Gustav II. Adolf, nicknamed * " Gustav the Great " *, * " Lion of the North " *, * " Golden King " *, * " Gösta " * or * " Father of Modern Struggle " *, was a Swedish king in the early 17th century who proved Sweden reformed in such a way that during his reign it became one of the key first-order powers and retained this position until the beginning of the 18th century. Person Gustav II. Adolf is very important especially in the field of military and strategy, because his military reforms influenced the development of military art for the next few centuries and some of them persist in a modified form to this day.
In the first episode of this study, we first approached the youth and early reign of Gustav II. Adolf and the political situation in Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. The text ended with a description of Gustav's military reforms. In the second episode, we build on the previous text and take a closer look at the Thirty Years' War and the participation of Gustav II. Adolf in the politics and conflicts of this pan-European conflict. We will describe the most important battles in which the Swedish army took part under the command of King Gustav, the battles of Breitenfeld and Lützen, and find out how Gustav and his generals managed to implement fundamental reforms of the martial arts into real life. At the end of the text we will also approach the circumstances of the death of Gustav II. Adolf and we will look at the last phase of the Thirty Years' War and its outcome.
The Great French Revolution brought the world not only a picture of the people's struggle against the hated regime, but also a number of heroes and personalities, for whom it became a springboard to fame. The Grande Armée became a kind of "seedbed" of these nascent heroes, who fought valiantly for their ideals. If they did, they rose rapidly through the military hierarchy, and with the gradual increase in their wealth, their ideals were later replaced by a desire for power. Some began to make their own plans, pursue their goals, and no longer serve in the military with as zeal as during the revolution. Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte was a very controversial figure from Napoleon's marshals.
After gaining the status of a man from the Bonaparte family, his self-confidence increased. Despite hesitations in the Grand Army and Napoleon's favor, the Swedish authorities led him to the royal crown, and later turned his back on the man who had enabled him to further his career.