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Litvjak, Lidija Vladimirovna

Litvyak, Lidiya Vladimirovna

Лидия Владимировна Литвяк

     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Litvjak
Jméno:
Given Name:
Lidija Vladimirovna
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Лидия Владимировна Литвяк
Fotografie či obrázek:
Photograph or Picture:
Hodnost:
Rank:
nadporučík
Akademický či vědecký titul:
Academic or Scientific Title:
-
Šlechtický titul:
Hereditary Title:
-
Datum, místo narození:
Date and Place of Birth:
18.08.1921 Moskva /
Datum, místo úmrtí:
Date and Place of Decease:
01.08.1943 Krasnyj Luč /
Nejvýznamnější funkce:
(maximálně tři)
Most Important Appointments:
(up to three)
-
Jiné významné skutečnosti:
(maximálně tři)
Other Notable Facts:
(up to three)
žena - stíhací eso
Hrdinka Sovětského svazu
Související články:
Related Articles:
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lydia_Litvyak
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#427104Version : 0
MOD
     
Příjmení:
Surname:
Litvjak
Jméno:
Given Name:
Lidij
a Vladimirovna
Jméno v originále:
Original Name:
Лидия Владимировна Литвяк
Všeobecné vzdělání:
General Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
Vojenské vzdělání:
Military Education:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Chersonská letecká škola pro letecké instruktory
Důstojnické hodnosti:
Officer Ranks:
DD.MM.RRRR podporučík
DD.MM.1943 poručík
DD.MM.1990 nadporučík
Průběh vojenské služby:
Military Career:

DD.MM.1942-DD.MM.1942 586. stíhací letecký pluk protivzdušné obrany (pilot)
DD.09.1942-DD.09.1942 437. stíhací letecký pluk (pilot)
DD.09.1942-DD.MM.1942 287. stíhací letecký pluk (pilot)
DD.12.1942-DD.12.1942 9. gardový stíhací letecký pluk (pilot)
DD.12.1942-18.03.1943 296. stíhací letecký pluk (pilot)
18.03.1943-01.08.1943 73. gardový stíhací letecký pluk (pilot)
Vyznamenání:
Awards:

17.02.1943

Řád rudé hvězdy
Order of the Red Star
Opден Красная Звезда
-

22.07.1943

Řád rudého praporu /1943-1991/
Order of the Red Banner /1943-1991/
Орден Красного Знамени
-

10.09.1943

Řád vlastenecké války 1. stupně /1943-1985/
Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class /1943-1985/
Орден Отечественной войны 1-й степени
in memoriam

05.05.1990

Titul Hrdiny Sovětského svazu a medaile Zlaté hvězdy
Title Hero of the Soviet Union and Gold Star Medal
Звание Героя Советского Союза и медаль "Золотая Звезда"
in memoriam

05.05.1990

Leninův řád /1956-1991/
Order of Lenin /1956-1991/
Opден Ленина
s hvězdou hrdiny Sovětského svazu

Poznámka:
Note:
-
Zdroje:
Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lydia_Litvyak
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#675106Version : 0
MOD
Ml. Lieutenant Lidia Vladimirovna Litvjak - the most successful fighter pilot of World War II

(1921 - 1943)

Heroine of the Soviet Union


Lidia "Lila" Vladimirovna Litvjak was born in Moscow in 1921. At the age of fourteen she became a member of the aeroclub, after graduating she became a student of the Kherson Aviation School. After graduating from school, she worked as an instructor in an aeroclub, and thanks to that she gained as much experience as a number of newly sent fighters did not have on the front line.

Lila got to the front in 1942. At that time, she illegally entered the women's 586th IAP, which operated in the vicinity of Saratov. Then she changed several departments. In the fall of 1942, he joined the elite 9th GIAP. At that time, she already had three victories. However, she did not stay in the 9th GIAP for long either ( Today we can only speculate why, whether the commanders did not trust the woman, or was it envious of her success?). He finally gained the trust of the commander of the 73rd GIAP N. I. Baranova. Lila already had 6 shot down German planes.

She shot down the first two aircraft on September 13, 1942, when she served in the 437th IAP. The victims were Bf 109 and Ju 88.
On September 27, 1942, another Ju 88 and a share in one Bf 109 were added to her account.
On February 11, 1943, she participated in the downing Fw 190 and shot down another Ju 88

More victories were added. But Lila paid for the success. She was getting more and more exhausted and exhausted. After the battle in July 1943, she was wounded for the third time ( none of her injuries were properly healed). On August 1, 1943, she undertook four combat flights, during which she shot down two aircraft herself and participated in the destruction of the third. But she did not return from the fourth flight and no one knew anything about her fate.

It was not until 1979 that the remains of a woman were found near the village of Dmitrijevka in the wreckage of a fighter plane, and it was not until nine years later that the responsible authorities put an end to Lily's writings, identifying the most successful fighter of all time in these remains. It was not until 1990 that Lidia Vladimirivna Litvjakova was posthumously awarded the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

Lila Litvjak fell after destroying eleven enemy aircraft, one balloon and participated in the shooting down of three other aircraft, at the age of twenty-two ...

Source: Franz Kurowski - Cross against the Star (MUSTANG 1997)

Litvjak, Lidija Vladimirovna - Klavdija Jakovlevna Fomičeva (na obrázku není Lidia Vladimirovna Litvjak)

Klavdija Jakovlevna Fomičeva (na obrázku není Lidia Vladimirovna Litvjak)
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#63446Version : 0

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Malá obrazová příloha Embarassed

zdroj:
https://aces.boom.ru/woman/litvyk.htm
blog.safarikovi.org

Litvjak, Lidija Vladimirovna - Její poslední a osudový stroj. 
73. GIAP, léto 1943

Její poslední a osudový stroj.
73. GIAP, léto 1943

Litvjak, Lidija Vladimirovna - 296. IAP, stalingradský front, jaro 1943

296. IAP, stalingradský front, jaro 1943
Litvjak, Lidija Vladimirovna - oficielní portrét

oficielní portrét
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#76971Version : 0
Diskuse

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Nejsem si jistý, jestli se na fotce výše opravdu jedná o LL. Na blůze je podle mě připnut řád Hrdiny SSSR, ten ale dostala až v roce 1990 i.m.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#560953Version : 0
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This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/Litvjak-Lidija-Vladimirovna-t17290#676174Version : 0
MOD