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Ing. Štefan Bukovan

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  • 152 mm gun Mk. 1935

    Soviet heavy cannon.

    1.723
  • 1st Imperial Camel Corps Brigade

    The one-humped camel (and its Asian relative - the camel (Camelus bactrianus)) is ingeniously adapted to life in the deserts. Long lashes protect the eyes as well as the nostrils from sand. They have wide steps, thanks to which they do not penetrate into loose ground. And legendary are their water reservoirs, hidden in humps. True, they are not water tanks, but ordinary fat. During a long march through arid territory, it is chemically incinerated, producing water, so the camel will last even longer without drinking. When he can drink, he quickly compensates for the loss, because he can drink up to 135 liters of water per minute.

    17.153
  • 2006-2007 - Ethiopia - Somalia conflict

    After a few years, another armed conflict between the two poorest countries in the world - Ethiopia and Somalia - may have flared up, albeit in this case with Islamic militias controlling much of the country. These countries fought among themselves in 1977 for the Ogaden region, where Ethiopia, with the military help of the USSR and Cuba, finally won ...
    The article is constantly being updated!

    12.231
  • 2008 - Conflict in South Ossetia - Russia / Georgia

    One minute after a minute of monitoring the war in Georgia

    15.470
  • 2011 - Civil war in Libya

    We follow online events in Libya

    7.979
  • 9K111 Fagot

    Portable anti-tank complex with a semi-automatic guidance system designed to destroy visually detected stationary and moving (up to 60 km / h) armored targets at a distance from 70 m to 2500 m.

    1.989
  • A11 Infantry Tank Mk I Matilda I

    The development of the Matilda infantry tank began in 1934, when Gen. Hobart made a request for the construction of a tank to support infantry in two different versions - the first version was a tank armed only with a machine gun, the second, heavier version assumed artillery armament with additional machine gun armament.

    1.901
  • Admiral Adhar Kumar Chatterji

    Curriculum vitae of one of the most capable naval experts in the Commonwealth.

    8.370
  • Aeritalia G.91Y

    One-seat tactical, combat and reconnaissance aircraft.

    1.441
  • Albatros

    The Albatros on-board missile system was developed as a replacement for the RIM-7 Sea Sparrow anti-aircraft system, with which it is visually easily interchangeable, as its launcher with containers is similar to the MK-29 launcher.

    1.316
  • Alexei Nikolayevich Boťan - the savior of Krakow?

    13.02.2020 a Soviet intelligence officer, Polish teacher and active participant in the fight against Nazism, but also an active participant in the suppression of democracy in several Central European countries - Major Vichr - died in Moscow at the age of 103.

    199
  • APA-5

    APA-5 is designed for electrical starting of aircraft engines (one or a group) and powering on-board electrical systems during ground diagnostics.

    13.473
  • Brigadier George Furner Langley

    Australian officer, commander of the 1st Camel Battalion Imperial Camel Corps

    5.575
  • Changche WZ-10

    Chinese third generation attack helicopter.

    1.587
  • Char D1 (Renault D1)

    The French tank Renault Char D was originally developed to replace the slowly aging Renault FT 17 tanks. However, the developers' effort to build a modern machine caused the tank to already belong to the category of main battle tanks. For its time, the modern tank paid for the manufacturer's efforts to reduce production costs and also for not quite solved equipment, so at the beginning of World War II, it was included in the units serving in North Africa. Nevertheless, these tanks were deployed to fight the German army in 1940 and the last pieces of equipment are decommissioned in 1943.

    8.510
  • Charbin HD-5

    Hong Dian-5 (HD-5) is an aircraft designed to conduct electronic warfare and electronic jamming (EW / ECM)

    1.566
  • Croatian tank M-95 Degman

    The development of the M-95 Degman tank begins where the development of the M-91 Vihor tank ended, which was to replace the M-84 / M-84A tanks in the Yugoslav National Army.

    1.956
  • Combat Car M2

    The Combat Car M2 is a tracked combat vehicle designed to support the cavalry of american ground forces. The designation of "combat vehicle" has been used because of legislative restrictions adopted in the USA after World War 1, on the basis of which could only infantry to refer to the armored tracked vehicles like a tank.

