List of author's articles

1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire I.

1939 Nomonchan in other sources also known as Chalchyn-Gol. A provoked border skirmish on the Mongolian border resulted in a Soviet siege strike that destroyed the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire. Part I outlines the initial situation and describes I. and II. stage of the conflict.
🕔︎ 23.12.2004 👁︎ 73.631

6. Panzer Division

The 6th Panzer Division gained one of the best combat records on the battlefields of World War II among all the divisions that fought in it. Its operation begins with the invasion of Poland in 1939 and ends with the defense of Vienna in 1945.

🕔︎ 21.04.2004 👁︎ 59.432

Air battles over the Gulf of Germany

The RAF entered the war with faith in the defensive capabilities of fast modern bombers, which can fight their way to the target and back during the day through defensive fighters and anti-aircraft artillery fire. With the outbreak of war, Douhet's theory was tested in practice.
The first victory in Germany's air defense took place the second day after the entry of the United Kingdom into the ongoing war between Germany and Poland. The British goal was to eliminate the threat from the Kriegsmarine. While British ships chased German corsairs across the oceans, the RAF sought to contribute to the war effort by attacks on warships off the German coast and in ports. How the RAF was doing its efforts in 1939 is trying to describe this article ...
🕔︎ 10.04.2009 👁︎ 26.982

Anglo-Boer War

English liquidation of Boer independence in South Africa. Concentration camps for Boer civilians and the Boer guerrilla war.

🕔︎ 11.12.2003 👁︎ 85.209

Asiago 1916

A successful Austro-Hungarian offensive on the Alpine front against Italy in 1916. A brief description of the battle from the perspective of both warring parties. It is also known among historians as the "Strafexpedition" - a criminal expedition, as it was described by contemporary Austro-Hungarian propaganda in the spirit of the rhetoric of the time about punishing treacherous Italy, which passed from the Trojspolk to the Treaty.
🕔︎ 28.12.2005 👁︎ 29.794

Baltic fighters in German service

Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians fighting in units of the German Armed Forces against Soviet Russia. Brief outline of numbers and major events.
🕔︎ 02.11.2005 👁︎ 47.272

Battle of Bzura

The Battle of Bzura, also called the Battle of Kutna, was one of the toughest and bloodiest encounters in the 1939 Polish campaign.

🕔︎ 17.04.2005 👁︎ 38.075

Battleship Scharnhorst (1936)

Scharnhorst was the first ship of the German navy to go well above the limits of the Treaty of Versailles from the beginning. Originally, the ship's displacement was supposed to be about 18,000 tons, but in response to the construction of the French Dunkirk-class battleships, construction was completed in July 1934 and resumed about a year later as another structure with an official tonnage of 26,000 tons. Scharnhorst's new design provided good armor protection and the high-pressure steam turbines gave it excellent speed.

🕔︎ 28.10.2020 👁︎ 4.761

Black Shirts - Camicie Nere, armed militia of fascist Italy

Italian militias of the fascist party and their involvement in the fighting in Abyssinia, Spain and on the battlefields of World War II. Description of individual militias, organizations, combat appearances ... etc. MVSN as an Italian counterpart SA, CCNN as an armed equivalent of the Nazi SS.
🕔︎ 05.10.2005 👁︎ 41.491

Brest-Litovsk 1941

In June 1941, the 4th Soviet Army was located in the area of Brest-Litovsk, which "conquered" the Brest-Litovsk fortress on the Poles in September 1939 and then held a legendary joint parade with Guderian's divisions. The following article discusses its fate at the beginning of the German invasion.

🕔︎ 20.10.2006 👁︎ 43.586

Capitano Mario Visintini

Italian fighter who became a legend in the backwater of Italian East Africa fighting against Allied superiority.

