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Edgar Pachta

Edgar Pachta

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  • 10.8.2019 - Vavrišovo 1709-2019

    A memory of the battle under the Tatras


    The members of KVH Markland Moravia, based in Skalice nad Svitavou (about 30 km from Brno, in the direction of Boskovice), are going to commemorate the first moments of the war on 15 June this year. The Markland complex is directly offered for organizing events with military-historical themes, so it is no wonder that club members have been using it for several years - in summer and winter. Also on Saturday, June 15, 2019, on the occasion of the event called Operation Barbarossa, a number of lovers of military history will gather here, who intend to acquaint visitors with the equipment, armaments and methods of combat during the Second World War throughout the day.

  • Events from the Second World War in Moravia - a tip for a trip

    On Saturday, June 2, 2018, an interesting "revived history" event will take place in the grounds of the Markland military history club in Skalice nad Svitavou, culminating in a series of reconstructions of battles commemorating the liberation of South Moravia in the spring of 1945.

  • Amazons from the Brazilian rainforest

    Two years after the discovery of the New World, on June 7, 1494, it was divided (without anyone asking the natives). In the so-called Treaty of Tordesilla, the Pope established a dividing line from north to south, which ran 370 miles from the Cape Verde Islands. To the east of this axis fell the newly discovered territories of Portugal, to the west of Spain. That's why Portuguese is spoken in Brazil and Spanish in the rest of South America.

  • Fight of the Polish Nation for Freedom, Bar Confederation 1768–1772

    In 1763, the Polish king and Saxon elector August III died, and Russia replaced Stanislav II in his place. August Poniatowski, to support whom the army sent to Poland. This means that the new king - the favorite and perhaps the lover of Empress Catherine II. - he was nothing but a puppet in Russian hands. To stop Russian intervention, in 1768 a number of Polish nobles formed a defensive community, the so-called Bar Confederation (Konfederacja Barska).

  • Distinctions of the Ottoman army during the Great War

    Shortly after the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the Ottoman Empire sided with Austria-Hungary and Germany, and its army numbered more than one million men after the mobilization. Although Sultan Turkey was then considered a "sick man on the Bosphorus", its armed forces went through several conflicts before the Great War (the Young Turks Revolution of 1908, the war with Italy on Libya in 1911, and the Balkan War in 1912-1913), which were valuable to them. source of knowledge. Although the Ottoman Empire lagged far behind its Western allies and opponents in industry and economics, its troops achieved remarkable success, the most important of which was the heroic and ingenious defense of access to the Sea of Marmara in 1915-1916, known as the Battle of Gallipoli, or the mighty 1916 offensives in Iran and Egypt. However, the protracted war exhausted the Ottoman Empire. By mid-1918, the initiative on all fronts had been taken over by the enemy, so there was no choice but to conclude an armistice on October 30. In Turkey, the sultanate was abolished in 1922, and the following year the country became a republic.

  • Conquering America

    On Good Friday, April 20, 1519, a fleet of Spanish ships landed near present-day Veracruz. Shortly after landing, a nobleman with a law degree, Hernán Cortés, led a small army to conquer the gold-rich Aztec empire by 1521. His expeditionary corps numbered only 110 sailors, 553 soldiers, a maximum of 50 horses, 200 indigenous slaves and 14 artillery pieces. However, it would be naive to think that Cortés destroyed the Aztec empire with several hundred European troops - he commanded a large army of at least tens of thousands, but probably a much larger Totonak army, the main enemies of the Aztecs, who enthusiastically welcomed Cortés' arrival as a good opportunity to launch an armed uprising.

  • Kálnoky Hussar Regiment - a Transylvanian jewel of Maria Theresa

    In the winter of 1740, King Frederick II of Prussia, at the head of an army of 20,000, treacherously invaded Upper Silesia, which was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the spring of the following year, the troops of France and Bavaria launched offensive activity from the southwest. A series of struggles began, collectively called the Wars of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748). At the appeal of the young Queen Maria Theresa, the Hungarians promised as early as 1741 that they would build 6 new infantry and 3 hussar regiments in the field.

  • The Italian wars 1494-1530

    Renaissance war machine

  • Krakusi Grand Duchy of Warsaw, 1812–1815

    The term "krakus" is first encountered during the period of the Principality of Warsaw in 1812. It was a novelty in the Polish army, reminiscent of the legacy of Kościuszko's peasant soldiers from the end of the 18th century. The improvised light ride on durable peasant horses was best suited for raids and diverse incursions into the enemy's rear.

  • The Royal Saxon Army in 1866

    An essay focusing on the uniforms of the Royal Saxon Army and the contingent of the Principality of Saxony-Meiningen, allies of Austria. I drew from the sources of the famous German historian of the late 19th century, Professor Richard Knötel, who is also the author of the pictorial boards attached here, which form part of my private collection. Photographs from modern events, reminiscent of the 1866 war, serve as a suitable complement.

  • Cover uniforms a hundred years ago

    In the twentieth century, there was a need to develop new types of military clothing and equipment, as well as to perceive armed conflict with all its consequences. As early as the beginning of World War I, in 1914 and 1915, cavalry officers were seen in magnificent multicolored uniforms with gold braids and plumes on their hats, with sabers at their sides, as was common in the 18th and 19th centuries.

