List of author's articles

Aerosleds NKL-16/42

History of origin and description of non-traditional means of transport - transport sledges powered by a star engine
🕔︎ 13.06.2019 👁︎ 3.987

Alaparma AP.65 Baldo

Alaparma SpA was founded in 1945 in Italy to create a light two-body two-seater touring aircraft. His design was created by Adriano Mantelli, who first lifted it into the air in 1942. This created a small series of aircraft that differed only in the performance of the engine used - M-8, AM-9 and AM-10. The most famous type was Alaparma AP.65 Baldo, ie Bold.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.791

Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev

Notes on life and some aspects of his work, as well as the design office he managed.
🕔︎ 27.02.2008 👁︎ 9.437

Avia BH-1 Experimental to Avia BH-1 bis

An outline of the history of the creation and use of the first common powered aircraft of the design duo Ing. Pavel Beneš and Ing. Miroslav Hajn.

🕔︎ 17.01.2009 👁︎ 33.086

Avia S-199

History of the Avia S-199 aircraft from the Czechoslovak Air Force
🕔︎ 29.11.2006 👁︎ 12.475

Bereznak Isaev BI-1

Bereznak-Isaev BI-I was the first Soviet rocket aircraft, developed in the USSR as a planned overflow missile fighter.
🕔︎ 01.05.2006 👁︎ 12.329

Bison concrete armoured lorry

The Bison was an improvised light armored vehicle, often referred to as a mobile machine gun nest. Bison was produced in Britain during the invasion crisis of 1940-1941. Based on the chassis of a number of different trucks, it was characterized by the fact that its combat section was protected by a layer of concrete. The bisons were used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) to protect the airports and also by members of the Home Guard. They were given the general name Bison after their main manufacturer.
🕔︎ 30.06.2012 👁︎ 21.329

Blackburn B - 20

An unusual solution that was to reduce the high aerodynamic drag of a floatplane.
🕔︎ 06.09.2007 👁︎ 11.443

Boeing YB-40

A blind development path that was to lead to an effective defense of the bombers.
🕔︎ 28.05.2008 👁︎ 15.429

Bratuchin G-3

In the years 1945-1946, two experimental G-3 helicopters were built in Bratuchin's OKB-3, modified for artillery guidance.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 3.467

Bratuchin G-4

The G-4 helicopter was therefore able to continue flying at a steady flight level in the event of a failure of one power unit. If both engines failed, he was able to land in gliding flight in autorotation mode.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 3.479

Cybin, Pavel Vladimirovich

One of the fathers of the Soviet Air Force. He promoted the construction of transport and airborne gliders, worked on the construction of bombers. After the war, as a friend and collaborator of S.P. Korolyov, one of the co-creators of the Soviet space program.
🕔︎ 18.07.2008 👁︎ 7.966

Dzhugashvili, Jakov Josifovic

Son of Soviet leader Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin from his first marriage to Ekaterina "Kato" Svanidze. There are a number of ambiguities surrounding his person. He was not very well known, he did not have much contact with his family, and his captivity and death are shrouded in a number of half-truths and myths.
🕔︎ 29.06.2006 👁︎ 38.868

First submarine sunk by aircraft attack

The use of aircraft to combat enemy naval activities is a well-known fact. Dueling aircraft with surface ships is one of the realities of battlefields in both world wars. But the clash of two relatively young weapons - air and submarine, is no longer so often ventilated. And few people know who was the first winner and who the victim.
🕔︎ 30.06.2012 👁︎ 29.952


One of the first mass-produced passenger cars in the USSR. The popular "eM", a vehicle for many purposes - from civilian to staff army car, replaced in the times of World War II by Jeep from lend-lease.
🕔︎ 09.03.2008 👁︎ 13.666


This car was practically the only RKKA command vehicle during the most difficult years of the war. It was not an ideal solution, originally a purely civilian car, it did not adapt perfectly to military purposes. A number of versions were created, the car was further developed throughout the production period, including the 4 x 4 version. Only later was it replaced by American Willys MA and MB vehicles from Lend Lease vans.

