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  • Curtiss Hawk H75 in Vichy France and Free French (June 1940 - July 1949)


    After the retreat of the British from the continent, the Wehrmacht occupied northern France and the Luftwaffe took over the skies. Some French air units evacuated south. Many French pilots believed that West Africa would become a base from which to fight against German-occupied territories. But this hope was soon buried. Virtually all the army commanders in Africa recognized the terms of the armistice, and the airmen calmly awaited further developments. Opposition began to form in some units. French pilots began to think of fleeing to the British with their weapons.

  • Operation Jaywick


    Operation Jaywick was a special operation undertaken in World War II. In September 1943, 14 commandos and sailors from the Allied Z Special Unit raided Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour, sinking six ships.


  • Artaxerxes III


    Ochus, known by his dynastic name Artaxerxes III, was King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 359/58 to 338 BC. He was the son and successor of Artaxerxes II and his mother was Stateira.
    Before ascending the throne Artaxerxes was a satrap and commander of his father's army. Artaxerxes came to power after one of his brothers was executed, another committed suicide, the last murdered and his father, Artaxerxes II died. Soon after becoming king, Artaxerxes murdered all of the royal family to secure his place as king. He started two major campaigns against Egypt. The first campaign failed, and was followed up by rebellions throughout the western part of his empire. During the second, Artaxerxes finally defeated Nectanebo II, the Pharaoh of Egypt, bringing the country back into the Persian fold after six decades.

  • major Helmut Wick


    Helmut Paul Emil Wick was a German flying ace of World War II. He was a wing commander in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany, and the fourth recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, the nation's highest military decoration at the time.


  • Cars RA vz. 38


    The experience of the first war showed that the development of aviation fundamentally changes the whole way of waging war. The ability to attack targets on the rear became a completely new factor. The questions of defence against air attacks and the elimination of their consequences began to be dealt with by military experts. In 1936, the MND initiated the development of an automobile capable of sanitizing roads affected by chemical warfare agents. Furthermore, this car was also to be used to spray combat poisoning agents.

  • BMP-3


    The BMP-3 is a Soviet and Russian infantry fighting vehicle, successor to the BMP-1 and BMP-2. The abbreviation BMP stands for Boevaya Mashina Pekhoty (Боевая Машина Пехоты, literally "infantry combat vehicle"). It features new armour, turret, armament and modern technical elements. The vehicle has an automatic defence system for searching and destroying anti-tank guided missiles and can be equipped with reactive armour. Like its predecessors, it is amphibious and can move in water at a speed of 10 km/h.

  • Neubaufahrzeug Ausf. B


    The German Neubaufahrzeug tank was the first prototype heavy tank for the Wehrmacht after Adolf Hitler took power. This heavy and slow multi-tower tank could hardly be used for Blitzkrieg tactics and therefore only 5 units were produced. These machines were mainly used for promotional purposes, but took part in the fighting in Norway in 1940.

  • Italian Air Force on the Allied side 1943 - 1945


    After the armistice in 1943, some pilots fled north to form the Republican Air Force and continued to fight for Mussolini. The majority of the Regia Aeronautica, however, took up arms against the Axis, flying over 4,000 missions between September 1943 and May 1945.

  • The first Morane-Saulnier fighters


    During World War I, the first fighter jets appeared. It is often said that the first fighter was the Morane-Saulnier N, but this is not the case - the first was the L-type from the same company. In addition to this championship, Morane-Saulnier aircraft are famous for the pilot, whose name is inextricably linked to the beginnings of the prosecution and, to this day, to the famous tennis tournaments.

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  • Infantry Lieutenant Colonel Bohumil Záleský


    The man who was the last to command the so-called "Kornilov Battalion", otherwise known as the Czechoslovak Engineer Regiment, which was formed in January 1918 on the Don in General Kornilov's Volunteer Army. A man who personally took part in 59 combat engagements with the Bolsheviks.

  • Group Captain Denys Edgar Gillam


    Group Captain Denys Gillam, who died aged 75 in 1991, scored at least seven kills as a fighter pilot in the Battle of Britain and went on to win three DSOs and two DFCs.
    Towards the end of the the Second World War he had an even more testing operational career, as RAF fighters and fighter bombers supported the Normandy landings from JUne 1944.

