|Ilja Grigorjevič||Ilya Grigoryevich|
|Jméno v originále:|
|Илья Григорьевич Старинов|
|Fotografie či obrázek:|
Photograph or Picture:
|Akademický či vědecký titul:|
Academic or Scientific Title:
|Datum, místo narození:|
Date and Place of Birth:
| 02.08.1900 Vojnovo, Oriolská oblasť / || 02.08.1900 Voynovo, Oryol Oblast / |
|Datum, místo úmrtí:|
Date and Place of Decease:
| 18.11.2000 Moskva || 18.11.2000 Moscow |
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
| - v republikánském Španělsku u praporu Zvlášního určení|
- náměstek hlavního velitel partyzánského hnutí
- organizátor kursů jednotek OBON pro KGB
| - in Republican Spain at the Special Purpose Battalion|
- Deputy Chief Commander of the Guerrilla Movement
- organizer of courses OBON units for KGB
|Jiné významné skutečnosti:|
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
| - dědeček sovětských/ruských speciálních jednotek|
- velel partyzánským operacím Koncert a Kolejová válka
- veterán 4 válek
| - Grandfather of Soviet / Russian special forces|
- commanded guerrilla operations "Concert" and "Rail War"
- veteran of four wars
| I.G. Starinov: Miny čekají|
M. Kovář: Diverzanti a agenti v akci
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polkovnik Ilya Grigorjevič Starinov
2.8.1900 family railroad Grigorie Starinova in the village Vojnovo in the Orelské area was born the son of Ilya. In the 17 years he volunteered in the combat groups of the local soviet, which, on the railroad acted against the relocation of the white. In the 18 years he joined the Red army and after a month of training, he was thrust into the battles of the civil war on the southern front. In the ranks of the 20. infantry regiment fighting with děnikinovci than in the summer of 1919 in the battle of Koroče will suffer a severe leg injury. Short will fall into captivity, from which he escapes and goes front to his. After the cure is applied to the engineers 9. infantry division. In its ranks are involved in the expulsion of Wrangel from the Crimea. The civil war ended in 1921 in Batumi.
After the war, he failed the entrance exam to engineering school in the Odessa, succeeded to the railway school in Voronezh, where it was in the autumn of 1922 excluded as an officer and placed to 4. korostěnskému ženijnímu the regiment to the Kiev. Thanks to previous engineering practice, the command destruct group, which eliminated the unexploded ordnance from the war and deals with the structures of the min on the destruction of trains. The year 1924 is transferred from command of a company to a special committee, entrusted with fortifying the border zones of the kyiv military district, where he had the opportunity to get acquainted with J.E. Jakirem. The filling of the commission was to map out all the communications, which would be during the invasion of the country could take advantage of the enemy and not allowing their use. After returning to the unit worked on the implementation of the measures. Towards the end of 1929 was preparing to set up roadblocks on the border finished. The circuit had more than 60 special blasting groups on the total number of 1400 engineers. Have built dozens of warehouses with supplies of high explosives. Fixed on the bridges more than 120 wine cellars, niches and chambers on the charges. Prepared 1640 compound charges and thousands of time inflator. In addition to the explosive roadblocks have created other artificial barriers. Stocks of mines, explosives and rozněcovadel to vytvářily in the quantities required for the complete destruction of the tracks in the zone of 60 - 100 kilometers from the border and were located near the guarded objects. In parallel with ženijními preparations took place partisan cadres and build secret guerrilla bases.
In 1930 he took over Ilya to command school for the guerrilla commander for military intelligence. Formed guerrilla units, each with a strength of 300 – 500 men. Cadre units were formed only of the commanders, organizers and specialists, which was after the outbreak of the defensive battles supplement thousands of men. Were built underground shelters, infirmary, warehouses, underground workshops for the production of ammunition and armaments. The guerrillas regularly in exercises, in which the role of the enemy to fulfil the unity of Special purpose NKVD. Diversionary unity created independently of the army, the NKVD, intelligence service and separately by the communist party. The unit should operate in the safety zone before the line of fortifications, in which they should be during the retreat of the soviet troops to blow up thrown away all the bridges, blocked all the tunnels, destroyed rail nodes, rail and telephone cables should be evacuated. The task of the partisans was then only hinder the restoration and reconstruction of degraded objects, while their bases were protected minovými field. This preparatory effort was after the invasion of Poland in 1939 placed together with the fortifications Stalin line and the construction of Molotovovi line on the new border.
