Main Menu
User Menu

Military history website

1. pěší divize [1942- ]

1st Infantry Division

     
Název:
Name:
1. pěší divize
Originální název:
Original Name:
1st Infantry Division
Datum vzniku:
Raised/Formed:
01.08.1942
Předchůdce:
Predecessor:
1. divize
Datum zániku:
Disbanded:
DD.MM.RRRR
Nástupce:
Successor:
-
Nadřízené velitelství:
Higher Command:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR
15.03.1966-DD.MM.RRRR II. polní uskupení ve Vietnamu
Dislokace:
Deployed:
DD.MM.RRRR-02.10.1965 Junction City, Fort Riley
02.10.1965-DD.01.1966 Bien Hoa, ? /
DD.02.1966-DD.09.1967 Di An, ? /
DD.02.1967-DD.10.1969 Lai Khe, ? /
DD.11.1969-DD.04.1970 Di An, ? /
15.04.1970-DD.MM.RRRR Junction City, Fort Riley

Velitel:
Commander:
DD.05.1942-DD.08.1943 Allen, Terry de la Mesa (Major General)
DD.08.1943-DD.12.1944 Huebner, Clarence R. (Major General)
DD.12.1944-DD.05.1946 Andrus, Clift (Major General)
DD.06.1946-DD.05.1949 Milburn, Frank W. (Major General)
DD.05.1949-DD.09.1949 Canine, Ralph J. (Brigadier General)
DD.09.1949-DD.07.1951 Dahlquist, John E. (Major General)
DD.07.1951-DD.12.1952 Timberman, Thomas S. (Major General)
DD.01.1953-DD.06.1954 Lanham, Charles T. (Major General)
DD.06.1954-DD.12.1955 Meloy, Guy S. Jr. (Major General)
DD.01.1956-DD.04.1957 Matthews, Willis S. (Major General)
DD.04.1957-DD.10.1958 Buchanan, David H. (Major General)
DD.10.1958-DD.12.1958 Caraway, Forrest (Brigadier General)
DD.12.1958-DD.01.1960 Fischer, Harvey H. (Major General)
DD.01.1960-DD.02.1960 Seitz, John A. (Brigadier General)
DD.02.1960-DD.05.1961 Parker Theodore W. (Major General)
DD.02.1960-DD.05.1961 Berry, John A. Jr. (Brigadier General)
DD.07.1961-DD.08.1961 Kunzig, William B. (Brigadier General)
DD.08.1961-DD.01.1963 Ruggles, John F. (Major General)
DD.01.1963-DD.01.1964 Oberbeck, Arthur W. (Major General)
DD.02.1964-DD.03.1966 Seaman, Jonathan O. (Major General)
DD.03.1966-DD.12.1966 DePuy, William E. (Major General)
DD.01.1967-DD.02.1968 Hay, John H. Jr. (Major General)
DD.02.1968-13.09.1968 Ware, Keith L. (Major General)
DD.09.1968-DD.08.1969 Talbott, Orwin C. (Major General)
DD.08.1969-DD.02.1970 Milloy, Albert E. (Major General)
DD.03.1970-DD.04.1970 Henion, John Q. (Brigadier General)
DD.04.1970-DD.01.1971 Linvill, Robert R. (Major General)
DD.01.1971-DD.12.1972 Flanagan, Edward M. Jr. (Major General)
DD.01.1973-DD.08.1974 Duquemin, G. J. (Major General)
DD.08.1974-DD.05.1976 Fuller, Marvin D. (Major General)
DD.05.1976-DD.05.1978 Benedict, Calvert P. (Major General)
DD.05.1978-DD.07.1980 Kaplan, Phillip (Major General)
DD.07.1980-DD.12.1982 Partain, Edward A. (Major General)
DD.12.1982-DD.06.1984 Creighton, Neal (Major General)
DD.06.1984-DD.04.1986 Watts, Ronald L. (Major General)
DD.04.1986-DD.07.1988 Wishart, Leonard P. III (Major General)
DD.07.1988-DD.07.1989 Sullivan, Gordon (Major General)
DD.07.1989-DD.08.1991 Rhame, Thomas (Major General)
DD.08.1991-DD.07.1993 Hartzog, William (Major General)
DD.07.1993-DD.06.1994 Robles, Josue Jr. (Major General)
DD.06.1994-DD.02.1996 House, Randolph W. (Major General)
DD.03.1996-DD.07.1997 Meigs, Montgomery (Major General)
DD.07.1997-DD.08.1999 Grange, David L. (Major General)
DD.08.1999-DD.09.2000 Abizaid, John P. (Major General)
DD.09.2000-DD.08.2002 Craddock, John (Major General)
DD.08.2002-DD.06.2005 Batiste, John R.S. (Major General)
DD.06.2005-DD.08.2006 Hunzeker, Kenneth W. (Major General)
DD.08.2006-DD.07.2007 Ham, Carter F. (Major General)
DD.07.2007-DD.07.2008 Durbin, Robert E. (Major General)
DD.07.2008-DD.04.2009 Wiggins, Perry L. (Brigadier General)
DD.04.2009-DD.05.2011 Brooks, Vincent K. (Major General)
DD.05.2011-22.05.2013 Mayville, William C. Jr. (Major General)
22.05.2013-06.08.2015 Funk, Paul E. II (Major General)
06.08.2015-DD.09.2016 Grigsby, Wayne W. Jr. (Major General)
DD.09.2016-DD.10.2016 Frank, Patrick D. 1) (Brigadier General)
DD.10.2016-DD.MM.RRRR Martin, Joseph M. (Major General)
Náčelník štábu:
Chief of Staff:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR, ( )
Podřízené jednotky:
Subordinated Units:
Automaticky vyplněné položky:
01.08.1942-15.02.1957 16. pěší pluk
01.08.1942-15.02.1957 18. pěší pluk
01.08.1942-15.02.1957 26. pěší pluk
01.08.1942-15.02.1957 Velitelství dělostřelectva 1. divize
15.02.1957-15.11.1995 Velitelství dělostřelectva 1. pěší divize
16.02.1996-DD.MM.2006 Velitelství dělostřelectva 1. pěší divize
16.03.2008-DD.MM.RRRR 2. brigádní bojový tým 1. pěší divize
16.09.2009-DD.MM.RRRR 1. brigádní bojový tým 1. pěší divize
22.04.2015-DD.MM.RRRR Udržovací brigáda 1. pěší divize
16.10.2015-DD.MM.RRRR Velitelství dělostřelectva 1. pěší divize
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR 1. udržovací brigáda

