a suitable donor.

At the same time, the seriously ill son Elmo Russell Zumwalt III.he did not need a foreign donor because he could easily get a bone marrow transplant from his own sister. However, many other seriously ill people, like him, did not have the opportunity to get bone marrow from relatives, so his father wanted to help these people with the Register of Bone Marrow Donors and give them a chance if not for a complete cure, then at least to prolong life.

Indeed, his immense efforts in this area eventually led to the establishment of the "National Bone Marrow Donor Program" (NMDP) in June 1986. Reserve Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. he then became the first chairman of the board of directors of this program.

Zumwalt said he suspected the cause of his son's cancer in "[URL = https: //www.valka.cz/topic/view/16273/] Agent orange[/URL]". He also mentioned that his grandson Russell suffered from a congenital physical defect also due to this chemical.

Despite these negative facts, which were immediately noted by his closest, he said that he did not regret in the slightest the issuance of the order to use the "Orange agent", because he believes that although some people became seriously ill and died because of the substance, the number of people saved by destroying the enemy's camouflage is far higher.

In 1988, the son of Elmo Russell Zumwalt III died at the "Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center" in Seattle. The illness was simply stronger and he could not overcome it, and it was a great loss for his father. Before his death, he said that he did not feel angry with his father or blame him. After undergoing many treatments in several hospitals, he went to the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, where he had a bone marrow transplant donated by his sister Mouza.



Part 9: Last goodbye



Admiral Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. took place on January 2, 2000 at the "Duke University Medical Center" in Durham, North Carolina.

The cause of his death was "mesothelioma", a relatively rare type of lung cancer caused by asbestos, which was commonly used on ships as thermal insulation on ships while Zumwalt was serving them.

In addition to the aforementioned wife Mouza and three living children James Gregory, Ann and Mouza, he had 6 grandchildren.



Appendix A: Books



Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. participated in the writing of two books.

He wrote the first book himself and was called "On Watch: A Memmoir". Published by Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co. in New York in 1976. In this book, Zumwalt recalls his career with the US Navy and devotes much space to his realized "High-Low" plan.

A total of three people worked on the second book, "My Father, My Son": Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr., his son Elmo Russell Zumwalt III. and writer John Pekkanen. The book was published by Macmilan in New York in 1986. Here, most of the space is devoted to the son's struggle with an insidious disease - cancer.

In 1988, according to the book "My Father, My son", a television film of the same name was made, in which the role of father was played by the actor Karl Malden and the role of son Keith Carradine. This film son of Elmo Russell Zumwalt III. unfortunately, he did not see it, because he died before its introduction.
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Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr., admirál - Přehledy


     
Studium:
Study:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Rok / YearŠkola, univerzita
1939Střední škola Valedictorian of Tulare, Tulare, Kalifornie
1939Rutherfordova přípravná škola, Long Beach, Kalifornie
1942U.S. Námořní akademie, Annapolis, Maryland
1953Námořní válečná univerzita, Newport, Rhode Island
1962Národní válečná univerzita, Washington, D.C.



     
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.Životní milníky
1Eagle Scout.
2Velel na prvním raketovém torpédoborci USA USS Dewey (DLG-14).
3Byl vyhodnocen jako nejlepší důstojník posádky a za odměnu byl pověřen velením na japoské říční dělové lodi HIMJS "Ataka", zajaté v ústí řeky Jang-ce na sklonku II.světové války.
4Ve 44 letech se stal nejmladším kontradmirálem v dějinách Vojenského námořnictva USA.
5 Ve 49 letech se stal nejmladším čtyřhvězdičkovým admirálem v historii Vojenského námořnictva USA a současně i nejmladším Velitel Námořních operací.



     
Hodnostní postup:
Rank progress:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Datum / DateVojenská hodnost
07.01.1939-19.06.1942praporčík
19.06.1942-01.05.1943podporučík
01.05.1943-01.07.1944poručík
01.07.1944-01.04.1950nadporučík
01.04.1950-01.02.1955korvetní kapitán
01.02.1955-01.07.1961fregatní kapitán
01.07.1961-01.07.1965námořní kapitán
01.07.1965-01.10.1968kontradmirál
01.10.1968-01.07.1970viceadmirál
01.07.1970-01.07.1974admirál



