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Schlange

Karl Schlange

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Articles

  • 1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire I.

    1939 Nomonchan in other sources also known as Chalchyn-Gol. A provoked border skirmish on the Mongolian border resulted in a Soviet siege strike that destroyed the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire. Part I outlines the initial situation and describes I. and II. stage of the conflict.

    61.816
  • 1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire I.

    Maps to the first part.

    21.820
  • 1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire II.

    Part II. Describes III. decisive stage of the conflict.

    28.660
  • 1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire II.

    Maps to III. stage of the conflict

    16.742
  • 1939 Nomonchan - Zhukov's crushing of the 6th Army of the Japanese Empire III.

    Part III. deals with the aviation side of the whole encounter.

    43.729
  • 343rd Kokutai elite unit of the Japanese naval air force

    Overview of combat operations and a brief history of the elite fighter unit of the Naval Air Force.

    3.736
  • 6. Panzer Division

    The 6th Panzer Division gained one of the best combat records on the battlefields of World War II among all the divisions that fought in it. Its operation begins with the invasion of Poland in 1939 and ends with the defense of Vienna in 1945.

    43.746
  • The American-Spanish War of 1898

    The end of the United States with the weakest colonial power of the 19th century and the redistribution of its colonies.

    27.191
  • Anglo-Boer War

    English liquidation of Boer independence in South Africa. Concentration camps for Boer civilians and the Boer guerrilla war.

    66.308
  • The Anglo-French struggle in the Second world war

    Operation Catapult, air raids on Gibraltar, Operation Ironclad, fighting in the Levant ... The tragedy of the fighting between the two former allies ...

    35.731
  • Asiago 1916

    A successful Austro-Hungarian offensive on the Alpine front against Italy in 1916. A brief description of the battle from the perspective of both warring parties. It is also known among historians as the "Strafexpedition" - a criminal expedition, as it was described by contemporary Austro-Hungarian propaganda in the spirit of the rhetoric of the time about punishing treacherous Italy, which passed from the Trojspolk to the Treaty.

    21.898
  • Battle of Bzura

    The Battle of Bzura, also called the Battle of Kutna, was one of the toughest and bloodiest encounters in the 1939 Polish campaign.

    26.024
  • The battle of Lvov

    The Battle of Lviv can be divided into several main stages, the first of which is the breakthrough of an advanced battle group that reached the suburbs of Lviv and conquered the heights near the city. The second stage was the fighting of the main forces between 15 and 21 September 1939.

    50.354
  • The fight with wooden swords – missed opportunity for German submarines in the Norwegian campaign

    The fighting off the Norwegian coasts brought a large number of important targets in front of mainly Kriegsmarine submarine torpedo launchers concentrated on the Norwegian coasts, the impact of which would complicate the British situation at sea level in the case of warships and in the case of troop-filled transport ships. Norway itself ...

    27.558
  • Baltic fighters in German service

    Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians fighting in units of the German Armed Forces against Soviet Russia. Brief outline of numbers and major events.

    38.919
  • Brest-Litevsk 1941

    An article in the competition for the topic of Brest during the Second World War.

    33.354
  • Capitano Mario Visintini

    An Italian fighter who became a legend of the remote battlefield of Italian East Africa in the fight against Allied superiority.

    14.143
  • Black Shirts - Camicie Nere, armed militia of fascist Italy

    Italian militias of the fascist party and their involvement in the fighting in Abyssinia, Spain and on the battlefields of World War II. Description of individual militias, organizations, combat appearances ... etc. MVSN as an Italian counterpart SA, CCNN as an armed equivalent of the Nazi SS.

    31.223
  • Sergeant Hiromichi Shinohara

    A brief biography of the most successful fighter ace of the Japanese Air Force. He achieved his score of 58 air victories in the Nomonchan conflict.

    15.147
  • Chasan 1938, Japanese-Soviet force testing

    A limited border conflict initiated by the Japanese "Korean" army testing the strength of the Red Army in Primori.

    37.882
  • Chinese sky I

    Outline of the initial situation and operations of the USSR and Imperial Japan against China in Manchuria during the late 1920s and early 1930s.