🕔︎ 11.04.2021 👁︎ 4.963

Grušin - avietka „Okťabrjonok“

The late 1920s and 1930s were marked by a "people's plane". Many designers around the world have been fascinated by the idea of building a "flying motorcycle" or a "flying car" that anyone could buy. Therefore, it is clear that it did not escape Soviet Russia either.
🕔︎ 17.07.2013 👁︎ 6.046

Grušin Š-tandem

In parallel with the work on the creation of an armored fighter, work continues in the mid-1930s in the USSR on the development of fast fighter aircraft, both specially designed and developed on the basis of existing reconnaissance aircraft.
🕔︎ 17.07.2013 👁︎ 7.094

Hafner H-8 Rotachute

Raoul Hafner created his first air design in 1929 in Austria - a helicopter. In 1937 he came to England, where he continued his efforts to develop a successful gyroplane.

🕔︎ 24.09.2020 👁︎ 4.172

Hafner H-8 Rotachute

The Rotachute has been designed to meet the requirements of simplicity, light weight and reliability. This meant a frame, welded from steel tubes, on which a pilot was seated on a simple seat, and which carried a two-bladed rotor with wooden, freely rotating blades.
🕔︎ 21.01.2019 👁︎ 3.964

Icarus Rogozarski IK-3

Description of the most modern fighter aircraft of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force.
🕔︎ 06.02.2012 👁︎ 9.351

Ilyushin Il-20

Outline of a portrait of one of the last "pure" attack planes of Soviet origin.
🕔︎ 09.03.2008 👁︎ 10.608

Improvised armored trucks GAZ-AA and ZIS-5 (ГаЗ-AA, ЗиС-5)

It is a sad but proven fact that most of all, human imagination is stimulated by struggle, war, conquest. And the moments of being and not being are among those when the brains are whipped to the extreme and ideas emerge that would not normally see the light of day under normal circumstances. What serious reason would reject as complete nonsense becomes not only possible in the crisis, but also directly and desirable, and then often the only possible one.

🕔︎ 14.03.2008 👁︎ 43.888

Julius Fučík

Julius Fučík was a Czech communist journalist, literary and theatre critic and translator, executed by the Nazis for his participation in the anti-Nazi resistance. After 1948 he became an icon of the entire communist ideology.

🕔︎ 22.02.2007 👁︎ 70.738

Junkers Ju 287

The Junkers Ju 287 project was created as part of studies conducted with the aim of creating a heavy bomber that would surpass not only current but also future fighters of potential opponents. The use of the arrow wing was a bit fashionable in Germany and at this time already processed by relatively solid theoretical works.

🕔︎ 17.10.2006 👁︎ 12.689

Kalinin K-12

Monograph of an atypical fighter-bomber of the USSR
🕔︎ 02.03.2008 👁︎ 10.452

Kalinin K-3

The K-3 became a major event in the Soviet aviation industry. Kalinin and his assistants designed and built a special plane to transport the wounded and sick. Its cabins were designed for a pilot, a doctor and two lying patients.
🕔︎ 10.02.2008 👁︎ 9.621

Kalinin K-5

A view of one of the machines that stood at the birth of mass civil aviation in the USSR.
🕔︎ 26.02.2008 👁︎ 9.137

Kalinin K-7

The K-7 was designed as a multi-purpose civil and military aircraft. One of the civilian versions was a type designed to carry up to 128 passengers up to a distance of 5,000 km - keep in mind the vast expanses of the former USSR. The military version of the aircraft was a real " flying fortress ", which appeared 10 years before the American Boeing B-17. The defense of Kalinin's giant was to ensure up to 12 shooting positions ( 8 guns caliber 20 mm and 8 machine guns caliber 7, 62 mm ). This is not a total error, some weapons have been duplicated.
🕔︎ 03.05.2006 👁︎ 18.937

Kuro - Sha winged tank project

Interest in airborne forces can be traced back to at least 1917. Paratroopers' units dropped by parachutes could be deployed in areas difficult to reach ordinary ground troops and also bypass fortifications, conducting reconnaissance or repelling an attack from early-detected access roads. In addition, the potential for paratroopers anywhere on the battlefield forces the enemy to set aside forces to defend against a possible airdrop and thus weaken the troops. However, for such benefits, he is forced to pay with a firepower that is much smaller than the ground forces, and a significant dependence on supplies from the outside and, as a result, the inability to support his own combat capability for a long time.

