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CZK - KRTP-81 Ramona (radiotechnický pátrač)

     
Název:
Name:
KRTP-81 Ramona
Originální název:
Original Name:
KRTP-81 Ramona
Kategorie:
Category:
pasivní sledovací systém
Výrobce:
Producer:
Tesla, s.p. Pardubice, Pardubice /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.197R-DD.MM.1983 ? KRPT-81
DD.MM.198R-DD.MM.1986 ? KRPT-81M (KRTP-83)
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
17 KRPT-81
15 KRTP-81M (KRTP-83) (14 bojových a 1 výukový komplet / 14 combat and 1 training sets)
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
DD.MM.1968 laboratorní vzorek PRP-2 / PRP-2 laboratory specimen
Obsluha:
Crew:
?
Složení:
Composition:
střední stanoviště / central workplace
- střední anténní stožár PK (paleta) / PK central antenna mast (pallet): Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- střední anténní jednotka PK (paleta) / PK central antenna unit (pallet): Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- transportní paleta PT / PT transport pallet: Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- přijímací pracoviště KS (kontejner) / KS receiver workplace (container): Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- vyhodnocovací pracoviště KV (kontejner) / KV evaluation workplace (container): Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)

2x boční stanoviště / 2x side workplace
- 2x boční anténní stožár PA (paleta) / 2x PA side antenna mast (pallet): 2x Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / 2x Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- 2x boční anténní jednotka PA (paleta) / 2x PA side antenna unit (pallet): 2x Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / 2x Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- 2x transportní paleta PT / 2x PT transport pallet: 2x Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / 2x Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
- 2x přijímací pracoviště KB (kontejner) / 2x KB receiver workplace (container): 2x Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / 2x Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)

operační středisko / operation centre
- zobrazovací pracoviště ZZP (kontejner) / ZZP displaying workplace (container): Tatra 148 KTN (KRTP-81) / Tatra 815 VVN 20 235 6x6.1R (KRTP-81M)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:






Poznámka:
Note:
kódové označení NATO: Soft Ball
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://www.iron-curtain.info [off-line]
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#602585Version : 0
MOD
KRTP-81 = complete radio survey vz. 81, code name for Ramona
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#227158Version : 0
The passive radio searcher KRTP-81 Ramona ( NATO code Soft Ball) was developed at Tesla in Pardubice and CSLA military research institutes.

Using triangulation targeting ( 3 Ramona stations are needed to target the target), it allows you to target up to 20 air targets at the same time. The radar works with frequencies of 1-8 Ghz, while its main function is to eavesdrop on signals emitted by air targets and their subsequent targeting. The advantage of this tracking system is the absolute concealment of the radar from the enemy ( the radar does not emit any detectable radiation. Unfortunately, it cannot be used to aim and guide air-to-air missiles).

The system itself proved to be quite successful in operation, but it was still quite imperfect and inaccurate, and the practical complexity was bothered by the excessive complexity and length of assembly. Therefore, a better and more mobile system KRTP-86 Tamara (NATO code Trash Can) was developed.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#169850Version : 0
Ramona was the first searcher to be able to automatically (without operator intervention) introduce the detected target into the IFF/SIF transponder tracking mode thanks to software developed by J. Louda. Later, the program was improved so that it was able to automatically load any type of detected target into the tracking mode.
Like its predecessor Kopáč and its successor Tamara and Věra used the method of time-hyperbolic targeting, which differs from other, foreign searchers, which they use the maximum targeting method.

Ramona was subsequently modernized and designated Ramona-M.
The difference was:
new antenna system and receivers = higher sensitivity (by 3dB) and higher resistance to interference
improved survey results according to the TACAN questionnaire
more powerful software (better performance for new types of aircraft)

Several pieces were delivered to Syria in the 1980s.

source:
Jří Hofman, Jan Bauer: Secrets of Radiotech Searcher Tamara, Prague 2003, ISBN 80-86645-02-9
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#232221Version : 0
MOD
This is the top of the KRTP-81 Ramon searcher mast. After assembling the ball and drilling six anchors, the mast consisted of honeycomb parts up to a height of 25 m using a hydraulic platform. A small elevator for the operator was hung on the mast.


Additional information to the photo: Petr Beneš

CZK - KRTP-81 Ramona (radiotechnický pátrač) -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#45312Version : 0
MOD
Photo of the whole mast "right side", built at the Havran station near Tachov in 1985.
CZK - KRTP-81 Ramona (radiotechnický pátrač) - Fotka zachycuje stožár v plné výstavbě (25m), vlevo dole je patrná část vyhodnocovacího kontejneru stanoviště pravý bok. Úplně vpředu je plot psince, odkud byla fotografie pořízena (tenkrát by to vydalo pár let Sabinova a obvinění ze špionáže :-( ).

Fotka zachycuje stožár v plné výstavbě (25m), vlevo dole je patrná část vyhodnocovacího kontejneru stanoviště "pravý bok". Úplně vpředu je plot psince, odkud byla fotografie pořízena (tenkrát by to vydalo pár let Sabinova a obvinění ze špionáže :-( ).
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#136300Version : 0
Search mast KRTP-81, Militärhistorisches Museum der Bundeswehr - Berlin-Gatow Airport, 2006. (photo © Radek Havelka)

[img]https://galerie.valka.cz/data/383/medium/IMG_1233.jpg[/img ]
[img]https://galerie.valka.cz/data/383/medium/IMG_1234.jpg[/img ]
For those who do not know Cyrillic - the text in the photo deals with fire prevention measures for the operation of the S 25 M-P tower. (buko1)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#169514Version : 0
MOD
A bit of provocative photos of Ramona (taken from the server www.vrtulnik.cz) taken during the so-called Redcatchers missions. Both shots are taken on the Havran hill, where there was a tower used for reconnaissance and intelligence service.
CZK - KRTP-81 Ramona (radiotechnický pátrač) -


CZK - KRTP-81 Ramona (radiotechnický pátrač) -


URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#169641Version : 0
Diskuse
I would add a small bead to Ramona. Although it is a Czech product, all the labels were written in Cyrillic: cry: The battalion commander, Captain Š ....., whose favorite saying was "if there is no war within five years, then I was born unnecessarily", he was heard, "the platoon of machine gunners is nicer to me than the battalion with Ramona ..." (Tachov 1983-1985)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/CZK-KRTP-81-Ramona-radiotechnicky-patrac-t12985#136071Version : 0