     
Služební postup:
Appoinments progress:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Datum / DateFunkce
XX.06.1942-XX.08.1943USS Phelps (DD-360)
XX.01.1944-XX.10.1945USS Robinson (DD-562)
08.12.1945-XX.03.1946USS Soufley (DD-465)
XX.03.1946-XX.01.1948USS Zellars (DD-777)
XX.01.1948-XX.06.1950NROTC Unit, Universita Severní Karolíny v Chapel Hill, NC (asistent profesora pro námořní vědu)
XX.06.1950-XX.03.1951USS Tills (DE-748) (velící důstojník)
XX.03.1951-XX.06.1952USS Wisconsin (BB-64) (navigátor)
XX.06.1952-XX.06.1953Námořní válečná univezita, Newport, RI (student)
XX.06.1953-XX.07.1955Kancelář pro námořní personál, Washington
XX.07.1955-XX.07.1957USS Arnold J. Isbell (DD-869) (velící důstojník)
XX.07.1957-XX.12.1957 Kancelář pro námořní personál, Washington
XX.12.1957-XX.11.1958Kancelář asistenta tajemníka pro námořnictvo pro kádrové i záložní síly (zvláštní asistant pro námořní personál)
XX.11.1958-XX.08.1959Kancelář asistenta tajemníka pro námořnictvo pro kádrové i záložní síly (asistent pro zvláštní zvláštní úloly a námořní pobočník)
XX.12.1959-XX.06.1961USS Dewey (DLG-14) (velící důstojník)
XX.08.1961-XX.01.1962Národní válečná univerzita, Washington (student)
XX.06.1962-XX.12.1963Kancelář tajemníka ministra obrany pro ISA (důstojník přijímací kanceláře)
XX.12.1963-21.07.1965 Kancelář sekretáře pro Vojenské námořnictvo (výkonný asistent a starší pobočník)
21.07.1965-XX.07.1966Velitel 7.flotily USA
XX.08.1966-XX.08.1968Kancelář Velení Námořních operací (ředitel oddělení systémové analýzy)
30.09.1968-15.05.1970Velitel námořnictva USA ve Vietnamu, námořní poradní skupina, Vietnam
01.07.1970-29.06.1974Velitel Námořních operací
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Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr., admirál - Vyznamenání


     
Civilní vyznamenání USA:
US civil decorations:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Stužka / RibbonNázev
Medaile Svobody (nejvyšší US civilní vyznamenání)



     
Vojenská vyznamenání USA:
US military decorations:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Stužka / RibbonNázev
Medaile Za zásluhy se dvěma zlatými hvězdami místo druhé a třetí medaile
Záslužná legie s jednou zlatou hvězdou
Bronzová hvězda s bojovým "V"
Námořní medaile Za zásluhy s bojovým "V"
Prezidentská pochvala pro námořní jednotku
Pochvala pro námořní jednotku
Medaile Za službu v Číně
Medaile Za službu v amerických obranných silách s bronzovým písmenem "A"
Americká medaile Za kampaň
Námořní medaile Za službu při okupaci
Národní medaile Za službu v obranných silách s jednou bronzovou hvězdou
Medaile za službu v Koreji se dvěma bronzovými hvězdami
Medaile Za vítězství ve II.světové válce

4x , 1x , 2x
Medaile za službu ve Vietnamu se sedmi hvězdami (4 zlaté, 1 stříbrná, 2 bronzové) místo dalších sedmi medailí

4x , 1x , 2x
Medaile za asijsko-pacifickou kampaň se sedmi hvězdami (4 zlaté, 1 stříbrná, 2 bronzové)Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with seven stars (4 Gold, 1 Silver, 2 Bronze)



     
Zahraniční vyznamenání:
Foreign decorations:
Zumwalt Elmo Russell Jr.
Stát, stužka - State, ribbonNázevName
- Organizace spojených národůMedaile sil OSN za kampaň v Koreji
-
Republika Argentina
Květnový řád za zásluhy o námořnictvo, Velkokříž (Orden de Mayo al Mérito Naval)
- Belgické království
Řád Leopolda, Komandér řádu
- Bolivijský Mnohonárodnostní Stát
Řád Za zásluhy o námořnictvo, stupeň pro vysoké důstojníky
- Brazilská federativní republika
Řád Za zásluhy o námořnictvo, medaile pro Velkodůstojník
- Brazilská federativní republika
Národní řád Jižního kříže, stupeň Velký kříž
- Chilská republika
Velká hvězda Za zásluhy o armádu
- Kolumbijská republika
Řád admirála Padilly Za zásluhy o námořnictvo, Great Official
-
Dominikánská republika
Řád Za zásluhy Duarta, Sancheze a Melly, Velkokříž
- Francouzská republika
Řád čestné legie s hodností komandér
- Spolková republika Něnecko
Velký kříž druhé třídy Řádu Za zásluhy
-
Řecká republika
Řád Jiřího I, Velkokříž
-
Indonésie
Bintang Jalasena Utama, první třída
-
Italská republika
Řád Za zásluhy Italské republiky 1.třídy, Velkokříž
-
Japonsko
Řád vycházejícího slunce první třídy, Velkokříž
-
Korejská republika
Řád Za zásluhy o armádu třetího stupně, Lord Chungmu Cordon
-
Korejská republika
Pochvala prezidenta Koreje
-
Korejská republika
Řád Za zásluhy o národní bezpečnost, medaile Tong-il
-
Nizozemsko
Řád Orange-Nassau (s meči), Velkodůstojník s meči
-
Norské království
Královský Norský řád Svatého Olava, Velkokříž
-
Filipínská republika
Pochvala prezidenta Filipín
-
Filipínská republika
Medaile za osvobození Filipín se dvěma hvězdami
-
Švédské království
Švédský královský řád meče, Rytířský velkokříž
-
Bolívarovská republika Venezuela
Řád Za zásluhy o námořnictvo první třídy
-
Vietnamská republika
Národní řád Vietnamu třetí třídy
-
Vietnamská republika
Řád Za význačný přínos ve službě námořnictvu republiky Vietnam první třídy
-
Vietnamská republika
Kříž Za statečnost s palmami republiky Vietnam
-
Vietnamská republika
Kříž Za statečnost s palmami a pochvalou republiky Vietnam
-
Vietnamská republika
Medaile Za kampaň repuliky Vietnam s označením "1960 Bar"
-
Vietnamská republika
Medaile za civilní aktivitu první třídy
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Poručík Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. (druhý zprava)


