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Radek Enžl / Rad

Radek Enžl / Rad

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🕔︎ 17.11.2022 👁︎ 999

56th Squadron RAF

One of the most famous squadrons of the Royal Air Force and the most successful RFC / RAF unit during the First World War.
🕔︎ 14.06.2007 👁︎ 10.709

95th Aero Squadron

history of the 95th Aero Squadron from World War I to the present
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 8.567

A civilian version of the Colt 1911 and its clones

When Gerry James, a prominent American expert and publicist in the field of ammunition, compiled a list of the most successful small arms of the 20th century for Guns & Ammo magazine years ago, one of his acquaintances asked him: "If you could only have one weapon, what would Was it? ” Without hesitation, James replied, “ Model 1911 caliber .45 ” This view is shared by a number of other experts as well as a large group of shooters from the general public. Few valid, although the vast majority of people associate the name Colt with revolvers, the most successful short weapon of the famous armory is the Colt M 1911 and its variations. Most of all, however, is that the famous pistol celebrated its 100th birthday last year.
🕔︎ 05.03.2012 👁︎ 47.662

Albert Ball

WWI fighter ace.
🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 9.486

Arthur Raymond Brooks

Biography of the American Fighter Ace of World war I and a pioneer in the development of airborne radio navigation.
🕔︎ 02.09.2009 👁︎ 8.442

Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise strike by the Japanese Imperial Navy against the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). Admiral Chuichi Nagum's six aircraft carriers sent two attack waves, numbering a total of 353 aircraft, against the US Pacific Fleet base in Pearl Harbor, Oahu.

🕔︎ 11.04.2009 👁︎ 80.759

Battle of Aboukir Bay

In the spring of 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte was planning a major invasion of Egypt. The Directory felt a threat in his person, so he willingly gave permission for the campaign. The purpose of this action was to cut off England from its colonies and endanger the colonies in India.

🕔︎ 19.06.2007 👁︎ 43.712

Battle of Copenhagen

At the end of 1800, Russia, Sweden, Denmark and Prussia formed a coalition that strongly opposed the English blockade of France. It consisted of the interest of merchant ships sailing to French ports. England even claimed the right to stop and search ships flying neutral flags. The captured ships were then escorted to English ports, where their further fate was decided by a special court.
🕔︎ 18.03.2008 👁︎ 29.142

Battle of Okinawa Part 1 - Preparations

"One plane for one warship. One boat for one ship. One man for ten enemies. One man for one tank."

Battle slogan of the Japanese 32nd Army defending Okinawa

🕔︎ 12.06.2009 👁︎ 31.448

Battle of Okinawa Part 2 - Combat Action

" The situation is really getting difficult. There are about 65,000-70,000 fighting Japanese drilled in the holes at the southern end of the island. I see no way to get them out of there but to blow them up yard after yard. "

Major General JR Hodge, Commander XXIV. Army Corps

🕔︎ 13.06.2009 👁︎ 31.155

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 1

The first part of the series devoted to the 1st Field Battalion's fighting at Sokolov in March 1943 deals with the plight of Czechoslovak citizens who found themselves in Soviet labour camps. It is a little-known fact that around 80% of the 1st Field Battalion was made up of prisoners from the gulags.

🕔︎ 24.01.2015 👁︎ 25.756

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 10

After a fierce battle the Czechoslovaks lost Sokolovo, but during the following night they set out to recapture it...

🕔︎ 27.02.2015 👁︎ 24.919

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 11

After fierce fighting at Sokolov, the Czechoslovak battalion was threatened with encirclement. Therefore, he was ordered to retreat, during which, however, there was no shortage of dramatic moments...

🕔︎ 28.02.2015 👁︎ 27.069

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 12

The battle of Sokolov was over, but the recovery of the battalion was not a simple task...

🕔︎ 01.03.2015 👁︎ 25.257

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 13

Czechoslovak soldiers were ordinary people, as in all armies. There were heroes, there were cowards. Both the former and the latter are part of the complete history of the deployment of the 1st Field Battalion at Sokolov, and there is no point in saying that the latter category did not exist. Yet it cannot be overlooked that there were only a few cowards, while those who did not leave their battle stations were much, much more numerous...

🕔︎ 01.03.2015 👁︎ 28.905

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 14

The final part of the series about the first combat performance of the Czechoslovak troops on the Eastern Front deals with the issue of Czechoslovak soldiers captured in Sokolov.

🕔︎ 01.03.2015 👁︎ 32.055

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 2

The second part of the article about the combat performance of the Czechoslovak soldiers at Sokolov reveals the desperate situation of the Czechoslovak citizens in the gulags and the difficulties they had to face when they wanted to join the Czechoslovak troops.

🕔︎ 24.01.2015 👁︎ 20.058

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 3

The political behind the scenes of the establishment of the first Czechoslovak unit in the USSR.

🕔︎ 03.02.2015 👁︎ 19.325

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 5

The actual movement of the Czechoslovak unit to Kharkov, where it was to be deployed as part of the Voronezh Front, was not easy. The Soviet railways were quite damaged by the war, so the move to Valuiki station, from where the soldiers were to continue on foot, took three weeks.

🕔︎ 11.02.2015 👁︎ 18.843

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 6

The soldiers of the 1st Field Battalion went to the front as a fast unit, trained and designed to conduct offensive combat. After being assigned motor vehicles, they were to take part in the offensive actions that the Voronezh Front was conducting at the time. However, a turn in the situation at the front caused them to frantically start building defensive positions and waiting for German tanks...

🕔︎ 15.02.2015 👁︎ 24.843

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 7

Preparations for battle are at their peak, the Czechoslovaks are building defences, weapons are being deployed. The battle is approaching.

🕔︎ 22.02.2015 👁︎ 26.792

Battle of Sokolovo - Part 8

The memories of veterans draw the reader directly into the burning Sokolov...

🕔︎ 23.02.2015 👁︎ 27.044

Billy Bishop - the boy who couldn't miss

William Avery "Billy" Bishop is considered the most successful fighter in the British Empire during World War I. , also in terms of the number of victories awarded. Today, with the development of historical knowledge, which seeks to dispel the haze of legend, the question inevitably arises whether legitimately ...
🕔︎ 20.07.2019 👁︎ 6.655

Capitaine Albert Deullin

Biography of the French fighter ace and co-creator of tactics of the French fighter air force of the First World War.
🕔︎ 04.03.2007 👁︎ 12.478

Captain Arthur Roy Brown

Biography of the Canadian Fighter Ace of First World War. The man who shot down Rittmeister Manfred von Richthofen on April 21, 1918.
🕔︎ 29.03.2008 👁︎ 10.719

Captain Reginald Theodore Carlos Hoidge

It is absolutely tragic that no info of the most successful fighters of the British 56th Squadron and Canadian fighters is available at all.
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 13.136

Captain Richard Aveline Maybery

On September 17, 1913 he was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant to the 21st Lancers. His regiment was later deployed to India, where Maybery apparently took part in an unsuccessful attack on Turkey. On September 15, 1915, he was seriously wounded in these battles. After recovery, he was transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and completed flight training in Egypt. "Wings" (pilot badge) received on May 26, 1917. .....
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 8.081

Carcano 91 rifle

The basic repeating rifle of the Italian army in both world wars, which also allegedly took part in one important assassination ...
🕔︎ 25.02.2017 👁︎ 7.453

Carlos de Haya González de Ubieta

Biography of the Spanish inventor and especially the pilot, the holder of several world records, who after the outbreak of the Civil War became involved in the fighting on the side of the coup plotters. He became the personal pilot of General Franco and in 1938 he fell in air combat.
🕔︎ 14.07.2012 👁︎ 8.316

Cartridge 45 Colt

History and description of one of the oldest revolver rounds in the world. The cartridge is still being manufactured, and some time ago it was even started by the Sellier & Bellot domestic ammunition.