🕔︎ 01.07.2005 👁︎ 21.314

Captain Kenji Shimada

Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.
🕔︎ 16.10.2003 👁︎ 19.086

Carpathian Sic

Karpatská Siče - military organization of Ukrainians and Ruthenians. For its short existence, its members fought alongside the Czechoslovak army and shortly against it after the declaration of independence, as well as with attackers from the Hungarian and Polish paramilitary divisions and against regular units of the Royal Hungarian Army.
🕔︎ 27.11.2007 👁︎ 55.270

Chinese sky I

Outline of the initial situation and operations of the USSR and Imperial Japan against China in Manchuria during the late 1920s and early 1930s.
🕔︎ 17.04.2005 👁︎ 39.159

Chinese sky II

The Battle of Shanghai 1932.
🕔︎ 16.06.2005 👁︎ 33.951

Chinese sky III

The Kuantung Army campaign in northern China in 1933. The events of 1937 with an emphasis on the northern front.
🕔︎ 16.06.2005 👁︎ 32.184

Chinese sky IV

Events of 1937 in Central China - a new battle for Shanghai.
🕔︎ 16.06.2005 👁︎ 34.157

Chinese sky V

The fall of Nanjing, 1938-1941.
🕔︎ 16.06.2005 👁︎ 32.173

Chiune Sugihara

Vice-consul at the Japanese consulate in Kaunas, Lithuania, which saved thousands of Polish and Lithuanian Jews from the Holocaust during the beginning of World War II.
🕔︎ 23.02.2009 👁︎ 9.226

Clive Robertson Caldwell

Group Captain Clive Robertson Caldwell DSO, DFC & Bar (28.07.1910 - 05.08.1994) was the best Australian fighter ace of World War II. His official score was 28.5 air victories in more than three hundred combat flights. In addition, another 6 probable victories and 15 damage.
🕔︎ 13.11.2010 👁︎ 13.579

Code letters - Jagdverbände der Luftwaffe

From the spring of 1939 it was introduced for a new system of code letters for fighters (Kampfverbänden). The combination of numbers and letters in front of the side cross indicated the appropriate volume to which a particular machine belonged ...
🕔︎ 23.09.2003 👁︎ 38.769

Code letters - Kampfverbände der Luftwaffe

From the spring of 1939 the new code letter system for Kampfverbänden was introduced. The combination of numbers and letters in front of the side cross indicated the appropriate unit to which a particular machine belonged.

🕔︎ 01.08.2003 👁︎ 42.242

Colonel Werner Mölders

The most successful Legion Condor fighter in the Spanish Civil War with 14 victories. The ace of the Battle of France and Britain. The first fighter in the world to reach the limit of 100 victories. The First Fighter General became the first bearer of Diamonds with Swords and Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of the German Wehrmacht.
🕔︎ 07.12.2003 👁︎ 33.743

Eduard Martinko

Czech living in Croatia, achieved within JG 52 12 confirmed and 1 unconfirmed victories in the fighting on the Eastern Front.
🕔︎ 16.11.2003 👁︎ 22.381

Erhard Raus

Correct assessment of the opponents... the courage to clear the field for a short time when you have only a small group in front of you, the energy put into sharp marches, the boldness in sudden attacks, the increased activity that great souls acquire in the moment of danger - these are the basis of such victories.

🕔︎ 21.04.2004 👁︎ 34.244

Frank Reginald „Chota“ Carey

Group Captain Frank Reginald "Chota" Carey CBE, DFC & two Bars, AFC, DFM was a fighter ace with 25 confirmed air victories, 3 in cooperation, 4 unconfirmed, 4 probable and 8 damaged enemy aircraft. He was also the second highest scoring pilot on the Hawker Hurricane.
🕔︎ 16.11.2010 👁︎ 14.090

František Hanovec

One of the few successful Slovak pilots in the battles with Hungary in the spring of 1939, later a Slovak fighter ace. He was one of the most experienced Slovak fighters and went through all the conflicts of the independent Slovak Air Force.

🕔︎ 28.10.2006 👁︎ 45.243

Franz Hrdlicka

As a lieutenant he joined the 5th / JG 77 Herz As, the baptism of battle passed over the Balkans, followed by fighting with the British over Crete. In Russia, after the first few years, he achieved seven air victories, in 09.1941 awarded both degrees of the Iron Cross.