Za odměnu byl poručík Zumwalt pověřen velením na zajaté japonské říční dělové lodi HIMJS "Ataka". Americká posádka klade otázky japonskému námořnímu důstojníkovi v přístavu Šanghaj, Čína, říjen 1945.


Říční dělová loď HIMJS "Ataka" je uvázána u mola za nimi.


- ------


Lieutenant Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. (2nd from right)


Prize crew officer of the Japanese gunboat Ataka, and other U.S. Navy personnel question a Japanese Navy officer on the dock at Shanghai, China, in October 1945.
Ataka is tied up behind them.


- ------
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Poručík Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. (druhý zprava) před zajatou japonskou říční dělovou lodí Ataka

Poručík Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. (druhý zprava) před zajatou japonskou říční dělovou lodí Ataka
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Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Velitel Námořních operací


Admirál Zumwalt promlouvá k posádce USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883) v Newportu 14.září 1970, stát Rhode Island.


- ------


Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Chief of Naval Operations


Speaks to the crew of USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883), Newport, Rhode Island, 14 September 1970.


- ------
Photograph by PHC William M. Powers, released by the U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs Office.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Admirál Zumwalt promlouvá k posádce USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883) v Newportu 14.září 1970, stát Rhode Island.

Admirál Zumwalt promlouvá k posádce USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883) v Newportu 14.září 1970, stát Rhode Island.
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Sbor náčelníků štábů (Generální štáb)


Fotografie byla pořízena v budově Pentagonu 4. ledna 1971.


Zleva doprava:
Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Velitel Námořních operací;
General William C. Westmoreland, Náčelník generálního štábu armády USA;
Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, Náčelník štábu vojenského námořnictva USA;
General John D. Ryan, Náčelník štábu letectva USA;
General Leonard F. Chapman, Jr., Velitel námořní pěchoty USA


- ------


The Joint Chiefs of Staff


Photographed at the Pentagon, 4 January 1971.
They are, from left to right:
Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Chief of Naval Operations;
General William C. Westmoreland, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army;
Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, USN, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff;
General John D. Ryan, Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force; and
General Leonard F. Chapman, Jr., Commandant, U.S. Marine Corps.


- ------
Photographed by Frank E. Hall.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Sbor náčelníků štábů, budova Pentagonu, 4.ledna 1971

Sbor náčelníků štábů, budova Pentagonu, 4.ledna 1971
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Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (vlevo) a kontradmirál Robert S. Salzer, Velitel námořních sil USA ve Vietnamu.


Diskutují o aktuální situaci na palubě letadla během Zumwaltovy návštěvy námořní základny Nam Can během mezipřistání, květen 1971


- ------


Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., USN, Chief of Naval Operations (left), and Rear Admiral Robert S. Salzer, USN, Commander Naval Forces Vietnam


Discuss their recent visit to Nam Can Naval Base, Republic of Vietnam, as the fly to their next stop, May 1971.


- ------
Official U.S. Navy Photograph.
Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (vlevo) a kontradmirál Robert S. Salzer, Velitel námořních sil ve Vietnamu, při diskusi v květnu 1971

Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (vlevo) a kontradmirál Robert S. Salzer, Velitel námořních sil ve Vietnamu, při diskusi v květnu 1971
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Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (uprostřed vzadu)


Admirál Zumwalt na mítinku s americkými vojáky na námořní základně Rach Soi ve Vietnamu, květen 1971.


Všimněte si, že má stejný baret jako obyčejní námořníci a že ho má dokonce i stejně opotřebovaný, což svědčí o tom, že jej běžně používal.


- ------


Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., USN, Chief of Naval Operations (center background)


Participates in a question and answer session with U.S. Navy Advisors at the Rach Soi Naval Base, Republic of Vietnam, in May 1971.


Note berets worn by Admiral Zumwalt and many of the others present.


- ------
Photographed by PH1 H.P. Shiplett.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. na námořní základně Rach Soi ve Vietnamu, květen 1971

Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. na námořní základně Rach Soi ve Vietnamu, květen 1971
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Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (sedí u stolu třetí zleva)


Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt rozmlouvá s "Human Relations Council" (Zástupců pro mezilidské vztahy), Yokosuka, Japonsko, 2.července 1971.


- ------


Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., USN,
Chief of Naval Operations (seated, third from left)


Speaks with the Human Relations Council, at Fleet Activities, Yokosuka, Japan, 2 July 1971.


