Browning Machine Gun, cal. .30, M1919

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Browning Machine Gun, cal. .30, M1919[/heading]

John M. Browning built in his lifetime a variety of weapons, one of the most widely used was machine gun, Browning M 1919, which arose as a development from the older water-cooled machine gun used In the.With. army in WWI, the famous Browning M 1917. Took over from him závěrový mechanism, but the cooling is in this case the air and the gun is of course much lighter. The machine gun was produced after a long period of time and in several modifications and rážích. It was used as infantry, as the armament of the vehicles but also as an air machine gun, and in the war in Vietnam even as the armament of barges. In.With. army the machine gun was used until the seventies when it was replaced by a machine gun M 60, for other users but served on and probably in many armies still used. After WWII was the original caliber of 30-06 changed to the 7.62 NATO because the machine gun was introduced in other countries of the pact (somewhere up in the 90's).
As an infantry machine gun was used usually on a tripod and its operation is comprised of two men, a gunner who carried the tripod and ammunition and his assistant carrying his own gun, spare parts and more ammo. In the fight then the gunman starl of control machine gun and a helper on the use of the belt to the weapon (the belt had to be clean so as not to jam the guns).
Over the years it was on the gun made a few changes which have been identified and the change in the title.

a List of the most widespread versions is here:

M1919 – original model

M1919A1 – lightweight barrel and tripod

M1919A2 - "Cavalry" therefore, the equestrian version with a shortened and heavier main and a special stand (heavier barrel was therefore that the use was as a heavy machine gun for nepřežitou fire)

M1919A3 – improved version of the previous model of the M1919A2.

M1919A4– the most widely used version of which was constructed for use as infantry so the fixed restraints (in vehicles)

M1919A4E1 is subversion M1919A4 which had a longer cocking lever from the version of the A5

M1919A5 – adaptation of the version of the A4 specifically for mounting on the vehicle. On the front of the cabinet conclusion was, therefore, modified the suspension point.

M1919A6 – modification M1919A4 for use as a light machine gun, the gun should have the butt (instead of handle) and dvounožku. There was also a conversion kit allowing to rebuild this older models. Relief was achieved by a lighter core (1.8 kg instead of 3.2 kg for A4) and bipod.

M2 (M2, Air) – the airline version of the model 1919A4, the gun is lightened by the depletion of a number of the barrel and breech. The gun weighed about 2/3 the weight A4, thinning mainly it was to allow better cooling to the flying of the aeroplane. Was used on older aircraft the USAAF, but at the beginning of the war was mistaken machine guns .50 caliber and the guns were then used for training. Since this weapon was then derived product in the company Colt known as the MG 40.

M37 – gun for mounting as associated with cannon (e.g. a tank) has been modified for charging from the right or the left side, and charging as for versions M1919A4E1 and A5. A later version of the M 37C, it was possible to use it as a remote-controlled with an electromagnetic lowering (on an electromagnetic principle) And variants fitted

Mk 21 Mod 0/1 – for the navy refurbished the gun M1919 on a charge of 7.62 mm

Weapons introduced in other than the US armies

Browning Mk 1 and Mk 2 – the gun on the bullet .303 british, was used on most british aircraft in WWII. It is not clear what the versions are different but visually match the american machine guns M2

FN-Browning mle. 1938 – the French designation of the weapons produced by FN in Belgium and adjusted to the caliber of 7.5 MAS, were used as fixed machine guns on the aircraft of american origin in the French armed forces, the production ran in the late thirties.

L3A1 and A2 – the british designation for gun M1919A4 in caliber .30-06. A1 is for weapons with fixed mounting and A2 for the infantry.

L3A3/A4 – it's about the redesignation of the previous weapons, which varied changes on the conclusion and on the handles of A3 corresponds to A1 and A4 corresponds to the A2

MG A4 austrian designation for the M1919A4.

MG4 – South of license-produced version derived from the M1919A4. manufactured in Pretoria at the factory Lyttleton Engineering. According to some data is still in the production program.

C1 and C1A1 - Canadian designation for the M1919A4 on the charge of the 7.62 NATO. C1 is for a fixed installation, C1A1 then for infantry.

C5 and C5A1 – improved version of the previous weapons.

Mg M/52-1 and Mg M/52-11 – the Danish label for machine guns, M1919A4 and M1919A5.

SP m/42 – the Swedish designation of the licensing machine guns M1919 in caliber 6,5x55mm, 8x63mm and by 1975, then 7,62x51mm.

Ksp m/42B was a lighter version with bipod pažbonení it but the equivalent of the american M1919A6 but is owned by the Swedish modification.
Colt MG40 – it's about the development of the company Colt derived from the M-2 produced in a variety of rážích e.g. 7mm Mauser

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Browning Machine Gun, Cal. .30, M2

air guns coming out of the 1919 arising from cooperation with the developers from the factory FN in Belgium

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© Radek Havelka, Brusel
No 4 Mk.1, M1A1 Bazooka a Browning 1919 A4

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