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Important people of the history and present from United Kingdom


A war hero and a perfect politician or a despot and a monster?

Cromwell is one of the most controversial figures in British and Irish history, considered a regicidal dictator, a military dictator, a bourgeois revolutionary, and a hero of liberty. His tolerance of Protestant sects did not extend to Catholics, and some later scholars have characterised the measures he took against them, particularly in Ireland, as genocidal or near-genocidal. His record is strongly criticised in Ireland, although the worst atrocities took place after he had returned to England. He was selected as one of the ten greatest Britons of all time in a 2002 BBC poll.

Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding

A prominent RAF officer who commanded the Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain and greatly contributed to the building of the structure of the anti-aircraft defense of Great Britain before World War II.

Air Vice Marshal Richard Saul

During the Battle of Britain, he was the commander of the 13th RAF group, which defended the north of Great Britain. In the 1930s, he held an important position within the RAF Fighter Command, where he participated in the RAF's preparations for war.

Andrew Browne Cunningham

Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham, later Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO.

"It takes the Navy three years to build a ship. It will take three hundred years to build a new tradition. The evacuation will continue."

Brunel: The model of Verne's engineers

Engineer Marc Isambard Brunel was a prominent British engineer and French royalist. That's probably why he married a girl with a really royal name - Sofia Kindgom. The son, born in 1806, inherited middle names from both. The later engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born, after Churchill he is said to be the second most important Brit.

Death of Admiral Nelson

Interestingly, although many books or articles deal with the life of the famous English admiral, few deal with the exact circumstances of his death. This is an extremely interesting topic. In many publications, the reader only learns that Nelson was hit by a musket bullet during the Battle of Trafalgar, other times it is added that it was a sniper (or sniper) hit, and sometimes a very important detail is added, the name of the French shooter - Robert Guillemard. But few think about where the name of the man who was to fire the most successful single shot from the reserve of all time came from.

Horatio Nelson - Part 1

He was born on September 29, 1758 in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, as the sixth of 11 children of Rev. Edmund Nelson. At first, there was no indication that one of the most famous British admirals and naval commanders of all time had just been born.

Horatio Nelson - Part 10

Nelson rested at home for a short vacation. However, the Admiralty was already determined to put an end to the French danger. The combined Franco-Spanish fleet was now in Cadiz, where it was blocked by the English fleet under Admiral Collingwood. In September 1805, therefore, Nelson was sent back to sea. On September 13, he went to Portsmouth to hoist his flag on Victory again. He was greeted in the port by a huge number of people who wanted to lead their hero into a decisive battle. Nelson literally had to make his way through the crowd, shaking hands with everyone and regretting out loud that he could only shake one hand. He then sailed for Cadiz, where he took command from Collingwood and formed his fleet. This time his task was not only to defeat the enemy, to destroy him completely and thus end the danger of invasion once and for all.

Horatio Nelson - Part 2

Nelson's true wealth, fame, and promotion could be helped by his participation in a generous event planned for 1780. It was an attempt to reverse the distribution of colonial forces in South America at the expense of Spain. According to this plan, the British military expedition was to go upstream of the San Juan River, conquer the San Juan Fortress, build a base here and with its support proceed further inland along the river to Lake Nicaragua. From there, the Spaniards were to be expelled, then the cities of Granada and León were to be conquered and a narrow strip of land separated from the Pacific Ocean was occupied.

Horatio Nelson - Part 3

Nelson arrived in England in late November and was recovering from his illness at Bath Spa. Immediately after his recovery, he asked to return to active duty. His request was granted, with the ongoing war there was still a shortage of captains of warships. In August 1871, Nelson was appointed captain of the 28-gun frigate Albemarle , originally a French merchant ship hastily disguised as a warship. In the years 1781-82, with this ship, Nelson devoted himself mainly to escorting convoys of merchant ships, for example, between England and Denmark or Canada.

Horatio Nelson - Part 4

Nelson was given the task of sailing with the frigate Boreas to the West Indies, specifically to the Windward Islands, where he was to report to Admiral Sir Richard Hughes.

Horatio Nelson - Part 5

Nelson arrived on the English shores in July 1787. In November, the Boreas crew was disbanded and Nelson was sent ashore with half a salary. In addition, the Admiralty decided not to return the rebellious captain to active duty.

Horatio Nelson - Part 6

On March 29, 1798, Nelson hoisted his admiral's flag on the 74-gun battleship Vanguard and sailed with it to St. Vincent's squadron. He had a special task for Nelson.

Horatio Nelson - Part 7

Nelson interpreted the order to "defend the Kingdom of Both Sicily by all means" and began urging King Ferdinand IV to attack the relatively weak French troops operating near the Naples border. He used the influence of Lady Emmy Hamilton, the wife of Sir William Hamilton, the English ambassador to Naples, to pressure the king. Lady Hamilton was a close friend of Queen Mary Carolina of Naples.




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