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Udet, Ernst

Udet, Ernst

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Udet
Jméno:
Given Name:
Ernst
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Ernst Udet
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
generálplukovník
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
26.04.1896 Frankfurt nad Mohanem /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
17.11.1941 Berlín /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
- velitel stíhací perutě (Jagdstaffel) za první světové války
- Vrchní zbrojmistr Luftwaffe za druhé světové války
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
- druhé nejúspěšnější německé stíhací eso se 62 sestřely v I. světové válce
- zastřelil se
Související články:
Related Articles:
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/udet.htm
https://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/udet.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udet
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Udet-Ernst-t9106#323960Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Udet
Jméno:
Given Name:
Ernst
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Ernst Udet
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
21.09.1915 svobodník
28.11.1915 poddůstojník
16.03.1916 šikovatel
22.01.1917 poručík
14.09.1918 nadporučík
DD.MM.RRRR kapitán
DD.MM.RRRR major
01.06.1934 podplukovník
01.06.1935 plukovník
01.04.1937 generálmajor
01.11.1938 generálporučík
01.04.1940 generál letectva
19.07.1940 generálplukovník
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
07.11.1917-24.03.1918 Velitel : Stíhací letka 37
25.03.1918-08.04.1918 Velitel : Stíhací letka 11
20.05.1918-14.08.1918 Velitel : Stíhací letka 4
19.09.1918-22.10.1918 Velitel : Stíhací letka 4

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

24.09.1915

Železný kříž 2. třídy 1914
Iron Cross 2nd Class 1914
Eisernes Kreuz II. Klasse 1914
-

20.03.1916

Železný kříž 1. třídy 1914
Iron Cross 1st Class 1914
Eisernes Kreuz I. Klasse 1914
-

17.08.1916

Pohár slávy za vítězství ve vzdušném boji
Honor Cup for Winner in Aerial Combat
Ehrenbecher für den Sieger im Luftkampf
-

Württemberské království [1806-1918] / Kingdom of Württemberg [1806-1918] 04.11.1916

Wilhelmův kříž - s meči
Wilhelm Cross - with Swords
Wilhelmskreuz
-

13.11.1917

Královský hohenzollernský domácí řád - rytíř s meči
Knight's Cross with Swords of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern
Ritterkreuz des Königlichen Hausorden von Hohenzollern mit Schwerten
-

09.04.1918

Pour le Mérite
Pour le Mérite
-

24.08.1918

Hanzovní kříž (Lübeck)
Hanseatic Cross
Hanseatenkreutz
-

17.09.1918

Hanzovní kříž (Hamburk)
Hanseatic Cross
Hanseatenkreutz
-

04.07.1940

Rytířský kříž Železného kříže 1939
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Vyznamenání za dlouholetou službu (Wehrmacht) 12 let
Long Service Medal (Wehrmacht) 12 Years
Dienstauszeichnung (Wehrmacht) 12 Jahre
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Vyznamenání za dlouholetou službu (Wehrmacht) 4 roky
Long Service Medal (Wehrmacht) 4 Years
Dienstauszeichnung (Wehrmacht) 4 Jahre
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Za vojenské zásluhy 2. třídy
Order of Military Merit 2nd Class
Орден За военна заслуга
s meči

DD.MM.RRRR

Odznak za zranění 1918 stříbrný
Wound Badge 1918 Silver
Verwundetenabzeichen 1918 in Silber
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Pruský pilotní odznak
Prussian Pilot Badge
Preußen Flieger Flugzeugführerabzeichen
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Společný odznak pro piloty a pozorovatele s brilianty
Combined Pilot and Observer Badge with Diamonds
Gemeinsames Flugzeugführer -und Beobachterabzeichen mit Brillanten
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Spona 1939 k Železnému kříži 1914 1. třídy
Clasp 1939 to Iron Cross 1914 to 1st Class
Wiederholungsspange 1939 zum Eisernen Kreuz 1914 1. Klasse
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Spona 1939 k Železnému kříži 1914 2. třídy
Clasp 1939 to Iron Cross 1914 to 2nd Class
Wiederholungsspange 1939 zum Eisernen Kreuz 1914 2. Klasse
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Čestný kříž světové války 1914-1918 pro bojovníky
Honor Cross of World War 1914-18 for Combatants
Ehrenkreuz des Weltkrieges 1914-1918 für Frontkämpfer
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Udet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Udet
https://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/udet.php
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Udet
uk.wikipedia.org
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Udet-Ernst-t9106#422053Version : 0
MOD

Generaloberst Ernst Udet



Origins



In the summer of 1918, German pilots found a fallen French pilot from a French newspaper, which referred to one German fighter as an "ace es". His photo and name - Lieutenant Udet - were attached. After Richthofen's death, Ernst Udet actually had the most victories of all living German pilots. He then fought to stay in this position, and in the end he succeeded. He became the most successful living German fighter and the second most successful overall. However, this was preceded by three years of tough air battles.