    31.401
  • Chinese sky II

    The Battle of Shanghai 1932.

    27.897
  • Chinese sky III

    The Kuantung Army campaign in northern China in 1933. The events of 1937 with an emphasis on the northern front.

    26.597
  • Chinese sky IV

    Events of 1937 in Central China - a new battle for Shanghai.

    27.489
  • Chinese sky V

    The fall of Nanjing, 1938-1941.

    25.097
  • Chiune Sugihara

    Vice-consul at the Japanese consulate in Kaunas, Lithuania, which saved thousands of Polish and Lithuanian Jews from the Holocaust during the beginning of World War II.

    5.963
  • Clive Robertson Caldwell

    Group Captain Clive Robertson Caldwell DSO, DFC & Bar (28.07.1910 - 05.08.1994) was the best Australian fighter ace of World War II. His official score was 28.5 air victories in more than three hundred combat flights. In addition, another 6 probable victories and 15 damage.

    10.442
  • Eduard Martinko

    Czech living in Croatia, achieved within JG 52 12 confirmed and 1 unconfirmed victories in the fighting on the Eastern Front.

    17.647
  • Erhard Raus

    Correct evaluation of opponents… courage to clear the field for a short time, if only a small group is in front of you, energy invested in sharp marches, audacity in sudden attacks, increased activity that great souls acquire in a moment of danger - these are the basis of such victories.

    24.965
  • French Naval Rebellions (1919)

    The uprisings in the French navy, which threatened France with the same communist riots that Germany had gone through and which were remarkably timely with the Red Army crisis, effectively ruled out French involvement in the intervention forces.

    22.972
  • French Naval Rebellions (1919)

    13.727
  • Frank Reginald „Chota“ Carey

    Group Captain Frank Reginald "Chota" Carey CBE, DFC & two Bars, AFC, DFM was a fighter ace with 25 confirmed air victories, 3 in cooperation, 4 unconfirmed, 4 probable and 8 damaged enemy aircraft. He was also the second highest scoring pilot on the Hawker Hurricane.

    10.777
  • František Hanovec

    One of the few successful Slovak pilots in the battles with Hungary in the spring of 1939, later a Slovak fighter ace. He was one of the most experienced Slovak fighters and went through all the conflicts of the independent Slovak Air Force.

    36.342
  • Lieutenant General Hyazinth Count Strachwitz von Grossgauch-Gamnitz

    He was wounded fourteen times. He operated with ten tanks 150 km behind the Soviet front and returned to base without loss. In the north of the Eastern Front, Tukumi seized it, a city of great importance for further operations and considered almost impregnable. Strachwitz deceived the enemy, bypassed the city and attacked in a flash. His tanks rumbled through the streets, with 50 T-34 and SU-85 tanks with barrels facing west. In a few minutes they stood in one flame. He was undoubtedly the most imaginative tank commander, a master of " small combat ", in which he achieved incredible success on his fist with a few tanks.

    50.539
  • Ranks of the Japanese Air Force

    Rank comparison table ...

    24.736
  • Ilya Grigorievich Starinov

    His name is referred to by units Vympel, Alfa, Omon, Speznaz, DI, Vega, DRG, Anti VIP, Obon - he is considered the "grandfather" of Soviet / Russian special forces.

    1.220
  • Iraq 1941 Battle of Habbanya Part I.

    The Iraqi uprising against the Allies in 1941 and its support from Germany, Italy and France

    15.679
  • Italian East Africa 1940-1941

    Description of the fighting in the lesser-known battlefield of World War II.

    38.833
  • Italian East Africa 1940-1941

    As early as November 9, 1940, after breaking the resistance of one colonial battalion and several "gangs", the British reoccupied the Sudanese border town of Gallabat.

    15.001
  • Italian MAS boats and dwarf submarines in the Black Sea in 1942-1943

    Combat deployment of the Italian navy in the Black Sea and Lake Ladoga in 1942-43.

    29.787
  • Italian Air Force in East Africa

    A brief overview of the activities of the Italian Air Force during WWII in the fighting over Italian East Africa

    15.375
  • Italian submarines and ships in the Far East 1940-45

    Combat operations of the Italian Navy in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific.