Ručně vyplněné položky:
Čestný název:
Honorary Name:
DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Big Red One
Vyznamenání:
Decorations:
DD.MM.RRRR
Poznámka:
Note:
1) dočastne poverený
Zdroje:
Sources:
Wilson, John B.: Armies, Corps, Divisions, and Separate Brigades, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, 1999
www.history.army.mil
en.wikipedia.org
www.riley.army.mil
Stanton, Shelby L.: Vietnam Order of Battle, Stackpole Books, USA, 2003
usarmygermany.com
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#542857Version : 0
MOD

the Emergence of and participation in the first world war


Establishment 1. expeditionary division and transfer of the first part of the to France
24. may 1917 was ordered to Ministry of war set up within the of the Regular army 1. the shipping division. Most of the units, which should be a division subordinate to, was located along the mexican border at Brownsville, Douglas, El Paso, San Benita, Blissově strength, Ringgoldově strength and Fort Sam Houston. Others were in the Oglethorpově the fort and at Washington barracks. In naloďovaích ports join the newly established units. 3. June to newjerseyského Hoboken arrived 16. infantry regiment, 18. infantry regiment, 26. infantry regiment, 28. infantry regiment, the field hospital 6 (shortly after are renubered to field hospital 13), an ambulance company 6 (also are renubered to 13) of 1. ambulance column and C company of the 2. field of the coupling of the battalion. Units of the first contingent were added to the tabular states through the transfer members from other units and the inclusion of volunteers. 7. June was in the New York established 2. infantry brigade, under which were included 26. and 28. infantry regiment. 8. June took command of the division brigadier general William Luther Sibert. 9. June was in the New York formed 1. infantry brigade, who commanded the 16. and 18. the infantry regiment. 14. June of New York by Hoboken moved the staffs of the division and two infantry brigades. The first kontigent boarded and set off into Saint-Nazaire, which landed 26. June.

Rename on 1. division and the completion of the move to France
6. July was 1. expeditionary division was renamed the 1. division. 22. jun is knocked out of the Texas and Arizona by Hoboken the second contingent. This consisted of 5. field artillery regiment 6. field artillery regiment 7. field artillery regiment, rot a And B of the 2. field of the coupling of the battalion. 31. July, the contingent boarded and 13. August arrived in the Saint-Nazaire. 6. August knocked out of the Washington barracks to Hoboken 1. engineer regiment along with 1. sapper column. The following day, the engineers boarded and 20. August arrived in the Saint-Nazaire. On the same day of the Hoboken set sail and motorized battalion of the 1. an ammunition column, and 1. trench mortar battery. Saint-Nazaire arrived 21. August. 13. August sailed from Hoboken the next contingent, which consisted of a cavalry battalion from the 1. ammunition column, field hospitals 2, field hospital 12, ambulance company 2 and ambulance company 12 of 1. ambulance column, 1. company of military police and 2. company of the military police. 1. and 3. August landed in the Liverpool and after a short recovery he moved to the French Le Havre. 1. December surged from Blissovy strength of the field hospital 3 and from Oglethorpovy fort ambulance company 3. 5. December sailed from Hoboken and Saint-Nazaire arrived 22. December. This has been completed move the division over sea.

Výcvikv Gondrecourtu and in Le Naintre
5. July, the first contingent moved into the training area at the Gondrecourtu. Here the division, with the exception of the artillery, to collect. 14. July, the division trained together with the French 47. divisions (hunting). 6. August the artillery units moved to a staging area in Le Naintre. 16. August here was formed 1. field artillery brigade, which on paper already existed from 24. may. The brigade had 5., 6. and 7. field artillery regiment, which arrived here between 21. and 24. August. 30. August the brigade was complete, and began a systematic training. Meanwhile, from 21. August travelled to Gondrecourtu other and other components of the division. 10. September replaced the French 18. division in Gondrecourtu French 47. division. In Gondrecourtu were then also in the winter, formed by three machine-gun battalions. 1. machine gun battalion was a divisional unit. 2. machine gun battalion fell 1. infantry brigade and 3. machine gun battalion then 2. infantry brigade. 2. February was formed 1. the supply column.