🕔︎ 12.11.2020 👁︎ 6.009

Cecil Arthur Lewis

British fighter ace of World War I, co-founder of the BBC, writer, author of a number of books on fighters of World War I. war and one of the most important authors of aviation literature of this period.
🕔︎ 14.06.2007 👁︎ 11.773

Charles Nungesser

The third most successful French fighter of the World War I, a film actor, one of the challengers of the Atlantic Ocean. There may not have been a more eccentric pilot in the history of military aviation than he was. He was not afraid of anyone or anything - the man who despised death earned a number of nicknames, but undoubtedly the most famous was under the nickname Hussard de la Mort - Rider of Death.
🕔︎ 01.05.2016 👁︎ 6.176

Colt Model 1851 Navy

It was one of the most successful weapons of its time. During the Civil War, the famous General Robert E. Lee also had it by his side. After the war, Wild Bill Hickok, the most famous gunslinger in the West, wore it practically throughout his career. It was a well-balanced revolver, accurate and reliable. It was one of the weapons that helped create the legend of Colt weapons.

🕔︎ 31.01.2020 👁︎ 5.302

Combat deployment of the S-75 system (Part 1. - Against spies)

The Soviet S-75 system (ie the family of anti-aircraft missile complexes versions SA-75 Dvina, S-75 Děsna and S-75M Volchov) was one of the most widespread missile systems of the past. With a slight exaggeration, we can declare him a "Kalashnikov" among anti-aircraft missiles. His anti-aircraft missiles are, thanks to their graceful shapes, extremely "photogenic" - during the Cold War, photos of these missiles were often in newspapers both in the west and in the eastern bloc. Many less educated journalists use them with gusto as an illustrative photo for articles on ballistic missiles to this day. In a way, they are not far from the truth, these missiles have excellent flight characteristics and aerodynamics, so many countries (eg China, Serbia, Iran, etc.) have adapted them to ballistic missiles, in their country of origin retired missiles serve as flying laboratories. However, it was once a deadly weapon, these complexes served in dozens of countries, fought in a number of wars and shot down hundreds of aircraft.
🕔︎ 08.07.2016 👁︎ 25.705

Combat deployment of the S-75 system (Part 2 - Vietnam 1965-68)

The S-75 system ( in this case the SA-75 Dvina version ) was widely deployed during the conflict in Vietnam. This war became a kind of "Soviet-American shooting range", a kind of verification polygon, where both sides tested new armaments and tactics. It is a substance so rich that I had to divide it into two articles - in this section we will learn about the combat deployment of North Vietnamese anti-aircraft missile complexes in the first phase of the US air offensive - during Operation Rolling Thunder.
🕔︎ 21.07.2016 👁︎ 22.370

Combat deployment of the S-75 system (Part 4 - Middle East 1967-82)

As the USSR sought to export socialism to the Middle East, it also supplied these regimes with a wide variety of weapons. Of course, there were also anti-aircraft missile complexes of the S-75 system. This time their opponent was the Israeli Air Force ...
🕔︎ 25.07.2016 👁︎ 20.174

Combat deployment of the S-75 system (Part 5 - 80s to the present)

The conclusion of a five-part series of articles on the combat deployment of anti-aircraft missile system S-75. This time we will focus on the conflicts of the end of the 20th century. Although this system was already obsolete at that time, in many countries it still had to be at the forefront ...
🕔︎ 12.08.2016 👁︎ 26.348


The CZ 805 assault rifle is a highly variable weapon of a 21st century soldier. It is an automatic rifle with a breech locked by means of a rotary bolt, using for automatic operation the pressure of gases taken from the barrel, on a piston with a short movement, placed above the barrel. The weapon is equipped with a two-position gas pressure regulator.
🕔︎ 12.03.2019 👁︎ 6.022

Czech Blood

Participation of the Czech King Jan of Luxembourg in the Battle of Crécy in 1346.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 52.711

Czech Blood

John of Luxembourg was raised according to the best principles of chivalry. No one was born a knight at that time. The title of knight applied only to those who were knighted.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 31.791

Czech Blood

Explaining the causes of the Hundred Years' War would be difficult and time consuming. Suffice it to say that the death of King Charles IV "The beautiful" of France, third son of Philip IV. (his older brothers, kings Louis X and Philip V died childless) , in 1328 the Capetian royal line died out and the crown passed to Philip of Valois, cousin of Charles IV., ie the descendant of the nearest side branch of the Kapet family. During his coronation as King of France, he adopted the name Philip VI.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 23.627

Czech Blood

Then John of Luxembourg turned to the knight by his side: "Young Climber, say briefly, remember that you had a good father whom no one blamed for evil, and he did much good. And you're also a knight bold, young, good, kind of adult. Knowing that thou wilt not lead me away, but I trust that thou shalt lead me, and where I will tempt thy sword ...
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 30.145

Czech Blood

So Philip VI returned to Paris, picked up all the troops at hand, and began to pursue the English. Here comes the time of another hypothesis, according to which John of Luxembourg became the commander of the vanguard of the entire French army.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 19.996

Czech Blood

It is believed that the second French company developed to the left of Alençon and more behind him, opposite the Black Prince's company. The theory of this position is supported by two clues.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 29.107

Czech Blood

The names of the Czech knights who perished together with Jan of Luxembourg in the battle of Kresčak are mentioned in a later verse poem, but these names are not confirmed by period sources.
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 24.262

Death of Admiral Nelson

Interestingly, although many books or articles deal with the life of the famous English admiral, few deal with the exact circumstances of his death. This is an extremely interesting topic. In many publications, the reader only learns that Nelson was hit by a musket bullet during the Battle of Trafalgar, other times it is added that it was a sniper (or sniper) hit, and sometimes a very important detail is added, the name of the French shooter - Robert Guillemard. But few think about where the name of the man who was to fire the most successful single shot from the reserve of all time came from.
🕔︎ 13.03.2008 👁︎ 43.768

Desert Eagle 50 AE for the second time - practical test

Because some time ago I had the opportunity to practically verify the behavior of one of the most famous pistols in the world when shooting, I decided to share this experience with you in a short report.
🕔︎ 09.02.2010 👁︎ 38.640

Development of military repeating rifles on the eve of the World War I

At the end of the 19th century, the rivalry between the main European powers culminated. The war between them seemed inevitable, leading to massive arms races. Because the basic and most numerous type of land armies at the time was the infantry, special attention was paid to the development of modern infantry rifles. The second half of the 19th century in this area was marked by rapid development. In just thirty years, in the armies of the armies of the six major European powers, black-powder forearms were replaced by rear-charged repeaters for uniform ammunition filled with smokeless dust. This article describes the history of this rivalry, this effort to gain any advantage over future opponents.
🕔︎ 27.08.2017 👁︎ 28.255


History of one of the most successful German aircraft in its category.
🕔︎ 08.03.2010 👁︎ 12.191

Dongfeng-7 aka Tondar-69: The East Wind blowing into Iran

In the context of the war in Ukraine, it is clear to see the danger that ballistic missiles pose to cities. These do not have to be expensive weapons. The article describes a ballistic missile of Chinese origin, "recycled" from an originally medium-range anti-aircraft missile.

🕔︎ 31.08.2022 👁︎ 3.926

Eberhard Mohnicke

The biography of a little-known WWI ace, a man who served nearly a year and a half in the elite fighter unit Jasta 11, managed to survive all of its campaigns and many of his more famous comrades, but still did not escape his fate as an aviator in the end.