🕔︎ 31.07.2021 👁︎ 3.516

Lohner L

The Lohner L was a reconnaissance flying boat produced in Austria-Hungary during the First World War.
🕔︎ 17.07.2013 👁︎ 7.077

mitry Lyudvigovich Tomasevich

An attempt at a portrait of one of the lesser-known Soviet aircraft and missile designers.
🕔︎ 18.07.2008 👁︎ 9.945

Nieuport triplanes

The number of bearing surfaces was varied in the early days of aviation. Here is a small look at the French answer to Sopwith Triplane and Fokker Dreiedecker.
🕔︎ 18.09.2010 👁︎ 15.892

Notes on American interwar aeronautics - Part 1

Although the most famous airships, the German Zeppelins, left the first-line service at the end of World War I, their derivatives and followers lived on. The US Navy also chose the Zeppelin model for its first airship and was about to build a slightly enlarged copy of the L.49.
🕔︎ 29.06.2006 👁︎ 29.644

Notes on American interwar aeronautics - Part 2

The American air force is finally rescued by Zeppelin again. The USA was entitled to 2 airships as war reparations from Germany. Since England and France had used their right before, retaining the existing zeppelins, Dr. Hugo Eckener, the new director of Zeppelin's plants, put the situation simply. He offered to build the Americans a new airship, specifically for military purposes and adapted to American design requirements. It was supposed to be the largest airship built to date. The offer was beneficial for both parties - America would get the latest airship construction technology, Germany's Zeppelin Luftschiffbau, and much-needed American money.
🕔︎ 29.06.2006 👁︎ 26.182

Porohovschikov, Alexandr Alexandrovich

The life and work of a talented Russian and Soviet designer, factory owner and pilot was prematurely ruined by the Bolshevik bureaucracy.
🕔︎ 13.02.2015 👁︎ 11.756

Rogožarski R-313

A brief history of the pre-war Yugoslav attack plane.
🕔︎ 30.09.2014 👁︎ 5.978

Saunders Roe S 36 Lerwick

Monograph of a lesser-known RAF flying boat from the period of the Second World War.
🕔︎ 05.03.2007 👁︎ 12.337

Savoia-Marchetti SM.92

Heavy fighter bomber SM. 92 was one of the last types created during the Second World War in the SIAI-Marchetti factory. It was built under the influence of efforts to maximize the firepower of a larger number of cannons and large-caliber machine guns, so that they can more effectively intervene against Allied bombers.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.937

Short S.25 Sunderland

In 1934, the British postmaster general decided that all first-class items carried overseas by the Royal Post Office would be by air. This decision effectively supported the development of intercontinental air transport itself. In response, British Imperial Airways has announced a tender for 28 flying boats, each weighing 18 tonnes (18.2 tonnes) and having a range of 1,130 kilometers (700 miles) and a capacity of 24 passengers.
🕔︎ 14.03.2007 👁︎ 14.741

Stalin, Vasily Josifovich

He was born on March 19, 1921 in Moscow as the second son of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin and his second wife Nadezhda S. Allilyuyeva. His whole life was marked by unnatural relationships in the family. The father, very unbalanced in nature, oscillated in relation to his descendants, from the role of a loving father to the withdrawn approach of the highest representative of the state and the personification of political power. The mother, also mentally very unbalanced and, moreover, oppressed by her husband and his fluctuations in relation to her, died under unclear circumstances when Vasily was only 11 years old. Raised by nannies in the crooked and schizophrenic environment of the highest strata of the Soviet leadership, where intrigue, hypocrisy and conspiracy and fear for life manifested themselves to the greatest extent.
🕔︎ 09.03.2005 👁︎ 68.317

Supermarine Scapa Mk.I

After experience with the construction of three-engine flying boats (Nanuk - Solent - Southampton X), chief designer RJ Mitchell came to the conclusion that in terms of the ratio of performance and hydro- and aerodynamic properties, the most suitable form of flying boats is a twin-engine concept.