🕔︎ 25.09.2020 👁︎ 2.575

French Naval Rebellions (1919)

The uprisings in the French navy, which threatened France with the same communist riots that Germany had gone through and which were remarkably timely with the Red Army crisis, effectively ruled out French involvement in the intervention forces.
🕔︎ 06.12.2004 👁︎ 28.493

Generalleutnant Martin Harlinghausen

German military aviator and general. He specialized in naval operations and anti-ship combat. He is credited with destroying 22 ships during World War II.

🕔︎ 22.12.2021 👁︎ 3.603

German Revolution 1918-1920 I.

The German Revolution of 1918 was a social democratic revolution that was repeatedly suppressed by the social democratic leaders themselves: it was an event unparalleled in world history.
🕔︎ 28.09.2008 👁︎ 39.570

German-Soviet cooperation

Rappal Treaty between Germany and Soviet Russia signed on 16.4.1922, enabled both countries to emerge from international isolation and establish advantageous cooperation, especially economic, but also military. The secret part of the agreement dealt with cooperation between the general staffs of the German and Soviet armies. The most famous is the flight school in Lipetsk.

🕔︎ 05.05.2020 👁︎ 13.471

Holders of the Knight's Cross with the Golden Clasp for close combat

Elite Infantry Award for Bravery - Gold Clasp for close combat, was often valued among soldiers higher than the Knight's Cross, because it could not be obtained other than by spending the prescribed 50 days in the fight of man against man. The Knight's Cross nevertheless remains the most famous German order for bravery from the Second World War, but was sometimes awarded to commanders in the crowd as an award for the activities of the entire subordinate unit, which, however, does not otherwise reduce its value to the bearer. Both of these exceptional orders were simultaneously granted to only 98 exceptional soldiers.
🕔︎ 26.12.2005 👁︎ 56.629

Hungarian-Slovak air battles in the spring of 1939

Hungary's border battles with Slovakia in the spring of 1939 also had an air dimension. An attempt to capture the course of air battles is the following article, which is followed by brief biographies of selected major actors.

🕔︎ 07.12.2006 👁︎ 34.488

Ilya Grigorievich Starinov

His name is referred to by units Vympel, Alfa, Omon, Speznaz, DI, Vega, DRG, Anti VIP, Obon - he is considered the "grandfather" of Soviet / Russian special forces.
🕔︎ 02.12.2019 👁︎ 5.264

Italian Air Force in East Africa

A brief overview of the activities of the Italian Air Force during WWII in the fighting over Italian East Africa
🕔︎ 14.01.2005 👁︎ 20.450

Italian East Africa 1940-1941

As early as November 9, 1940, after breaking the resistance of one colonial battalion and several "gangs", the British reoccupied the Sudanese border town of Gallabat.
🕔︎ 10.08.2003 👁︎ 20.334

Ivan Yevgrafovich Fyodorov

Biography of a Soviet fighter and test pilot, a veteran of several conflicts from the Spanish Civil War to the fighting in Korea, in which the reported total number of victories in some sources reaches 135. The fact attempts to reveal this article.

🕔︎ 08.02.2005 👁︎ 22.982

Jan Karski - a man who tried to stop the Holocaust

The Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski's efforts to stop the Holocaust were forgotten until 1978, when the historical role of World War II was rediscovered during the filming of Shoah Karski. This text is a brief reminder of the courageous deeds of this courageous man.
🕔︎ 13.02.2009 👁︎ 26.891

Japanese militarism in the first half of the 20th century

Reasons why the knightly samurai of the early 20th century became a murderous soldier of World War II? When and why did the principles of "Bushida" disappear from the actions of the Japanese army? How did Japanese militarism develop and change in the first half of the 20th century?
🕔︎ 09.01.2005 👁︎ 49.602

Jihlava

History of Jihlava city
🕔︎ 07.08.2012 👁︎ 10.646

Legion Condor - a breakthrough to the Mediterranean

German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events of the Condor Legion fighting in the direction of the Mediterranean. The Battle of Teruel, the Battle of the River Ebro, the last months of the Civil War.