🕔︎ 17.02.2022 👁︎ 2.962

Edward C. Mannock - King of the Air Warriors

Mick Mannock was one of the most complex personalities to sit behind the fighter jet during the Great War. Unlike many other aces, he had no aristocratic origins; on the contrary, he came from the poorest strata. Apparently this was what gave him a relentless care for his subordinates, which, however, contrasted sharply with the outrageous hatred of the enemy ... His pilots loved him and one of his comrades ace Ira Jones wrote a book about him after the war with the distinctive title "King of Air". Fighters "- King of Fighters, or better -" King of Air Warriors ".
🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 9.789

Electromagnetic bomb - a weapon with directed energy

Directional energy weapons are radically different in their operation and influence compared to any other weapons used. They include lasers, microwave transmitters, and particle beam weapons.
🕔︎ 05.04.2003 👁︎ 57.242

Elite units in the Persian Gulf

Both the First and Second Gulf Wars were characterized by a wide participation of elite troops. Particularly elite formations include special forces. Deployment in both conflicts is largely analogous. However, unlike the first, the second war did not involve elite and special forces of France and Arab countries.
🕔︎ 10.06.2003 👁︎ 43.818

Elite units in the Persian Gulf

The survey was a permanent and most important activity of special forces. The British SAS allegedly infiltrated Baghdad in disguise, as did members of the Delta Force.
🕔︎ 10.06.2003 👁︎ 28.516

FAMOUS WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION - Colt Single Action Army and .45 Long Colt - Part 1

I started the series about famous weapons with the Desert Eagle pistol due to its media fame, and I decided to alternate pistols and revolvers regularly. So today it's the turn of the revolver, and what other weapon should we start this part of the series with than the revolver, which has been in production for almost 130 years.
🕔︎ 01.12.2004 👁︎ 79.183

Famous weapons and ammunition - Desert Eagle and .50 Action Express

Who doesn't know Desert Eagle? There is probably no more "slick" weapon in Hollywood. This pistol has starred in almost all action movies. Desert Eagle pistols (Desert Eagle), it is not the famous weapon in the true sense of the word. Nevertheless, this weapon has gained great popularity, especially due to its respectable dimensions, remarkable design and impressive performance. But is she really that good?
🕔︎ 08.02.2004 👁︎ 141.442

Famous weapons and ammunition - the Colt 1911 and the .45 ACP

In 2011, a complete frenzy broke out in the shooting world. The reason was one extraordinary anniversary. That year, 100 years have passed since the creation of the Colt M 1911, one of the most famous self-loading pistols in the world. Professional periodicals spewed articles about this weapon, armament companies threw jubilee models on the market, and some armories even began production of this type, although until then it was not in the production program at all. Of course, we at can't just miss this anniversary, so we will remember this famous pistol on these pages as well. We seem to be coming, so to speak, "with a cross after funus", but it was not so easy with the creation of the famous pistol. The weapon was actually created in 1910 and a year later was officially accepted into the arsenal of the US Armed Forces. However, the first pistols were not shipped from Colt's factory until January 1912, a hundred years ago.
🕔︎ 13.01.2012 👁︎ 90.338

Farman MF.11 Shorthorn

A multi-purpose two-seat single-engine biplane, used by the Allies at the beginning of the war for aerial reconnaissance and bombing.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.662

Father of SAMs

The life story of Petr D. Grushin - a man who went from designing aircraft to destroying them - was the spiritual father of a large family of Soviet anti-aircraft missile systems, which the West referred to as SAMs (Surface-to-air-Missile).
🕔︎ 06.02.2010 👁︎ 14.757

Fernand Jacquet - the first Belgian ace

He was short-sighted and flew on clumsy Farman-type machines. Nevertheless (or perhaps that is why) he became a legend of the Belgian Air Force and the first Belgian ace ...
🕔︎ 27.06.2018 👁︎ 4.605

Fighter aces

The concept itself was born in France. At the time of the Battle of Verdun, there was a need for a system that would encourage fighters and other pilots to try to surpass others in the number of shot down enemy aircraft. Major de Rose, Air Force Commander of II. Army, then replaced the hitherto inconsistent record of victories with accurate records and at the same time criteria were set for the recognition of achievements, primarily the testimony of their own ground troops. The pilot, who achieved five victories, was entitled to the title of ace ...
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 50.284

Fighter aces

War ... No other word better describes human helplessness. People know that wars are terrible and do nothing good, but they have led, waged, and are likely to continue to wage them. Although they make it possible to manifest the worst and best human qualities, they are undoubtedly the most terrible that mankind has created. They accompany the development of man from his creation to the present day. And because humanity still can't do anything about it, they will probably fight in the future.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 27.050

Fighter aces

The ancient human desire to soar into the air, to free oneself from the gravity of the earth, to get closer to birds and to God, came true on December 17, 1903. On that day, a man rose into the air for the first time on a flying vehicle heavier than air.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 29.861

Fighter aces

The situation in Europe in 1914 was unsustainable. The Imperial conquests of the Trojspolk intersected with the interests of the Trojdohoda. It was more than obvious that sooner or later there would be a conflict.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 25.415

Fighter aces

It was obvious that the fighter must have very special characteristics. Above all, he must be faster, climb better and faster, and be able to operate at higher altitudes. Last but not least, he must be heavily armed and have very good maneuverability. These conditions clearly indicated the need for a high-performance engine and low weight for the entire machine.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 26.152

Fighter aces

On the Western Front, the Allies prepared several offensive operations in 1915, which were basically to test the possibility of breaking the German lines.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 22.368

Fighter aces

In the east, fierce fighting continued after the battle of East Prussia.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 23.339

Fighter aces

At the end of the summer of 1916, German war pilots woke up a nightmare in the form of a French Spad S.VII biplane, with the words "Vieux Charles" written on the fuselage, crashing headlong to the stern of their aircraft.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 28.302

Fighter aces

If it was a "material battle" on the ground near Verdun, then it was no different in the air. For the first time, larger aircraft formations began to compete here. The number of air battles was growing at a dizzying pace.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 21.028

Fighter aces

In April 1917, General Nivelle, who succeeded General Joffre as commander in chief of the French army, planned to break through German defensive positions on the heights at the Chemin des Dames. It was an enticing goal, because if successful, Allied troops would control a wide area all around the heights. From here it was possible to see the whole Champagnes plain and it was possible to secure the bridgehead of the river Aisne. However, this plan was doomed to failure from the beginning.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 22.563

Fighter aces

English pilots and mechanics wasted time telling terrifying stories in the haunting monsters of the hangars, waiting for orders. They whispered about planes that had returned to the airport with a dead crew, planes that had been missing for weeks and yet were seen again and again in the air, heralding losses in the ranks of the unit, or pilots who, although long dead, they came to the canteen without a word and left again, and sooner or later everyone they met also went to the realm of oblivion. However, none of these fables were more horrible than the legend of the " Red Baron . "
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 21.982

Fighter aces

In addition to the famous victories, however, came the first defeats.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 26.661

Fighter aces

After the Battle of Cambrai, the winter of 1917/18 took place without dramatic events.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 21.798

Fighter aces

Knightly battles were irretrievably a thing of the past. Gone are the days when lone predators gliding across their rivals in the sky, this time when the famous masters were competing, was over.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 27.645

Fighter aces

Because Italy did not receive a guarantee of territorial gain from the Triple Entente at the beginning of the war, it declared its neutrality on August 3, 1914, despite the German pressure.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 23.838

Fighter aces

The German General Staff, aware of the stalemate on the Western Front, tried to resolve the conflict on another battlefield.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 21.571

Fighter aces

In September 1918, the RAF headquarters decided that Major Barker had done enough for the British Empire. He was therefore promoted to the rank of Lieutenant - Colonel (Lieutenant Colonel) and appointed commander of the Aviation School of Higher Pilotage in Hounslow, England.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 22.006

Fighter aces

After heavy losses, the offensive at Ypres finally stopped. However, RFC pilots did not have many opportunities to rest, because on April 20, 1917, a tank offensive was launched at Cambrai and RFC squadrons were designed to directly support ground troops.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 22.339

Fighter aces

At that time, there was also stagnation in the chemical war. The soldiers of both sides were no longer surprised, experience taught them to use protective masks quickly and effectively.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 24.075

Fighter aces

While Collishaw was on vacation in Vancouver, another excellent British fighter was at home in Canada. He was William Avery Bishop, known throughout France, Britain, Canada and the United States as "the incredible Billy Bishop" - an ace with 47 kills.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 21.418

Fighter aces

The massive German spring offensive on the Western Front in 1918, which has been mentioned several times, was made possible mainly by the events that took place in the autumn of the previous year in Russia. War operations on the Eastern Front required a different approach in all respects, including air combat. Mass air battles over the Western Front completely overshadowed the air battles taking place in the East. Nevertheless, a number of excellent aces served on both sides of the front.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 24.008

Fighter aces

On the evening of August 3, 1919, the day the British pilots held a farewell dinner for their Russian friends, Kazakov appeared in the hangar and ordered his Camel to prepare for flight.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 22.834

Fighter aces

On January 1, 1918, World War II entered its final year, although of course the men at the front had no idea. However, they prayed fervently for it. But the last year of the war was to be as horrible as any previous one. The fighting continued with unabated force, and modern flying knights were still racing over the front. The riders on the winged horses raced again and again into their aerial battles. They flew and flew, chasing through the clouds, living in the air and dying in the fire.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 24.114