🕔︎ 15.07.2020 👁︎ 4.035

Supermarine Stranraer

Monograph of the last biplane flying boat, which was built for the RAF and underwent limited deployment during World War II.
🕔︎ 04.05.2007 👁︎ 12.205

The first Soviet air raids on Berlin

According to hitherto known sources, the idea arose to bomb the German capital right at the beginning of the war after the first German raids on Moscow. The main problem was the long distance from Soviet airports and the very fast initial advance of the German armies. In addition, experience from the first battles showed the fact that the Soviet Air Force does not have a machine capable of conducting such raids. Heavy bombers of Tupolev's design, such as the TB-3, had sufficient payload and initially range, but were too slow. And there weren't many modern designs ...

🕔︎ 29.03.2005 👁︎ 82.317

The first Soviet air raids on Berlin Part 2

With the advance of German troops into the Soviet hinterland came raids on Moscow. Its significance for the Soviet people was not only factual - the most important industrial center, the largest traffic junction, the center of scientific research, but also symbolic. The capital, the seat of all central institutions, including the representative of the highest - J.V. Stalin. The first German air raids quickly brought the idea of retribution.

🕔︎ 13.04.2005 👁︎ 76.022

Tupolev ANT-1

The ANT-1 was built as a typical monoplane of its time - wings attached to the lower edge of the box-shaped fuselage, supported to its upper edge. It was to serve as proof of the applicability of the newly developed light alloy based on aluminum - kolčugaluminium.
🕔︎ 27.02.2020 👁︎ 4.206

Tupolev ANT-2

Light airliner, put into series production. The first Soviet all-metal plane. The successful control of the production of semi-finished products from kolčugaluminium (sheet rolled corrugated sheet, profiles, pipes, rivets) gave the team, led by AN Tupolev, the opportunity to proceed with the processing of a small all-metal aircraft ANT-2.
🕔︎ 27.02.2020 👁︎ 4.314

Tupolev I-4 (И-4))

A monograph of a very little-known Soviet aircraft from the late 1920s.
🕔︎ 09.05.2008 👁︎ 14.142

Tupolev Tu-12

History of the first Soviet turbine bomber.
🕔︎ 13.07.2010 👁︎ 10.569

Umbra AUT.18

The Italian contribution to the effort to create a modern fighter aircraft, which failed due to the agreement of a number of adverse circumstances.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.870


Vezdyechod had, among other things, a trully remarkable armor. The armored hull, established on the welded frame was formed by two plates of cemented boiler plate about 2 mm in strength each, between which was a layer of pressed dried sea grass.

🕔︎ 18.11.2019 👁︎ 5.018

Vladimir Fyodorovich Savelyev

Russian and Soviet aircraft designer, collaborator of Sikorsky, Tupolev, Polikarpov… A personality, now practically forgotten, a man who made a significant contribution to the building of the Air Force on the Russian, Soviet and global scales.
🕔︎ 13.08.2010 👁︎ 18.701

Yakovlev EG

The helicopter as a new and promising line of development of flying devices in the USSR comes to the center of attention relatively late, although there were a number of pioneers - Sikorski, Yuri, Bratuchin, Erlich, Kamov, Mil and others. Nevertheless, it came to the fore only in the 1940s, when even the highest representatives of the USSR, namely JV Stalin, became aware of this lag.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 3.899

Yakovlev Yak-100

Yakovlev Yak-100 was a single-engine transport helicopter, developed in the USSR in the late 1940s. It was created in direct competitive combat, as the task is to create a helicopter capable of performing a number of tasks in the civilian and military sectors.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 4.417

Yakovlev Yak-24

The Yak-24 helicopter represents the third trip of this otherwise "aircraft" OKB among aircraft with a rotating airfoil. The Yak-24 was designed in a very short time: only 9 months passed from the approval of the idea concept in October 1951 to the first flight in July 1952.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 4.480

Yakovlev Yak-60

Heavy military transport helicopter project.
🕔︎ 20.03.2019 👁︎ 4.964

Yokosho 1-Go

The idea of combining a fighter plane and a submarine for the best possible control of sea areas has its roots in January 1915, when the observation biplane Friedrichshafen FF29A, embarked on U-12, successfully flew over the British coast off Kent.
🕔︎ 31.01.2019 👁︎ 3.793

Yokosho/Yokosuka 1-Go

Portrait of a Japanese patrol aircraft for submarines from the World War II
🕔︎ 09.03.2008 👁︎ 13.913

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