Lorraine - sharp training during local skirmishes
The first deployment at the front there was a 19. October. On that day, an artillery unit moved from Le Naintre into the operating area of the French IX. corps north of the Lunéville. The following day, arrived here and walking the battalions of Gondrecourtu. Between 21. October and 20. November is american 1. the division held sommervillerský sector. 21. October teaching units of the division to the sector of the French 18. division along a line that stretched from the space of a mile southwest of Parroy along the south bank of the local pond towards Bures, Arracourt, homestead Ranzey and ended two kilometers south of Bezange-la-Grande. The units were battalions interspersed with French units. In this way, have undergone sharp training. 20. November units of the division broke away from the queue and returned to Gondrecourtu, where continued training. 15. January 1918 most of the division moved into the operating area of the French XXXII corps northwest of Toula. In Gondrecourtu remained 2. infantry brigade and two battalions of artillery. 18. January 5. February 1. infantry brigade and five battalions of artillery participated in holding the line in ansauvillském sector. In the night from 18. 19. January unit 1. infantry brigade was replaced by units of the French 1. the moroccan division on the front line roughly between Seicheprey and Rambucourtem. 5. February took over the division command of his area from the French 69. division. That now found themselves on the american right wing. On the left wing held the position of French 10. the colonial division. 28. February replaced 1. infantry brigade on the line 2. infantry brigade. 1. the brigade returned to Goundrecourtu. On the night of 29. 30. march the division took over responsibility for the subsketor at Broussey. 3. April, the division was removed from the queue, at which it was replaced by 26. division, and gathered in the area near the Gondrecourtu. 5. April, the division moved into the operating area of the French 5. army northwest of Paris, where he continued in training. 17. April began the division moved into the area of the French VI. ward direction on the Froissy. In the night from 24. 25. April division push 1. infantry brigade between the French 162. and 45. division in cantigniském sector west of Montdidier. The division moved towards the northwest and east.

Picardy - the battle of Cantigny and the third battle on Aisně
27. April 1918 american 1. the division took over command of the sector at Cantigny, and was spread out in the area west of a line roughly between Fontaine-sous-Montdidier and Grivesnes. On the wings should have mentioned the French division. 7. may on her right wing was replaced by the French 162. division, the French 6th. division. 16. may the command of the division on the line putting 2. infantry brigade, while the 1. infantry brigade was withdrawn behind the line. Among the 22. and 24. may through 28. infantry regiment specialised training and then was placed on the ground west of Cantigny. 28. may this 28. infantry attacked Cantigny and conquered. The americans of that day gained the first victory in the world war. At the beginning of June, the division's push to the front the two brigades next to each other. 1. the brigade was on the left, 2. brigade on the right. Area 1. the brigade is spread more to the north up above the Grivesnes. 9. June attacked the Germans into the area between the Montdidierem and Noyonem. American 1. the division was four days on high alert, but the German offensive is soon halted. Division at the beginning of July, gradually began to queue alternate unit of French 152. and 166. division. American troops moved into areas north of the Beauvais, where they were classified under the Reserve group of armies. 12. July, the division moved to the area in Dammartin-en-Goele north of Paris. In the night from 15. 16. July from here the division moved into the forest at Compiègne, where she was preparing to put on the front southwest of Soissons, where she had to replace the French 1. the moroccan division. The exchange occurred on the night of the 17th. 18. July. The american division of zauajala position east of a line from Saint-Pierre-Aigle to Cutry. In the following days, the Americans participated in the third battle of Aisně. 18. July 1. the division attacked to the east, conquered the Missy-aux-Bois and stopped on the line east of Chaudunu, Missy-aux-Bois and the homestead Montplaisir. The following day the division again postoupial forward and occupied the Ploisy. In other days the Americans penetrate into the area between Buzancy and Berzy-le-Sec. After american troops were units of the scottish 15. and the French 69. division. 1. the division then returned to the area in Dammartin-en-Goele. 28. July get the division moving into the area at Toula, to prepare for boarding at the front, as the French 2. the moroccan division needed to relieve. The exchange itself started in the night of the 4th. 5. August.