Fighter aces

In the summer of 1918, German pilots found a fallen French pilot in a clip from a French newspaper, which was referred to as a German fighter as an "ace es" . Attached was his photograph and name - Lieutenant Udet. After Richthofen's death, Ernst Udet really had the most victories of all living German pilots. He then fought to stay in this position, and in the end he succeeded. He became the most successful living German fighter and the second most successful overall. However, this was preceded by three years of hard air fighting.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 23.134

Fighter aces

When Udet was on vacation, Richthofen fell. In JG I, some personnel changes took place and Udet was appointed commander of Jasta 4, belonging to JG I. On the eighth of June, in addition, Lieutenant Hermann Göring, then an ace with 21 victories, took command of JG I. However, his appointment was not deserved so much by his abilities as by his acquaintances in high places.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 23.886

Fighter aces

On May 8, 1918, Coppens had little time when, after three fruitless attacks on the "sausage", the Germans cut off the balloon and it struck Coppens' Hanriot from below. Fortunately, the fighter slipped on its cover ...
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 21.006

Fighter aces

In the last months of the war, the Allied Air Force clearly demonstrated its numerical and material superiority. The German Air Force, although remaining combat-ready and dangerous until the end, could no longer stop them. In the case of some Allied pilots, the war turned into complete hunts for German aircraft and competition for the championship in the tables according to the number of victories.
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 23.836

Fighter aces

It's almost unbelievable that I survived these exciting dangers then ... But you can handle a lot when you're young.
Arthur Gould Lee, Camel pilot at the 46th RFC Squadron in 1917-18
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 23.938

Fighter aces

Numbers of victories of the most successful fighters
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 28.938

Fighter aces

Some decorations mentioned in the text
🕔︎ 21.04.2003 👁︎ 26.357

Fighter Aces - First Aces

Morane with deflectors can be considered the world's first fighter. The deflectors were very primitive, but, as practice has shown, they were also very effective.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 28.681

Frank Luke

WWI fighter ace

🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 11.703

Frederick Sowrey

Biography of the British fighter ace of World War I. Among his 13 victories is the airship Zeppelin L.32.
🕔︎ 27.01.2013 👁︎ 7.389

Friedrich Theodor Noltenius

Leutnant Friedrich Theodor Noltenius was a German flying ace during the First World War, with a total of 21 official victories. From July 1914 to July 1917, he served with distinction as an artilleryman. He transferred to the Luftstreitkräfte and became a fighter pilot. After his aerial combat career began with a horrifying incident, Noltenius began shooting down enemy observation balloons and airplanes on 10 August 1918. His battle claims were sometimes unsuccessfully disputed with other pilots, including his commanding officers. Despite the resulting transfers between units, Noltenius continued his success, being credited with his 21st victory on 4 November 1918. Only the war's end a week later barred him from receiving Germany's highest award for valor, the Pour le Mérite.

🕔︎ 21.12.2023 👁︎ 1.414

Generalleutnant Theodor Osterkamp

The most successful German naval fighter of World War I, one of the highest officers of the Luftwaffe during World War II. Achieved the status of fighter ace in both world wars.
🕔︎ 06.02.2007 👁︎ 15.778

Generaloberst Ernst Udet

The second most successful German air ace of the World War I, air showman and finally one of the leaders of the Second World War Luftwaffe. Ernst Udet managed to do all this during his turbulent life.

🕔︎ 26.08.2007 👁︎ 15.251

George William Barker

One of the most successful Canadian pilots of World War I and his life story.
🕔︎ 03.12.2006 👁︎ 8.285

Georges Guynemer

The second most successful French fighter ace of the World War I with 53 victories.
🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 12.546

Giorgio Pessi - Black Crescent Fighter

Those who are interested in the fighters of the World war I, sooner or later he encounters an interestingly colored Spad S.VII with a black crescent on the hull. Sometimes, however, the description states that Girogio Pessi flew on it, other times Giuliano Parvis. So who was the man flying the black crescent machine?
🕔︎ 18.03.2011 👁︎ 14.722

Giuseppe D'Agostinis

A biography of an Italian fighter who fought in Spain, Russia and the Mediterranean and was one of Jan Ferák's conquerors.
🕔︎ 17.02.2014 👁︎ 7.909

Gordon Campbell Wilson

He spent half of World War I in the trenches as an engineer, the second as a fighter pilot. He does not seem to know fear either on the ground or in the air, and thanks to that he assembled a completely unique collection of awards among Australian pilots ...
🕔︎ 26.09.2017 👁︎ 5.531

Guido Keller

Poet, esthete, philosopher, but also a war hero and fighter pilot. It was adventurer Guido Keller.
🕔︎ 30.05.2012 👁︎ 10.123

Hauptmann Oswald Boelcke

A brief biography of this legend among fighter pilots. At the time of his death, the leading ace of the German Air Force with 40 victories. Until the end of the war, which will last another 2 years after his death, he will be overtaken by only 9 other German pilots.
🕔︎ 15.03.2006 👁︎ 12.672

Hippel, Hans Joachim von

Anyone interested in World War I aviation will sooner or later come across the name of Hans von Hippel. However, this man was not famous for being a fighter ace, but a conspicuous marking of his aircraft.

🕔︎ 09.08.2020 👁︎ 4.472

HMS Victory

Description of the oldest still active warship in the world. Admiral Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar.
🕔︎ 16.05.2007 👁︎ 14.817

Horatio Nelson - Part 1

He was born on September 29, 1758 in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, as the sixth of 11 children of Rev. Edmund Nelson. At first, there was no indication that one of the most famous British admirals and naval commanders of all time had just been born.
🕔︎ 20.05.2007 👁︎ 31.763

Horatio Nelson - Part 10

Nelson rested at home for a short vacation. However, the Admiralty was already determined to put an end to the French danger. The combined Franco-Spanish fleet was now in Cadiz, where it was blocked by the English fleet under Admiral Collingwood. In September 1805, therefore, Nelson was sent back to sea. On September 13, he went to Portsmouth to hoist his flag on Victory again. He was greeted in the port by a huge number of people who wanted to lead their hero into a decisive battle. Nelson literally had to make his way through the crowd, shaking hands with everyone and regretting out loud that he could only shake one hand. He then sailed for Cadiz, where he took command from Collingwood and formed his fleet. This time his task was not only to defeat the enemy, to destroy him completely and thus end the danger of invasion once and for all.
🕔︎ 24.08.2007 👁︎ 32.131

Horatio Nelson - Part 2

Nelson's true wealth, fame, and promotion could be helped by his participation in a generous event planned for 1780. It was an attempt to reverse the distribution of colonial forces in South America at the expense of Spain. According to this plan, the British military expedition was to go upstream of the San Juan River, conquer the San Juan Fortress, build a base here and with its support proceed further inland along the river to Lake Nicaragua. From there, the Spaniards were to be expelled, then the cities of Granada and León were to be conquered and a narrow strip of land separated from the Pacific Ocean was occupied.
🕔︎ 24.05.2007 👁︎ 23.054

Horatio Nelson - Part 3

Nelson arrived in England in late November and was recovering from his illness at Bath Spa. Immediately after his recovery, he asked to return to active duty. His request was granted, with the ongoing war there was still a shortage of captains of warships. In August 1871, Nelson was appointed captain of the 28-gun frigate Albemarle , originally a French merchant ship hastily disguised as a warship. In the years 1781-82, with this ship, Nelson devoted himself mainly to escorting convoys of merchant ships, for example, between England and Denmark or Canada.
🕔︎ 30.05.2007 👁︎ 24.174

Horatio Nelson - Part 4

Nelson was given the task of sailing with the frigate Boreas to the West Indies, specifically to the Windward Islands, where he was to report to Admiral Sir Richard Hughes.
🕔︎ 09.06.2007 👁︎ 22.267

Horatio Nelson - Part 5

Nelson arrived on the English shores in July 1787. In November, the Boreas crew was disbanded and Nelson was sent ashore with half a salary. In addition, the Admiralty decided not to return the rebellious captain to active duty.
🕔︎ 13.06.2007 👁︎ 25.448

