After the collapse of the Spanish colonies, Central America wanted to unify and continue as a modern federal state. Unfortunately, the new country has had to face many problems and instability from the outset. This situation was largely artificially provoked by forces that benefited from the colonial backward socio-economic system, which they did not intend to give up without a struggle. For this reason, there is a conflict across America, where there are conservative forces on the one hand, supported by the Catholic Church, and enlightened liberals on the other. The conflict is gradually shifting from the ideological level to the armed struggle, which has been going on with varying intensity for a long time and is gradually seizing the whole of Central America in various ways. In Guatemalan history, there are two great figures who influence events in the whole area, namely the conservative R. Carrera and the liberal gen. F. Morazán. After the fighting, they are gradually consolidating their position in Guatemala in order to establish their regime, which is returning the country to its backward colonial social system. This regime lasted until 1871, when the liberals regained power in a coup.