Back in Lorraine - the liquidation of the salient at Saint-Mihiel and the battle of the Argon forest
The americans are now once again found in Lorraine, specifically northwest of the city Pont-à-Mousson. Stayed here for most of August, which is here carried in the sign of only the smaller actions. 24. August was most of the division was withdrawn to the area near Vaucouleurs, where it has undergone specialised training. The artillery remained near the Pont-à-Mousson in the area near Villers-en-Haye, where the support 90. division. The divisional artillery at the end of the month began to move into the woods west of Ansauville. At the beginning of September in the area south of a line from Beaumont to Rambucourtu moved the rest of the division. This is supposed to contribute on the offensive against the salient at St. Mihiel. 12. September the division attacked with two infantry brigades in the area between Seicheprey and Marvoisin, crossed the river Rupt-de-Mad, went through Richecourtem, Lahayville and carried out a sortie on the north to the Lamarche-en-Woëvre. It occupied and in the woods north of it is buried. 13. September, the division continued to advance and come close to Vigneulles-lès-Hattonchâtel and Hattonville. These extra points from the east cut off. Even more important was that navázela conjunction with the 26. divisions, which had advanced from the north. The bulge was discarded. 14. September the division was withdrawn from the queue, and then moved into the advance and placed in the Benoitevaux. Another deployment but close. 27. September the division moved across the Nixéville to the operating area. the choir at Neuvilly-en-Argonne. Shortly before that here began the battle of the Argon forest and 1. the division should get involved. In the night of 1. October began the division turns 35. division on the front between the valley north of Baulny, and the farmhouses Sérieux. 4. October the division attacked to the north the two brigades and captured Exermont. On the following day reached the homestead Ariétal. The division advanced steadily north and 9. October stood on the line between Fléville, Sommerance and forests to the west of Romagne-sous-Montfaucon. 12. October surpassed 1. division fresh 42. division. 1. the division was withdrawn to Cheppy. Only the artillery remained, and even then, what was the rest of the division the following day sent to the more to the south to the area near the Vavincourtu. Here the division was recovering to 25. October, when it was moved back north into the area north of Récicourtu. 31. October surged division, which still possessed its own artillery, on the north to the area near Gesnes-en-Argonne and Cierges-sous-Montfaucon and from here into the forest west of Romagne-sous-Montfaucon. 3. October, the division was located east of Buzancy and 4. followed the procedure In. the choir, with the support 2. division. 5. November darted from the area near the Nouartu north to the road of Stonne in Beaumont-en-Argonne. Here the division joined her artillery and began preparing for rotation 80. division. 6. November 1. the division went through the positions 80. the division on the line of Beaumont-en-Argonne, homestead Harnoterie, Yoncq, and attacked toward Mouzon and reaches Autrecourt-et-Pourron. In the night, followed by a march to Sedan. 7. November, the division was located south and southwest of the city. The same day was sent back to the south. First to Autrecourtu and then further into the area at Vaux-en-Dieulet. 11. November 1918 the war ended.

Interwar period


Occupation duties and return to US
12. November the division pulled out to Romagne-sous-Montfaucon and the next day ran through the Malancourt and Verdun to the area near Domremy-la-Canne. Here she was preparing for entry into Germany as part of the occupying army. 17. November, the division moved via Audun-le-Tiche, Hesperange, Canach, Konz, Schweich, Hetzerath, Wittlich, Alf and Treis by Koblenz, which has reached 12. December 1918. The following day, crossed the division of the Rhine and 14. December with its headquarters resettled in a Montabauru. The following months were filled mainly training. In mid-June 1919, the division was preparing for a further advance into Germany. It but 28. June signed the treaty of Versailles and the soldiers returned to their barracks. 19. July, the division took over responsibility for that part of the bridgehead, which has not yet occupied the 2. division. 15. August the division went to Brest. Here gradually between 21. and 25. aboard the vessel and sailed to the USA. The first section of the Hoboken arrived in August. The last contingent arrived 6. September. During September the division took part in military parades in New York and Washington. Since mid-September, was held in the maryland Camp Meade demobilisation of soldiers called upon entry into the war.

crackdown on renegade miners
The rest of the division is then at the end of October he moved to kentucky Camp Zachary Taylor. Part of the units of the division were in November 1919 sent to suppress the mining of storms in West Virginia. The same task performed in February 1920 in kentuckém Lexington. In October 1920 the division was moved to the newjerseyského Camp Dix. 1. the division was in 1921 allocated to 2. choral area assigned II. corps. In August 1921, interfering with the division once again in West Virginia and again against the renegade miners.

Training and maneuvers
In the spring and in the summer of 1922 were the units of the division deployed in the northeastern part of the united states. Division headquarters was dislokováno in new york's Fort Hamilton. Unit 1. infantry brigade and the division special troops were in the area of the city of New York, unit 2. infantry brigade in the northern part of the state of New York, and unit 1. field artillery brigade in the field from vermotského Fort Ethan Allen after the maryland Fort Hoyle. Divisional manoeuvres took place as a rule at the end of summer and beginning of autumn after previously helped with the training units Organised by the advances (OR), Citizens ' military training camps (CMTC) and the Training corps reserve officers (ROTC). 1. infantry brigade, which had headquarters at Fort Wadsworth on Staten Island carried out the training in newjerseyském Camp Dix. 2. infantry brigade usually practiced on his base in Madison Barracks and at Pine Camp. The entire division is on a joint exercise met in 1927. In Camp Dix that year practiced from August to November. Maneuvering preceded the spring staff exercises, which worked and held then in other years. Other larger-scale maneuvers the division took part in the August of 1932. Then they were in the Pine Camp collected units of 1. and 2. choral area, to exercise the activity of smaller units. Then in August 1937 was followed by the post exercise 1. the army at Fort Devens and in September of the same year, the manoeuvres of the majority of the division in pennsylvánském Indiantown Gap. The rest of the division at the same time rallied to a maneuvers at Pine Camp. In January and February 1938, the division was sent to puerto Rico and the island of Culebra, where its units carried out the first amphibious maneuvers. In August 1939 the division participated in an amphibious training during maneuvers 1. the army at new york Plattsburgu.