- ------
Photographed by PH2 Edward C. Mucma.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. hovoří se zástupci pro mezilidské vztahy v americkém vojenském námořnictvu

Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. hovoří se zástupci pro mezilidské vztahy v americkém vojenském námořnictvu
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John W. Warner, Ministr námořnictva, poručík Randall H. Cunningham, podporučík William P. Driscoll a admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., Velitel Námořních operací (zleva doprava)


Setkání ve Wernerově kanceláři v Pentagonu, červen 1972.
Toto setkání proběhlo bezprostředně poté, co byli oba letci námořního letectva z války ve Vietnamu vyznamenáni a navíc dostali titul "Letecké eso".
Poručík Cunningham byl pilotem F-4J "Phantom", podporučík Driscoll byloperátorem radiolokátoru a zbraňových systémů.
Sestřelili od ledna do května celkem pět MiGů (čtyři MiG-17 a jeden MiG-21).
Oba byli příslušníky 96. stíhací eskadry (VF-96), která měla základnu na letadlové lodi USS Constellation (CVA-64).


Všimněte si, že na této fotografii drží Cunningham i Driscoll v ruce model stíhačky F-4.


- ------


John W. Warner, Secretary of the Navy, Lieutenant Randall H. Cunningham, Lieutenant (Junior Grade) William P. Driscoll, and Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr., Chief of Naval Operations (listed from left to right)


Meet in Mr. Warner′s Pentagon Office, June 1972, in a ceremony honoring the two aviators, the Navy′s only Vietnam War air "Aces".
Lt. Cunningham piloted F-4J "Phantom" jet fighters, with LtJG Driscoll as Radar Intercept Officer, when they shot down five enemy MiGs (four MiG-17s and one MiG-21) in January and May 1972. They were members of Fighter Squadron 96 (VF-96), based aboard USS Constellation (CVA-64).


In this photo, Cunningham and Driscoll are holding models of F-4 fighters.


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Official U.S. Navy Photograph.
Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr. na setkání s leteckými esy Vietnamské války Cunninghamem i Driscollem

Admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt. Jr. na setkání s leteckými esy Vietnamské války Cunninghamem i Driscollem
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Arlington, stát Virginia, 10. ledna 1973


Ministr obrany Melvin R. Laird v rozhovoru s nejvyššími veliteli a náčelníky ve své kanceláři v Pentagonu.


Mítinku se zúčastnili (zleva doprava):
admirál Thomas H. Moorer, předseda;
generál Creighton W. Abrams, Náčelník generálního štábu armády USA;
admirál Elmo R. Zumwalt JR., Velitel Námořních operací;
generál Robert E. Cushman Jr., Velitel námořní pěchoty;
generál John D. Ryan, Náčelník štábu letectva USA


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Arlington, Virginia, 10 Jan 1973


Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird meets with the Joint Chiefs of Staff in his Pentagon office.


Attending the meeting are, left to right: Adm. Thomas H. Moorer, chairman;
Gen. Creighton W. Abrams, chief of staff, U.S. Army;
Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt JR., chief of naval operations;
Gen. Robert E. Cushman Jr., commandant, U.S. Marine Corps; and
Gen. John D. Ryan, chief of staff, U.S. Air Force.


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Camera Operator: PHC Davis Wilson
Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Ministr obrany Melvin R. Laird v rozhovoru s nejvyššími veliteli a náčelníky ve své kanceláři v Pentagonu 10.ledna 1973

Ministr obrany Melvin R. Laird v rozhovoru s nejvyššími veliteli a náčelníky ve své kanceláři v Pentagonu 10.ledna 1973
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Slavnostní ceremoniál předání funkce Velitel Námořních operací


Osobnosti seřazené na půdě US Námořní akademie v Annapolisu, stát Maryland, během slavnostního ceremoniálu při předání funkce Velitel Námořních operací 29.června 1974.


Zprava doleva jsou:
Admiral James L. Holloway III., nastupující Velitel Námořních operací;
Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, odcházející Velitel Námořních operací;
Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, Náčelník generálního štábu USA;
Ministr obrany USA James R. Schlesinger;
viceadmiral William P. Mack, ředitel Námořní akademie.


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Chief of Naval Operations change of command ceremonies


Senior attendees line up at the U.S. Naval Academy Superintendent′s quarters, Annapolis, Maryland, during CNO change of command ceremonies held on 29 June 1974.


Those present are (from right to left):
Admiral James L. Holloway, III, incoming CNO;
Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, outgoing CNO;
Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff;
Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger; and
Vice Admiral William P. Mack, Naval Academy Superintendent.


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Photographed by PHC B.M. Anderson.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command.

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Slavnostní ceremoniál při předání funkce Velitel Námořních operací 29.června 1974

Slavnostní ceremoniál při předání funkce Velitel Námořních operací 29.června 1974
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Fotografie Elmo Russella Zumwalta Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14. března 1989.