  • Attack on Durres 1918


    On the Thessaloniki front, on 15 September 1918, the agreed Oriental Army launched an attack on the defensive line defended mainly by the Bulgarian army supplemented by German troops. Its right flank (in Albania) was protected by the Austro-Hungarian Army. This line was breached in just one week and after another week the Bulgarian army capitulated. This created a huge gap in the front which there was nothing to fill. The Austrian troops in Albania were threatened with encirclement and it was therefore decided to vacate Albania on 28 September.

  • M109A5Ö (155 mm self-propelled howitzer)


    The M109A5Ö (some sources use the designation М109А5Öе, or М109А5O) is an Austrian modernization of the M109A2/M109A3/M109A5 self-propelled howitzers first introduced in 1994 using the M109A2 howitzer chassis.
    The modernization mainly includes the installation of the Austrian NORA (Navigations-, Orientierungs- und Richtanlage) inertial navigation system, a new automated fire control system EAFLS (Elektronische Artillerie Feuerleitsystem) also of Austrian origin, a mechanical charging system and hydraulic breech actuator developed by the Austrian company Intertechnik Linz, a new wiring system (originally from Switzerland) and a number of other modifications. These changes made it possible to increase the rate of fire to 3 shots per 15 seconds, or 10 shots per minute, and also allowed the use of new ammunition designed for the M109A6 Paladin howitzers.

  • 2 cm FlaK 38 auf Schützenpanzerwagen (Sd.Kfz.251)


    This anti-aircraft version of the Sd.Kfz. 251 was developed for the anti-aircraft defence needs of Luftwaffe units. The weapon used was the 2 cm Flak 38. In order to rotate the weapon through its full 360° range, extensive modifications had to be made to the design of the flanks. The side armour was cut out and new hinged folding armoured side plates were fitted in its place. A small series of such vehicles were produced, about which more detailed information is lacking. The number of machines produced was small, only 18 were armed with them. Batterie Flak-Rgt. Hermann Göring. The last vehicles reached service sometime by 4-5/1943.

  • Curtiss Hawk H75 in the French Air Force (December 1938 - June 1940)


    The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s. A contemporary of the Hawker Hurricane and Messerschmitt Bf 109, it was one of the first of a new generation of combat aircraft — a sleek monoplane design with a retractable undercarriage making extensive use of metal in its construction.
    Perhaps best known as the predecessor of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, the P-36 saw little combat with the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was the fighter used most extensively and successfully by the French Air Force during the Battle of France.

  • We will defend ourselves - Volume VIIb. (Self-defence with bladed weapons - knives and daggers)


    The second part of the article on self-defence by means of bladed weapons presents a short list of suitable weapons for this type of self-defence and the way of their use.

  • Ernst Kletter Edler von Gromnik, Infantry General


    Another biographical military medallion of a famous R-U infantry general from the Great War, who served e.g. during the mobilization in 1914 still in the rank of major general as commander of the 37th Pilsen Infantry Brigade. Infantry Brigade, in November 1914 he was appointed commander of the Olomouc 106th Home Guard Infantry so-called Iron Division deployed in combat in Halych, the Carpathians and Russian Poland, from September 1915 to July 1916 he commanded this division in Sochi...

  • Renault UE


    In 1930 the Commission de Vincennes decided to develop a light armoured vehicle able to tow and supply small cannon and mortars. In 1931 the Renault company was given the contract for production of its Renault UE, combined with the Renault UK trailer. In 1937, from a number of competitors, the Renault UE2 was chosen as an improved type for large-scale production. Of both types combined over five thousand were built, including licence production in Romania, and they were part of the standard equipment of all French infantry divisions. Most Renault UE vehicles in French service were unarmed; those in 1940 captured by Germany were used for a variety of purposes, including being armed with machine-guns, antitank-guns and rocket artillery.

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The T-72EA is a tracked combat main battle tank fitted with an efficient firing system and a reliable armoured protection and endowed with a high manoeuvring ability. The T-72 low silhouette...
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