The Battle of the Gulf of Leyte was one of the greatest naval battles of World War II in the Pacific and one of the greatest naval battles in history. It took place in October 1944 between the US and Japanese navies off the island of Leyte in the Philippines.
A naval battle fought by aircraft, which marked a major turning point in the war in the Pacific.
At the Arcadia Conference, which took place shortly after the outbreak of the Pacific War, it was stated that the first task for the US military would be to deal with Germany, but far from all senior US officers were of this view. Probably the most important opponent of the defensive strategy in the Pacific was the Commander-in-Chief of the US Navy, Admiral E.J. King. King could not speak openly against the concept of war, accepted by the highest places, it would become unbearable for President Roosevelt as Commander of the Navy. That is why he chose the so-called defensive-offensive strategy in the Pacific. According to this theory, it was not possible to give the enemy time to settle firmly in the newly acquired territories of the South Pacific and build strong naval and air bases there.
On August 7, 1942, in the morning, the Japanese, informed of the American landing on Tulagi and Guadalcanal, decided how to strike the American expeditionary forces. Area Commander Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa acted immediately. He hastily assembled a group of six transport ships in the port of Rabaul on the island of New Britain, on which he had several hundred men and supplies embarked, and in the insufficient escort of one destroyer, the group quickly sent to Guadalcanal.
Tokyo's headquarters initially considered the Allied landings in southern Solomon an episodic affair as part of its strategic interests in the Pacific. The situation changed the moment the Americans opened Henderson Airport in a short time, because at that moment Tokyo realized that if Guadalcanal lost permanently, the local air base would significantly weaken Japanese positions throughout the area.
On September 1, 1942, landing craft from the bowels of the transport ship Betelgeuse, which had just arrived from the Noumeé base in New Caledonia at the behest of Vice Admiral Ghormley, commander of the South Sea region, began transporting 390 men from the 6th Sea Bee Battalion, material, two bulldozers and six 127mm offshore guns to the shores of Guadalcanal Island. Many Marines, who helped with the landing or just watched at the dock, watched with interest as soldiers emerged from the boats, who were not exactly young and many already with hair blooming with gray and radiating the confidence of experienced men ...
Iraq has spent relatively heavily on defense, up from 6.8% of GDP in 1998. Expenditures per capita were also high, which in 1999 were comparable to the US - $ 68 per capita, a total of more than $ 1.5 billion.
Some fighters, especially in English-speaking countries, do not only bear the type designation, but have their own names. And what name represents speed and power, ie the qualities that a fighter should have, above all, better than lightning? Probably none. Let's see how it went with those Lightning bolts.
The aircraft test program of the technological demonstrators of the JSF program was the battle of two groups associating the largest aircraft manufacturers. The results of the tests and the final decision of the commission depended on who won the contract of the century, probably one of the last piloted attack aircraft.
Surely each of us, when visiting the Army shop, has already encountered the fact that a large board hangs somewhere on the wall, full of lots of different colored patches. And surely each of us should think about buying something only if we knew what the patch meant. And, of course, each of us had seen a military-historical event or the wander of a young man dressed in tigerstripes and boasting an Indian head patch on the lower half of his right sleeve.
Is he wearing it properly?
The issue of the participation of US military units in the liberation of Czechoslovakia has not yet been fully addressed, despite the expansion of interest in this area of history after 1989. Existing publications focus on sub-topics or are a difficult source for the incompetence of authors.
The first unit for special operations