    27.450
  • Ivan Yevgrafovich Fyodorov

    Biography of a Soviet fighter and test pilot, a veteran of several conflicts from the Spanish Civil War to the fighting in Korea, in which the reported total number of victories in some sources reaches 135. The fact attempts to reveal this article.

    17.269
  • Jan Karski - a man who tried to stop the Holocaust

    The Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski's efforts to stop the Holocaust were forgotten until 1978, when the historical role of World War II was rediscovered during the filming of Shoah Karski. This text is a brief reminder of the courageous deeds of this courageous man.

    22.208
  • Japanese militarism in the first half of the 20th century

    Reasons why the knightly samurai of the early 20th century became a murderous soldier of World War II? When and why did the principles of "Bushida" disappear from the actions of the Japanese army? How did Japanese militarism develop and change in the first half of the 20th century?

    38.642
  • Jihlava

    History of Jihlava city

    7.778
  • Captain Kenji Shimada

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    14.510
  • Captain Masao Ohashi

    Exploratory ace of the Japanese Air Force.

    10.927
  • Carpathian Sic

    Karpatská Siče - military organization of Ukrainians and Ruthenians. For its short existence, its members fought alongside the Czechoslovak army and shortly against it after the declaration of independence, as well as with attackers from the Hungarian and Polish paramilitary divisions and against regular units of the Royal Hungarian Army.

    37.164
  • Code letters - Jagdverbände der Luftwaffe

    From the spring of 1939 it was introduced for a new system of code letters for fighters (Kampfverbänden). The combination of numbers and letters in front of the side cross indicated the appropriate volume to which a particular machine belonged ...

    29.559
  • Code letters - Kampfverbände der Luftwaffe

    From the spring of 1939 the new code letter system for Kampfverbänden was introduced. The combination of numbers and letters in front of the side cross indicated the appropriate unit to which a particular machine belonged.

    29.852
  • Legion Condor - a breakthrough to the Mediterranean

    German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events of the Condor Legion fighting in the direction of the Mediterranean. The Battle of Teruel, the Battle of the River Ebro, the last months of the Civil War.

    26.906
  • Legion Condor - Hard times

    German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events before the founding of the Condor Legion and the first months of its existence until the spring of 1937.

    33.217
  • Legion Condor - march north

    German volunteers on the side of General Franco's nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Events to fight the Legion of Condor on the Northern Front, including the bombing of Guernica.

    28.426
  • Air aces of the First World War - A. A. Kazakov

    Aces of WWI - A.A. Kazakov

    Russian ace with 20 victories

    16.068
  • Air aces of the First World War - Edward Corringham "Mick" Mannock

    British ace es WWI

    19.305
  • Air aces of the First World War - Edward Rickenbacker

    Aviation aces World War One - US ace of aces

    15.812
  • Air aces of the First World War - Francesco Baracca

    Italian ace of aces of World War I. His personal coat of arms from the plane became the emblem of Ferrari.

    17.794
  • Air aces of the First World War - Frank Linke-Crawford

    aces WWI - Frank Linke-Crawford - Austro-Hungarian Air Force, 27 victories.

    15.897
  • Air aces of the First World War - Franz Gräser

    aces WWI - Franz Gräser - Austro-Hungarian Air Force, 18 victories

    15.202
  • Air aces of the First World War - Friedrich Navratil

    aces WWI - Friedrich Navratil - Austro-Hungarian Air Force, 10 victories

    14.228
  • Air aces of the First World War - Godwin Brumowski

    Aces of WWI - Godwin Brumowski

    The most successful pilot of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force with 35 victories.