Transition on the triangular structure and other exercises and maneuvers
In October 1939, went through division reorganization of the internal structure. It was still square, as the division subject to the two infantry brigade and each brigade of two infantry regiments, a total of four infantry regiments. Now was the brigadier level is cancelled and the division at the same time came to about 28. infantry regiment. The remaining three infantry regiments continue to be subject directly to the division. Repealed was also a field artillery brigade. Its regiments were reorganised on flags. In November 1939, the division temporarily přeusnula to Fort Benning in Georgia, where she was assigned to the IV. corps. Its mission was to test a new structure in practice. Exercise in may 1940, followed by maneuvers in Louisiana. 1. the division then returned to New York, where in August and September, she participated in maneuvers 1. the army at Canton. Now, again, as part II. corps. In February 1941 the division moved on to the next exercise in massachusetts Fort Devens. Součastě division was assigned to VI. corps. In August 1941 went into the area of the New River in North Carolina, where has been through other amphibians training. In November, the division participated in maneuvers near the city of Charlotte in the same state. Then she returned to Fort Devens. There is the divisional headquarters was located and 7. December 1941.

Second world war


Further training and move to Great Britain
21. February 1942, the division was moved to florida's Camp Blanding. Here was equipped with new equipment and armament, and 15. may 1942 renamed to 1. infantry division. 22. may moved to Fort Benning and 21. June to Indiantown Gap, where through last-minute preparations before the trip beyond the sea. 1. August 1942 they boarded the vessel in the embarkation port in New York and went to Great Britain. 7. August arrived in Beaminsteru in the south west of England.

Deployment to the mediterranean battlefield
The division landed 8. November 1942 16. and 18. infantry regiment east of Oran and 26. infantry regiment at Les Andalouses west of the city. After two days of the division of Oran occupied. 18. infantry regiment participated along with the british troops in the fighting in the Jebel el Ahmery. 26. infantry regiment broke through the 25. January 1943 through the valley of the Ouseltia and 18. February 1943 arrived at the position at Kasserine pass. 16. march 1943 raided the division east of El Guettaru for the first time as a whole. 18. 26. infantry regiment reflected 23. march two powerful German counterattacks. 25. march was 18. infantry regiment forced out of Jebel Breda, but 28. march was an attack on the Gabes stopped. Division 3. April in an effort to break the stalemate took Sakket, but further progress along the gabeské the road was, after two days stopped. 16. April american 1. the division relieved the british 4. the division in Baby and 22. April attacked along the road from Medžez el Bab to Tunis. After 18. infantry regiment occupied hill 407 and 26. infantry regiment dimension 575, occupied 26. regiment 28. April Jebel el Anz. The following day 16. infantry regiment began with the attack on hill 523. The division participated in the fighting in Tunisia up to 9. may 1943. After north Africa came to a number of Italy. 1. infantry division 10. July 1943 landed in the sicilian town of Gela. The next day repulsed an attack by German armored units. Then advanced inland. 14. July took Mazzarino and Niscemi. Two days after the Barrafrancu. In the city of Caltanissetta ensure transitions across the river Salso and 25. July ricocheted off another German counterattack at Gangi. 1. August division after heavy fighting came to the city of Troina on the northern coast of the island, but an attack on the city, which was carried out 4. August, the Germans repulsed. 6. August, the Germans withdrew and the Americans, the city occupied. 23. October 1943 the division Sicily left and sailed to England, where through předinvazním training.

Deployment on the western european battlefield
The division was reinforced by the 116. infantry regiment and 6. June 1944 within the operation NEPTUNE landed on Omaha beach. Infantry regiments here ran into determined German resistance, but finally broke through. 16. infantry regiment advanced on the forehead and 10. June achieve of the road between the Bayeux and Saint-Lô. 18. and 26. infantry regiment occupied 13. June Caumont-l'Éventé. 13. July the division was withdrawn from the queue and moved to the Colombières. The fighting involved to 26. July in the framework of the COBRA. Captured Marigny and continued south. 31. July ensure transitions across the river Sée and advanced on Mortain. There was replaced by a 30. infantry division. 1. infantry division then together with the 3. armored division advanced on Mayenne. 25. August 1944, the division was located south of Paris. From France, the division moved into Belgium. Her 16. infantry regiment disposed of 3. September pocket in the belgian Mons and division 9. September has exceeded the in Liege next to the Maas river and arrived at the German border and tried to encircle the Aachen. She did but only half and in the middle of the month of the offensive operation east of the city stopped. At the beginning of the month of October attacked the wider area around the city from the north 30. infantry division. 8. October resumed from the south direction of attack activity even 1. infantry division. 16. October units of both divisions come together in Würselenu. This was followed by the intensification of the process toward the center of the city. 21. October 1944 american troops the city conquered. After all the fighting had to division to face houževnatému the German resistance, including numerous counter-attack. 1. infantry division in Aachen gradually took the place of 104. infantry division. 1. the division then 16. November surged to the attack towards the river Pipes. During the two weeks but did not achieve much success and in early December was transferred to the backup on the recovery. If 16. December began the German offensive in the Ardennes, the division was rapidly moved south into Belgium to Malmédám. Cleared area south of Eupen, repulsed several German attacks in the area in the municipalities of Bütgenbach and Faymonville and for several days took part in the fighting on the elsenbornském ridge. After a few days they crossed the Americans to protútoku and 1. infantry division 15. January 1945 conquered Steinbach, which opened the 7. armored division road on the St. Vith. In Schoppenu ran into stiff German resistance, but after a time he overcame and continued to the Western wall. At the end of January led offensive activity in the woods near the Buchholzu. But she was replaced by 99. infantry division and moved to assembly area near Aywaille.