🕔︎ 17.04.2005 👁︎ 31.839

Legion Condor - Hard times

German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events before the founding of the Condor Legion and the first months of its existence until the spring of 1937.

🕔︎ 11.12.2003 👁︎ 40.249

Legion Condor - march north

German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events to fight the Legion of Condor on the Northern Front, including the bombing of Guernica.

🕔︎ 17.04.2005 👁︎ 33.499

Lieutenant General Hyazinth Count Strachwitz von Grossgauch-Gamnitz

He was wounded fourteen times. He operated with ten tanks 150 km behind the Soviet front and returned to base without loss. In the north of the Eastern Front, Tukumi seized it, a city of great importance for further operations and considered almost impregnable. Strachwitz deceived the enemy, bypassed the city and attacked in a flash. His tanks rumbled through the streets, with 50 T-34 and SU-85 tanks with barrels facing west. In a few minutes they stood in one flame. He was undoubtedly the most imaginative tank commander, a master of " small combat ", in which he achieved incredible success on his fist with a few tanks.
🕔︎ 20.11.2003 👁︎ 60.702

Lieutenant Shogo Saito

Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.
🕔︎ 16.10.2003 👁︎ 17.286

Little War - March 1939 in Eastern Slovakia

An attempt to give a brief description of the events on the eastern border of Slovakia at the time of the declaration of its independence on March 14, 1939 without a description of air battles with the Hungarian Air Force, these are described separately.
🕔︎ 18.03.2008 👁︎ 12.827

Maggiore Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia

Maggiore Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia, pilot of the Regia Aeronautica, was one of the most famous aviators of World War II and was awarded the Gold Medal for military bravery. He specialized in torpedo bomber attacks and managed to sink, according to official Regia Aeronautica records, more than 100,000 tons of enemy shipping tonnage.

🕔︎ 09.09.2023 👁︎ 1.471

major Džozo Iwahaši

Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.
🕔︎ 12.12.2004 👁︎ 17.914

major Helmut Wick

Helmut Paul Emil Wick was a German flying ace of World War II. He was a wing commander in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany, and the fourth recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, the nation's highest military decoration at the time.

 
🕔︎ 02.04.2004 👁︎ 29.738

major Iwori Sakai

Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.
🕔︎ 23.12.2004 👁︎ 18.154

Neutral sky of Switzerland during World War II

The flights of the warring parties' aircraft over Swiss territory began soon after the outbreak of war. They were mostly planes whose crews got lost or shortened their way by flying over neutral territory, but Swiss fighters defended the neutrality of their country very hard ...
🕔︎ 14.06.2005 👁︎ 50.079

Obersturmbannführer Leon Degrelle

Leon Degrele, the most famous member of the SS of non-German nationality, spent most of World War II on the Russian front along with his legion of Walloon volunteers. He developed from the SS Schütze to the Obersturmbannführer in the SS Wiking division. One of the few non-German bearers of the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, of which he was #355 in August 1944. After the war he fled to Spain, where he lived until his death in 1984.
🕔︎ 07.12.2003 👁︎ 52.500

Operation NiWi

The article is devoted to the air and airborne operations of Fieseler Fi 156 Storch aircraft on May 10, 1940, when Nazi Germany launched Operation Fall Gelb, which included an attack on neutral Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France.
🕔︎ 24.01.2017 👁︎ 5.981

Portugal on the fronts of First World War

Portugal's war contribution to the victory of the Entente in World War I was redeemed by about 12,000 lost soldiers on European and colonial fronts and at sea. Civilian casualties climbed to 220,000, of which 82,000 per famine due to the collapse of supplies and 138,000 from the "Spanish flu". The following article deals with the main events on the ground battlefields.

