Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

Army in exile [1939-1947]


Polish army in the Prague offensive

On July 30, 1941, an agreement was signed between the USSR and the Polish government in exile in London, represented by General Wladyslav Sikorski (1881–1943), Prime Minister and Commander of the Polish Armed Forces. Polish soldiers fought the Nazis even after their bitter defeat at the very beginning of World War II; as early as 1940, they first helped the Norwegians and then took part in the fighting alongside the French army in the number of about 90,000 people. In addition, an illegal but not negligible Land Army ( Armia Krajowa ) operated directly on the territory of occupied Poland. The July Soviet-Polish treaty, concluded under the impression of an attack by Germany and its allies against the USSR, primarily annulled previous Soviet-German pacts on the division of conquered Poland and, in addition, approved the creation of Polish armed forces in the Soviet Union. On August 12, 1941, the Soviet government declared an amnesty for Polish citizens located in the USSR, and two days later an agreement was signed on the conditions for the establishment of a Polish foreign army.

The shortest way!

The motto of the Polish members of the 1st Independent Parachute Brigade was short, but at the same time very eloquent: " The shortest way " . Everyone in the brigade, from the commander to the youngest soldier, deeply believed that he would be the first to return home by parachute - the shortest route that led to his homeland.
But as the future showed, the idea was naive, and despite initial British support for the idea, the Poles never flew home… The 1st Independent Parachute Brigade became a unit of a single battle: the landing at Arnhem as part of Operation Market Garden.



High Command




Armoured Corps

Air Force



Premium account

Premium account

Support our site and get rid of ads. Use premium account!

Show information
Russia-Ukraine conflict

Russia-Ukraine conflict. Updated continuously.

Show article

Sign up

Do you want to ask us, add information or become the author of articles and get involved in the daily running, or use the full potential of this site? It's easy, here's a short guide how to start!
Show instructions


Our budget for 2023 : 120.000,- CZK Income till 11.07.2023 : 93.998,- CZK

♡ Donate

Looking for new colleagues!

Our web / keeps looking for new colleagues, who are interested in military history and are willing to join our ranks, to help with content, coordination and control, administration tasks and other. Please join us and help us create content for others as well as for ourselves :)

Join us!