the Deployment on a central european battlefield
In February, the division was moved back Pipe and 25. February 1945 launched in Kreuzau swipe to the east. Exceeded quite easily to the river and quickly moved on. 7. march has arrived to Bonn, after two days of occupied. In the middle of the month exceeded the division at Remagen the Rhine and advanced to Siegen, which arrived at the end of the month. 1. April were members of the division are loaded on freight cars and hurriedly moved to the area southwest of Paderborn to help close the Rúrskou pocket. 8. April got a division order to ensure the transition across the river Vezeru, to which it arrived 3. armored division, which found that the Germans managed to blow up all the bridges. The division, therefore, the river has exceeded its own means. 16. and 18. infantry regiment then to enlarge the bridgehead, while the 26. infantry set out towards Einbeck. The division then participated in the encirclement of German units in Harzu. 30. April 1945 the division was moved to the czechoslovak border. 2. may take a limited attack, the purpose of which was to improve positions. 6. may followed by a larger attack direction to Karlovy Vary. 7. may division stopped in the area of Kynšperk nad Ohří.


Cold war


On guard of democracy - 10 years of occupation in western Germany
Between the years 1945 and 1955 formed 1. infantry division part of the occupation forces in Germany. Division headquarters was located at Bad Tölz and its units were spread out over the territory of the western occupation zones of Germany and Austria. Battalions of 16. infantry regiment were placed in Vienna, Salzburg and Berlin, battalions of 18. infantry regiment in Bremen and Frankfurt, and the banners 26. infantry regiment to the Ludwigsburku, Munich and Nuremberg. Here 3. battalion 26. the regiment ensures the smooth progress of the judicial tribunals. Battalions to fulfil a whole range of non-combat tasks and at the same time serve as a barrier to soviet expansion into Western Europe. Commanders are more or less managed to maintain the morale of the members of the division, however, the obligations of the static nature and the great fragmentation of the dislocation marked tactical ability of units. At the end of the year was the fighting ability of the division estimated at only twenty percent. Since 1947, she served the division as a tactical backup and rapid reaction force in support of konstabulárních forces. Divisional units were concentrated in the Grafenwöhru, where they went through rigorous combat training. In 1948 byal division strengthened about five thousand men, and reorganized under the new systemizačních tables. When the communists launched a war in Korea, moved the Americans a variety of units in this asian country. 1. infantry division but remained in Germany, where it served as the basic element forces, which should discourage komustický block from the attempted invasion of Western Europe. One infantry division and konstabulární force would but for the soviet mechanized formations do not constitute a major obstacle. The american command therefore activated one army headquarters, two choral headquarters, and in 1951, sent to Europe the next division. The supply of these divisions, the formation of NATO, the death of Stalin and the rearmament of Germany contributed to the stabilization of the situation. Under this condition it was decided to withdraw the division to the united states.

From CARS through the berlin and caribbean crisis after the ROAD
After thirteen years of deployment overseas 1. infantry division back in 1955 home. As part of operation Gyroscope it in Germany surpassed the 10. infantry division. Members of the division expected a triumphant reception in New York and then move to the kansas Fort Riley. Here she waited for reorganization under pentomického concept. Three infantry regiments were abolished and replaced by tactical units known as battle groups, which were smaller than the regiments and larger than battalions. Their combat strength and mobility should correspond more closely to the demands of the nuclear battlefield. In order to maintain the tradition and continued the genealogies of the regiments, was developed by a system called CARS (Combat Arms Detained System). Each battle group carried the tradition of the original regiment. After the reorganization had a division in 1959 1. combat group 5. infantry regiment 2. fighting a group of 8. infantry regiment 2. combat group 12. infantry regiment, 1. fighting a group of 13. infantry regiment and 1. fighting a group of 28. infantry regiment. Of them had only 28. infantry regiment tradition of action in the structure 1. infantry division. At Fort Riley provided the division of the basic and subsequent combat training of new recruits, who then often wandered to deploy with other units around the world. Training was halted in August 1961 because of the escalation of the berlin crisis. Khrushchev tried to dislodge the West from Berlin. The americans responded by strengthening the units in Berlin and the announcement of the alert. Were canceled vacation, the profession of the reserves and trained conscripts left in Fort Riley. Instead of training new recruits to the division focused on secvičenost divisional units. For this purpose, the division trained in the colorado woods and went on a few weeks of maneuvers to the Rocky mountains In 1962, the division sent a provisional brigade, which as part of operation Bristlecome act as the aggressor against the 32. infantry division during exercise on california base Fort Irwin. In the spring of division rearm the rifle M-14 and machine guns M-60. Division was for its high readiness to be included as the second sequence into the strategic forces, which was another name for the XVIII. výsadkvý choir. Two battle groups, specifically 1/13 and 1/28, in the summer participated in amphibious training along with units of the navy and marine corps. In October 1962 the division was in connection with the cuban crisis brought to the highest state of combat readiness. 121. connecting battalion was even posted on an outpost in Florida, to create a connection for the case of an attack on Cuba. Meanwhile, as the division was preparing to invade Cuba, one of her battle group, in this case, it was on 2/12, as part of operation Long Thrust was in Berlin, where reinforce the Berlin brigade. Gradually her there to replace another battle group 1. infantry division. In 1963, the division was reorganized according to the concept of ROAD (Reorganization Objective Army Divisions). The division had three flexible brigade headquarters, with the tactical units they have been allocated on the basis of the nature of the assigned task. 1. infantry division plus gained back the regiments, which were historically tied. It was about 16. infantry regiment, 18. infantry regiment, 26. infantry regiment and 28. infantry regiment. In the spring of 1964 divisional units they have been practicing in the dense forests at the base of the Fort Leonard protipovstalecký fight. In ruhé half of the units they have been practicing in Florida the fight in the jungle. Before sliding to southeast Asia to the division yet joined 2. infantry regiment.