He was born on April 26, 1896 into the family of Adolf Udet in Frankfurt am Main. From a young age, he was fascinated by technical fields, especially motoring and aviation. When the war began, a motorcyclist volunteered. At the end of 1914, he was fired from this position and immediately reported to the reserve air division for training. However, he was not accepted due to his young age (he was 18 years old) and "non-military peace", only 160 cm! He therefore underwent private training for civilian pilots at his own expense. He studied on the plane LVG B.I, which was manufactured by Otto's plants and where Udet completed his course.

He first joined the front as a member of AFA 206 ( Artilleriefliegerabteilung - section for artillery observation) in 1915 and completed a number of combat flights. But so far he has encountered enemy aircraft only occasionally and has never dreamed of an air victory: "Occasionally we also meet the enemy, but we observation aircraft do not attack each other. We have almost no weapons on board. We know each other, and so we pass each other like boats on the lake. "

On September 14, 1915, the freelancer Udet as a pilot Aviatik B.II participated in the raid on Belfort. During the flight, however, the suspension of the reinforcing rope tore off, which caused a sudden instability of the aircraft. Udet managed to make an emergency landing and was rescued for rescuing the aircraft Iron Cross II. class.

During one of the next flights, Udet crashed during takeoff with an overloaded aircraft. He was only slightly injured and released after fourteen days in hospital. He was immediately sent to the flight school in Neubreisach, where he immediately entered seven days in prison for destroying the machine.

Immediately after his release from prison, when he went to report to the commander, he was caught by an observer officer and taken on board his LVG. At the airport, they were feverishly preparing for a mass air raid on Belfort. Udet also took off, but near Belfort found two Farmans and a Morane uniplane flying to meet them. The German crew decided that the fight would be hopeless, because their old machine had much worse parameters than enemy aircraft and, moreover, was not armed with a machine gun. At the behest of the observer, Udet headed south, and together they attacked the warehouse and barracks in Montreaux. The observer began lowering small hand bombs through a hole in the cabin floor, but one of them caught on the chassis. Udet lifted the machine almost vertically and released the bomb.

Immediately after landing, the lucky Udet learns that he was transferred to the FFA 68, specifically to its fighter squadron in Habsheim, which was then the predecessor of the later Kampfeinsitzer - Kommando. But the onset was not famous. Udet crashed his first aircraft, brand new Fokker E.III, during takeoff. However, the commission proved that it did not cause the accident, because the Bowden cable from the machine gun trigger caught on the lever on the dashboard and thus blocked the control lever. So Udet got another plane, but this time it was older Fokker E.I.

With KEK Habsheim



The crew of single-seat aircraft in Habsheim consisted of only four pilots, including Udet. They took the abandoned villa for themselves and lived truly royally. It will take place on November 28.In 1915 he fought the enemy when a ground voice told him that the French front line had crossed the front line Caudron G.IV. So Udet took off, tracking the enemy soon, but failed to pull the machine gun trigger: "It's against all the rules of the game. Caudron is a reconnaissance aircraft while I fly a fighter. I can press machine control in the air to destroy ... There comes a time when I should shoot. But I can't. "

However, Udet approached Caudron too close and the French gunner sprayed him with a machine gun shot. One bullet shattered Udet's flight goggles and their shrapnel wounded him in the face. He quickly disengaged and disappeared into the clouds.

After this experience, Udet decided never to fail again. He therefore made a model of Nieuport, which he used as a target on which he practiced shooting. Always in the evening after the end of normal air traffic, he placed him in the open, where he was attacked by a dive from a height of 300 m, he started firing at 100 m, he leveled close to the ground and started again. Soon the order to save ammunition came to light, so Udet shelled the enemy trenches all the more.

