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Army of Poland [1921-1939]

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Black Brigade - Part I. "1939 - The First Fight"

The Polish 1st Armored Division is undoubtedly one of the most famous units of the Polish army. The soldiers who served in it were participants in three campaigns of World War II - in September 1939 they defended Poland under the battle flag of the 10th Cavalry Brigade, then fought in France in the ranks of the 10th Armored Cavalry Brigade and after reorganization in Great Britain into the 1st Armored Division , participated in the last stage of the war in Western Europe. Throughout its existence, the division maintained the continuity of its traditions, its basis consisted of the same units, the same soldiers and fought under the command of the same commander - General Maczek.

Black Brigade - Part II. "1940 - French Intermezzo"

The Polish 1st Armored Division is undoubtedly one of the most famous units of the Polish army. The soldiers who served in it were participants in three campaigns of World War II - in September 1939 they defended Poland under the battle flag of the 10th Cavalry Brigade, then fought in France in the ranks of the 10th Armored Cavalry Brigade and after reorganization in Great Britain into the 1st Armored Division, participated in the last stage of the war in Western Europe. Throughout its existence, the division maintained the continuity of its traditions, its basis consisted of the same units, the same soldiers and fought under the command of the same commander - General Maczek.

Black Brigade - Part III. "1944 - From Normandy to Germany"

The Polish 1st Armored Division is undoubtedly one of the most famous units of the Polish army. The soldiers who served in it were participants in three campaigns of World War II - in September 1939 they defended Poland under the battle flag of the 10th Cavalry Brigade, then fought in France in the ranks of the 10th Armored Cavalry Brigade and after reorganization in Great Britain into the 1st Armored Division , participated in the last stage of the war in Western Europe. Throughout its existence, the division maintained the continuity of its traditions, its basis consisted of the same units, the same soldiers and fought under the command of the same commander - General Maczek.

Fall Weiss in Těšín area

On September 1, 1939, a small but industrially important part of Czechoslovakia from Bohumín to Jablunkov on the left bank of the Olza River, which was occupied by Poland and became part of it, did not witness fierce fighting on September 1, 1939. Despite its economic importance, the Poles did not intend to defend it steadily, but preparations for World War II and the course of its first day were recorded in municipal chronicles, Polish historiography, as well as in German war documents.

The Polish units with a swastika in the emblem

The swastika is one of the oldest symbols of humanity, but World War II fixed it in the public consciousness as a sign of Nazism. However, the swastika was used by military units on both sides of World War II. It was the first German victim, Poland, who used the swastika symbol in the insignia of regiments of Podhalan shooters and other mountain units.

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