    19.469
  • Air aces of the First World War - Julius Arigi

    the second most successful ace of Austria-Hungary. After the war lived in Czechoslovakia

    14.509
  • Air aces of the First World War - Oswald Boelcke

    German pioneer of air combat and the father of fighter tactics

    17.389
  • Air aces of the First World War - René P. Fonck

    ace es of the French Air Force and the most successful fighter pilot of the Agreement in WWI

    17.396
  • Air aces of the First World War - Willy Coppens

    Aces of WWI - Willy Coppens

    Belgian ace with 37 victories, the most successful balloon destroyer

    19.882
  • Luftflotten der Luftwaffe

    sites of each Luftflotte and the numbers of the Jagd Geschwader

    18.225
  • Hungarian-Slovak air battles in the spring of 1939

    Hungary's border battles with Slovakia in the spring of 1939 also had an air dimension. An attempt to capture the course of air battles is the following article, which is followed by brief biographies of selected major actors.

    28.113
  • major Džozo Iwahaši

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    13.898
  • major Helmut Wick

    a brief biography of one of the most successful fighters of the Battle of Britain.

    21.150
  • major Iwori Sakai

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    14.056
  • Little War - March 1939 in Eastern Slovakia

    An attempt to give a brief description of the events on the eastern border of Slovakia at the time of the declaration of its independence on March 14, 1939 without a description of air battles with the Hungarian Air Force, these are described separately.

    9.733
  • Naval operations under the intervention of the Allies in the Russian Civil War

    Naval operations under the intervention of the Allies in the Russian Civil War - North Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Caspian Sea, Pacific Ocean and fighting on lakes and rivers.

    28.464
  • German Revolution 1918-1920 I.

    The German Revolution of 1918 was a social democratic revolution that was repeatedly suppressed by the social democratic leaders themselves: it was an event unparalleled in world history.

    30.480
  • German Revolution 1918-1920 II.

    The German Revolution of 1919 entered a phase of bloody civil war.

    27.323
  • German-Soviet cooperation

    Rappal Treaty between Germany and Soviet Russia signed on 16.4.1922, enabled both countries to emerge from international isolation and establish advantageous cooperation, especially economic, but also military. The secret part of the agreement dealt with cooperation between the general staffs of the German and Soviet armies. The most famous is the flight school in Lipetsk.

    437
  • Neutral sky of Switzerland during World War II

    The flights of the warring parties' aircraft over Swiss territory began soon after the outbreak of war. They were mostly planes whose crews got lost or shortened their way by flying over neutral territory, but Swiss fighters defended the neutrality of their country very hard ...

    42.528
  • Holders of the Knight's Cross with the Golden Clasp for close combat

    Elite Infantry Award for Bravery - Gold Clasp for close combat, was often valued among soldiers higher than the Knight's Cross, because it could not be obtained other than by spending the prescribed 50 days in the fight of man against man. The Knight's Cross nevertheless remains the most famous German order for bravery from the Second World War, but was sometimes awarded to commanders in the crowd as an award for the activities of the entire subordinate unit, which, however, does not otherwise reduce its value to the bearer. Both of these exceptional orders were simultaneously granted to only 98 exceptional soldiers.

    49.198
  • Obersturmbannführer Leon Degrelle

    Leon Degrele, the most famous member of the SS of non-German nationality, spent most of World War II on the Russian front along with his legion of Walloon volunteers. He developed from the SS Schütze to the Obersturmbannführer in the SS Wiking division. One of the few non-German bearers of the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, of which he was #355 in August 1944. After the war he fled to Spain, where he lived until his death in 1984.

    43.832
  • Operation NiWi

    The article is devoted to the air and airborne operations of Fieseler Fi 156 Storch aircraft on May 10, 1940, when Nazi Germany launched Operation Fall Gelb, which included an attack on neutral Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France.

    3.268
  • Organization of the Air Force of the Empire of Japan

    Organizational structure of the Air Force of the Empire of Japan. Naval and Army Air Force.

    18.791
  • Personal guard of the Grand Duchy of Hesse

    Short history of the oldest German infantry unit.

    12.455
  • Colonel Werner Mölders

    The most successful Legion Condor fighter in the Spanish Civil War with 14 victories. The ace of the Battle of France and Britain. The first fighter in the world to reach the limit of 100 victories. The First Fighter General became the first bearer of Diamonds with Swords and Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of the German Wehrmacht.

    25.889
  • Lieutenant Masatoshi Masuzawa

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    16.248
  • Lieutenant Shogo Saito

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    13.049
  • The last sailing corsair - Felix Graf von Luckner

    As a child, he sat harmlessly on Queen Victoria's lap, and by 1917 his fame as a corsair of a sailing auxiliary cruiser had reached such a height that he received the nickname Seadevil from the British.