At the beginning of 1916, Udet, already in the rank of company officer, flies on the new Fokker E.III. On March 18, 1916, Udet was called from the front trenches that French planes had crossed the line and were flying to Altkirch. Udet immediately took off and headed in the direction indicated. He climbed hard and just as he was above Altkirch at an altitude of about 2,800 m, he saw an enemy formation. There were so many planes that at first he thought the blackheads were drops of oil that sprayed from the engine on his flight goggles. But in reality it was a formation of 23 Caudron and Farman bombers.

Udet attacked the formation with a cant and targeted the leader Maurice-Farman MF. 11:
"From now on I see only one thing, a great Farman in the middle of an enemy formation. I'm increasing my speed and I'm rushing down with the engine running full ... I see an observer's leather flight helmet. I could shoot from a distance of 80 meters But I have to be absolutely sure Forward, even closer, 50 meters, 40, 30 ... Now is the time! I start firing. a bluish flame pops up, spreads quickly, leaving a white streak of smoke behind me I won, I hit a gas tank I immediately hear a metallic sound of bullets crashing into the wall next to me I turn my head and see two Caudrons beating me with bullets. Then a man with legs and arms outstretched like a frog. Observer...

The air above me is filled with the roar of engines and the sharp barking of machine guns. All available planes took off from Habsheim and charged at the enemy. Under their furious onslaught, the French squadron lost its formation. A number of individual fights ensued. Everywhere you look, you see planes circling in a crazy vortex of battle. One lonely, untouched Caudron rushes west. I follow him at full throttle ... I open fire from a distance of 150 meters, but it's too far. From 80 meters I try again with the second series of shots ... Caudron shakes, a small cloud of smoke appears at the right engine, the propeller stops stopping until it finally stops completely ... I got so close to it that I can feel the air flow from his propeller. I'm shooting again. The pilot in the plane in front of me jerks and falls forward on the joystick. At that moment, a bullet jammed in my barrel ... I hit the machine gun in vain with both hands. He remains dumb. Therefore, I am not able to fight again, I have to disengage from my opponent and return home ... "


So Ernst Udet won his first victory.Together with him, all three of his Habsheim colleagues shot down one plane. The Germans repulsed one of the first major air raids in history and shot down a total of five French bombers. They themselves lost a three-member crew of the large aircraft AEG, which also joined the fight, but in a maneuver fight collided with one Farman.

Later new armament arrived and Udet began flying the biplane Fokker D.III. He had an observer's tin head mounted on the back of his fuselage to deceive the enemy.

With Jasta 15



The crew of single-seat aircraft in Habsheim changed at the end of the summer of 1916 to Jasta 15. The new unit was then rearmed to the new Albatross D.III. Udet won the first victory with the new unit and the second overall on October 12, 1916. On Christmas Day, he shot down his third opponent.

In the new year, he opened the score on February 20, 1917 by shooting down Nieuport. In March, Jasta 15 is transferred to the Chemin des Dames, where Allied troops are preparing to launch an offensive. Both sides are moving the best here: "The elite of the French Air Force is against us. There should even be Nungesser and Guynemer, ace of all aces, French Richthofen. .cz // topic/view/7631] A fall[/url] with a 180-horsepower Hispano engine, a fast, very easy-to-use machine that takes precedence over our albatrosses, especially in dive flights, when our airfoils begin to shake. then their components are released and disintegrate.A more stable Spad withstands this load effortlessly.Also the enemy's defense is better trained here ... I recognized this during the first front flight.An anti-aircraft machine gun shattered my front beam and I had to do something to make the machine Almost all air battles are unsuccessful and our mood is deteriorating every day ... "

Jasta 15 won her first victory here on April 16, 1917. Udet himself shot down his first enemy here on April 24. This Nieuport it was also his fifth victory, so he could start counting among the aces.

However, the unit also has its first losses. April 26, on Udet's 21st birthday, the commander fell Jasta 15 lieutenant Reinhold. His plane was found standing, almost undamaged, in the middle of the field. Reinhold himself sat with his hand on the trigger of a machine gun and a narrowed eye as he aimed at the enemy when he was surprised by death. The bullet pierced his head from behind and flew out between the eyebrows.

A few days later, Jasta was taken over by Lieutenant Gontermann, a specialist in destroying tethered observation balloons. At that time, he had 6 and 12 aircraft on his account. In a fortnight at Jasta 15 shot down eight planes, got the order Pour le Mérite and four weeks off. He handed over command to Udet, who already had six victories and the rank of lieutenant.