    1.763
  • COVID-19 in Czech and Slovak Republic - updated daily

    Key information regarding restrictions on services and movement of persons in the framework of measures against the spread of COVID-19

    3.481
  • CTL-1

    The CTL-1 was Marmon-Harrington's first tracked armored vehicle attempt.

    1.286
  • CTMS-1TB1

    The tank was further developed from the CTM-3TBD version based on a Dutch order for deployment in the Dutch East Indies, as deliveries of originally ordered Vickers Command tanks with a 2-inch cannon could not be further realized due to the occupation of Belgium by Germany, where the tanks were manufactured.

    1.440
  • Dewoitine D.338

    Airliner

    1.326
  • Douglas XBT2D-1 Dauntless II

    The origin and development of the on-board combat and light bomber, developed at the end of World War II, from which further development resulted in the successful Douglas AD-1 Skyraider .

    2.956
  • FOG-2 (inflammatory fugas)

    FOG-2 flamethrowers were designed to destroy manpower and enemy tanks.

    217
  • Gazelle Force [1940-1941]

    6.699
  • General Sir Bernard Charles Tolver Paget

    Biography of a British general. A general who took an active part in two world wars in various command positions, but also served as a military instructor or commander of the British militia.

    600
  • Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat

    Let's recall the history of the American naval fighter, which was the first to resist the Japanese Zeros.

    5.695
  • Humajún I.

    How to lose the empire and finally get it back, or the story of Humayun I, the second ruler of the Mughal Empire (1531-1545 and 1555-1556).

    6.117
  • Where did the Iraqi Air Force go?

    Iraq - a country that had the fourth largest army in the world during the reign of Saddam Hussein, had a large number of armored vehicles and a large number of combat aircraft. Therefore, it is astonishing that the combat activity of the Iraqi Air Force since 1991 has been negligible. The following photos may reveal where Saddam Hussein hid his planes ...

    24.899
  • Light tank VT-5

    Even in the 21st century, tanks have an irreplaceable role on the battlefield, although their use is no longer as massive as planned in the second half of the last century. Despite the advantages that the main battle tanks bring to the fighting units, the armies have to cope with some of their disadvantages - one of them is their excessive weight, which makes it difficult to move them quickly over long distances and deploy in some terrain conditions.

    2.899
  • Lansana Conté

    Curriculum vitae of the President of the Republic of Guinea, who died on 22 December 2008 after a long illness.

    5.675
  • Lioré et Olivier 451

    History of development and combat deployment of the medium bomber Lioré et Olivier 451.

    10.475
  • Lioré et Olivier LeO 451 B.4

    The LeO 45 aircraft and derived versions occupy a special place in the history of the French Air Force. It is the only French aircraft that was deployed in the fighting of 1939-1940 and remained in active service for almost 20 years after the end of WW2 (4 years longer than the Dewoitine D.520).

    1.473
  • M-95 Degman

    The development of the M-95 Degman tank begins where the development of the M-91 Vihor tank ended, which was to replace the M-84 / M-84A tanks in the Yugoslav National Army. In mid-1991, the first prototype of the M-91 Vihor tank was completed at the Đuro Đaković factory, but due to the ongoing civil war, it was not handed over to JNA tests.

    1.914
  • M2

    The M2 half-track vehicle was originally intended as an armored combat and reconnaissance vehicle and as an armored artillery tractor.

    1.319
  • M3 Stuart

    It was created by modernizing and improving the M2A4 light tank. Compared to its predecessor, it was characterized by stronger armor and better mechanical properties (reliability). A prototype tank was introduced in July 1940, serial production took place from March 1941 to October 1942 at the American Car and Foundry Co.

    1.870
  • M3A1 Stuart III

    The development of the M3A1 light tank was completed in August 1941 by modifying the basic version of the M3. He was decommissioned in July 1944.

    4.256
  • M50 Ontos

    Lightly armored tracked anti-tank vehicle armed with 6 pieces of recoilless cannons M40A1C externally mounted on a turret. The vehicle was developed at the request of the Marines. The combat or pseudonym "Ontos" comes from Greek and means "thing".