    32.390
  • R-U Infanterieregiment Nr. 8

    An overview of the history of one of the oldest regiments of the Imperial Army from the Thirty Years' War to the First World War ...

    6.651
  • R-U Infanterieregiment Nr. 81

    A brief overview of the regiment's activities during World War II.

    7.685
  • Austro-Hungarian Stosstruppen during WWI

    Austro-Hungarian strike troops in the First World War.

    53.509
  • Review: Czechs in World War I Part 1

    The announced review of the Libri publishing house of the first part of Libor Nedorost's trilogy: Czechs in the First World War "My Nations" is finally here.

    16.909
  • Review: Czechs in World War I Part 2 and 3

    The second part of a peer-reviewed series from the Libri publishing house from the Libor Nedorost trilogy - Czechs in the First World War.

    21.051
  • REVIEWS: Radan Lášek - SOS Destination Unit

    The publication is devoted to the issue of the security component formed in the Czechoslovak Republic on the eve of World War II. Battalions of the State Defense Guard were to prevent a sudden enemy invasion of Czechoslovakia, and their short-term but stubborn defense was to enable the mobilization and entry of Czechoslovakia. army. The greatest weight of the defensive struggles of the undeclared border war, which were gradually fought against democratic Czechoslovakia by Germany, Poland and Hungary from September 1938 to March 1939, was borne by the members of the SOS. The struggles of the Czechoslovak border guards and the victims from their ranks fell into oblivion with the establishment of totalitarian regimes. The gendarmerie, the financial guard and the uniformed security guard, from whose members the SOS members were recruited, also fell into oblivion. This review seeks to highlight publications that recall their existence.

    18.181
  • Regia Aeronautica in North Africa

    The Air Force of the Kingdom of Italy on the battlefield of North Africa during World War II

    18.135
  • Reparti d´assalto - Italian assault forces during WWI

    The Italian Reparti d´assalto were an elite strike force of the Italian army in World War I. The soldiers of these units were called "Ardites". Part of the Czechoslovak Italian legions also underwent their training.

    36.374
  • Republikanische Wehr

    The DSAP ( German Social Democracy ) remained the only German party loyal to the Czechoslovak Republic. Its military organization, the Republikanische Wehr, and its volunteers took part in Armed guard of State operations in the fight against Henlein's Freikorps, with some of its members laying down their lives for our republic.

    35.409
  • Rodolphe De Hemricourt De Grunne

    The Belgian fighter pilot and his fate in the Spanish Civil War and then in the whirlwind of World War II, when he fell in RAF uniform.

    19.060
  • Ronald Cuthbert Hay

    Ronald Cuthbert Hay, DSO, DSC and Bar was the only fighter ace of the Royal Marines. He joined the Marines before WWII, and then served as a pilot in the Fleet Air Arm. On Blackburn Skua from the deck of HMS Ark Royal opened his combat score in the Norwegian campaign, then covered the retreat from Dunkirk. He flew the Fairey Fulmars in the Battle of Britain. As commander of the 47th Naval Fighter Wing, he flew the Vought F4U Corsaires from HMS Victorious in the Far East. He led most of the Wing raids against the Japanese in Sumatra. By the end of the war, his score was 13 enemy aircraft, which was the third best score of the Fleet Air Arm.

    10.669
  • Sergeant Bundji Yoshiyama

    Ace of the Japanese Air Force from the conflict near Nomonchan.

    12.939
  • Sergeant Hisae Akiyama

    A brief biography of one of the fighters against the B-29

    12.428
  • Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 1

    The mass losses of this conflict have indicated how devastating modern weapons are if deployed on a mass scale before the outbreak of World War I. After the victory, Japan ceased to be a secondary power and became a superpower.

    48.849
  • Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 2

    The mass losses of this conflict have indicated how devastating modern weapons are if deployed on a mass scale before the outbreak of World War I. After the victory, Japan ceased to be a secondary power and became a superpower.

