Greece (Ancient) (GRC)
On July 20, 356 BC, Philip's second wife, Olympias, gave birth to Philip II. son Alexander, the future successor of Philip and the legendary conqueror of Asia Alexander the Great (Greek Alexandros Megalo).
Persian King Darius III assembled a huge army in Babylon, estimated by some ancient historians to perhaps 600,000 soldiers. According to sober estimates, Darius III pulled out. against Alexander with 200,000 infantry and 10,000 cavalry. He encamped with a huge army in northwestern Syria on a plain near Sochoi, north of present-day Tripoli. in Lebanon
In the period from the 8th to the 6th century BC, a new type of organization of human society was created on the territory of Greece, the Greek city-state - the polis. Polis symbolized independence, self-sufficiency and a degree of democracy that allowed citizens to participate in the administration of public affairs.
After succeeding in suppressing the uprising of the Ionian Greeks in 495 BC, Darius I realized that if they received support from Greece, they would still be a source of trouble. He therefore decided to conquer Greece, secure the western borders and lay the foundations for further European expansion. He was also angry at the dubious city-state of Athens, which had the audacity to help drive the Persians out of Sard, the capital of Ionia, during the Ionian Rebel. He swore revenge on them. Darius tried to penetrate Greece by sea and by land as early as 492 BC. Unfortunately, the storm destroyed his fleet.