Vietnam
12. July 1965, 2. the brigade landed at Cam Ranh and Vung Tau. The rest of the division followed her. Division headquarters together with velitlstvím support units took in Di An. 1. the brigade was stationed in Phuoc Vinh, 2. brigade in Bien Hoa, 3. brigade in Lai Khe and the divisional artillery at Phu Loi. The unit initially focused on ensuring the immediate surrounding bases. To 1. November was the division as a whole fully operational. 11. November had the first major clash. Part of its units at Bau Bang collided with the regiment from the viet cong and defeated him. At the beginning of December he got one battalion to winning skirmishes at the Ap Nha Mat with members of the vietcong in the rubber plantations of the company Michelin. Towards the end of 1965 the division took part in operation Hump, Bushmaster and Bushmaster II. At the beginning of 1966 through operations Marauder, Crimp II, and Rolling Stone. 15. march 1966, the new commander of the division became a major general DePuy, who concentrated on it, to the enemy in advance prevented in the execution of the expected monsoon offensive. During operation Birmingham division managed to the enemy to capture the extensive amount of food and other important supplies. Units of the division also under his command adopted new tactics designed for fighting in the local environment. In June and July divisional troops defeated the larger formation of the Vietcong in five battles in the vicinity of highway no. 13. In September 2. the brigade moved into the Phi Lois. During November, the division participated in operation Attleboro. One of her battalion well led in the battle of Ap Cha do. 8. January 1967 started operation Cedar Falls in order to find and destroy the enemy grouping in the so-called Iron triangle north of Saigon. Followed by more as padesátidenní operation Junction City, during which divisional units participate on a number of engagements with the enemy. The largest victory achieved one of the battalions after two days of intense combat activities at Ap Gu. In the second half of April began the operation of the Manhattan. During her division managed to seize the enemy's large-scale supplies of weapons and ammunition. At the end of September, the division launched operation Shenandoah II. In her course she seduced two of the battle with 271. regiment vietcong. At the end of October, the operation focused on the village of Loc Ninh, which was located in the middle of the rubber plantations sixty miles north of Lai Khe. The fighters of the vietcong here tried to conquer the base of the special forces and Civil irregular defense forces (CIDG). The operation ended 19. November 1967. In the last days of January 1968, when the Vietnamese were celebrating the arrival of the new year, triggered by a vietcong offensive entitled pursuant to this holiday like Tet. In a series of kordinovaných the flow of insurgents attacked cities and military bases. One of the tasks which the division immediately addressed, was to ensure the sprawling air base Tan Son Nhut in Saigon against numerous diatribes vietcong fighters and members of the north vietnamese army. 11. of march the division took part in operation Resolve to Win (Quyet Thang). In April, followed by another large-scale operation Certain Victory (Toan Thang). One of the objectives of the operation was to stop the infiltration of the vietcong in the area of Saigon. In September, they again fought on the base of special forces at Loc Ninh. Members 1. infantry division along with members of the 11. armored cavalry regiment managed to repel the strong formation of the vietcong and the north vietnamese army. In the first half of 1969, carried out the division in the field of the so-called Iron triangle, in the area of the so-called Trapezium and the nearby town of An Loc intensive overflow of the operation and often aired numerous patrols to survey the battle. 18. march division teamed up with 25. infantry division and 1. riding divisions to perform the operation Atlas Wedge, which took place north of Lai Khe. In may and June, the division participated in two battles of An Loc. In June the soldiers of the division together with soldiers of the south vietnamese 5. the division was built and opened an important road from Phuoc Vinh to Song Be. In the second half of 1969 the division participated in operation Progress Together (Dong Tien). In its framework, should the south vietnamese forces gain more and more experience, so they can still have a larger share of combat operations. In August and September, members of the division participated in several battles along the highway no 13, which the enemy repeatedly tried to block. Towards the end of the year the units of the division managed to seize large quantities of weapons and supplies. In April 1970 it was 1. infantry division moved back to Fort Riley. The reason for the withdrawal of the division was combat wear and tear of its members in the many intense and bloody engagements. Division in Vietnam, was able to dominate the methods of struggle in the jungle and learned how to use the helicopters as a suitable tactical means, which replace the missing communication infratsrukturu and provide the element of surprise. In addition, allow to perform rapid supply and evacuation of the wounded. In addition, members of the division assisted in helping jihovietnamskému population. In the course of deployment in Vietnam the division suffered losses in the number of 20 770 people. Eleven members of the division received for their actions Medal of honor.