Záznam celého pořadu, který se jmenuje "Conversations with History - Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr." a je pro Californskou universitu v Berkeley, je zde: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-2bwLiX_DY


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In this 1989 interview, Conversations host Harry Kreisler welcomes Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt for a discussion of his life and times as one of America′s most distinguished military officers.


Videorecord from this interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-2bwLiX_DY


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Zdroj informace:
Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley - globetrotter.berkeley.edu

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989

Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989
Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989

Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989
Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989

Elmo Russell Zumwalt Jr. při rozhovoru s Harry Kreislerem 14.března 1989
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Prezident Clinton salutuje Elmo R. Zumwaltovi při předávání nejvyššího amerického civilního vyznamenání Medaile Svobody v lednu 1998.


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President Clinton saluted Zumwalt with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in January 1998.


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Zdroj informace:
CBS News - www.cbsnews.com

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Prezident Clinton salutuje Elmo R. Zumwaltovi při předávání nejvyššího amerického civilního vyznamenání v lednu 1998.

Prezident Clinton salutuje Elmo R. Zumwaltovi při předávání nejvyššího amerického civilního vyznamenání v lednu 1998.
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Obálka knihy "Na stráži"


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Cover Sheet from Book "On Watch"


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Zdroj informace:
Amazon.com - www.amazon.com

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr. - On Watch

Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr. - "On Watch"
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Obálka knihy "Můj otec, můj syn".


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Cover Sheet from Book "My Father, My Son".


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Zdroj obrázku:
Domovské stránky žijícího syna James G. Zumwalt - https://www.jgzumwalt.com/index.php/tradition/144

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Obálka knihy Můj otec, můj syn

Obálka knihy "Můj otec, můj syn"
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Portrét admirála Elmo R. Zumwalta Jr. od Toma Nielsena.


Obraz je olejomalba rozměru 106,7 x 76,2 cm a je v blíže neupřesněné soukromé sbírce.


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Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.


Traditional Oil on Canvas.
Size: 42 by 30 inches
Private Collection


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Zdroj informace:
Tom Nielsen Fine Art - https://www.tomnielsenfineart.com/adults.htm

Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr. - Portrét admirála Elmo R. Zumwalta Jr. od Toma Nielsena

Portrét admirála Elmo R. Zumwalta Jr. od Toma Nielsena
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Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr., admirál - Civilní aktivity



     
Hostující profesor:
Visiting Professor:
Období
Period
Univerzita Vanderbilt
Vanderbilt University
1974-1975



     
Hostující přednášející:
Guest Lecturer:
Období
Period
Pennsylvánská universita
University of Pennsylvania
1974-1975
Stanfordská univerzita
Stanford University
1974



Člen správních rad a vedení společností / Member of the Board of Directors:


Phelps-Stokes Fund
Esmark, Inc.
Presidential Classroom for Young Americans Organization Resources Counselors, Inc.
Basic Industries, Inc.



Organizace / Organizations:


Člen / Member: President′s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
Předseda / Chairman: Ethics and Public Policy Center
Zakladatel / Founder: Marrow Foundation
Ředitel / Director: National Marrow Donor Program
Ředitel / Director: Vietnam Assistance to the Handicapped Foundation
Served on the International Consortium for Research on the Health Effects of Radiation
Chairman, National Council of the Vietnam Center, Texas Tech University
Předseda / Chairman: Board of the U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
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Zumwalt, Elmo Russell Jr., admirál - Z-grams


Toto je seznam tzv. Z-gramů (je o nich v textu zmínka), prozatím jenom anglicky. Budu se snažit o přeložení tohoto seznamu co nejdříve.
Admirál Zumwalt mně ale dal dost zabrat a tak si od něj musím malinko odpočinout.


FCH



Z-grams: A List of Policy Directives Issued by Admiral Zumwalt While in Office as Chief of Naval Operations, 1 July 1970 to 1 July 1974.


Note: A Z-gram is properly known as a Z-NavOp. Z-gram #1 became effective on 14 July 1970. All Z-grams were canceled in name only on the day Zumwalt left his post as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). At that time, two Z-grams had previously been canceled and 87 had been or were being incorporated into the regular Navy directives system. The remaining 32 were informative in nature, announcing a one-time program or were statements of policy subsequently included throughout Navy personnel programs. Some of the Z-grams are on line.