    1.258
  • MBT-2000

    MBT-2000 is a designation for the modernization of the Type 90-II tank, primarily intended for export. Development in cooperation with Pakistan took place in the years 1991-1999, while the final version of the tank was also referred to as Type 90-IIM.

    1.950
  • MGC-1

    The technological demonstrator presents the possibilities of modifications / modernization of infantry fighting vehicles BVP-1 (or the original BMP-1), but after minor modifications also BVP-2 / BMP-2.

    1.981
  • Mi-171Sh in Czech Army

    Mi-171Š helicopters are a combat version of Mi-171 transport helicopters. Compared to the transport version, the helicopter has extended instrumentation, 6 external hangers for the entire range of armament and integrated machine gun armament.

    1.416
  • Mil Mi-35M

    Export serial version of the Mi-24VM helicopter.

    2.134
  • Mil Mi-35M

    Mi-35M (Ми-35М) is an export serial version of the Mi-24VM helicopter (Ми-24ВМ).

    1.625
  • Steel helmet SŠ-36

    The helmet was made of 1 mm thick steel and was produced in three sizes. Its weight ranged from 1200 g to 1300 g. The helmet was characterized by considerable comfort, to which quality ventilation also contributed.

    2.094
  • OT-810/R2

    Armored personnel carrier OT-810 / R2 is an armored command vehicle equipped with radios R-113 (VHF), R-112 (KV), additional radios R-105, R-108, R-109, R-114 and a set of line telephone station TP -25. The NS-600 charging station is also part of the vehicle.

    1.435
  • Armed Forces of Tanzania

    History of the Armed Forces of Tanzania

    6.791
  • Surveillance radars 5N64 and 64N6

    technical description

    13.183
  • Surveillance radar 96L6

    11.985
  • Surveillance 3D radar ST-68 ("Tin Shield")

    Description of an overview 3D radar of Soviet production

    9.087
  • Anti-aircraft missile complex S-300P

    Technical description and composition of individual versions of AA S-300P

    10.592
  • Air defense of United Kingdom during the beginning of WW2

    Origin and initial development of air defense of Great Britain.

    19.536
  • Radar 5N63/5N63S/30N6

    Command post and radar 30N6.

    12.581
  • Royal Armoured Corps

    A brief history and present of the armored units of Great Britain

    5.644
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.84bis

    When using the SM.84 bomber, a number of problems arose (unreliable engines, failure to achieve the required controllability and performance), which the SM.84bis version was supposed to eliminate. This version was to improve engine cooling, modified wing and other partial changes. A total of 62 pieces of aircraft were produced, which were also introduced into the armament of the Slovak Air Weapons.

    1.685
  • SBA-60K2 Bulat

    The armored personnel carrier SBA-60K2 Bulat was developed by KamAZ and Zaščita as part of a private development in 2010-2013. This is a further development of the possibilities of the armored personnel carrier (vehicle) KamAZ-43269 Vystrel (BPM-97), but in a 6x6 configuration. The shape of the Bulat remotely resembles one of the first armored transporters of the USSR - BTR-152.

    1.867
  • SBA-60K2 Bulat

    The armored personnel carrier SBA-60K2 Bulat was developed by KamAZ and Zaščita as part of a private development in 2010-2013. This is a further development of the possibilities of the armored personnel carrier (vehicle) KamAZ-43269 Vystrel (BPM-97), but in a 6x6 configuration. The shape of the Bulat remotely resembles one of the first armored transporters of the USSR - BTR-152.

    654
  • SBA-60K2 Bulat

    The armored personnel carrier SBA-60K2 Bulat was developed by KamAZ and Zaščita as part of a private development in 2010-2013. This is a further development of the possibilities of the armored personnel carrier (vehicle) KamAZ-43269 Vystrel (BPM-97), but in a 6x6 configuration. The shape of the Bulat remotely resembles one of the first armored transporters of the USSR - BTR-152.