🕔︎ 30.11.2020 👁︎ 7.771

R-U Infanterieregiment Nr. 8

An overview of the history of one of the oldest regiments of the Imperial Army from the Thirty Years' War to the First World War ...
🕔︎ 17.08.2011 👁︎ 9.363

Reparti d´assalto - Italian assault forces during WWI

The Italian Reparti d´assalto were an elite strike force of the Italian army in World War I. The soldiers of these units were called "Ardites". Part of the Czechoslovak Italian legions also underwent their training.
🕔︎ 12.01.2005 👁︎ 44.945

Republikanische Wehr

The DSAP ( German Social Democracy ) remained the only German party loyal to the Czechoslovak Republic. Its military organization, the Republikanische Wehr, and its volunteers took part in Armed guard of State operations in the fight against Henlein's Freikorps, with some of its members laying down their lives for our republic.
🕔︎ 21.01.2005 👁︎ 43.114

Review: Czechs in World War I Part 1

The announced review of the Libri publishing house of the first part of Libor Nedorost's trilogy: Czechs in the First World War "My Nations" is finally here.
🕔︎ 13.03.2007 👁︎ 21.032

REVIEWS: Radan Lášek - SOS Destination Unit

The publication is devoted to the issue of the security component formed in the Czechoslovak Republic on the eve of World War II. Battalions of the State Defense Guard were to prevent a sudden enemy invasion of Czechoslovakia, and their short-term but stubborn defense was to enable the mobilization and entry of Czechoslovakia. army. The greatest weight of the defensive struggles of the undeclared border war, which were gradually fought against democratic Czechoslovakia by Germany, Poland and Hungary from September 1938 to March 1939, was borne by the members of the SOS. The struggles of the Czechoslovak border guards and the victims from their ranks fell into oblivion with the establishment of totalitarian regimes. The gendarmerie, the financial guard and the uniformed security guard, from whose members the SOS members were recruited, also fell into oblivion. This review seeks to highlight publications that recall their existence.
🕔︎ 08.10.2008 👁︎ 23.390

Rodolphe De Hemricourt De Grunne

The Belgian fighter pilot and his fate in the Spanish Civil War and then in the whirlwind of World War II, when he fell in RAF uniform.
🕔︎ 17.04.2008 👁︎ 24.649

Ronald Cuthbert Hay

Ronald Cuthbert Hay, DSO, DSC and Bar was the only fighter ace of the Royal Marines. He joined the Marines before WWII, and then served as a pilot in the Fleet Air Arm. On Blackburn Skua from the deck of HMS Ark Royal opened his combat score in the Norwegian campaign, then covered the retreat from Dunkirk. He flew the Fairey Fulmars in the Battle of Britain. As commander of the 47th Naval Fighter Wing, he flew the Vought F4U Corsaires from HMS Victorious in the Far East. He led most of the Wing raids against the Japanese in Sumatra. By the end of the war, his score was 13 enemy aircraft, which was the third best score of the Fleet Air Arm.
🕔︎ 16.11.2010 👁︎ 13.274

Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 2

Seeing Russia as a rival, Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchuria in exchange for recognition of the Korean Empire as being within the Japanese sphere of influence. Russia refused and demanded the establishment of a neutral buffer zone between Russia and Japan in Korea, north of the 39th parallel. The Imperial Japanese Government perceived this as obstructing their plans for expansion into mainland Asia and chose to go to war. After negotiations broke down in 1904, the Imperial Japanese Navy opened hostilities in a surprise attack on the Russian Eastern Fleet at Port Arthur on 9 February 1904. The Russian Empire responded by declaring war on Japan.

🕔︎ 10.12.2003 👁︎ 34.145

Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 3

Although Russia suffered a number of defeats, Emperor Nicholas II remained convinced that Russia could still win if it fought on; he chose to remain engaged in the war and await the outcomes of key naval battles. As hope of victory dissipated, he continued the war to preserve the dignity of Russia by averting a "humiliating peace". Russia ignored Japan's willingness early on to agree to an armistice and rejected the idea of bringing the dispute to the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague.

