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Technology for space travel and description of space missions

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Apollo: Useful waste for billions

When American and Soviet experts began preparing the first satellites in the second half of the 1950s, they had no idea what it could bring to humanity. They only tried to find out what the space around the Earth looked like, but at the same time they had to bring relief to the generals who gave them the missiles in the form of spy satellites. No one really saw anymore.

Everyone has tried anti-satellites

The Americans announced that after landing the space shuttle Atlantis, starting on Wednesday, February 20, 2008, they want to shoot down a spy satellite called the US 193. A year ago, the Chinese did something similar - hit the meteorological satellite with a combat missile, which shattered it into a large number of fragments. A number of states protested against the action, which the Chinese tested with an anti-satellite weapon. After all, after the collision, 2,800 fragments about 10 centimeters in size were formed, which can be observed from Earth, and it is estimated that perhaps 150,000 debris smaller, which are not visible. Not surprisingly, even after the announcement of the American intention, a number of protests arose.

Leading missile designer of the USSR as a CIA agent

The first declassified information about the Soviet space program is probably the tip of the iceberg - the Americans knew more than they admitted so far. Every foreigner, whether a diplomat, a businessman or a tourist, was clearly different from the local citizens - clothes, walking, gestures. A meeting of a foreigner with a Russian, Georgian, Lithuanian or other local person has always attracted the attention of others. Therefore, the news of the existence of an agent called the "Doll" or "Delta", which was one of the top rocket designers, is a surprise.

Reagan declared "Star Wars" 30 years ago

"We are launching a program to address the terrible threat of Soviet missiles with a new defensive weapon. We need to turn to our strong science and technology base, which has brought our industry to a high level and which has also ensured our standard of living today. What would you say if we could intercept enemy ballistic missiles before they hit our land or the land of our allies? "

Space food from Russia on the ISS and other missions

This is a translation of an article describing how cooking is done in Russia for astronauts in orbit.
Even though the article is more than 8 years old, not much is written about the cosmic diet, so I present it here.
The original title of the article Americans eat in orbit food of Russian astronauts need to be taken with a grain of salt, journalists simply praise Russian space cuisine, there is a bit of patriotism but also humorous exaggeration.

The first people on the Moon

Fifty years have passed since we saw the first humans walking on the moon. It was one of the side effects of the Cold War. At the turn of the 1950s and 1960s, the Soviets launched an offensive in space: they were the first to launch satellites, interplanetary probes, and also the first man. On the other hand, the Americans fell behind, they were always second, and they considered it a national disgrace. They felt scientifically and technically superior to the rest of the world - and now that was suddenly not true.

The mythization of Korolyov continues

In Russia, they celebrated heavily the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Sergei Korolyov, the mysterious Chief Designer, the man under whose leadership the R-7 rocket, the first satellite and the first spacecraft were created. At the same time, his adoration and mythization continued. However, when we look at the biographies of other important personalities, we find that this is nothing new, it is actually the fate of every distinguished person.

Who shot down Gagarin? This is still unclear

When Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin boarded the cabin of a spaceship on the morning of April 12, 1961, he was an unknown lieutenant in the Soviet Air Force. When he landed on Earth a few hours later, he was a major and the most famous Earthling. When he died seven years later, he was a colonel. He was two weeks away from his appointment as General and Chief of the Cosmonaut Training Center.

Why the moon? Because of romance, politics, or science?

In the second half of the next decade, Americans want to return to the Moon, on the surface of which their astronauts landed in 1969-1972, and no one has stepped there since. When President George W. Bush announced the program, some commentators pointed out that it was a response to reports from Beijing that the Chinese wanted to land there in the third decade of the 21st century. In reality, however, it is a dream come true for many experts around the world who have been working on the Moon's settlement and utilization projects since the 1960s, as Jeff Volosin, head of strategic department at NASA headquarters, recalled.

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