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  • Battle of Saratoga, 1777


    The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign, giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary War.

  • M777


    The M777 howitzer is a British towed 155 mm artillery piece in the howitzer class. It is used by the ground forces of Australia, Canada, Colombia, India, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, and the United States. It was first used in combat during the US war in Afghanistan.

  • Victim number 881


    Hundreds of survivors from the cruiser Indianapolis paid with their lives in the last days of the war for the failure of the American rescue system. For 85 hours, thirst, sun and sharks killed them in the Pacific. Captain McVay survived. The Navy made him a scapegoat. McVay, who committed suicide, was pardoned by President George W. Bush.

  • Van Berkel WA


    Single engine Dutch long range reconnaissance seaplane built in the early 1920s for work in the Dutch East Indies. Six were operated by the Dutch Naval Aviation Service (MLD) with disappointing results, though the last two were not decommissioned until 1933.

  • Heinkel He 112 B-1


    German fighter aircraft designed by Walter and Siegfried Günter. It was one of four aircraft designed to compete for the 1933 fighter contract of the Luftwaffe, in which it came second behind the Messerschmitt Bf 109. Small numbers were used for a short time by the Luftwaffe and some were built for other countries, with around 100 being completed.

  • Saint John of Nepomuk, legend and reality


    I chose the topic Jan Nepomucký, legend and reality, because I myself currently live near Nepomuk, or rather in a small village eight kilometres away. But not only because of that. The fact is that I have more than once had an argument with a native of Nepomuk about the extent to which the canonization of John of Pomuk is or is not based on legend. I myself held the opinion that John's canonization was based on later fabrications. For that reason alone, the assignment of the topic suited me. Therefore, to find out how it probably was...

  • General Captaincies and Military Regions


    History and development of the military administration of Spain.

  • Wekusta - Luftwaffe meteorological service


    The basic pillars of war, strategy and tactics, inevitably depend on an uncontrollable factor: the weather. With the increasing sophistication of weather collection, analysis, and forecasting in the early 20th century, weather forecasting became an integral part of World War II. For Europe, the Arctic was the most important geographic area for data collection, from where stormy weather moved east and south. Important data from Arctic stations, extending from Greenland to the Siberian Sea via Svalbard and Franz Josef Land, were almost completely cut off after these stations were gradually occupied by the Allies. The British went one step further and broadcast false weather data to Germany. Germany had to start acting aggressively to win the data collection war.

  • 40 years ago, Reagan declared Star Wars


    Let me share with you a vision of the future which offers hope. It is that we embark on a program to counter the awesome Soviet missile threat with measures that are defensive. Let us turn to the very strengths in technology that spawned our great industrial base and that have given us the quality of life we enjoy today.

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  • schwerer Nebelwerferkraftwagen (Sd.Kfz. 11/5)


    German half-track that saw widespread use in World War II. Its main role was as a prime mover for medium towed guns ranging from the 3.7 cm FlaK 43 anti-aircraft gun up to the 10.5 cm leFH 18 field howitzer. It could carry eight troops in addition to towing a gun or trailer.

  • VYa-23


    The VYa-23 cannon was mounted on Il-2 and Il-10 ground attack aircraft, on LaGG-3 and Yak-9 fighter aircraft, and on the experimental Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS long range fighter aircraft.
    In spite of the large round, the VYa-23 proved to be a disappointment in its intended anti-tank role. Light German tanks could be defeated from the side or rear only, with front armor of all tanks impervious. Medium tanks could be defeated if hit into the top of the turret or the engine compartment from under 400 m (1,300 ft) in a greater than 40-degree dive—a very difficult maneuver in Il-2 even under the most ideal conditions compounded by the difficulty of aiming at a small target.

  • Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003


    1. Identifying the Causes of War In the first place, in the search for the causes of the Iraq war, the US attempts to demonstrate political and military power by overthrowing the Taliban government in Afghanistan and then overthrowing Saddam Hussein from Iraq. The impetus for these two military operations ( Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom ) was the terrorist attacks carried out under the leadership of the al-Qaeda terrorist group on September 11, 2001. Jan Hallenberg and Håkan Karlsson explained why Iraq was chosen as the second target of the invasion by hated ”Saddam's regime has been in the US interest for a long time, but it was not until the 9/11 attacks that it was possible. In addition, the invasion of Iraq provided another opportunity to demonstrate American strength and readiness to defend its dominant position in the international system.

  • Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003


    2. The security causes of the war in Iraq The 9/11 attacks have shown that no country is inviolable, and that a superpower like the United States is no exception. By exposing their vulnerability, the image of a strong state capable of protecting its people from danger was also distorted. There was a situation where Americans began to wonder why they had been hit by the "Black September" tragedy and the state and government had an answer. It was necessary to show the world that although the US terrorist attacks hit hard, the country was ready to face enemies and able to defend the security of the American people, and the response to the attacks was to demonstrate American strength, willingness to go to war, and intimidation of other potential enemies.

  • Analysis of the causes of the US military's entry into Iraq in 2003


    3. Political Causes of the War in Iraq The victory of both the Cold War and the Gulf War evoked a sense of unwavering security in American society, when any threat to the American national interest or the American population itself seemed almost impossible. It was not until the tragedy of 9/11 that this illusion of absolute security was broken. The loss of that certainty brought about by America's past successes in foreign policy has allowed the New Approach to the Middle East to come to the forefront, where it could hardly get earlier due to a lack of public support.

  • General Joseph Warren Stilwell


    A general in the US Army, a veteran of two world wars and a man who helped birth the modern Chinese army during World War II.

  • George I.


    George I. was king of Greece from 1863 to 1913. He was the great-grandfather of the British King Charles III and reigned the longest in modern Greek history. During his reign, he made numerous territorial gains and generally elevated Greece in international politics before World War I.

  • Buchenwald concentration camp


    Nazi concentration camp established on Ettersberg hill near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937. It was one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps within Germany's 1937 borders. Many actual or suspected communists were among the first internees. Prisoners came from all over Europe and the Soviet Union — Jews, Poles and other Slavs, the mentally ill and physically disabled, political prisoners, Romani people, Freemasons, and prisoners of war. There were also ordinary criminals and sexual "deviants".

  • G-13


    The story of the tank destroyer, which was an evolution of the pre-war Czechoslovak light tank LT vz. 38 and served until the 1970s.

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