    602
  • SBA-60K2 Bulat

    The armored personnel carrier SBA-60K2 Bulat was developed by KamAZ and Zaščita as part of a private development in 2010-2013. This is a further development of the possibilities of the armored personnel carrier (vehicle) KamAZ-43269 Vystrel (BPM-97), but in a 6x6 configuration. The shape of the Bulat remotely resembles one of the first armored transporters of the USSR - BTR-152.

    629
  • Sd.Kfz.222 Ausf.A / Ausf.B

    Sd.Kfz.222 is a light reconnaissance armored vehicle developed from the type Sd.Kfz. 221, while this vehicle, unlike its predecessor, is armed not only with machine gun armament but also with a 20 mm cannon.

    2.035
  • Shen-si KJ-200

    Early airborne warning aircraft

    1.509
  • Somaliland Camel Corps

    unit history

    6.533
  • Swiss Guard (Coorte Elvetica)

    Origin and brief history of the professional army of the smallest state in the world - the Vatican.

    14.008
  • T-54 - first tank of the Cold War

    During the Second World War (especially after gaining the initiative in its second half), following the combat experience and the introduction of new technology on the enemy's side, the Soviet leadership, together with individual design offices, tried to improve their combat technology in various categories. In the category of medium tanks, where the number of manufactured pieces reigned the T-34 tank, specifications were also set, which defined the new requirements for this tank. Thus, the specifications of the T-43 and T-44 (which serial machines still intervened in combat in limited quantities) and finally the T-54 were created.

    23.940
  • T-55M

    At the end of the 70s of the 20th century, it was clear that the T-55 tanks (T-55A) with their characteristics are no longer sufficient to perform tasks on a modern battlefield. Therefore, the leadership of the Soviet Army on July 25, 1981 decided to modernize them in order to increase the level of protection and firepower of the tank to the level of T-64A and T-72.

    3.138
  • T-64

    Development work on the T-64 tank began in the early fifties of the 20th century, right after the Soviet army formulated the tactical and technical requirements for a promising medium tank. The development was entrusted to the Kharkov design office, which was the only one able to quickly start implementing this task. The required TTD of the new medium tank significantly exceeded the basic characteristics (firepower, protection and mobility) of the mass-produced T-54 tank, which could not be achieved only by further modification of the existing design.

    4.720
  • T-72A

    Based on the decision of the custodial authorities of the party and the government of the USSR of 16 December 1976, the Design Office of the Ural Transport Engineering Plant led by V. Venediktov was ordered to modernize the T-72 tank in order to increase its combat and operational characteristics.

    2.252
  • T1E1 (heavy tank)

    One of the development versions of the T1 heavy tank using an electric drive. Unofficially, it was also referred to as M6A2, although it was never introduced into service.

    2.725
  • TABC-79

    The armored personnel carrier TABC-79 (according to some sources only TAB-79) (4x4) was developed based on the requirements of the Romanian army using individual components of the locomotor system of the armored personnel carrier TAB-77.

    1.677
  • TATRAPAN VESPRA

    The TATRAPAN VESPRA vehicle is an armored off-road vehicle with increased shooting resistance built on the TATRA 815 6x6 1R machine base.

    1.919
  • TATRAPAN VPG

    The vehicle serves as a special mobile command post with a seven-member crew designed to build an ARSYS artillery fire control system to control the battery of howitzers vz. 2000 Zuzana

    1.762
  • The King's African Rifles

    colonial units of British East Africa.

    8.408
  • The Northern Rhodesia Regiment

    history of an independent military organization in North Rhodesia

    5.800
  • Tupolev Tu-22B and its combat deployment - Libya

    28.672
  • Tupolev Tu-22PD

    The aircraft is destined to disrupt long-range ground and airborne radars, aiming systems of self-propelled missiles and aiming and surveillance radars of fighter aircraft in order to cripple the enemy's air defense in all weather conditions.

    5.116
  • Ugandan-Tanzania War 1978-1979

    Summary of the course of the conflict.

    17.575
  • UPDF - Ugandan Armed Forces

    a comprehensive overview of the history of Uganda's armed forces from its inception to the 21st century.

    10.127
  • Ural-375 - medium truck

    History of the origin and development of the military truck Ural-375.