Horatio Nelson - Part 6

On March 29, 1798, Nelson hoisted his admiral's flag on the 74-gun battleship Vanguard and sailed with it to St. Vincent's squadron. He had a special task for Nelson.
🕔︎ 19.06.2007 👁︎ 23.103

Horatio Nelson - Part 7

Nelson interpreted the order to "defend the Kingdom of Both Sicily by all means" and began urging King Ferdinand IV to attack the relatively weak French troops operating near the Naples border. He used the influence of Lady Emmy Hamilton, the wife of Sir William Hamilton, the English ambassador to Naples, to pressure the king. Lady Hamilton was a close friend of Queen Mary Carolina of Naples.
🕔︎ 10.07.2007 👁︎ 23.082

Horatio Nelson - Part 8

England was preparing for another war. This time, her opponents arose in the cold north. Russia, Sweden, Denmark, and Prussia formed a coalition in the late 1800s that strongly opposed the English blockade of France. It consisted of the interest of merchant ships sailing to French ports. England even claimed the right to stop and search ships flying neutral flags. The captured ships were then escorted to English ports, where their further fate was decided by a special court.
🕔︎ 10.07.2007 👁︎ 24.590

Horatio Nelson - Part 9

In May 1803, war broke out again between France and England. Nelson was appointed commander of the Mediterranean squadron and on May 18 sailed aboard the battleship Victory. The English fleet concentrated on the blockade of French ports, with the blockade forces divided into three squadrons - Nelson's operated in the western Mediterranean, the second blocking the northern French ports and the third patrolling the English Channel.
🕔︎ 24.08.2007 👁︎ 24.921

Jan Olieslagers, Antwerp demon

If you ever fly to Antwerp and land at Deurne Airport, you may notice a statue of a man looking up at the sky in the parking lot in front of the airport. This statue depicts one of the most important natives of Antwerp. He was Jan Olieslagers - one of the most famous aviators, a pioneer of air combat, and a Belgian fighter ace of World War I. A man who set or surpassed many records of his time. During his lifetime, he was known as the Antwerp Demon.
🕔︎ 19.11.2017 👁︎ 6.224

Jean Jacques Etienne Lucas

French naval officer, captain of the ship Rédoutable at the Battle of Trafalgar.

🕔︎ 29.01.2008 👁︎ 9.064

Jean Navarre - guardian of Verdun

In the spring of 1916, a red-colored Nieuport 11 appeared near the French trenches near Verdun, performing amazing acrobatic stunts. The troubled infantry loved these performances - they knew that Jean Navarre, the most famous ace of the time, was sitting in the cockpit of this machine. However, they called him nothing but la sentinelle de Verdun - the Protector of Verdun.
🕔︎ 22.07.2018 👁︎ 5.723

John Allen Hilger

John Allen Hilger was a United States Air Force officer and deputy commander of the Doolittle Raid of Japan during World War II.

🕔︎ 22.07.2022 👁︎ 2.649

John Moses Browning

You may remember how a good soldier Švejk says to Mrs. Müller about the assassination of the heir to the throne: It looks like a toy, but you can shoot 20 archdukes in two minutes, thin or fat. ”In the dictionary of foreign words under the slogan “brovnink ”, you will find that it is an“ automatic flat pistol with a magazine in the handle ”. The article describes the life of a man whose name has become synonymous with a self-loading pistol.
🕔︎ 31.10.2011 👁︎ 11.428

José Falcó Sanmartín

Biography of one of the pioneers of night fighters in the Republican Air Force.
🕔︎ 17.02.2014 👁︎ 6.801

Julius Arigi

Biography of the second most successful fighter of Austria-Hungary in World War I. Argi was born in Bohemia and after the war he had a share in the development of Czechoslovakia. air transport. At the end of the 1920s, however, he moved to Austria, where he also died.
🕔︎ 25.05.2007 👁︎ 10.179

Knights of the Clouds or a little more about fighter aces of World War I (Part I)

During the following narration, I do not intend to describe the biographies of the famous fighters of the Great War - they are relatively well known and I have published a lot of them on the server I want to explain where the fighter aces actually came from, and how it is possible that the cult of "air knights" is almost as strong today as it was at the time of its birth. We will also try to look at the motivation of aces, their martial arts, recognition of victories, etc.
🕔︎ 13.11.2007 👁︎ 42.820

Knights of the Clouds or a little more about fighter aces of World War I (Part II)

The stories of Garros, Immelmann, Boelck, and other early air warriors laid the foundation for the legend of fighter aces as air knights. When asked why this is so, we must realize that World War I was the first European conflict where small professional armies were not fighting, but millions of civilians dressed in uniforms. The war now affected the whole nation in the true sense of the word ...
🕔︎ 13.11.2007 👁︎ 33.606

Knights of the Clouds or a little more about fighter aces of World War I (Part III)

In addition to the three greatest legends - Guynemer, Ball, von Richthofen, discussed in the second part of the article, there was a whole host of aces during the war. Many of their stories sound unbelievable to us today, because we often do not realize the kind of air war at the time. The press carefully selected some of these events and served them warmly to hungry readers. And this is exactly what this sequel is about.
🕔︎ 19.11.2007 👁︎ 49.318

Le Prieur rockets - the first air-to-air missiles

During the First World War, observation balloons were among the prized reconnaissance assets. They were very difficult to hit with anti-aircraft guns. Ordinary machine gun rounds from aircraft would have required the airmen to fire hundreds of rounds before enough carrier gas escaped from the balloon. That's why the so-called "aerial torpedoes," or the first air-to-air missiles, appeared on the front to blow the balloons out of the sky.

🕔︎ 21.08.2022 👁︎ 3.343

Lebel 1886 rifle

A brief history and description of the world's first modern military repeating rifle.
🕔︎ 23.02.2017 👁︎ 8.815

ľEscadrille Laffayette

The Escadrille Laffayette was undoubtedly a famous unit. However, its significance did not lie in her combat successes - although her score was definitely positive, the number of victories was rather among the average. It wasn't so much about what she could do, but rather about what she symbolized - she was a unit of American volunteers, often from wealthy families whose country had not yet been at war. These young men could stay at home in comfort, but instead decided to fight for what they thought was right.
🕔︎ 20.08.2009 👁︎ 31.757

Lewis Mk.I

Air variant of one of the best machine guns of the First World War.
🕔︎ 23.10.2009 👁︎ 11.138

Lieutenant Arthur Percival Foley Rhys-Davids

Arthur Percival Foley Rhys-Davids, DSO, MC and Bar was one of the most capable British aces, and no doubt his early death prevented him from becoming such a legend as Albert Ball, VC.
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 11.428

M-2 Volkhov-M

The M-2 complex was constructed on the basis of the ground PLRK S-75, then widely used in the state air defense. However, the original S-75 was completed according to the requirements of the Navy.

🕔︎ 23.10.2020 👁︎ 5.137

Magnificent courage

Our best pilot was probably Werner Voss, a man in fourth place. He had excellent eyes, was an excellent pilot and often flew alone. Joseph Jacobs (48 kills, PlM).
🕔︎ 29.03.2005 👁︎ 51.541

Manuel Clavero

Biography of one of the leading aces of the Spanish Civil War.

🕔︎ 17.02.2014 👁︎ 7.504

Max Ritter von Mulzer

Although not very well known today, at the beginning of the 1st st. The war was one of the leading German aces. "Bavarian Max", as his aviation colleagues nicknamed him, was a friend of "Saxon Max", the legendary Max Immelmann, with whom he also formed one of the world's first fighter pairs. Just like he was awarded Pour le Mérite and just like he died young ...
🕔︎ 26.09.2017 👁︎ 5.060

Miguel Guerrero García

Nationalist fighter ace of the Spanish civil war and later general of the Spanish air force.

🕔︎ 26.09.2017 👁︎ 5.065

Morane-Saulnier N

Originally a sports aircraft demonstrated for the first time in June 1914 at a rally in Aspern near Vienna. The famous Roland Garros won the speed competition and the race in the fastest climb.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 5.939

Naval warfare in the days of Admiral Nelson

Admiral Nelson joined the Navy in the second half of the 18th century. The article approaches the issue of maritime strategy and tactics, a description of the division of ship classes and ship equipment and does not neglect the life of ordinary sailors in that era.