    25.986
  • Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 3

    The mass losses of this conflict have indicated how devastating modern weapons are if deployed on a mass scale before the outbreak of World War I. After the victory, Japan ceased to be a secondary power and became a superpower.

    26.296
  • Russo-Japanese War 1904-05 Part 4

    The mass losses of this conflict have indicated how devastating modern weapons are if deployed on a mass scale before the outbreak of World War I. After the victory, Japan ceased to be a secondary power and became a superpower.

    21.823
  • Suicide attacks by the Luftwaffe?

    There are speculations on the web about the suicide missions of the German Luftwaffe. Especially in connection with the Sonderkommando Elbe, there is various speculations on this topic. Our article tries to bring additional information to this issue and thus complete the overall picture, especially about the previous history of the so-called Sturmtaktik.

    30.758
  • Slavic volunteers in German service during WWII

    Belarusians, Ukrainians, Cossacks and Russians fighting in German armed forces against Soviet Russia. Brief outline of numbers and major events.

    34.028
  • Luftwaffe fellow fighters - aircraft marking

    Tactical markings of aircraft of states fighting alongside Germany ...

    40.232
  • SS-Unterstrumführer Hermann Maringgele

    A former veteran of the Italian army in the fighting with Abyssinia, he became a legend in the ranks of the SS-cavalry among the commanders of the strike forces during the fighting in besieged Budapest. At the same time, with 84 officially recognized days in close combat, it ranks first among German infantry fighters.

    30.200
  • Stalin's Grand Plan

    Basic starting points, means and goals of Stalin's political strategy.

    22.693
  • Stepan Andrijovič Bandera

    A controversial figure in Ukrainian history. he was sentenced to life in prison seven times during the 1930s for assassinations in Poland. After the defeat of Poland briefly at large, then until the autumn of 1944 locked up in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, a post-war OUN representative, killed by the KGB in Munich ...

    10.990
  • Fighter Aces China 1937-41 - Chinese

    Fighter Aces China 1937-41 - Chinese

    11.316
  • Fighter Aces China 1937-41 - USSR

    Fighter Aces China 1937-41 - USSR

    11.951
  • Fighter aces of Japan at Nomonchan 1939 with 20 or more kills

    In Western literature it is known more as the Battle of Chalchyn-Gol

    21.635
  • Fighter aces of Japan in the Chinese incident 1937 - 1941

    Overview of naval and fighter aces

    15.633
  • Fighter Aces Spanish Civil War 1936-39 - Nationalists

    Fighter Aces Spanish Civil War 1936-39 - Nationalists. Spaniards, Germans, Italians

    16.126
  • Fighter Aces Spanish Civil War 1936-39 - Republicans

    Fighter Aces Spanish Civil War 1936-39 - Republicans. Spaniards, French, USA, Yugoslavia, USSR

    16.716
  • Fighter aces of the USSR at Nomonchan 1939

    Fighter aces of Japan at Nomonchan 1939 - also known as Chalchyn gol

    18.249
  • Fighter Aces Winter War 1939-40 - Finns

    Fighter Aces Winter War 1939-40 - Finns

    15.718
  • Fighter Aces Winter War 1939-40 - Soviets

    Fighter Aces Winter War 1939-40 - Soviets

    14.701
  • Százados Aladár ‘Ali’ (Negró) Szobránczy

    Hungarian fighter pilot who achieved two air victories over Slovak aircraft during the fighting in the spring of 1939

    15.204
  • Takeo Kurita

    Vice Admiral of the Japanese Navy, Commander of the Central Union of Battleships in the Battle of Leyte Bay.

    6.539
  • Teresio Vittorio Martinoli

    A brief biography of the most successful Italian fighter of World War II in terms of the number of individual victories. When counting the victories achieved in cooperation, it ranks third on the list of Italian aces.

    12.546
  • U 53 - A stormy journey to America during World War II

    With astonishment and respect, the American public in 1916 praised the successful breaking of the British naval blockade by the submarine merchant ship U-Deutschland. It reached the undamaged port of Baltimore and, after being loaded with raw materials important for the war industry, again successfully slipped through the blockade and arrived at its home port. In response, the British Navy placed its naval units in front of US ports with the intention of sending the next German commercial submarine to the bottom. They probably succeeded in this intention with the U-Bremen, which disappeared without a trace. Its fate came true at a time when the German front-line submarine U-53 was already approaching the US coast to attack the siege. What happened here and after is the subject of the following pages.

