Operational-Tactical Missile Systems (range 100 - 1000 km)
NATO code: SS-23 Spider.
The term "cruising missiles" includes a range of weapons with variable parameters: from Chinese Silkworms (HY-2) with a range of less than 105 kilometers, to American flat-flying missiles of the latest generation capable of overcoming distances up to 3000 kilometers.
Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) in many different variants is an ever-recurring idea of American politicians since the late 1950s, when the Soviet Union launched its first intercontinental ballistic missile.
(Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile - ICBM). Intercontinental ballistic missiles, which can carry nuclear warheads and other weapons of mass destruction, are capable of hitting the territories of states separated by oceans or continents in a matter of tens of minutes. Anti-missile systems will be designed to shoot down ballistic missiles during their short flight and thus protect against the attack of these missiles.
The missile was used as a weapon at least 500 years before the cannon. Her invention practically coincides with the invention of gunpowder, and the first mentions of both come from China, from the 7th century AD. In the Chinese manuscript "Complete lift of military classics" from 1045, it is mentioned in the section on weapons that black dust and perhaps even missiles were deployed as early as 960.
Is it a coincidence that the first steps, the smallest but the most important, were taken in regimes that are among the most monstrous in human history?
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the gap between the theory and practice of rocket " technology " was most widespread. After backward Russia shut down reactive missiles in 1890 and rockets were to become drugstore once and for all, in one sunken province, the geeky high school professor K.E. Ciolkovsky came to the conclusion that the reactive principle of the rocket was the only way to penetrate space. While Paris danced a cancan to fire fireworks and the nobility of the three empires enjoyed the last years of their privileges, the geeky professor was looking for a mathematical support for his crazy dream.
The German general, frustrated by the defeat in World War I, saw in the rockets a means by which she could be rehabilitated. When, in 1930, the later General W. Dornberger, as an assistant to the Armaments Office, was commissioned to lead the development of powder missiles, he also set up a testing laboratory for liquid rocket engines at the Kummersdorf shooting range. Here begins the rocket ace, which the Germans in the spring of 1945 tried to defeat the Allied successes. In 1932, rocket projects at TPH could already be handed over to production plants, especially to Rheinmetall-Borsig. R. Nebel played a significant role in the development of the powder missiles, although he was later banned from working in the arms industry due to racial reasons and was imprisoned in a concentration camp. He is author of missiles of 100, 150 and 210 mm caliber.
Britain was still an empire, and despite drastic cuts in military spending in the 1920s and 1930s, it could not neglect to defend the integrity of its empire. The Spanish Civil War drew attention to the danger of aerial bombardment by masses of aircraft, which, as a surface target, could be vulnerable to inaccurate missiles if fired in a sufficient volley. And that was the direction the British Missile School took.
Perhaps no country has ever been as un-prepared for war as the United States in 1941. Of course, a totally neglected defense could only dream of military missiles. R.H. Goddard's work was in the public interest and for the soldiers he was just a madman and a harmless fool.
North Korea has started harassing weapons several times. This time, however, she went a little too far. In addition to declaring combat readiness to the rocket troops, it re-entered a state of war with its southern neighbors. In addition, the North Korean military received permission to strike the United States. But what options does Kim Jong-un and his army actually have?
In one of my older articles on Saddam Hussein, I touched on the issue of Iraqi missile attacks. At that time, I promised to return to the topic with at least a short article, and today I am fulfilling my promise.
In the former military academy in Hranice na Moravě, in 1970 to 1972, combat units of operational-tactical missiles R-17 (8k14) known as SCUD B (SS1c) were placed with a launcher located on the tracked chassis of the IS-2 tank. There was also a school unit providing training for soldiers of the basic service for this weapon in the form of a school of reserve officers and a non-commissioned officer school. The rough division of expertise in these schools was for the actual operation of firing equipment, counters and topographers. In 1970, I completed a primary school in the field of topographers, ending with final exams - practical measurements in the field and an oral exam of professional activities, and was transferred to the combat unit in the local crew.