On May 25, 1917, Udet led a patrol of five Albatross over the front: "On May 25, we fly a barrier. We fly as usual in a wedge formation ... We are at an altitude of about 2000 m. I can see a few clouds, but I suddenly feel like we are in danger I make a half turn and at that moment I see how close next to me, barely twenty meters, appeared Puz's machine in smoke and flames. Puz sits stiff and upright in the middle of the heat, his head turned to me, now raising his right hand to his helmet in a convulsion.It looks like he's greeting me one last time ... His plane has ruptured, the fuselage rushing perpendicular to the depths like a flaming meteor, and the torn airfoils swirl behind it ... I stare stiffly across the deck behind the wreckage. A fighter is getting into my field of vision, at a dizzying speed it is moving 500 meters below me to the west ... It's clear, it can only be Guynemer. I'm rushing down behind him. I have to get him. But the bearing surfaces of the Albatross do not withstand a dive, they begin to shake and the vibration continues to increase. I'm afraid my machine will break in the air. I give up the persecution and return home ... "

Losses are still growing. At the beginning of June, Jasta 15 has only four aircraft, Udeta as commander and three pilots. All four are still flying one by one, so that the unit is able to fight at all and be able to fulfill all its duties. It was to such a lonely flight that Ernst Udet took off early in the morning of June 6 1917 so that he could attack French balloons with the sun in his back. But he didn't get to that anymore, because he graduated the most balanced duel of his career, when he faced a French fighter, which he was convinced of that her stick was held in Georges Guynemer.

June 19 returned from vacation Gontermann. Udet, who survived as the last of the original cadre Jasta 15, informed him that he would like to be transferred to Jasta 37, where he had friends. Three months later, October 30, 1917 Heinrich Gontermann ( 39 victories, 18 balloons from the total number of victories) died when his Fokker Dr.I collapsed on the upper bearing surface.

With Jasta 37



In August, Udet's request for a transfer was granted. As early as August 14, 1917, he opened the score for a new unit. It was also his seventh victory. In November, the current commander Jasta 37 was transferred and the command Jasta was handed over to Udet. This was an unpleasant surprise to many of his subordinates, as many of them were rank taller than Udet and older. But just before the end of November, Udet shot down nine opponents at Jasta 37 and the number of his victories stabilized at fifteen. And he kept shooting down his enemies, and his fame grew so fast. Soon everyone was to recognize that he was a good commander. He took great care of the training of his pilots, requiring them to feel fused with their machine and to maneuver instinctively, without thinking - as he did. On the same November, his merits were awarded Hohenzollern Knight's Cross.

When Udet shot down three opponents in January 1918, increasing his score to 19 victories, he was already one of the most famous fighters. Therefore, he was invited to Berlin for comparison flights of the latest fighter prototypes.

In March 1918, German troops prepared to carry out the spring offensive. All forces, including the Air Force, were concentrated in its support. I Jasta 37 was relocated to the area of attack, planned between the cities of Arras, Saint-Quentin and La Fére. At that time, Udet already had 20 victories. At that time he also visited Richthofen, he told him that with twenty kills Udet would be mature for his elite JG I and suggested transfer to his unit. Udet, of course, accepted immediately. He held this honor immensely - serving under Richthofen, it already meant something!

With Jagdgeschwader 1



He was included in Jasta 11 and participated in the just launched offensive.At that time, Jasta used Albatross DV and Richthofen's favorites Fokkery Dr. I, but Udet didn't appreciate them much. All the more enthusiastic then welcomed the new Fokkery D.VII, which began to come to the front from the end of April 1918. March 27 shot down ( but still in the cockpit of Dr. I) RE 8 and the next day he fought in a tough duel with Camelem: "It's afternoon and the sun is already setting. It's still dazzling. We sometimes have to close our eyes and look for the enemy We can't allow an unexpected assault. Gussmann, who escapes and pushes the machine down. Get an Englishman without hitting Gussmann I lift my head for a moment and see another English chana, as he points at me ... "

Udet and the pilot Camel pounced on each other. Frontal leakage is an absolute test of courage. It is a situation where both opponents rush against each other with barking machine guns. Whoever gets the nerve first and dodges too soon will expose his machine to the opponent's fire.

