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The naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare, defence of the coast line, attack from the sea, protection and supply of other naval ships, as transport or weapon carriers.


Battle of the PQ-16 convoy

Immediately after the Nazi attack, the Western Allies offered material assistance to the Soviet Union. The shortest route that could take the material to the Russian front led by sea from the British Isles around German-occupied Norway to the only non-freezing Soviet port of Murmansk in the Gulf of Kola. The convoys that sailed on it were code-named PQ.

Fratricidal July 1940

According to Article 8 of the Franco-German armistice, signed on 22 June 1940 in Compiegne, the French fleet was to assemble at collection points designated by the German Kriegsmarine and disarm and demobilize militants there under German or Italian supervision. The vessels themselves were therefore theoretically to remain under the control of the skeletal French crews. Although the Vichy government led by Marshal Petain and French naval chief Admiral Darlan have stated several times that no French warship will ever fall into the hands of the Germans, the question was whether Vichy had the power to prevent the Germans from taking over the ships. The British, newly led by Bulldog Churchill, decided not to leave anything to chance.

Frigates of the Álvaro de Bazán class

In February 2006, the Spanish Navy was joined by the last fourth anti-aircraft frigate of the Álvaro de Bazán class. These in many ways original units represent the first European vessels and at the same time the first frigate-sized vessels equipped with the American Aegis system.

Iran's naval strategy and armaments

Iran's maritime strategy is an absolutely textbook example of a sea denial strategy. Given Iran's capabilities and resources, it is not only advantageous for it, but practically the only one possible. Although the denial of access strategy is inherently asymmetrical, it makes Iran relatively effective in meeting the main demands of today's navies.

Naval warfare in the days of Admiral Nelson

Admiral Nelson joined the Navy in the second half of the 18th century. The article approaches the issue of maritime strategy and tactics, a description of the division of ship classes and ship equipment and does not neglect the life of ordinary sailors in that era.

War about Samoa

Instructed by the more or less romantic stories of the Bounty rebels, Jack London and Robert Louis Stevenson, or the popular educational travelogues of Czech ethnographer Miloslav Satingl, we have mostly the Pacific and its picturesque islands associated with a relaxed atmosphere full of sun and endless ocean of palm-washed palm beaches and calm. Leaving aside the bitter experience of World War II, which the Japanese brought into the Pacific, it would be naive to think that the locals had never known a bloody cut before. As early as the 13th century, long before the discovery of the Samoa islands by Europeans, the locals resisted the attacks of kings from the Tonga Islands. Six centuries later, even three great powers were going to compete for Sam at the same time - Great Britain, the United States and Germany!



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