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vz. 37
Originální název:
Original Name:
vz. 37
těžká houfnice
Škodovy závody, Plzeň /
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
Prototyp vyroben:
Prototype Built:
DD.MM.1937 K 4
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Bojová hmotnost:
Combat Weight:
5200 kg
Přepravní hmotnost:
Manoeuvre Weight:
5730 kg
150 mm
Délka hlavně:
Barrel Length:
3600 mm
Celková délka:
Overall Length:
? mm
Celková šířka:
Overall Width:
? mm
Celková výška:
Overall Height:
? mm
-5° +70 °
±45 °
Přepravní rychlost:
Manoeuvre Speed:
? km/h
Používaná munice:
Ammo Used:
ostrý nárazový granát vz. 37
ostrý časovací granát vz. 37
polopanceřový granát
Maximální dostřel:
Maximum Range:
15100 m -
Rychlost střelby:
Rate of Fire:
3 ran/min
Úsťová rychlost:
Muzzle Velocity:
580 m/s -
Uživatelské státy:
User States:

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Despite the success of the howitzer guns 150 mm model K1, the czechoslovak army decided that the weapon does not correspond exactly to its requirements. As the following stage of development was a model of K4, which already fully meet the specifications. K4 had many common characteristics and parts with the K1, but mainly had a shorter barrel. This dropped the overall weight of the weapon, which was very convenient for not completely motorized CSA. The Model K4 was fitted with wheels with pneumatic tyres and has been fully adapted for towing. Model K4 adopted by the czechoslovak army under the designation howitzer vz.37.

After the occupation of Bohemia, the Germans of the Wehrmacht howitzers drove on the test directly from the pilsen Skoda. Cannon surpassed their expectations. And therefore, it was decided to continue production. The designation of howitzers in the German army was 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 37(t). Was the standard arms of some of the artillery batteries of attacking France. Served on the eastern front Some zúčastňovaly fighting in the east in 1944, but then was withdrawn to the Balkans.

The number of produced munitions for the guns.37:
1939 - 40 500 pcs
1940 - 92 500 pcs
1941 - 17 000 pieces
1942 - 69 800 pcs
1943 - 245 100 pcs
1944 - 191 200 pcs
1945 - ?.
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Weapon system damage is a screw in conclusion, developed from 1930 a joint Stock company, formerly the Škoda works in Pilsen, wherein the first modification were intended for export to the Iranian empire, the Yugoslav kingdom, the Romanian kingdom and the republic of Turkey.
Howitzers was made up of a single transport unit, which is assumed only mototrakce. Steel plášťová the barrel with the conclusion was imposed on the cradle with liquid brake, air vratníkem and vzpruhovými balancer, the cradle was caught by the studs on the upper carriage and the pivoted deposited on the bottom of the post, whose shoulders were a drop-down. Odpérovaná axle was equipped with disk wheels with pneumatic tyres and folding the supports for the relief of rounds in the firing position.
During transportation the barrel is withdrawn backward, the type of tractor was not until the autumn of 1938 yet designed.
Order more than 180 pieces of howitzers was awarded in February 1938, while rearming it was planned since February 1939.

Tactical-technical data
weight shipping – 5 730 kg, the weight of a fighting – 5 200 kg, caliber – 149,1 mm barrel length – 3,60 m (24 caliber), elevation – -5° to +70°, measured quantity – ±22,5°, bullet weight – 42 kg, muzzle velocity – 580 m/s, the maximum range – 15 to 100 m, rate of fire – 3 rounds per minute, the operation – 12 persons.

Fidler, George - Woodcock, Václav: the Encyclopedia of the armed forces of the Republic of czechoslovak. Prague, Libri 2006..
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Tiny clarification:

K1 intended for export to Turkey was projected in the years of 1931-1932 and the year 1936 also delivered. The same type of howitzers ordered and Iran in 1939 and in 1940 he was delivered.

A slightly modified version of the howitzer sometimes referred to in the literature as the K2 was in the years 1937-1939 delivered to Yugoslavia and Romania..
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Vlastní foto, U.S. Army Field Artillery Museum 2019

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Hrubá houfnice vz. 37 ráže 15 cm
CZK - vz. 37 (15 cm hrubá houfnice) -

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