This time they just flickered around. And again. And once again: "We turn again and rush against each other ... My palm flies over me ... When we fly like this for the fourth time, I feel my hands get wet ... During the fifth collision, my nerves are strained to burst. .. I still have a flashback to a similar duel I saw at Lens. The two machines collided during the attack ... " ] "I'm flying home with badly tangled nerves, all sweaty ... I've never cared for downed enemies ... But this time I want to meet my opponent. At dusk I go to the field infirmary, which is located near the city where he crashed. Probably him there they were delivered ... My opponent was hit in the head and dead on the spot The doctor hands me his purse I take the business card in my hand: 'Lieutenant CR Maasdorp, Ontario, RFC 47' ... Then there is a portrait of an old lady and a letter, in which it says: "You must not make so many flights against the enemy. Think of your father and me." to keep in mind that everyone we shot down is mourned by their mother. "

On 6.4. shot down Udet next Camel. The number of his victories thus reached 23. On April 9, Udet was awarded the coveted Pour le Mérite, but at that time it was already sent to background with ear inflammation. On vacation, however, Udet soon found out that something was wrong, that his stay at the front marked him properly. What used to be important has now lost its meaning for him, and other things have filled his life. Therefore, as soon as his health allowed, he went back to his friends to the front, before the end of the holiday.

When Udet was on vacation, Richthofen fell. In JG I so there were some personnel changes and Udeta appointed a commander Jasta 4, belonging to JG I. In addition, on June 8, JG I Lieutenant Hermann Göring, then ace with 21 kills. However, his appointments were not helped by his abilities as well as by acquaintances in high places.The pilots JG I were disappointed by the new commander, because instead of a fighting and brave Richthofen, a model of Prussian honor, they were suddenly commanded by an arrogant and lazy man, which rarely started and during his activity at JG I shot down a single enemy. Udet himself He hated Göring, but later, when he was Göring one of the Nazi leaders, played a crucial role in Udet's life.

Meanwhile, however, fierce fighting continued. At Jasta 4, Udet began to prosper unusually. The first victory after returning from vacation Udet won the last day of May. With the new Fokker D.VII Udet amassed his victories at an ever-accelerating pace. For example, in three days, from 23 to 25 June, he destroyed five enemy aircraft and thus increased the number of his victories to 35. But there were also defeats.

On the morning of June 28, the Udets telephoned from the trenches that a French observation Bréguet was conducting enemy artillery fire with terrible effect, and gave him a place according to the map. Udet immediately started and found Bréguet. He attacked him at an altitude of 600 m above the ground. He expertly hid behind his tail surfaces, so that the French observer could not shoot at him. Udet fired a shot and saw the observer's head disappear. Believing that the shooter had been injured or killed, Udet approached Bréguet to arrive. Suddenly, the observer rose and covered Udet with a hail of bullets. He shot Fokker D.VII the whole process and Udet had to save by parachuting, which the German pilots were recently equipped with.

As of June 30, 1918, he already had 36 victories. During July, he increased the number of victories to 40, but then came August, Udet's most successful month. Now 1.8. In 1918 he shot down two Nieuports and one Spad. A week later, August 8, 1918, he shot down three enemies again, this time it was two SE 5a and one Sopwith Camel. In total, Udet destroyed 20 enemy machines between August 1 and 22, and his score reached 60 victories.

But the situation of German troops is already critical. German fighters even have to be deployed to carry out raids on Allied infantry penetrating deeper and deeper into German positions. In one such attack, Udet even destroyed an English tank, even though he had to fire all the ammunition into it, which Fokker D.VII represented 1000 rounds caliber 7, 92 mm.

At other times, however, Udet almost fell victim to one serious vice Fokker D.VII, who sometimes had problems with overheating and premature explosion incendiary ammunition before firing. The reason was poor quality ammunition and its overheating from the engine. Anthony Fokker later modified the ammunition area so that the holsters with ammunition belts were better ventilated. The German pilots had long since bothered with the threat of a field trial and used incendiary ammunition all the time. An exception was not Udet, which once exploded phosphorous charge in the tank just at the time sitting in the back of it SE 5a. Udet did not hesitate and immediately fired all the ammunition in front of him to prevent the fire. The Englishman behind him was so frightened by the unexpected shooting that he preferred to disengage. Paradoxically, the technical deficiency that cost several pilots their lives saved Udet from dying.