Reforger
After his return to Fort Riley through the division of another reorganization. The name of her remained, however it became a mechanized division of six battalions of mechanized infantry and four armor battalions. The division was part of the commitment to NATO. This was implemented so that the 3. the brigade was stationed in Germany, where it was tatp brigade, also referred to as 1. infantry division (forward) (1st Infantry Division (Forward)). From the end of the seventies was the functionality of this model tested during the exercise. The rest of the division in them was airlifted to Germany, where he picked up a zakonzervovanou and for emergencies in advance in Europe prepared technique and is teamed with a 3. brigade. The division then participated in a major NATO exercise, which bore the name of the Reforger. She served not only as a way of practice of scheduled movements, but also as a demonstration of the ability to defend Western Europe and the US determination to honour its commitments in Europe.


Modern times


Desert storm
Training in the eighties he carried out in training center at california's Fort Irwin. Exertion in this hostile arid environment have resulted in the early nineties. In August 1990 because Saddam Hussein did invade Kuwait. 8. November went 1. infantry division to combat readiness and during the following two months, moved to Saudi Arabia. Logistici then had to ensure the transfer of 12 000 men and 7 000 pieces of equipment. 24. February division surged after the previous air raids and artillery ganking forward. The division formed the tip, which broke through iraqi gun emplacements and opened the passages for the armored division, which also fall under command of the VII. corps. From the success of the american 1. infantry division benefited mainly british 1. the armored division. 1. infantry division did not stand on the site of a breakthrough, but moves forward, towards the northeast. 27. February during this procedure, crossed her brigade in an area referred to in the plans as the area of Norfolk, with one brigade of the iraqi 12th. tank divisions and brigades of the elite division Tawalakana, which was part of the iraqi republican guard. The americans called the battle of Norfolk clearly won, and they forged ahead. The division was part of the forces which had the task to progress further to the east and block the iraqi forces in Kuwait the way north into Iraq. Members of the division during this journey they knocked out many enemy vehicles and captured a still greater number of iraqi soldiers. 27. February night took 1. eskadrona 4. cavalry regiment the main highway from Kuwait to Iraq. 28. on the morning of February arrived at the scene 1. infantry division and the road completely dammed. The morning was declared a ceasefire. 1. infantry division during the 100 hours of insulted 260 kilometers, destroyed 550 tanks, 480 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles and captured 11 400 iraqi soldiers. Lost while 18 of their own soldiers. After the end of hostilities provided the division the security of the airport in Safwánu, where negotiations for a truce. After the end of the negotiations, the division began to prepare to return home. To Fort Riley arrived at 10. may 1991.

Reorganization
At the beginning of the year 1996, the division together with other divisions of the company once again reorganized. The headquarters was moved from Fort Riley to the German Würzburg. The German crews were placed 2. brigade, 3. brigade, an aviation brigade, engineer brigade, division artillery, and the alarm unit. At Fort Riley stay just 1. brigade.

Balkans


War against terrorism












Sources:
Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War. The American Expeditionary Forces. Volume 2: Divisions, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, 1988
Stanton, Shelby L.: World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference it.With. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939-1946, Stackple Books, 2006
https://www.1stid.org/historyindex.php.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#558000Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Znak:
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#1209Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Medaile a řády udělené vojákům této divize za boje v Evropě - WW2


Distinguished Service Cross - 131
Legion of Merit - 16
Silver Star - 4258
Soldier's Medal - 100
Bronze Star - 12568
Air Medal - 65


Divize vzala do zajetí během bojů v Evropě za Druhé světové války na 188 tisíc zajatců.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#9754Version : 0
MOD

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

organizace divize 1944:


16th Infantry Regiment
18th Infantry Regiment
26th Infantry Regiment


Division Artillery
5th Field Artillery Battalion ( 155 mm Howitzer )
7th Field Artillery Battalion ( 105 mm Howitzer )
32nd Field Artillery Battalion ( 105 mm Howitzer )
33rd Field Artillery Battalion ( 105 mm Howitzer )


1st Reconnaissance Troop ( Mechanized )
1st Engineer Combat Battalion
1st Medical Battalion
701st Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
1st Quartermaster Company
1st Signal Company
MP Platoon
Headquarters Company


Připojené jednotky:
745th Tank Battalion
634th Tank Destroyer Battalion
635th Tank Destroyer Battalion
103rd Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#75351Version : 0
Structure to 1. 1. 2018


  • The divisional headquarters and the command of the battalion

    • Command and alarm company
    • Operating company
    • Reporting and maintenance company
    • Connecting company

  • 1. brigade combat team 1. infantry division

  • 2. brigade combat team 1. infantry division

    • Headquarters and command company
    • 5. eskadrona 4. cavalry regiment
    • 1. battalion 18. infantry regiment
    • 1. battalion 63. armored regiment
    • 2. battalion 70. armored regiment
    • 1. battalion 7. field artillery regiment
    • 82. sapper battalion
    • 299. brigade security battalion

  • Combat air brigade 1. infantry division

    • Headquarters and command company
    • 1. battalion 1. aviation regiment
    • 2. battalion 1. aviation regiment
    • 3. battalion 1. aviation regiment
    • 1. eskadrona 6. cavalry regiment
    • 601. aviation security battalion

  • the Headquarters of the artillery of the 1. infantry division

    • Command and the command of the battery

  • Maintenance brigade 1. infantry division

    • 1. a battalion of special forces
    • 541. combat maintenance alarm banner

.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#591935Version : 0
MOD

.
URL : https://www.valka.cz/1-pesi-divize-1942-t135#593025Version : 0
MOD