1. Relieving Admiral Moorer (Zumwalt assumes duties as CNO)
2. Retention Study Groups
3. Cryptographic procedures and Policy
4. 30 days leave authorization for officers receiving Permanent Change of Station orders
5. Civilian clothes aboard ship for First Class Petty Officers on certain ships in Sixth and First fleets
6. Dependent Air Charter Program
7. Navy Sponsor Program
8. Officer Assignment
9. Meritorious advancement in rate of superior performing career Petty Officers
10. Services to crews of transient aircraft
11. Enlisted requests to remain on sea duty
12. Civilian clothing on shore establishments
13. Post-deployment leave policy
14. Collateral duties
15. Statement of earnings (to all Navy members)
16. Swaps (established a centralized and automated exchange of duty program at Bureau of Naval Personnel)
17. Personal check cashing ceilings (increased to $50 per person per day)
18. Navy Finance Center 24-hour service
19. Below-zone percentage limitation suspension (concerning % of officers who could be recommended for promotion)
20. Lockers and washing facilities (for personnel who had to work in dungarees ashore)
21. Compensatory time off
22. Improving shore establishment habitability
23. CPO [Chief Petty Officer] advisory board to CNO
24. Wives ombudsman https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-24.htm
25. Forces afloat liberty policy
26. Shore patrol staffing and training
27. Forces afloat operating tempo
28. Retention study group progress report
29. Leave policy for deployed units
30. Commissioned officers open mess
31. TyCom [Type Command] ship handling competition
32. Reenlistment ceremonies
33. Navy exchange and commissary advisory boards
34. Uniform changes
35. BOQ/BEQ conveniences (encouraged installation of beer vending machines in Bachelor Officers Quarters and senior Bachelor Enlisted Quarters)
36. Standards of service
37. Aviation squadron command
38. Holiday routine at sea
39. Extended commissary hours
40. Cash/check option at payday
41. Command excellence forum
42. Junior officer request for sea duty
43. Disbursing claims processing
44. Quarterdeck watches
45. Assistance to POW/MIA [Prisoner of War/Missing in Action] families
46. Refinement of 3-M [Maintenance Material Management] system
47. Responsibility for inactivating ships
48. People programs
49. Medals and awards
50. Cold iron status (to encourage liberal leave and liberty following return of ships from extended assignments)
51. Small craft insignia (new breast insignia) www.history.navy.mil
52. Dissemination of CNO policy
53. Officer billet summary
54. CNO discussions with Navy personnel
55. Human Resource Management
56. Exchange duty for officers
57. Elimination of demeaning or abrasive regulations https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-57.htm
58. Acceptance of checks in ships′ stores
59. Professional development program
60. Action Line telephone
61. Reassignment of CWO [Communication Watch Officer] and RPS [Registered Publication System] duties
62. CNO senior officer forum
63. ComTac publications aboard ship (reduction of operational publications on board ships, thus reducing administrative workload to make changes to them)
64. Ship conning indication
65. Vietnamization challenge
66. Equal opportunity https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-66.htm
67. Command inspection program
68. Civilian clothes aboard ship https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-68.htm
69. Command in the grade of captain
70. Grooming and uniform policy
71. Battle streamers for Navy flag
72. Quarterdeck watches
73. Enlisted Vietnam volunteers
74. Preferential housing considerations
75. Sea/shore rotation
76. Outstanding recruiter awards
77. Enlisted blue working uniform
78. Inspection scheduling policy
79. Augmentation into Regular Navy
80. MCPOs on E-8/E-9 selection boards
81. Regular Navy warrant officer program
82. Boards, committees and guidance programs
83. Motor vehicle transportation for forces afloat
84. Copies of fitness reports
85. Legislation status reports
86. CNO scholars program
87. Navy uniform
88. Advances of pay
89. SecNav/CNO fellowship program
90. Responsibility pay for senior Naval advisors in Vietnam
91. Limited duty officer program
92. Civilian clothing aboard ship for nonrated personnel
93. People programs
94. Navy drug exemption/rehabilitation program
95. Master CPO of the command
96. Retention study group schedule
97. ComRats for hospital patients
98. Advance information about new duty stations
99. Officer swords
100. Personnel exchange program
101. Six-day sales operation at designated Navy commissary stores
102. Responsibility for standards of smartness https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-102.htm
103. Sailor of the Year award https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-103.htm
104. Challenge of 1972
105. Navy drug exemption and rehabilitation program
106. Quarterdeck watch officers
107. CNO Sailor of the Year
108. Continuation beyond 30 years of active service
109. Recruiting
110. Human resources development
111. Southeast Asia build up
112. Collateral duties
113. Career counseling program
114. Ecology spot reports
115. Alcohol and alcoholism among Naval personnel
116. Equal rights and opportunities for women in the Navy https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-116.htm
117. Good order and discipline https://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq93-117.htm
118. Sea/shore rotation
119. Minority affairs assistance
120. Revised master chief petty officer of the fleet/force/command program
121. CNO change of command remarks
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Vystoupení Russella D. Feingolda, senátora za stát Wisconsin v Senátu Spojených států Amerických ve Washingtonu na 106.zasedání, ve 2.sekci, pondělí 24.ledna 2000 na památku admirála Elmo R. Zumwalta Jr.



Remarks by Senator Russell D. Feingold (Wisconsin)


In Honor of Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.


Na památku admirála Elmo R. Zumwalta Jr.