However, the last weeks of the war were already tragic for the German Air Force. The Allied superiority was overwhelming, the numbers of combat-ready aircraft and crews were thinning considerably, and there was a lack of gasoline and ammunition.Neither the dedication of German pilots nor small numbers of new excellent aircraft such as Fokker D.VIII, Pfalz D.XII or Siemens-Schuckert D.III a D.IV.

"The war is getting harder every day. When one plane takes off with us, five take off opposite them. If any of them crash on our side, we run to it and disassemble it. The planes are equipped with measuring instruments that "We have long gone. They shine with nickel and shine with yellow brass. Against this abundance we can only pit our sense of duty and the fighting experience of four long years. We start often and every start now means a fight," Udet commented.

September 26, the pilots JG I attacks the bomber formation DH 9. They are inexperienced Americans. The formation is dispersed in an instant and two of the shot down enemies are also credited by Udet. However, it was just a swan song by German fighters. Udet himself was still wounded in this fight. The bullet pierced his left buttocks. These two victories are also his last, bringing their number to 62. He thus became the second most successful German pilot and the most successful of those who survived.

The German command is still desperately trying to throw new types of fighters on the front. It is constantly bidding for new machines. Udet also participates in the last such comparison in the second half of October. Then, above the front, he tries a new Siemens-Schuckert D.III, but it's too late for Germany. And so November 11 surrendered.

After the war



One can well imagine the emptiness that former soldiers saw in front of them, still living to the full with a constantly rising level of adrenaline. Most of them were very young and could do nothing but kill. City life wasn't for Udet either. In 1920, he married his love Eleonor Zink, whose name, or rather the stylized abbreviation "LO!", Was worn on the fuselages of his fighter jets, but this marriage lasted only three years. Udet really only loved flying and partying.

After the war, he took part in everything that had to do with flying. He made a living flying air shows, where his top numbers included collecting handkerchiefs from the ground with a hook at the end of the wing, performing air battles, flying for filmmakers, participating in the production of aircraft, attempting air travel. His public appearances have made him a world-famous figure.

Of course, members of the new Nazi movement, which was born out of the post-war revolutionary chaos and whose representative Adolf Hitler promised German citizens, also wanted to use its popularity. new order, prosperity and redress of the wrongs committed in Germany by the conditions of the Peace of Versailles. Udet politically very naive stood out for a long time. In the end, however, he succumbed to persuasion Hermann Göring, who in the meantime became one of the Nazi leaders and later commander in chief of the new German Air Force - Luftwaffe. Eventually, Udet became chief armourer Luftwaffe, but Göring really only wanted to use it as insurance.

Naive Udet was not intriguing and had no chance. Moreover, he did not have the skills for such a high office, even though he did what he could. Most of the time, however, he limited himself to personal testing of new types of aircraft, because flying was basically the only thing that interested him. After the outbreak of II. World War II did everything to Luftwaffe strengthen.

However, after the first setbacks, especially after the Battle of Britain, Göring used him as a scapegoat when he blamed all responsibility for defeating him .He argued that the planes that Udet had pushed into production were useless. Although Udet made some mistakes here, he could not, of course, be responsible for the combat use of the aircraft. Udet fell victim to a high political game and it broke him. On November 17, 1941, he could not bear the situation and shot himself.

Udet, Ernst: Můj život letce, nakl. Mustang, Pilsen 1993, ISBN 80-85831-06-6
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A small addition to the alleged fight which helped sales with Guynemerem. This story we know only from occasional references to the narrative. There is no witness to this fight and there is also no confirmation of Guynemerovy party, whether in a combat report or any of the numerous letters which he wrote home. Anyone of a similar struggle did not mention even among the other colleagues from the squadron. Guynemer was known for its negative attitude to the Germans he didn't like them and despised them. That is why, even in the thirties, when meeting former pilots Guynemerovy group "les Cicognes" with Udet, voiced Franouzi opinion, that alone Guynemer had to have probably been stuck a machine gun. Kind of similar to the clash he said Guynemer mentioned from the times when he flew on Nieuportech, so lovers of romantic fights now often claim that Udet made a mistake in the identification of the opponent's machine - Guynemer apparently flown on Fallout, but on the Nieuport. The whole story is however built on the fact that Udet was able to read about some 20 cm high letters on the hull of the opponent's aircraft, of which I personally have to assume that type you would get from such a distance probably wasn't.