    28.781
  • U-boot Krieg

    Comparison of the success of the deployment of submarines in both world wars.

    31.675
  • War of Gran Chaco (Bolivia - Paraguay 1928-1935)

    The territorial dispute over Chaco Boreal (northern) , the conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia, followed the loss of territory that the two countries had suffered in previous conflicts. In the war between Bolivia and Chile, Bolivia lost its Pacific coast and began to colonize Chaco Boreal due to its navigable flow into the Atlantic Ocean. Paraguay wanted Chaco due to territorial losses during the war with the "Tripartite Agreement" (Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay) . Paraguay saw Chaco as a means of national renewal and a source of economic growth.

    36.424
  • War in Abyssinia 1935-1941

    Italy's preparations for the conquest of Ethiopia began, according to Mussolini's confession, as early as 1925. Initially, its "peaceful" annexation was envisaged on the basis of the 1928 Friendship Treaty. But that failed. This was followed by immediate preparations for an attack on Ethiopia. In the Italian colonies of Eritrea, Somalia and Libya, troops were concentrated, seaports, airports and military bases were built and reconstructed, and roads were built toward the Ethiopian border. The armed forces rose to 1.3 million men.

    64.296
  • Training of Soviet pilots for World War II

    Why did German fighter aces easily and quickly increase the accounts of victories on the Eastern Front in 1941/42?
    Did Stalin plan an aggressive war against Germany?
    Did the mass training of Soviet pilots produce " slaves of heaven "?

    37.219
  • Air battles over the Gulf of Germany

    The RAF entered the war with faith in the defensive capabilities of fast modern bombers, which can fight their way to the target and back during the day through defensive fighters and anti-aircraft artillery fire. With the outbreak of war, Douhet's theory was tested in practice.
    The first victory in Germany's air defense took place the second day after the entry of the United Kingdom into the ongoing war between Germany and Poland. The British goal was to eliminate the threat from the Kriegsmarine. While British ships chased German corsairs across the oceans, the RAF sought to contribute to the war effort by attacks on warships off the German coast and in ports. How the RAF was doing its efforts in 1939 is trying to describe this article ...

    20.955
  • Origin and first deployment of SS units

    the formation of Waffen-SS units and their first fighting until June 1941

    66.531
  • Uprising on the light cruiser Chongqing and the Civil War in China (1949)

    The uprising on the light cruiser Chongqing started the final fighting between the Communists and the Kuomintang on the Chinese mainland.

    18.498
  • Wing Commander Adrian Warburton

    According to war sources, Warburton claimed 9 certain air victories, two probable and several damage.

    1.426
  • WWI Fighter Aces - Balloon destroyers

    WWI Fighter Aces - Balloon destroyers

    the most demanding combat activity of the fighter air force of the First World War.