🕔︎ 18.05.2007 👁︎ 61.529

Nieuport N.28 C.1

The Nieuport factory constantly tried to keep up with the development of aviation technology at the forefront of the First World. war by gradually improving its famous construction of Nieuport 17. However, it was clear that this is no longer the way. It was necessary to start from the very beginning.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.905

Oberleutnant Otto Kittel

The biography of Luftwaffe fighter ace number four. A man who was born in Austria-Hungary, lived in Czechoslovakia and died fighting for Nazi Germany.

🕔︎ 22.03.2009 👁︎ 16.078

Operation Nimrod

There is nothing sweeter than success. And you boys have been successful. Margaret Thatcher
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 37.278

Orient - beast with 118 guns

The story of one of the most powerful sailing ships of her time, including her terrible end. Admiral Nelson, commander of the victorious fleet, still sleeps his eternal dream in a coffin made from a piece of her mast.

🕔︎ 02.11.2022 👁︎ 4.309

Origin and development of AA S–75 (SA-2 Guideline) - Part 1

Anti-aircraft missile system S-75 ( Russian Зенитная ракетная система С-75 ) is the collective name for a large " family " of Soviet anti-aircraft missile complexes, developed and improved since the mid-1950s. In his time, he represented the complete triumph of Soviet missile technology. It was the first operationally deployed anti-aircraft missile system, which, moreover, even today, after almost 60 years of service, remains in the arsenal of many states.
🕔︎ 26.04.2009 👁︎ 28.895

Origin and development of AA S–75 (SA-2 Guideline) - Part 2

Anti-aircraft missile system S-75 ( Russian Зенитная ракетная система С-75 ) is the collective name for a large " family " of Soviet anti-aircraft missile complexes, developed and improved since the mid-1950s. In his time, he represented the complete triumph of Soviet missile technology. It was the first operationally deployed anti-aircraft missile system, which, moreover, even today, after almost 60 years of service, remains in the arsenal of many states.
🕔︎ 23.06.2009 👁︎ 35.118

Otto Jindra

Biography of the most successful Austro - Hungarian pilot of Czech nationality during the First World War.
🕔︎ 25.05.2007 👁︎ 8.624

Our soldiers in Iraq - photo report I.

I am really very pleased that an article has appeared on the pages of this server about the activities of our soldiers in Iraq, specifically about our field hospital. I am glad that our society's relationship with the military craft is slowly but surely changing for the better. We try to do our job as best we can. So I, too, would like to contribute to the subject with a few photographs that illustrate the current situation in Iraq.
🕔︎ 21.05.2003 👁︎ 28.058

Paul-René Fonck

The most successful French ace of World War I, a famous shooter, an excellent tactician, but also a controversial personality ...
🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 9.468

Pour le Mérite - Blue Max

Blue Max is a familiar nickname of the highest Prussian award for bravery from the period of the First World War. A whole generation of young Germans longed for this award, as it was a ticket to the highest floors of society and a guarantee of admiration for women from the best families. A film with this theme was also made in 1966, which was called - as usual - Blue Max. The article describes the history of one of the most beautiful decorations in the world.

🕔︎ 11.11.2020 👁︎ 5.018

Raymond Collishaw

The story of one of the most successful fighter aces of the British Air Force of World War I.
🕔︎ 09.09.2013 👁︎ 7.279


Rédoutable was a French Navy Téméraire-class ship with 74 guns. She took part in the battles of the French Revolutionary Wars as part of the Brest Squadron, and served in the Caribbean in 1803. During the Battle of Trafalgar, her crew fought a heroic engagement with HMS Victory, killing Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson in the process. Rédoutable refused to surrender even when only about 20% of her crew remained combat capable. Her captain wrote of his men: "Never were so many displays of intrepidity, gallantry, and courage exhibited on board one ship; the whole history of our navy cannot boast what they did."

🕔︎ 08.04.2023 👁︎ 2.179

Regiment Altblau

He was one of the oldest Swedish uniformed regiments and at the same time the longest existing such regiment in the Swedish army.
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 8.603

Remington 1863 (New Army Model)

Development and technical description of a percussion revolver, the development peak of this type of weapon from the Remington company.
🕔︎ 25.02.2011 👁︎ 26.922

Revolver Enfield Mk II

The story of the revolver, which was one of the few equipped with a selective cartridge ejection system - at the same time could throw away only fired cartridges and leave the unfired in the chambers.

🕔︎ 12.01.2022 👁︎ 3.816

Revolver Webley Mk. VI

The most successful service revolver of the famous Birmingham armory, representing both the peak of the development of military revolvers and the end of their era in the British army.
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 11.969

Roland Garros

The story of a famous pre-war aviator, a pioneer of air battles during the First World War. war and the first pilot in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with a fixed machine gun over the propeller circuit. To this day, his name bears, among other things, the famous Parisian tennis stadium, where the famous French Open is played.
🕔︎ 20.04.2006 👁︎ 13.467

Rosice near Brno and their liberation on April 24, 1945

"Und wir werden doch siegen!" ( "And yet we will win!" a rather comical-sounding inscription that carried a kind of flimsy carriage closing the column of Germans evacuating from Ivančice just before the town was occupied by the Red Army advancing towards Rosice.)
🕔︎ 22.06.2005 👁︎ 48.743

Rosice near Brno and their liberation on April 24, 1945 Part 2

The command of the front responded to this threat by strengthening the Western Bypass Grouping with the 64th Mechanized Brigade and the 4th Guards Cavalry Corps . These merged with units isolated in the Omic forests, thus breaking the German siege efforts and stabilizing the situation on the left wing. However, Soviet troops failed to resume offensive activity in this area and the units remained in defensive positions for another three days. So far, cavalry units have used no man's land mainly for supplies and, with the help of partisans, secured them by reconnaissance. The Soviet Air Force also conducted reconnaissance activity in the area.
🕔︎ 22.06.2005 👁︎ 32.562

S-75 Desna

The middle "sibling" of the family of anti-aircraft missile complexes now referred to as the "S-75 system". It was this type of PLRK that knocked the U-2 out of the sky over Sverdlovsk...

🕔︎ 23.12.2022 👁︎ 3.615

SA-75 Dvina and its version

History and description of the anti-aircraft missile system, developed, inter alia, with the aim of preventing reconnaissance flights of American spy aircraft over the territory of the USSR in the late 50s of the 20th century.
🕔︎ 13.12.2015 👁︎ 6.844

Saddam finally caught!

There is no doubt that the capture of Saddam Hussein ended the first phase of the US presence in Iraq. It is also certain that the attacks on American troops in the area will continue for some time. However, it is expected that their frequency will gradually weaken when they stop completely, as the US command believes that these attacks were controlled by the former Iraqi dictator. However, I do not want to deal with speculation about the future, but I intend to focus on the past, because it is irreversible and the data certain. So now it seems time to remember the circumstances under which Saddam's regime was overthrown and what followed.
🕔︎ 12.01.2004 👁︎ 17.815

Saddam finally caught!

There is no doubt that the capture of Saddam Hussein ended the first phase of the US presence in Iraq. It is also certain that the attacks on American troops in the area will continue for some time. However, it is expected that their frequency will gradually weaken when they stop completely, as the US command believes that these attacks were controlled by the former Iraqi dictator. However, I do not want to deal with speculation about the future, but I intend to focus on the past, because it is irreversible and the data certain. So now it seems time to remember the circumstances under which Saddam's regime was overthrown and what followed.
🕔︎ 12.01.2004 👁︎ 16.817

SCUD missiles in the Persian Gulf in 1991

In one of my older articles on Saddam Hussein, I touched on the issue of Iraqi missile attacks. At that time, I promised to return to the topic with at least a short article, and today I am fulfilling my promise.
🕔︎ 05.11.2003 👁︎ 47.328


He was born on October 9, 1894 in Columbus, Georgia, USA. Not only was Eugene a black man, but his grandfather was a slave, and Bullard's family was exposed to constant racial attacks.
🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 9.172

Self-loading pistol Browning FN 9 mm HP No.2 Mk. AND

John Moses Browning, working for the Belgian armory Fabrique Nationale, began work on a new pistol in 1921 at the request of the French government. French requirements included the possibility of using a stock, adjustable sight up to 500 m, caliber 9 mm Luger, etc.