🕔︎ 10.12.2003 👁︎ 34.909

Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 4

The complete victory of the Japanese military surprised international observers and transformed the balance of power in both East Asia and Europe, resulting in Japan's emergence as a great power and a decline in the Russian Empire's prestige and influence in Europe. Russia's incurrence of substantial casualties and losses for a cause that resulted in humiliating defeat contributed to a growing domestic unrest which culminated in the 1905 Russian Revolution, and severely damaged the prestige of the Russian autocracy.

🕔︎ 11.12.2003 👁︎ 29.611

Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Volume 1.

In the late nineteenth century, a fever broke out among the great powers over the colonial division of the rest of the world. Japan naturally succumbed to this pressure and, like Tsarist Russia, sought to usurp Korea and Manchuria and its share of the division of China. Japan was already dreaming of seizing Sakhalin and the Far East.
Russia sought a warm-water port on the Pacific Ocean both for its navy and for maritime trade. Vladivostok remained ice-free and operational only during the summer; Port Arthur, a naval base in Liaodong Province leased to Russia by the Qing dynasty of China from 1897, was operational year round.

🕔︎ 10.12.2003 👁︎ 65.935

Sergeant Hiromichi Shinohara

A brief biography of the Japanese Army Air Force's most successful fighter ace. His score of 58 aerial victories was achieved in the Nomonchan conflict.

🕔︎ 16.10.2003 👁︎ 23.083

Sergeant Hisae Akiyama

A brief biography of one of the fighters against the B-29
🕔︎ 26.12.2004 👁︎ 16.415

Shōichi Sugita

He became one of the leaders of the 204th Kokutai es during the Solomon Islands campaign and one of the top five scoring pilots in the Japanese navy.

🕔︎ 13.09.2021 👁︎ 4.441

SS-Unterstrumführer Hermann Maringgele

A former veteran of the Italian army in the fighting with Abyssinia, he became a legend in the ranks of the SS-cavalry among the commanders of the strike forces during the fighting in besieged Budapest. At the same time, with 84 officially recognized days in close combat, it ranks first among German infantry fighters.
🕔︎ 23.01.2006 👁︎ 37.510

Stalin's Grand Plan

Basic starting points, means and goals of Stalin's political strategy.
🕔︎ 29.06.2006 👁︎ 30.669

Stepan Andrijovic Bandera

A controversial figure in Ukrainian history. Seven times sentenced to life imprisonment for assassinations in Poland during the 1930s. After the defeat of Poland, briefly at large, then imprisoned in Sachsenhausen concentration camp until autumn 1944, post-war OUN leader, killed by the KGB in Munich.

🕔︎ 22.01.2010 👁︎ 17.462

Suicide attacks by the Luftwaffe?

There are speculations on the web about the suicide missions of the German Luftwaffe. Especially in connection with the Sonderkommando Elbe, there is various speculations on this topic. Our article tries to bring additional information to this issue and thus complete the overall picture, especially about the previous history of the so-called Sturmtaktik.
🕔︎ 19.09.2009 👁︎ 38.819

Takeo Kurita

Vice Admiral of the Japanese Navy, Commander of the Central Union of Battleships in the Battle of Leyte Bay.
🕔︎ 23.02.2009 👁︎ 9.731

Teresio Vittorio Martinoli

A brief biography of the most successful Italian fighter of World War II in terms of the number of individual victories. When counting the victories achieved in cooperation, it ranks third on the list of Italian aces.
🕔︎ 04.01.2006 👁︎ 17.021

The American-Spanish War of 1898

The end of the United States with the weakest colonial power of the 19th century and the redistribution of its colonies.
🕔︎ 11.12.2003 👁︎ 34.107

The battle of Lvov

The Battle of Lviv can be divided into several main stages, the first of which is the breakthrough of an advanced battle group that reached the suburbs of Lviv and conquered the heights near the city. The second stage was the fighting of the main forces between 15 and 21 September 1939.
🕔︎ 10.04.2009 👁︎ 56.130