Ilya passed in the framework of the guerrilla qualifications paratroop training. Well is shown the disposal of staff on the exercise of the leningrad military district in 1932. In the years 1933-34 he studied the Transport academy of railway troops, after graduation with honors he was assigned as deputy military administrator of the rail section at the Moscow station in Leningrad.
In the summer of 1936 he was posted in the rank of major as an instructor to increase efforts in the Spanish civil war. Used cover name Alexander Porochyak and Rudolf Wolf. About your thesis that the mines are defensive, but downright assault weapon had to have republican leadership at first to convince and then got into the beginning of a group of twelve guerrilleros under captain Domingo Ungría. Tactics honing forays into the background of the rebels and laying mines on bridges, railways and roads. Deployed he was in the battle of Teurelu, Jaénu, in Granada and Cordoba, followed by action at the brunette's and Belchite. Destroy the train with the Italian airmen, achievements gradually helped to expand the unit on the strength of the battalion of Special destination. In the fight tested the new proposals protivlakových min. In November 1937 he returned to the USSR. In the fighting, suffered light injuries.
On 17.2.1938 was promoted to the rank of colonel and appointed chief of the Central scientific and research railway workplaces of the Red army. The workplace was in the remote woods, in the summer of 1939 in the areas of research faculty was jailed constructor In the.M. Petljakow. Continued experiments with explosive devices.
After the outbreak of the Winter war with Finland is transferred to the group dealing with through de-mining of roads. Personally tested improved odminovačky in the fight. Twice he was shot in the right hand, was treated two months. After appointed to the post of chief of the department for roadblocks when the main administration of the engineer training in the main engineering management of the Worker-peasant Red army.
Before the outbreak of hostilities with Germany examined in the exercises of the troops of the Western special military district. Acuteness to the control of roadblocks and demining on the basis of the experience of the Winter war. The outbreak of hostilities he was caught in Brest. He commanded the operating engineer group of the Western front minující communication with the direct mandate of people's commissar of defense With.To. Timošenka with the fact that he is directly subordinated.
From 13.7.1941 was appointed to the operating school, the centre of the Western front – the front of the guerrilla school. He soon gets the post of deputy chief commander of the partisan movement for the issues of diversion. In November, 1941, after the occupation of Kharkov organized the hit radiominy hidden in the building of the headquarters of the 58. infantry division. Radio signals from the transmitter in Voronezh initiated the explosion, which resulting in the death of lieutenant general Georg von Braun, kin Wernher von Braun, lieutenant general Beineker and other officers. In 1943, according to Starinovových plans and under his personal guidance made the operation the Concert and the Rolling war, where each of them will participate in more than a hundred thousand of partisans and increase efforts. In the last year of the war continues cooperation with the Polish and yugoslav partisans, shifting diversionary groups on the territory of Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania. Three times designed on the medal Gold star hero of the USSR, granted, wasn't even promoted to general's rank. After the war he was transferred to the archive. Didn't last there long and the western Ukraine was deployed against banderovcům.
In 1956 he retired from active service, but since 1964 he received an offer to lecture tactics of sabotage in the specific courses of the KGB. In 1969 he was entrusted with the training of the new soviet special forces OBON. The credentials created on the basis of the analysis of the shortcomings of the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, especially in comparison with units of the military intelligence SPETSNAZ. Organized three-month courses for the commander of the diverse sections of the DRG in Golicynu and sedmiměšíční courses KUOS to 13. the faculty of Felix Dzerzhinsky. It trained unit Alpha the surprise attack on the presidential palace in Kabul.
In 84 years he received the title of professor. Continue to worked at the schools of the KGB. Thus he participated inter alia at the special training, top-secret Groups of special destination in CZECHOSLOVAKIA, which emerged in January 1970 on the basis of cooperation with the KGB and czechoslovak. Military counter-intelligence VKR.
Ilya G. Starinov died in Moscow 18.11.2000 at the age of one hundred years.
To his name refer unit Vympel, Alpha, Omon, Spetsnaz, DI, Vega, DRG, Anti VIP, Obon is regarded as the "grandfather" of soviet/Russian special forces.
I.G. Starinov - the Mines are waiting.
M. Blacksmith: Diverzanti and agents in action
Stalin's Agent: The Life and Death of Alexander Orlov
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