United States Senate
106th Congress, 2nd Section, Washington D.C.
Monday, January 24, 2000



Mr. FEINGOLD. Mr. President, I rise today to honor a titan in our nation′s naval history. Early this year, during our recess, Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. passed away. Admiral Zumwalt led a disciplined, dedicated, and directed life and career as a leader and, sometimes, as an iconoclast.
Mr. President, Admiral Zumwalt′s meteoric rise through the ranks began at the U.S. Naval Academy, where he graduated in just three years, yet ranked seventh in his class. Following his graduation from the academy, Zumwalt began a lengthy career on a number of surface warships.
Among those ships was the U.S.S. Wisconsin, one of four Iowa-class battleships, the largest battleships ever built by the Navy. The four vessels, the Wisconsin, the Iowa, the New Jersey and the Missouri, served gallantly in every significant United States conflict from World War II to the Persian Gulf War. Future Admiral Zumwalt, the Wisconsin′s navigator when the Korean War broke out, extolled her `versatility, maneuverability, strength, and power.′ Unbeknownst to him, this would not be the last time that he would leave his indelible mark on the great state of Wisconsin.
Following his service in the war, Zumwalt shuttled between the Pentagon and the sea. He excelled in both arenas, but in entirely different ways.
In 1970, President Nixon appointed Zumwalt the youngest Chief of Naval Operations in our history. As CNO, Admiral Zumwalt tackled some of the most divisive and challenging issues not just to hit the Navy, but society at large. And we′re still trying to conquer some of them.
Admiral Zumwalt crusaded for a fair and equal Navy. He fought to promote equality for minorities and women at a time of considerable racial strife in our country and at a time of deeply entrenched institutional racism and sexism in the Navy. He pushed so hard against the establishment that he almost lost his job. But thanks to the support of some like-minded reformers, including our esteemed colleague, the late John Chafee, who was then the Secretary of the Navy, Zumwalt prevailed and instituted a host of personnel reforms.
Mr. President, Admiral Zumwalt′s efforts to promote equality addressed, in part, an issue that we are tackling anew. Many in Congress and in the Defense Department seem to think that recruitment and retention can be improved simply by increasing pay and benefits. They could learn much from Admiral Zumwalt, who understood the importance not only of boosting pay, but also of changing the service to reflect the wants and needs of service members.
We should follow Admiral Zumwalt′s example and take a broader view when we look to improve the lives of our military personnel.
Mr. President, in his later years, Admiral Zumwalt dedicated himself to assisting Vietnam War era veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange. He played an instrumental role in getting Agent Orange-exposed veterans with cancer a service-connected illness designation. I had the honor of meeting with him to discuss his efforts to increase research funding for Agent Orange related illnesses and to explore options for international cooperation in that research.
Admiral Elmo Zumwalt was a great naval leader, a visionary and a courageous challenger of the conventional wisdom. We will not see the likes of him again. We mourn his passing and salute his accomplishments.


Pozn.FCH: na překladu pracuji.
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.
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MOD
Diskuse

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Franto, vycerpavajici a dechberouci, moc pekna prace !!
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MOD

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Abych sem zbytečně nepsal tisíce nových zpráv, budu to postupně sypat do této jediné, kterou dám vždycky na konec. Předem všem díky za pomoc v tvorbě tohoto pro mne téměř veledíla (jsem přece jenom víc na techniku). F.


2009/09/02-12:19 - Díky Aubi, opraveno. Škoda, že jsem v Argentině byl dva roky, to bylo ale v pravěku - 1961-62 a ze španělštiny (i když tam je trošku ohnutá) si nepamatuju prakticky nic. Mayo je ale opravdu květen.
2009/09/03-14:16 - Díky Tarsi, hodnosti opraveny


***************************************
Ještě, bohužel, není konec, těch momentálních 60% je opravdu reálných.


Chybí mně jeho zahraniční vyznamenání (je jich 30 a máme na ně minimum vlastních zdrojů, takže kvůli zrychlení je v prvním kroku dám bez odkazů a ve druhém jich většinu budu muset založit) no a pak ještě 9 etap životopisu.


Vzhledem k tomu, že Osobnosti a Generalita (tedy lidičkové) nejsou zrovna moje parketa, tak mně to jde jako psovi pastva, ale kvůli těm torpédoborcům třídy Zumwalt to musím dokončit (když už jsem si to sám nadrobil).


Příště si vyberu třídu pojmenovanou po někom, koho už tady máme.


F.



P.s.(2009/09/02-11:22):


Zahraniční vyznamenání, zatím bez prolinkování, už tam jsou.
A v tom, co tam ještě chybí, jsem zapomněl na takových 5 - 6 vsuvek s fotografiemi.


F


2009/06/11-09:42:
Momentálně tam dávám další části tak, jak je stačím připravovat.
Až to bude všechno, tak to přskupím tak, aby to mělo lepší a logičtější pořadí, tak to, prosím, ve stávajícím provedení ještě chvíli vydržte.
Dávám to sem takto za pochodu, neboť se domnívám (a doufám, že ne pouze z vnitřní pýchy), že mnohé z vás osud zajímá admirála Zumwalta stejně jako mne.


F.


2009/09/11-13:30:
Udělal jsem novou tabulku s americkými vojenskými i civilními vyznamenáními


F.
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Našel jsem Zumwaltovy akademické tituly a dva ze tří neumím přeložit do češtiny.