The last sailing corsair - Felix Graf von Luckner

As a child, he sat harmlessly on Queen Victoria's lap, and by 1917 his fame as a corsair of a sailing auxiliary cruiser had reached such a height that he received the nickname Seadevil from the British.
🕔︎ 28.11.2007 👁︎ 38.387

Training of Soviet pilots for World War II

Why did German fighter aces easily and quickly increase the accounts of victories on the Eastern Front in 1941/42?
Did Stalin plan an aggressive war against Germany?
Did the mass training of Soviet pilots produce " slaves of heaven "?
🕔︎ 07.01.2005 👁︎ 43.648

U 53 - A stormy journey to America during World War II

With astonishment and respect, the American public in 1916 praised the successful breaking of the British naval blockade by the submarine merchant ship U-Deutschland. It reached the undamaged port of Baltimore and, after being loaded with raw materials important for the war industry, again successfully slipped through the blockade and arrived at its home port. In response, the British Navy placed its naval units in front of US ports with the intention of sending the next German commercial submarine to the bottom. They probably succeeded in this intention with the U-Bremen, which disappeared without a trace. Its fate came true at a time when the German front-line submarine U-53 was already approaching the US coast to attack the siege. What happened here and after is the subject of the following pages.
🕔︎ 31.01.2007 👁︎ 36.523

U-boot Krieg

Comparison of the success of the deployment of submarines in both world wars.
🕔︎ 08.07.2004 👁︎ 37.883

War in Abyssinia 1935-1941

Italy's preparations for the conquest of Ethiopia began, according to Mussolini's confession, as early as 1925. Initially, its "peaceful" annexation was envisaged on the basis of the 1928 Friendship Treaty. But that failed. This was followed by immediate preparations for an attack on Ethiopia. In the Italian colonies of Eritrea, Somalia and Libya, troops were concentrated, seaports, airports and military bases were built and reconstructed, and roads were built toward the Ethiopian border. The armed forces rose to 1.3 million men.
🕔︎ 22.07.2003 👁︎ 89.936

War of Gran Chaco (Bolivia - Paraguay 1928-1935)

The territorial dispute over Chaco Boreal (northern) , the conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia, followed the loss of territory that the two countries had suffered in previous conflicts. In the war between Bolivia and Chile, Bolivia lost its Pacific coast and began to colonize Chaco Boreal due to its navigable flow into the Atlantic Ocean. Paraguay wanted Chaco due to territorial losses during the war with the "Tripartite Agreement" (Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay) . Paraguay saw Chaco as a means of national renewal and a source of economic growth.
🕔︎ 16.08.2003 👁︎ 44.783

Wing Commander Adrian Warburton

According to war sources, Warburton claimed 9 certain air victories, two probable and several damage.
🕔︎ 25.01.2019 👁︎ 3.972

Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet union

Russia's plan was to crush the Finnish resistance by occupying the country and cutting it in two in the narrowest part, while the air force was to demoralize civilians and dismantle the state machinery. No surprises took place, nothing deviated from the scope of blitzkrieg tactics except the reckless application of bombs. With the bombing of civilians and the deployment of incendiary bombs against them, the Soviets recalculated.
🕔︎ 03.09.2003 👁︎ 47.540

Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet Union

On December 23, 1939, at 6:30 in the morning, the Finns launched a fresh counterattack with a fresh head of the 6th Division (still in reserve) in which all units on the Karelian Neck participated.
🕔︎ 03.09.2003 👁︎ 30.771

Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet Union

At the beginning of 1940, the Russians did not have a rosy position in Finland. They stopped a large part of the actions started in mid-December along the entire length of the Eastern Front. She also held the Karelian neck. There were enormous losses in the onslaught of the Mannerheim Line, and the coldest period of the winter was yet to come.
🕔︎ 03.09.2003 👁︎ 52.271

WWI Fighter Aces - Balloon destroyers

WWI Fighter Aces - Balloon destroyers

the most demanding combat activity of the fighter air force of the First World War.
🕔︎ 12.09.2003 👁︎ 23.142

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