🕔︎ 08.01.2006 👁︎ 12.807

Seržant York

He was the most famous American infantryman in the World War I, a phenomenal shooter and at the same time a deeply religious man.
🕔︎ 17.02.2014 👁︎ 8.717

Smith &Wesson Safety Hammerless (New Departure), or dangerous "Lemon Squeezer"

The story of a revolver with unusual construction elements at the time. However, what seems unusual to us today was considered progressive at the time. The commercial success of this weapon and its followers today testifies to the creative invention of Daniel Wesson almost 150 years ago ...
🕔︎ 20.05.2020 👁︎ 6.074


SPAD XIII was one of SPAD's most successful designs. It was developed to eliminate the greatest weakness of its predecessor SPAD S.VII, namely low firepower.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 4.398


In 1981, Colonel Ryszard Kuklińsky, Colonel of the Polish People's Army, contacted the CIA and handed over 35,000 pages of secret documents about plans to prepare for a massive Warsaw Pact offensive, with which he did not agree. He also provided the West with information on 200 state-of-the-art Soviet weapons.
🕔︎ 07.05.2003 👁︎ 73.806

Story of the Wild West - guns, shootouts and gunslingers - part 1

Who wouldn't be excited about the Wild West? Stories of fearless gunslingers, bravely walking towards a gang of bandits on a deserted street in the glow of the setting sun. Stories of determined sheriffs, skilful bank robbers, amazing super shooters, noble Indians and honest cowboys. As a kid, I loved these stories. However, as I grew up, I wanted to know more about the lives of these legendary heroes, and with astonishment I began to uncover the world of the real West - which was no less exciting, but still somewhat different.

🕔︎ 28.03.2006 👁︎ 141.811

The Czech national flag

The national flag celebrates its 100th birthday. In the 100 years of its existence, it has "experienced" a lot. It used to be solemnly erected, proudly flowing, and used to be triggered with sadness and tears. As a symbol of victory, it swept over many battlefields of World War II, it fluttered as a symbol of defiance in 1968. Today, fortunately, it no longer has to fly in such turbulent events; Everyone is waving the national flag on hockey. But how many of us know anything about its true history?
🕔︎ 13.04.2005 👁︎ 72.603

The deployment of the Czechoslovak ground units in the battle for France (part 1. - Emergence)

The 10th of May 1940 began the operation Paula - the German attack against the countries of western Europe. German troops burst in, inter alia, also on the territory of France. One of those who met the invaders with weapons in hand, were also Czechs and Slovaks. The successful deployment of the czechoslovak airmen in the battle of France is widely known. However, it is often unjustly forgotten to the members of the ground troops - and they intervened in the fighting, and they died. In the first part of the article do we learn about the creation, organization, composition and armament of the czechoslovak ground troops in France.

🕔︎ 06.05.2010 👁︎ 39.221

The deployment of the Czechoslovak ground units in the battle for France (part 2. - Combat deployment)

Czechoslovak divisional infantry in the battle of France took part in heavy retreat battles. Soldiers practically constantly marched, a place of rest dug trenches and fought. Several times narrowly escaped by retreating to the loops of the German encirclement. Despite the loss to maintain discipline and combat readiness. It is incredible what they had to those men at that time to endure and what they did.

🕔︎ 06.05.2010 👁︎ 27.497

The deployment of the Czechoslovak ground units in the battle of France (part 3. - The list of the fallen)

Annex to the article about the combat performance of the Czechoslovak infantry units in the battle of France. The list is not limited only to soldiers who fell in the fight, but it also includes all the fallen and the dead czechoslovak troops by the end of 1940. Many died even before the outbreak of fighting, others on the contrary after their termination (the consequences of the war hardships it no doubt had their part), some even their own hands. Yet I don't want to separate. All of these men perished as a czechoslovak soldiers - and so they should also be remembered.

🕔︎ 05.05.2010 👁︎ 25.663

The eagle of Lille

Max Immelmann was one of the first great German aces. Over time, a number of myths have formed around his personality. He is credited with authoring a special air maneuver, which has bore his name ever since. Among the most common are that he was the first German pilot to fly the first German fighter Fokker with a synchronized machine gun, and that he was also the first pilot to shoot down an enemy aircraft on this machine. It's hard to say how these legends actually came about, maybe it was because Max Immelmann died relatively soon and so a kind of gloriola of an exceptional hero began to form around him quickly. Nevertheless, he really won one primacy - he was the first German ace on a single-seat fighter.
🕔︎ 11.01.2010 👁︎ 12.342

The father of modern wounding ballistics

Politically motivated "research" has prevailed in wounding ballistics since the Vietnam War. He used the wrong methods to exaggerate the wounding effects, seriously confusing the current doctrine. Objective determination of the amount, type, and location of tissue damage, not the presumed velocity of the projectile, are key information that a combat surgeon should use to determine treatment. Martin L. Fackler, 1992

🕔︎ 30.10.2021 👁︎ 3.786

The first kill

On October 7, 2009, exactly 50 years will have passed since the event, which, without exaggeration, changed the current view of air operations and the conduct of air warfare. On that day, the first aircraft in the world was shot down by an anti-aircraft missile. This time, however, it was not a training shot down radio-controlled target, such have already taken place earlier and in many countries. This time it was about destroying a "real" target, a real enemy machine.
🕔︎ 04.10.2009 👁︎ 43.379

The first success of the RAF or the

Ninety years ago, on April 1, 1918, the British Royal Flying Corps belonging to the ground forces, merged with the Royal Navy Air Service, creating the world's first independent air force, the famous Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force. However, this seemingly only administrative step fundamentally affected the lives of three men. At that time, air warfare raged in the sky and all three of them were fighters. Without this measure, the two would never have met with one unit, and one of them would not have saved the other's life. The third would not die, at least not under the circumstances I will tell you about now ...

🕔︎ 18.03.2008 👁︎ 45.384

The most famous military weapons of the Colt brand

Despite the inconvenience that has hit the company recently, the name Colt still has its sound. Irreparable romantics ( like myself ) love the legendary past of this famous armory. The name Colt has become a legend and a synonym for quality. After all, even today the little boys call all revolvers Colts. What is even more surprising is that today few people know that the Colt is not just a revolver and what is really behind this brand. That's why it's time to meet her.
🕔︎ 14.05.2003 👁︎ 69.934

The most famous military weapons of the Colt brand

At the time of Colt's death, Europe had switched to Lefaucheux revolvers charged with a single metal pin cartridge. In America, Smith & Wesson began manufacturing revolvers for metal single rounds with edge fire. Mr. Horace Smith and Mr. Daniel B. Wesson managed to obtain a patent for the young inventor Rollin White.
🕔︎ 14.05.2003 👁︎ 58.643

The most famous military weapons of the Colt brand

After the turn of the century, self-loading pistols were added to the Colt production program. They were designed for her by perhaps the greatest genius in the field of firearms, John Moses Browning ( 1855-1926 ), originally from Utah, who was the first ( April 20, 1897 ) to patent a self-loading pistol of essentially modern type with a removable magazine in the handle. In the years 1900-1909, seven models of self-loading pistols were created, initially called Colt - Browning, later only Colt. At first, the inscription " Browning's patent - patented April 20, 1897 " was even embossed on the left side of the holster of these pistols.
🕔︎ 14.05.2003 👁︎ 40.652

The most famous military weapons of the Colt brand

For many readers who associate the name of Colt's armory only with revolvers, it may come as a surprise that Colt also produced machine guns. It can even be said that she had extensive experience, because since 1866 she has been producing rotary weapons for the Gatling system. Her Browning machine guns later fought in both world wars, in Korea and in Vietnam ...
🕔︎ 14.05.2003 👁︎ 42.469

The most famous military weapons of the Colt brand

The circle closes with long Colt firearms. The Colt company has been producing military rifles almost immediately since its inception, and coincidentally, the military rifle is its flagship even today.
🕔︎ 21.04.2010 👁︎ 33.408

The most famous shootout of the Wild West

There is no struggle in the history of the West that attracts more attention and sparkes the imagination of people than this one. Much has been written about him and he has also been filmed many times. To this day, theatrical versions of it are regularly shown to spectators at the OK fence in Tombstone. Nevertheless, it is difficult to get to the facts today, simply because the few witnesses who actually saw him with their own eyes then described him completely differently. Therefore, by no means do I claim that this version is true - it was created by a careful comparison of different sources, which, however, often differ directly diametrically, and therefore I believe that no one will ever know the real fact again…
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 54.234