  • Smaller vessels of the Ottoman fleet during the Napoleonic Wars

    The wars between Russia and the Ottoman Empire over control of the Black Sea have been going on - with various breaks - since the end of the 17th century. Another conflict with the Ottomans took place against the background of the Napoleonic Wars, in the years 1806-1812. The goal of the Russian Danube Army at that time was to expel the Turks from the Balkan Peninsula. The fighting took place mainly on the territory of today's Bulgaria, where the aforementioned battle also took place.

  • The defenders of the great moravian fortresses

    When watching more detailed maps, we can come across the terms "ramparts", "chances", often with the adjective Hussite, Swedish or Turkish, but also "castle" or "castle", or "hradec", "strážnice", "hradiště", "hradisko "," čihadlo", on foreign-language" gard ", related to the term grad and the Russian" gorod ". These are mostly places where tradition resembles some fortification, the fence, which was abandoned, disappeared, but left behind some, albeit the slightest traces, often visible only in the field.

  • Armored cars on guard of freedom

    During the First World War, there was an unprecedented development of various motor vehicles, which, in addition to tanks and aircraft, included armored cars. Although the idea of a passenger car retrofitted with machine gun armament was realized in the first years of the last century, the first mass-produced vehicles, equipped with armor and one or two rotating turrets, saw the light of day on the battlefields of the Great War. The fact is that armored cars were produced by virtually all major states that took part in the conflict. And several such vehicles were also in the arsenal of our foreign troops.

  • Polish infantry in the wars III. and IV. coalition

    For many years I have been attending events commemorating the anniversary of the Battle of the Three Emperors at Austerlitz. In the village of Tvarožná, in the cadastre of which the memorable Santon hill rises, I almost regularly greet the infantry in picturesque blue-yellow uniforms, with square caps. These are members of the KVH from Poland, representing part of the army in the history of this country. The fact remains, however, that no Polish national unit fought near Austerlitz in 1805, and as far as I know, it was not part of any of Napoleon's corps, which then crossed the Rhine and advanced to our lands. However, brave Poles always deserve attention.

  • Polish army in the Prague offensive

    On July 30, 1941, an agreement was signed between the USSR and the Polish government in exile in London, represented by General Wladyslav Sikorski (1881–1943), Prime Minister and Commander of the Polish Armed Forces. Polish soldiers fought the Nazis even after their bitter defeat at the very beginning of World War II; as early as 1940, they first helped the Norwegians and then took part in the fighting alongside the French army in the number of about 90,000 people. In addition, an illegal but not negligible Land Army ( Armia Krajowa ) operated directly on the territory of occupied Poland. The July Soviet-Polish treaty, concluded under the impression of an attack by Germany and its allies against the USSR, primarily annulled previous Soviet-German pacts on the division of conquered Poland and, in addition, approved the creation of Polish armed forces in the Soviet Union. On August 12, 1941, the Soviet government declared an amnesty for Polish citizens located in the USSR, and two days later an agreement was signed on the conditions for the establishment of a Polish foreign army.

  • Reminder of the liberation of Brno - Veveří 12.4.2019

    Invitation to an event commemorating the liberation of Brno

  • The Sasanian - Warriors of ancient Iran

    The Sasanian dynasty (or Sassanids) derived its name from the first king named Sassan. The Sassanids were tough rivals of Rome and later Byzantium. They combined the traditions of the Persian Empire with bloody warfare and in 224-651 AD ruled a large area in Asia.

  • Sabers Honorary units of the President of the Slovak Republic

    The armies of the bodyguards, or guards, have always served the flowering of society, or extraordinarily capable and certified soldiers, devoted to their commander in chief - the head of state. Their primary task was to protect the monarch and members of his family in residences, on the roads, or even on the battlefield. Last but not least, they contributed to increasing the brilliance and prestige of the head of state at court festivities, audiences, military parades, etc. For all these occasions, the guardsmen were equipped with a magnificent uniform and equipment.

  • The triumphs of the new Russian fleet – the acquisition of the Crimea

    King of Prussia - philosopher Frederick the Great, aka "Old Fric", sometime around the middle of the 18th century, considered Russian troops to be mere hordes of barbarians. It was, however, before his great army experienced the bitterness of defeats inflicted on it by regiments of Russian "barbarians" in the battles of the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), and Cossack horses were fed water from the Spree. But how it all happened, we can tell some other time. Our talk today is about how the envoys of the Western powers in Russia deceived their breadwinners and how the Russian fleet became lord of the Black Sea.

  • Hungary during the Turkish occupation (16th - 17th century)

    After the fire of Turkish artillery scattered Hungarian knights on the battlefield of Mohács in 1526, the country was torn into two, and later even into three enemy parts, which had been fighting each other for one and a half centuries. At that time, a fragmented system of smaller fortifications began to be built in Hungary, consisting of several lines extending into the depths of the territory.

  • The winter battle in Orechov 2020

    Like every year, this year is within the Army Orechov Park (about 20 km southwest of Brno) ready for the audience a winter battle, inspired by the events of World War II. This year's will take place on Saturday, February 8, focusing on the battle of Narva in 1944.


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