    35.090
  • Structure 2A42 - COBRA

    Turret set designed for modernization of BVP-1 (BMP-1).

    18.681
  • Vidhwansak

    Multi-caliber antimaterial rifle.

    1.579
  • Vought XF5U-1 Flying Pancake

    History of origin and description of the aircraft

    9.363
  • VŠRV-2

    VŠRV-2 ensures the fulfillment of the same tasks as the vehicle VŠRV-1, but intended for first-line units, which corresponds to a greater degree of ballistic protection achieved by placing the systems in the armored superstructure of the armored off-road vehicle TATRAPAN.

    2.619
  • Mk. ČS (57 mm AA gun)

    Anti-aircraft cannon of Czechoslovak production. Developed by ŠKODA Plzeň, it gradually entered service in the anti-aircraft regiments of Country Anti Aircraft Defense Corps.

    2.870
  • Conclusions of Soviet specialists on the US-Libya conflict

    In 1986, there were several confrontations between the United States and Libya, in which American planes bombed targets on Libyan territory and Libyan air defenses tried to shoot down American planes. These activities resulted in losses on both sides. What they actually were, we may learn a few decades after the archives opened. In this article, I will try to describe a brief course of the conflict as reported by Soviet specialists.

    34.971

Medals and awards

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Kříž www.valka.cz


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Řád 17. května & Bar

Řád 17. května

Řád redakce www.valka.cz se zlatou stužkou

Řád redakce www.valka.cz se stříbrnou stužkou

Řád redakce www.valka.cz


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Medaile Cti k titulu Hrdina serveru www.valka.cz

Hrdina serveru www.valka.cz

Zlatá hvězda www.valka.cz

Stříbrná hvězda www.valka.cz

Bronzová hvězda www.valka.cz


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Velký kříž čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Komander čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Důstojník čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Rytíř čestné legie serveru www.valka.cz

Čestná legie serveru www.valka.cz

Medaile za zásluhy o zpravodajství III. stupně

Medaile za zásluhy o zpravodajství II. stupně

Řád slávy www.valka.cz


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Kříž za zásluhy o forum 1. třídy

Kříž za zásluhy o forum 2. třídy

Kříž za zásluhy o forum 3. třídy

Medaile za zásluhy o forum 1. stupně

Medaile za zásluhy o forum 2. stupně

Kříž za zásluhy - Zbraně a vybavení - Pozemní technika


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Medaile za příspěvky ke Zbraním a vybavení - Pozemní technika


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Medaile za příspěvky ke Zbraním a vybavení - Letectvo


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Medaile za příspěvky do Faleristiky


& bar (2)

Kříž za zásluhy o Jednotky


& bar (23)

Kříž za příspěvky do Jednotek

Cross of Valour


& bar (1)

Australian Active Service Medal

Distinguished Service Medal

Medaile 28.října 1918 - bronzová

Medaile J.A. Komenského

Pamětní odznak VS AČR


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Medaile Pozorovatele

Medaile Mechanika


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Hvězda Vzdušných sil AČR

Záslužný řád Vzdušných sil AČR - 3.třída

Kriegsverdienstmedaille

Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)

Řád odvahy

Řád Suvorova

Air Force Medal

Rad Bieleho dvojkríža II. triedy

Rad Bieleho dvojkríža III. triedy

Medaila za vernosť OS SR I. stupňa

Odznak náčelníka Gen. štábu III. triedy

Čestný odznak OS SR II. triedy

Čestný odznak OS SR III. triedy

War Medal 1939-45

The 1914-18 Star

Coronation Medal

Imperial Service Medal

Distinguished Service Medal

Distinguished Service Cross

Conspicuous Gallantry Medal

Air Force Medal

Defence Medal

Záslužná medaile

Pamětní mince

Croix de Guerre 1939-1945

Médaille de l´Aéronautique

Croix de la Valeur Militaire

Ordre National de la Légion d´Honneur - Chevalier

Medaile za rozvoj sekce lodě - bronzová

Seriál "Stíhači v boji II"

Seriál "Letadlová loď Enterprise"

Seriál "Stíhači v boji"

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