    18.489
  • WWI Fighter Aces - Introduction

    An overview of the most successful pilots of the First World War by nationality

    25.095
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Australia

    WWI Fighter Aces of Australia

    15.336
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Belgium

    WWI fighter aces of the Kingdom of Belgium

    16.505
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - England

    WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - England

    20.826
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - Ireland

    WWI Fighter Aces of United Kingdom - Ireland

    15.744
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - Scotland

    WWI Fighter Aces of United Kingdom - Scotland

    15.448
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - Wales

    WWI Fighter Aces of Britain - Wales

    16.814
  • WWI Fighter Aces of France

    WWI fighter aces of the French Republic

    18.761
  • WWI Fighter Aces of India

    WWI Fighter Aces India

    15.685
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Italy

    WWI fighter aces of the Kingdom of Italy

    16.911
  • WWI Fighter Aces of South Africa

    WWI fighter aces of South Africa

    17.125
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Canada

    WWI Fighter Aces of Canada

    20.948
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Germany

    WWI fighter aces of the German Empire

    27.505
  • WWI Fighter Aces of New Zealand

    WWI fighter aces of New Zealand

    15.230
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Austria-Hungary

    WWI fighter aces of Austria-Hungary

    29.764
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Greece

    WWI Fighter Aces of Greece

    16.589
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Russia

    WWI fighter aces of Tsarist Russia

    26.042
  • WWI Fighter Aces of Swaziland

    WWI Fighter Aces of Swaziland

    15.545
  • WWI Fighter Aces of USA

    WWI fighter aces USA

    21.702
  • Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet Union

    At the turn of 1939 and 1940, a conflict lasted 105 days. Compared to the ongoing World War II, it was a clash of minor importance. 2 million Finnish and Soviet soldiers took part in the fighting. The invasion cost the Soviets about a thousand planes and 2,300 tanks. It was not until 1970 that Khrushchev publicly admitted that a million Russians had died in the Winter War. Another consequence was the influence of the Wehrmacht's judgment on the state of the Soviet army, which seemed to confirm the estimated consequences of the great purges of previous years.

    30.083
  • Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet union

    Russia's plan was to crush the Finnish resistance by occupying the country and cutting it in two in the narrowest part, while the air force was to demoralize civilians and dismantle the state machinery. No surprises took place, nothing deviated from the scope of blitzkrieg tactics except the reckless application of bombs. With the bombing of civilians and the deployment of incendiary bombs against them, the Soviets recalculated.

    40.018
  • Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet Union

    On December 23, 1939, at 6:30 in the morning, the Finns launched a fresh counterattack with a fresh head of the 6th Division (still in reserve) in which all units on the Karelian Neck participated.

    25.384
  • Winter war – the Ambush of Finland by the Soviet Union

    At the beginning of 1940, the Russians did not have a rosy position in Finland. They stopped a large part of the actions started in mid-December along the entire length of the Eastern Front. She also held the Karelian neck. There were enormous losses in the onslaught of the Mannerheim Line, and the coldest period of the winter was yet to come.

    42.421

Medals and awards

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Tužka

Stuha výhercu súťaže


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Čestná stuha účastníka súťaže

Soutěž - "Září 1939"

Krzyż Walecznych I.Bar

Krzyż Walecznych

Čs. medaile za vítězství WW1

Legionářský kříž

Medaile J.A. Komenského

Freikorps

Pour le Mérite

Eichenlaub und Schwertern zum RK des EK

Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuzes

Ehrenblatt Spange der Luftwaffe

Ehrentafel Spange der Kriegsmarine

Ehrenblatt Spange des Deutschen Heeres

Bayerische Tapferkeitsmedaille

Ehrenkreuz

Kriegsverdienstmedaille

Brestschild

Spange 1939 zum Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse

Spange 1939 zum Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse

Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)

Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)

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Zuihóšó IV. třídy

Kjókudžicušó

Kinši kunšó

Bukošó

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Řád Rudé hvězdy

Řád Suvorova

War Medal 1918

Pamätná medaila 50. výročia SNP

Medalla al Mérito Ejército

The RAF Star

The 1914-18 Star

George Cross

Imperial Service Medal

Distinguished Service Medal

Distinguished Service Cross

Air Force Medal

Air Force Cross

Distinguished Flying Medal

Colony Star

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Válečná medaile

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Zlatý záslužný kříž

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Stříbrný záslužný kříž

Železný záslužný kříž s korunkou

Železný záslužný kříž

Záslužná medaile

Pamětní mince

Croix de Guerre 1914 -1918

Croix de Guerre de la Légion des Volontaires Français

Croix de Guerre 1939-1945

Ordre du Mérite Maritime

Médaille de l´Aéronautique

Croix de la Valeur Militaire

Ordre National de la Légion d´Honneur - Chevalier

Jatkosodan muistomitali

Talvisodan muistomitali

Vapaussodan muistomitali

Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun IV

Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun III

Suomen Leijonan II

Suomen Leijonan I

Vapaudenristi III

Vapaudenristi II

Vapaudenristi I

Seriál "Stíhači v boji II"

Seriál "Letadlová loď Enterprise"

Seriál "Stíhači v boji"

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