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Simonds, Guy

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Simonds
Jméno:
Given Name:
Guy
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Guy Granville Simonds
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
generálporučík
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
23.04.1903 Bury St Edmunds /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
12.05.1974 Toronto
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
velitel, II. kanadský sbor
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
-
Související články:
Related Articles:

Zdroje:
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Simonds
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Simonds-Guy-t125087#425119Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Simonds
Jméno:
Given Name:
Guy
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Guy Granville Simonds
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Collegiate School, Victoria
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Ashbury College, Ottawa
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.1921-DD.MM.1925 Kanadská královská vysoká vojenská škola, Kingston
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.1941 brigádní generál
20.04.1943 generálmajor
DD.01.1944 generálporučík
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
13.04.1943-28.04.1943 Velitel : 2. kanadská pěší divize
29.04.1943-31.10.1943 Velitel : 1. kanadská pěší divize
01.11.1943-29.01.1944 Velitel : 5. kanadská obrněná divize
29.01.1944-24.06.1945 Velitel : II. kanadský sbor

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

23.09.1943

Řád Za vynikající službu
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
-

28.09.1944

Řád Britského Impéria 3. třída (CBE)
Order of British Empire 3rd Class (CBE)
-

28.09.1944

Řád lázně člen (vojenský) 3. třída
Order of Bath Companion (Mil.) 3rd Class
-

DD.MM.1944

Řád Čestné legie 3. třída
Order of Legion of Honour 3rd Class
Ordre de la Légion d'Honneur Commandeur
-

02.08.1945

Řád Virtuti Militari - stříbrný kŕíž
The Order Virtuti Militari- Silver Cross
Order Virtuti Militari - Krzyż Srebrny
-

08.12.1945

Řád Oranžsko-Nassavský - velkodůstojník
Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer
Orde van Oranje-Nassau - Grootofficier
-

30.03.1946

Záslužná legie komandér (2. třída)
Legion of Merit Commander (2nd Class)
-

16.01.1947

Řád Leopolda 3. třída
Order of Leopold 3rd Class
Ordre de Leopold Commandeur
s palmou

16.01.1947

Válečný kříž 1940
War Cross 1940
Croix de Guerre 1940
s palmou

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda 1939-1945
1939–45 Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečná medaile 1939-1945
War Medal 1939-1945
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Italská hvězda
Italy Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Hvězda za Francii a Německo
France and Germany Star
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Vyznamenáni Kanadských sil
Canadian Forces Decoration
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Řád Kanady - Rytíř
Order of Canada - Companion
Order of Canada - Companion / Ordre du Canada - Compagnon
-

DD.MM.RRRR

Válečný kříž 1939-1945
Cross of War
Croix de Guerre
-

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Simonds
https://en.ww2awards.com/person/13084
discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk
https://www.hut-six.co.uk/WW2data/WO373-149-U.html
www.london-gazette.co.uk
www.london-gazette.co.uk
www.london-gazette.co.uk
www.london-gazette.co.uk
www.london-gazette.co.uk
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Simonds-Guy-t125087#425988Version : 0
MOD
Guy Simonds was born on 23. April 1903 in English Bury St edmunds. Edmunds. His father was a british army officer who settled in Canada. In the years 1921 to 1925 he attended the Royal high military school in Kingston, which he attended on an excellent. During his studies he received a number of awards for academic achievements and exemplary behavior. After the elimination, he joined in 1926 to the Canadian permanent forces and served in the Royal canadian bicycle artillery in Petawawa and Winnipeg. In the years 1936-1938 he studied the captain Simonds Staff school in the English Camberley. Her commander have highly valued his intelligence, ability to in-depth understanding of military theory and the perception of the specific needs of modern warfare. After returning to Canada in the spring of 1938 became a professor at his alma mater. Also thanks to his study of the management of mechanized combat was a major Simonds considered one of the best canadian military strategists.

After the declaration of war in September 1939 he was appointed a staff officer to 2. grade of staff 1. infantry division and in December of the same year, then moved to England. In July 1940 he was briefly převelem to demoralized 1. field regiment Royal canadian artillery, who returned from Dunkirk. Already in November 1940, general Andrew McNaughton commissioned the creation of a program for the training of officers. This was followed by a pretty rapid career advancement. In may 1941 he was appointed staff officer 1. degree in staff 2. canadian infantry division, in September 1942 the commander of the 1. canadian infantry brigade, and in April 1943 the commander of the 1. canadian infantry division, already in the rank of major general. Combat experience began Simonds with your 1. divisions collect in Sicily. Here with her through battles with Nissorie, Agiry and Regalbuta. In my function passed and his skills get noticed and the commander of the british 8. army general Montgomery. Due to the submitted performance and the theoretical knowledge was 1. November 1943 appointed commander of the 5. canadian armoured division. Even in this capacity he has proved himself and in January 1944 he became commander of the II. canadian corps.

The headquarters of the corps in July 1944 it moved to France. At this time the allied offensive in Normandy to an abrupt halt. Simondsův choir stood at the head of four important operations that should this status change – ATLANTIC, SPRING, TOTALIZE and TRACTABLE. Simonds showed that is good in neutralizing the German battleships and overcoming antitank defense elements. Also initiated the establishment of the vehicle Kangaroo, which was an armored vehicle produced delafetací spg Priest (later made of tanks Ram). 27. September 1944, temporarily took over the command of the 1. canadian army. His tactical maturity demonstrated during the liberation of the mouth of the river Scheldt. However, general Crerar returned to the head 1. the canadian army and Simonds to the head II. the canadian corps and carried out the allied campaign in northwest Europe. Simonds as commander earned great reputation. For the best of the canadian commanders thought him a british field marshal Montgomery or the american general Bradley.

After the war he remained Simonds in England at the Imperial defence college. Jiř in 1949, but returned to Canada and was appointed commander of the Royal military college in Kingston, namely the school, which years ago graduated from. In the years 1951 to 1955 he held the position of chief of the general staff. In this function, to ensure the reorganization of the canadian army for the needs of NATO and the ongoing conflict in Korea. He was a supporter of conscription and of close relations with Great Britain, přočemž criticized the government's efforts for deeper military alignment with the US. Died 5. may 1974 in Toronto.


Sources:
www.junobeach.org
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Simonds
www.generals.dk
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Simonds-Guy-t125087#425592Version : 0
MOD
Sicily 1943, the commander of the 1. canadian infantry division, major general Simonds wades ashore from a landing craft.
-.
Simonds, Guy - © IWM A 17963, https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205186532

© IWM A 17963, www.iwm.org.uk
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Simonds-Guy-t125087#426546Version : 0
MOD