However, the most interesting piece of the puzzle is totally original Udetovo narrative, which was printed in the book of Kreuz wider Kokarde in 1918. Here Udet on page 68 in the hearing of the battle states: "Ich konnte dauernd sein weiß schimmerndes Gesicht und einen lang flatternden Schal sehen. Als kennnungszeichen trug er auf beiden seiten canal des Rumpfes einen großen schwarzen Totenkopf." Thus in English: "I Could still see his glittering white face and a long flowing scarf. As a distinctive label wear on both sides of the hull of a large black skull." The original can be viewed here - digital.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de

It's hard to say whether it is a story invented from beginning to end, or is its core true. I don't know any franouzského (even the british) pilot, who would be on the airplane wore the black skull, the less any ace (Udet notes that the French pilot was excellent). But even if the core of the story was true, his opponent apparently wasn't Guynemer - to "improvements" of the opponent was only much later, when Udet found out what the designation of Guynemer in the war on the aeroplane wore....
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Doplňuji tři fotografie Ernsta Udeta s jeho letouny. Jsou seřazeny chronologicky. Na prvním obrázku si všimněte průstřelů v těsném okolí pilotní kabiny Albatrosu D.Va. Stroj inkasoval celkem 21 zásahů a opět se ukázalo, že i velký válečník potřebuje mít kliku.

Druhá fotografie s největší pravděpodobností zobrazuje asi nejznámější Udetův stroj. Fokker D.VII s rudým trupem, osobním znakem LO!, horním křídlem s diagonálními bílými a rudými pruhy a nápisem "Du doch nicht!" na výškovce. Právě z tohoto letounu se musel spasit skokem na Heineckeho padáku, když byl 28.6. 1918 sestřelen střelcem francouzského Bréguetu.

Na samém sklonku války Ernst Udet testoval tento Siemens-Schuckert SSW D.III. Stroj měl vynikající letové vlastnosti, především stoupavost. I tenti stroj měl červený trup a na něm přezdívku Udetovy dívky Eleonor Zink.
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Udet v uniformě nové Luftwaffe
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SSW D.III, který používal slavný Ernst Udet. Nápis LO! na boku trupu nesly i jiné Udetovy stroje, šlo o zkratku křestního jména jeho snoubenky Loly Zink. Křídla stroje jsou potažena lozengovým plátnem s pětibarevným vzorem.


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Tento Fokker bývá často označován jako E.III 105/15. Podle fotografií je však zřejmé, že letoun daleko více odpovídá typu E.I (tvar trupu, chybějící plnicí otvor trupové nádrže, chybějící kompas v pravém křídle, čtvercové kryty motoru). Na stroji u KEK Habsheim létal Ernst Udet. Trup obepínají pruhy v německých barvách (červená, bílá, černá). V bílém pruhu jsou kříže výsostného označení a to i shora a patrně i zespodu. Plátěné plochy natřeny středně šedou barvou.


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he became the most successful ace of the Jasty 4, where he gained 39 of his 62 kills
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V kokpitu tohoto Fokkeru D.VIIF se střídali H. Göring (22 sestřelů, Pour le Mérite) a E. Udet (62 s., PlM).
 - Fokker D.VIIF ev. č. 4253/18 ze stavu Jasta 4. Létali s ním Ernst Udet, velitel Jasta 4 (62 sestřelů, Pour le Mérite) a Hermann Göring, velitel nadřízené JG 1 (22 sestřelů, Pour le Mérite). Letiště Metz-Frescaty, říjen 1918. Letoun má červeně zbarvenou přední část trupu, podvozek a vzpěrový systém. Zadní část trupu a ocasní plochy jsou bílé. Nosné plochy potaženy lozengovým plátnem.

Fokker D.VIIF ev. č. 4253/18 ze stavu Jasta 4. Létali s ním Ernst Udet, velitel Jasta 4 (62 sestřelů, Pour le Mérite) a Hermann Göring, velitel nadřízené JG 1 (22 sestřelů, Pour le Mérite). Letiště Metz-Frescaty, říjen 1918. Letoun má červeně zbarvenou přední část trupu, podvozek a vzpěrový systém. Zadní část trupu a ocasní plochy jsou bílé. Nosné plochy potaženy lozengovým plátnem.
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