Nevíte někdo, prosím, co je to:
- Doctor of Human Letters
- Doctor of Public Service



hammer 10.09.2009 10:46:35 napsal:

Quote :

Nie som dobornik, ale podla mna by to mohlo byt nasledovné :
- Doctor of Human Letters = Litterarum Humaniorum Doctor
Titul Doctor of Humane Letters (latinsky: Litterarum humanarum doctor; D.H.L.; prip. L.H.D.) je cestny titul. Mohol by byť preložený, ako doktor humanitných vied.
zdroj : encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com


- Doctor of Public Service = Doktor verejnych sluzieb


Možno niekto ma lepší ekvivalent, ako som povedal na zaciatku, nie som odbornik.

Moc děkuji, zní to velmi pravděpodobně, už to tam sypu!


F.


*************************************


2009/09/10-09:17
Za dobu, co Zumwalt velel Námořním operacím, byly do výzbroje vojenského namořníctva USA přijaty 4 nové třídy lodí:


- raketový rychlý útočný hlídkový člun třídy Pegasus
- raketová průzkumná fregata třídy Oliver Hazzard Perry
- torpédoborec třídy Arleigh Burke


- nevíte někdo, prosím, která byla ta čtvrtá?



Díky


F.
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Nie som dobornik, ale podla mna by to mohlo byt nasledovné :
- Doctor of Human Letters = Litterarum Humaniorum Doctor
Titul Doctor of Humane Letters (latinsky: Litterarum humanarum doctor; D.H.L.; prip. L.H.D.) je cestny titul. Mohol by byť preložený, ako doktor humanitných vied.
zdroj : encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com


- Doctor of Public Service = Doktor verejnych sluzieb


Možno niekto ma lepší ekvivalent, ako som povedal na zaciatku, nie som odbornik.
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Jako falerista musím vyzvednout to co pan kolega po této stránce vyrobil. To bych hodnotil za naprosto dostatečné, či vlastně výtečné. Pokusím se některá vyznamenání doplnit (Vietnam jsem již trochu upravil) ale některé oblasti nejsou moje "hoby" nebo mi chybí literatura , ale doufám, že výhledově něco také dopíši.
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Vážení přátelé,


tímto považuji životopis admirála Elmo Russella Zumwalta Jr. prakticky za dokončený.


Snad se má více než měsíční práce potká s porozuměním, chybičky mně, prosím, odpusťte.


Franta




Tak a je to hotovo (včetně mne). (teda asi skoro, ono se určitě ještě něco najde)


Doporučuji podívat se taky na Přehled Velitel Námořních operací, kde jsem doplnil dvě zajímavé fotografie z roku 1986 a 1990 ze setkání v té době aktuálních i bývalých Velitelů Námořních operací.


Hodně moc děkuji všem, kteří mně s touto pro mne hodně nezvyklou prací pomáhali a pomáhají:
Admin, altman, Aubi, buko1, hammer, Tars, von Fenstein.



Snad jsem na nikoho nezapomněl a aby nebyl problém, tak jste seřazeni podle abecedy.



F.
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V právě vyšlém časopisu ATM 10/2009 jsou v souvislosti s admirálem Zumwaltem a jeho nezavedenou ideou letadlových lodí SCS zmiňovány křižníky třídy Ticonderoga, akorát, že je tu problém vůči zde uvedenému údaji, že byly zavedeny až po jeho odchodu z funkce a zmiňované letadlové lodi nebyly zavedeny vůbec.


Dále zde www.globalsecurity.org je také zmiňován

Quote :

Starting in the early 1970′s and in parallel with the Aegis nuclear cruiser design studies, a less expensive destroyer version was also studied. This was in line with the philosophy of buying a "high-low" mix of ships and aircraft to achieve required force levels (the FFG 7, F-16 and F-18 also came out of this philosophy). The CNO, Admiral Zumwalt, imposed a displacement limit of 5,000 tons as well as a cost constraint. These limits turned out to be too constraining and ultimately the Ticonderoga, an Aegis DDG based on the existing Spruance hull using the growth margins incorporated in the original design was proposed to be built along with the CSGN/CGN 42. It appears that this design may have originally been proposed in 1975 as a strike cruiser (CSG) before becoming a DDG.



Nebo by ti mohl pomoc tento článek:
newwars.wordpress.com
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MOD

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Měl bych technickou poznámku k překladu jeho knihy On Watch: A Memoir.
"Na hodinkách" se mi zdá celkem jako strojový překlad, já bych to viděl spíš "Na stráži" apod.
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Moc díky MART.inovi i FiBe, oba jste mně tuto mimořádně zajímavou informaci poslali.


Chybějící čtvrtou třídu jsem doplnil.


=========================================


Taky děkuji Sedlimu za upřesnění překladu názvu knihy "On Watch: A Memoir", nevěděl jsem, jak to správně formulovat a i když se mně ten původní překlad neseděl, neuměl jsem formulovat lepší.
Takže je to opraveno.
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