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Hungary (HUN)


Anti-Habsburg uprisings in Hungary I. - The uprising of Štefan Bočkaj

The seventeenth century in our history was a period of very dramatic events. The Habsburg dynasty sought to build an absolutist state out of Hungary. This meant the liquidation of the vital interests of the Hungarian nobility, which was strongly opposed. In the struggle for the character of Hungarian society, in a confused time full of religious and political conflicts, the two sides met in a persistent struggle that lasted for centuries.

Anti-Habsburg uprisings in Hungary II. - Gabriel Betlen's uprising

The defenestration in Prague, May 1618 became a prelude to a long-lasting conflict, which gradually engulfed the whole of Central Europe. The continent became the arena of the extensive power struggle. Two strong coalitions of states. This match did not bypass the territory of today's Slovakia. Hungary was then drawn into the Thirty Years' War during the second anti-Habsburg uprising under Gabriel Betlen.

Anti-Habsburg uprisings in Hungary III. - Uprising of Juraj I. Rákóczi

The year was 1643, and the grueling conflict, later called the Thirty Years' War in Europe, entered its final phase. The Habsburg army was fully engaged in fighting against Swedish and French troops. This was a good time for another performance by the Hungarian nobility, who felt the strong pressure of imperial absolutism and was once again fighting for their privileges and religious freedom. It was headed by the new Prince of Transylvania, Juraj Rákoczi.

Anti-Habsburg uprisings in Hungary IV. - The uprising of Imrich Thököly

In 1664, Hungary began to shake again with political and religious unrest. The Vasvar peace concluded with Turkey, angered the Hungarian nobles. According to them, the Turks did not deserve mild conditions. Many assets remained on Turkish territory in the Hungarian nobility, which they could not access at this time. They considered peace with the Ottomans as an imperial interest in Hungarian affairs on the part of the emperor. They were neither enthusiastic about the presence of mercenary troops or the expulsion of the Hungarian nobility and positions of power.

Anti-Habsburg uprisings in Hungary V. - Uprising of Francis II. Rákócziho

In the last years of the 17th century, the triumph of Habsburg power in Hungary seemed sealed and irreversible. The Hungarian nobility was subdued and removed from political power. The Hungarian states had to eat more than one hot pill. The right to resist the monarch, which had until then been guaranteed by the nobility of the Golden Bull of Andrew II, was abolished. The nobility was also provoked by the new law on the inheritance of the Hungarian crown in the Habsburg dynasty for all its male members. The social problems and consequences of previous riots and wars have impoverished all sections of society, causing widespread dissatisfaction. Of course, the problems of each social class stemmed from different causes. Nevertheless, Hungary gradually turned into a barrel of gunpowder, which was just waiting for its spark to explode.

In difficult times (1/20)

Since the existence of the military conflict between Czechoslovakia and Hungary in the years 1918 - 1919 is completely unknown to most of society today, I decided some time ago to prepare a detailed study on this topic. After several years of hard work with searching in various sources, confronting facts and ways directly to the places of battle, after many difficulties for the general public I present the processed material of this war, which often did not compete with the just ended World War I.

In difficult times (11/20)

Czechoslovak troops were eventually repulsed by Salgótarján by the superiority of the Hungarian army. Let's look briefly at the causes of this failure. This was followed by a quick and strong Hungarian offensive against the Czechoslovak army in Slovakia, with the subsequent retreat of the Czechoslovak fighting. army. After an unsuccessful defense, Miškovec was also lost at the time. The Hungarian offensive then continued further, towards the interior of Slovakia ...

In difficult times (12/20)

For political and practical reasons, the Czechoslovak government at the beginning of June 1919 gave the command of troops in Slovakia into the hands of the French military mission. Subsequently, the French General Pellé took command on June 4, 1919 over the Czechoslovak army in Slovakia from the Italian general Piccion. We describe the fight of Czechoslovak units at the turn of May - June 1919 in the western section with the Hungarian V Army Corps.

In difficult times (14/20)

Fighting for Nové Zámky at the beginning of June 1919. Other volunteers come to Slovakia. The third attack on the conquest of Levice on the basis of a plan with the involvement of reserves and its cessation on June 24, 1919. Arrival of II. division of gen. Šnejdárek.

In difficult times (15/20)

June battles of the home 2nd Division in the area of Zvolen and Bánske Štiavnica. Fights near Tisovec. The advance of the 2nd Division from the direction of Zvolen and Bánska Štiavnica to Levice, to attract the attention of the Hungarian defense and facilitate the advance of the planned third attack on Levice.

In difficult times (17/20)

The June fighting of 1919 on the eastern Slovakia. Fighting with Hungarian troops in their attempt to break through eastern Slovakia further north to the Russian Red Army. Heavy fight at Kysak.

In difficult times (18/20)

June hard fights in the area of the Slovak New Town. Thanks to their superiority, the Hungarians made their way through eastern Slovakia almost to the Polish border - weaker Czechoslovak troops retreated through a tenacious fight. The threat of a merger between the Hungarian and Russian Red armies is serious. Fighting around Košice and Prešov. Under the patronage of the Hungarian Republic of Rad, the Slovak Republic of Rad was established in eastern Slovakia in Prešov on 16 June 1919. In a difficult situation, resolutely Czechoslovak troops, often without the necessary equipment, repeatedly try to attack the superiority to stop the Hungarian advance. The situation is critical ...

In difficult times (19/20)

Intervention of the Paris Peace Conference to stop the war between Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Confirmation of Czechoslovak borders. Armistice June 24, 1919, cessation of hostilities. The Czechoslovak army reoccupies the whole of Slovakia. In Hungary, the Bolshevik government is collapsing and the crisis that has existed for several weeks is in full swing. Occupancy of the Bratislava bridgehead Petržalka on August 14, 1919.




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