The most famous shootout of the Wild West

There is no struggle in the history of the West that attracts more attention and sparkes the imagination of people than this one. Much has been written about him and he has also been filmed many times. To this day, theatrical versions of it are regularly shown to spectators at the OK fence in Tombstone. Nevertheless, it is difficult to get to the facts today, simply because the few witnesses who actually saw him with their own eyes then described him completely differently. Therefore, by no means do I claim that this version is true - it was created by a careful comparison of different sources, which, however, often differ directly diametrically, and therefore I believe that no one will ever know the real fact again…
🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 37.408

The mystery of the revolvers of Wild Bill

It is remarkable how little we know about the weapons of the most famous gunslinger in the West. Did Wild Bill Hickok really use the Colty Navy Model 1851, or are the witnesses who said he used 44's right? Where are these weapons today? Did Smith & Wesson really carry him at the time of death? And what about the weapon that accompanied him from this world? Let's follow in the footsteps of probably the most famous revolvers in the West ...
🕔︎ 19.02.2020 👁︎ 13.244

The myth of stopping effect

Or the effects of firing from small arms on the human body in connection with the choice of the caliber of the defensive weapon.
🕔︎ 07.03.2004 👁︎ 105.520

The myth of stopping effect

In the 1970s, further extensive research was conducted in this area. The key elements of these studies were experiments with firing into a special ballistic gelatin. These experiments definitively confirmed the theoretical considerations of researchers Hunger and Woodruff from the 19th century.
🕔︎ 07.03.2004 👁︎ 195.052

The toughest of the toughest

If someone says they are not afraid to fight under fire, I do not trust them. I've always been scared - like anyone else. True, SAS have an excellent reputation, but they do not have superhumans; their members may be extraordinarily courageous, but like everyone else, they are not immune to fear. The strength of our regiment is that it has people with a cultivated ability to control fear and actively respond to every danger they face.
Corporal Chris Ryan, MM *, a member of the Bravo Two Zero patrol of the 22nd SAS Regiment in Iraq, January 1991.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 68.093

The toughest of the toughest

A new member of the SAS is assigned to one " Saber Squadron ", part of the regiment comparable to the company. Each of them has, in addition to the staff, four " Troops " operational units consisting of 15 men and a commanding officer. The tactical subunit of each " Troop " is a four-member " Patrol ", the cornerstone with which SAS performs all its tasks.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 25.826

The toughest of the toughest

SAS's activities in Northern Ireland are a deadly game of cat and mouse with perfectly trained, well-equipped and capable terrorists. This work is charm and dangerous, but extremely important, and is carried out at the highest level of professionalism.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 28.166

The toughest of the toughest

SAS troops control a large number of weapons. Field cannons, mortars, machine guns, guided missiles, mines and other traps, etc. Of course, we will be interested only in small arms, because we could theoretically fire from them. The following description is not a common characteristic of weapons with tactical and technical data, but a subjective view of SAS members on their combat characteristics.
🕔︎ 20.04.2003 👁︎ 45.181

We will defend ourselves - part I. (The beginning of the journey)

This article is the first in a series that will address self-defense on the street. The reasons that led me to write it are simple: about 400,000 crimes are committed in the Czech Republic every year. About 5% of this number (around 20,000) are violent crimes. This means that approximately every 25 minutes in this republic, someone is attacked, beaten, robbed, raped or murdered. However, there are people who simply do not feel like being beaten, robbed, maimed, raped and killed whenever a crook gets hurt. And these people have the right to defend themselves!
🕔︎ 08.02.2004 👁︎ 42.877

We will defend ourselves - part II. (Stun Guns and Defensive Sprays)

Self-defense, according to its method, is divided into two main categories: 1. defense by non-lethal means 2. defense without weapons and with the help of cold and firearms in this work we will focus more on non-lethal defensive means. However, because this is a very broad topic, I will focus in this section only on defense through electric stun guns and defensive sprays. We will discuss gas guns and other aids next time.
🕔︎ 10.04.2004 👁︎ 71.665

We will defend ourselves - part IIa. (gas guns, lamps, personal alarms)

In this part of the series, we will deal with the self-defense of gas guns and the use of intense flashlights and personal alarms. Although in the case of these means (meaning lamps and alarms) it is no longer possible to speak of self-defense in the full sense of the word, they are nevertheless useful aids in personal safety.
🕔︎ 10.04.2004 👁︎ 128.624

We will defend ourselves - part III. (Self-defense and the law)

In the last part, we talked about non-lethal defense. From this part we will deal with defense in case we are fully determined to transfer all risks to the attacker and we are not completely impressed by the idea of an attacker whose blood flows after our defensive intervention. However, before we move on to the technical aspects of self-defense, let's talk about the legal limits of defense.
🕔︎ 01.03.2006 👁︎ 40.065

We will defend ourselves - part IV. (Fight without weapons)

It is strange how many people associate self-defense only with the rush of unarmed combat. However, relying only on bare hands in self-defense is, in my opinion, extremely dangerous and short-sighted. Nevertheless, in no case can the fight without a weapon be condemned - you will find out why this is the case in this article.

🕔︎ 29.10.2016 👁︎ 15.789

We will defend ourselves - part V. (Cold attack weapons)

A weapon is defined by criminal law as "anything that can make an attack on the body more emphatic." This section will be about cold weapons, weapons that accompany humanity throughout its development, weapons whose effectiveness should not be doubted ...
🕔︎ 23.03.2019 👁︎ 24.731

We Will Defend Ourselves - Part VI (Improvised Weapons)

The article is a continuation of the previous part of the series, in which the possibilities of self-defence through cold strike weapons were described. Nevertheless, a situation may arise where, at the moment of attack, the defender is either not armed at all or does not have time to draw his own weapon. In spite of this, he does not have to face the attacker with his bare hands, there are enough weapons around...

🕔︎ 10.01.2023 👁︎ 6.070

Webley-Fosbery self-tensioning revolver

Self-loading or self-tensioning revolver? Isn't that a bit of a contradiction? This article provides the answer to this question and an insight into the history of a remarkable design in the history of the development of firearms, constructed by an unadulterated hero, the holder of the highest British award, the Victoria Cross.

🕔︎ 15.11.2020 👁︎ 5.610

White bird

In 1927, the competition between several different teams for the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean and the associated prize money of $25,000, which was a huge amount of money at the time, was at its peak. Different teams were betting on different types of aircraft, monoplanes, converted bombers, etc. A couple of Legion of Honor winners, Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli, bet on the Levasseur PL.8 "l'Oiseau blanc"...

🕔︎ 08.03.2022 👁︎ 3.462

Wild Bill Hickok

Wild Bill Hickok - the most famous of the famous and the most admired of the admired. It was shrouded in mystery of legend during its lifetime, and later the reality was completely covered by a layer of myths. The fact remains, however, that this man became the most famous gunslinger in the Wild West.
🕔︎ 17.07.2003 👁︎ 46.068

Wild Bill Hickok - part 2

... On Friday, July 21, Public Square was empty and full. Crowds of curious people crowded the houses, balconies, and windows. At nine in the morning, Hickok arrived in the square from the Lyon House. Dave Tutt was already waiting for him at the west end of the square near the courthouse ...
🕔︎ 17.07.2003 👁︎ 32.937

Wild Bill Hickok - part 3

Hickok was probably a very vain man. He was responsible for a ton of nonsense - and yet he never said a word about himself. He didn't even have to. The others did it for him.
🕔︎ 17.07.2003 👁︎ 26.532

Wild Bill Hickok - part 4

"When Bill Hickok ruled in the name of good citizenship, every gunslinger who tried to take over the city paid for it. His assassination in Deadwood was one of the most cowardly acts the mining camps remember. "
🕔︎ 17.07.2003 👁︎ 28.674

Wilfrid Reid May OBE, DFC

Wilfrid Reid "Wop" May, OBE, DFC, an ace of World War I and an air pioneer who played a significant role in the settlement of the Canadian West.
🕔︎ 25.03.2008 👁︎ 8.638

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